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NEW DATA ON 38 RARE FOR THE LITHUANIAN FAUNA LEPIDOPTERA SPECIES RECORDED IN 2019

Authors:
  • Kaunas T.Ivanauskas zoological museum, Lithuania, Kaunas

Abstract

This article presents new data on 38 rare for Lithuania moth and butterflies species. They were registered in 4 administrative districts of Lithuania. One species - Chariaspilates formosaria (Eversmann, 1837) is included in the Red Data Book of Lithuania (Rašomavičius, 2007).
42 BULLETIN OF THE LITHUANIAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Volume 3 (31)
NEW DATA ON 38 RARE FOR THE LITHUANIAN FAUNA
LEPIDOPTERA SPECIES RECORDED IN 2019
VYTAUTAS INOKAITIS, BRIGITA PAULAVIČIŪTĖ
T. Ivanauskas Museum of Zoology, Laisvės al. 106 LT-44253 Kaunas, Lithuania.
E-mail: brigita.paulaviciute@zoomuziejus.lt
Introduction
Lepidoptera is one of the most widespread and widely recognizable insect orders in
the world. It can show many variations of the basic body structure that have evolved to
gain advantages in lifestyle and distribution. We can find more than 180,000 species of
Lepidoptera in the world, which belong to 126 families and 46 superfamilies (Mallet,
2007). There are 482 species in Europe, 451 of them being found in the 27 member
states. Almost a third of these species (142 species) are endemic to Europe (Van Swaay
et al., 2008). Today more than 2500 species of Lepidoptera are known in Lithuania.
Every year new and rare species for Lithuania fauna are discovered (Ivinskis &
Rimšaitė, 2018).
This article presents new data on 38 rare for Lithuania moth and butterflies species.
They were registered in 4 administrative districts of Lithuania. One species -
Chariaspilates formosaria (Eversmann, 1837) is included in the Red Data Book of
Lithuania (Rašomavičius, 2007).
Material and Methods
List of localities
Locality Administrative district Coordinates (LAT, LONG)
Braziūkai Kaunas district 54.901195 , 23.483855
Kaunas Kaunas district 54.904578 , 23.913688
Laumikoniai Molėtai district 55.051322 , 25.447034
Paliepės Miškas f. (1) Varėna district 54.10769 , 24.304256
Paliepės Miškas f. (2) Varėna district 54.107855 , 24.30469
Paliepės Miškas f. (3) Varėna district 54.112368 , 24.309553
Plateliai (1) Plungė district 56.041735 , 21.814796
Plateliai (2) Plungė district 56.038453 , 21.818643
Puvočiai (1) Varėna district 54.118689 , 24.305286
Puvočiai (2) Varėna district 54.117875 , 24.303487
Puvočiai (3) Varėna district 54.117917 , 24.305896
Puvočiai (4) Varėna district 54.118796 , 24.305167
Puvočiai (5) Varėna district 54.120099 , 24.305251
The material was collected in different parts of Lithuania: in Kaunas, Molėtai, Plungė
and Varėna administrative districts. Lepidoptera were collected using an entomological
net and light trapping at night (500W DRL type bulb lamp was used). The species were
LIETUVOS ENTOMOLOGŲ DRAUGIJOS DARBAI. 3 (31) tomas 43
collected by the leading author of this article, Vytautas Inokaitis (V.I.). The geographical
coordinates were measured using a Garmin eTrex GPS receiver. The material is
deposited in the collection of the Kaunas T. Ivanauskas Museum of Zoology. Species
were identified using the following sources: Bleszynski, 1965; Kazlauskas, 1984, 2008;
Skou, 1986; Fibiger, 1993; Fajčik, 1998; Špatenka et al., 1999; Buszko, 2000; Laštůvka
& Laštůvka, 2001; Ronkay et al., 2001; Mironov, 2003; Ivinskis & Augustauskas, 2004;
Hausmann, 2004; Leraut, 2009; Nowacki, 2009. Rarity categories have been established
according to the checklist of Lepidoptera of Lithuania (Ivinskis, 2004; Ivinskis &
Rimšaitė, 2018).
