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Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) in a Multi-Level Governance System in Southeastern Europe Territories: How to Manage Territorial Governance Processes in Serbia-Romania Border Space

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Abstract

Considering the actual panorama of a multi-level governance on EU, the macro-regional strategies - specifying the EU strategy for Danube region (EUSDR) fosters coordination across three dimensions: sector policies; different levels of governance from EU to regional or local, and across administrative boundaries. This chapter analyzes and assesses the ability, challenges, and obstacles of Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) strategies, projects, and programs to improve integration and cohesion peripheral territories as is the case of the border region of Romania – Serbia, enabling articulating border areas and creating synergies among them. In this regard, it will be considered the latest findings on new insights towards spatial integration in border and transnational contexts. The chapter presents some hypothesis for a good-planned, long-term sustainability for this territory and lesson learned regarding the coordination and management of policies in the EU's system of multi-level governance that could have a wider application and scope.

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... The European Union (EU) has defined guidelines for sustainable transport infrastructure by adding an assessment of accessibility, socio-economic impacts, and regional cohesion in peripheral and ultra-peripheral regions [7][8][9]. Nevertheless, after analyzing the accessibility of mainland Portugal, the question arises whether this has given good results in overcoming the peripherality of some regions [16][17][18][19][20]. In this sense, this paper aims to explore the linkages between inner peripheries, ultra-peripherality concepts, and the concept of accessibility, from 1985 to 2020, in parallel with the analysis of some demographic trends in the same research period. ...
... The next step was to determine the absolute accessibility index I (IAAi) (see: [2][3][4][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]), as follows: ...
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... Las pólí ticas de cóhesió n de la UE llevadas a cabo por Bruselas han sido cruciales para el buen funcionamiento del proceso. Los programas de desarrollo regionales y de cóóperació n territorial se han aplicado en los paí ses vecinos de la UE mediante la Herramienta de la Asóciació n y del Buen Vecino, cófinanciadós por el Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo (Vulevic et al., 2020b). ...
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Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) is at an all-time high. From this perspective, the need to identify decisive factors to attain territorial success in terms of a sustainable development of border areas and regions through CBC projects is vital, so that the quality of life of the resident populations can improve in turn. Contextually, the main goal of this work is to cast a retrospective look at Portuguese-Spanish Euro Cities, how they have grown and how relevant the common and sustainable development of the border regions is– in this case, the Spanish-Portuguese borderland. Thanks to the study, one can verify that Euro cities constitute a discussion tool and, in some cases, examples of success regarding the (re-)significance of borders. This study emphasizes the need to define a common project between the members of both sides of the border. The participation of the local population (citizen participation) is also regarded as a fundamental factor, among many others that must be considered in order to achieve the success of such projects. This piece of work presents a novelty for the literature in this field due to the fact that it brings to light how these second-generation CBC projects (Euro cities) have evolved and how they could be the way forward as well as the catalyst for sustainable territorial development in border regions.
... The EU cohesion policies carried out by Brussels have been crucial for the proper functioning of the process. The territorial development and cooperation programs have been implemented in neighboring EU countries through the Association and Good Neighbor Tool, co-financed by the European Development Fund (Martín 2014;Vulevic et al. 2020). ...
Chapter
In Iberian Peninsula territories there are many common projects of Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) in a form of Euro-cities agreements. Therefore , and considering the pursuit for more sustainable cities and societies, the green peri-urban surfaces located in those border territories could be use as tool to give an answer to those populations' environmental necessities. Contextually, the present study through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) tools and methods as well as by the use of a Case Study Research Method (CSR), it was possible to quantify, analyze and assess the Green Urban Areas in all the Iberian Euro-cities. Moreover, the obtained land uses were analyzed considering several development parameters-as the demographic dynamics of those border populations. Furthermore, bearing in mind the Ecosystems providing services it was possible to define guidelines and strategies for this region's territorial development.
Chapter
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