List of species
SESIIDAE
Synansphecia triannuliformis (Freyer, 1845)
Braziūkai, 25 06 2019, 1 spec.
COSSIDAE
Zeuzera pyrina (Linnaeus, 1761)
Laumikoniai, 11 06 2019, 1 spec.
NYMPHALIDAE
Melitaea britomartis Assman, 1847
Paliepės Miškas f. (1), 19 06 2019, 4 spec.
Melanargia galathea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Paliepės Miškas f. (1), 01 07 2019 1 spec.
GEOMETRIDAE
Stegania cararia (Hubner, 1790)
Laumikoniai, 11 06 2019, 1 spec.
Isturgia arenacearia (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Puvočiai (5), 29 08 2019, 1 spec.; Paliepės Miškas f. (3), 28 08 2019, 1 spec.
Lycia pomonaria (Hubner, 1790)
Kaunas, 23 03 2019, 1 spec.
Peribatodes secundarius (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)
Kaunas, 09 10 2019, 1 spec.
Campaea margaritata (Linnaeus, 1767)
Kaunas, 26 05 2019, 1 spec., 17 08 2019 1 spec.; Plateliai (2), 09 09 2019, 2spec.,
Plateliai (1), 12 09 2019 1 spec.
Chariaspilates formosaria (Eversmann, 1837)
Puvočiai (1), 19 06 2019, 1 spec.
Rhodostrophia vibicaria (Clerck, 1759)
Braziūkai, 25 06 2019, 2 spec.
Lythria purpuraria (Linnaeus, 1758)
Puvočiai (1), 19 06 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (2), 24 07 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (3), 25
07 2019, 1 spec.
LASIOCAMPIDAE
Gastropacha populifolia (Denis&Schiffermuller, 1775)
Laumikoniai, 10 06 2019, 1 spec.
44 BULLETIN OF THE LITHUANIAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Volume 3 (31)
NOTODONTIDAE
Ptilodon cucullina (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Laumikoniai, 12 06 2019, 1spec.
EREBIDAE
Catocala electa (Vieweg, 1790)
Puvočiai (5), 27 08 2019, 1spec.; Puvočiai (4), 26 08 2019, 1 spec.
Calyptra thalictri (Borkhausen, 1790)
Puvočiai (2), 24 07 2019, 6 spec.
Spiris striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Laumikoniai, 11 06 2019, 1spec.
Pericallia matronula (Linnaeus, 1758)
Puvočiai (1), 19 06 2019, 2 spec.
NOCTUIDAE
Acronicta cinerea (Hufnagel, 1766)
Paliepės Miškas f. (2), 23 07 2019, 1spec.
Cryphia algae (Fabricius, 1775)
Kaunas, 29 07 2019, 2 spec.; 27 07 2019, 3 spec.; 20 07 2019, 1 spec.
Cryphia ereptricula (Treitschke, 1825)
Kaunas, 28 07 2019, 1 spec.
Callopistria juventina (Stoll, 1792)
Paliepės Miškas f. (2), 23 07 2019, 1 spec.
Eucarta virgo (Treitschke, 1835)
Puvočiai (1), 12 06 2019, 1spec.; Braziūkai, 25 06 2019, 1 spec.; Laumikoniai, 13 06
2019, 1 spec.
Mesogona oxalina (Hubner, 1803)
Kaunas, 02 09 2019, 1spec.; Paliepės Miškas f. (3), 28 08 2019, 1 spec.
Tiliacea citrago (Linnaeus, 1758)
Kaunas, 05 09 2019, 1 spec.
Conistra rubiginosa (Scopoli, 1763)
Kaunas, 06 04 2019, 1 spec.; 13 10 2019, 1 spec.
Dryobotodes eremita (Fabricius, 1775)
Kaunas, 14 09 2019, 1 spec.; 21 09 2019 1 spec.; Plateliai (2), 09 09 2019, 2 spec.;
Plateliai (1), 10 09 2019, 4 spec.; 12 09 2019, 3 spec.
Antitype chi (Linnaeus, 1758)
Puvočiai (5), 27 08 2019, 1 spec.
Staurophora celsia (Linnaeus, 1758)
Puvočiai (4), 6 08 2019, 2 spec.
Chortodes extrema (Hubner, 1809)
Braziūkai, 25 06 2019, 6 spec.
Hadena albimacula (Borkhausen, 1792)
Laumikoniai, 12 06 2019, 1 spec.
Mythimna albipuncta (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Kaunas, 20 08 2019, 1 spec.; 07 08 2019, 1 spec.; 08 08 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (4)
26 08 2019, 1 spec.
Mythimna l-album (Linnaeus, 1767)
Kaunas, 05 09 2019, 1 spec.; 21 09 2019, 1 spec.; 29 09 2019, 1 spec.
LIETUVOS ENTOMOLOGŲ DRAUGIJOS DARBAI. 3 (31) tomas 45
Noctua interposita (Hubner, 1790)
Laumikoniai, 13 06 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (5), 27 08 2019, 2 spec.
Noctua janthe (Borkhausen, 1792)
Kaunas, 17 08 2019, 2 spec.; 30 08 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (2), 24 07 2019, 3 spec.;
Puvočiai (3), 25 07 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (5), 29 08 2019, 2 spec.; Puvočiai (4), 26
08 2019, 1 spec.
Noctua janthina (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Kaunas, 31 07 2019, 1 spec.; 06 08 2019, 2 spec.; 13 08 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (2),
23 07 2019, 1 spec.; 24 07 2019, 1 spec.; Puvočiai (3), 25 07 2019, 1 spec.
Agrotis bigramma (Esper, 1790)
Plateliai (1), 10 09 2019, 1 spec.
NOLIDAE
Bena bicolorana (Fuessly, 1775)
Puvočiai (1), 19 06 2019, 1 spec.
Discussion
Ptilodon cucullina (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) is a moth of the family
Notodontidae and is a very rare and local species in Lithuania. The first time P. cucullina
was found in Lithuania was in 1968 (Kazlauskas, 1984, 2008). It is distributed widely
from south and central Europe, Asia to Far East (Karsholt & Nieukerken, 2013). P.
cucullina is a polyphagous species. Larval foodplants are Acer pseudoplatanus and A.
campestre (Jakišč, 2017). Habitats are mixed and deciduous forests, parks and cities with
Acer trees. The moths are on wing from May to July (Kazlauskas, 1984, 2008).
Isturgia arenacearia (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775) is a moth of the family
Geometridae. I. arenacearia is rare in Lithuania and until today was recorded just in 7
districts and municipalities: Lazdijai, Pasvalys, Švenčionys, Trakai, Varėna, Vilnius
districts and Druskininkai municipality (Kazlauskas, 1984; Ivinskis, 1993, 2004; Ivinskis
& Rimšaitė, 2016; Švitra et al., 2016, 2018) This species is xerophilous and is
distributed from Europe through Central Asia and Siberia to Japan (Nestorova, 1998).
Wingspan of I. arenacearia is 21–27 mm. The larvae feed on Coronilla varia, Trifolium
species and various Fabaceae. Adults fly in two generations from June to September
(Skou & Sihvonen, 2015).
Agrotis bigramma (Esper, 1790) is a moth of the family Noctuidae and this species
was recorded in Lithuania in 2016 the first time (Švitra et al., 2016) and can be treated as
migrant there. A. bigramma is distributed from Southern and Central Europe along the
southern shores of the Baltic Sea to China, the Near East and North Africa. Also, it is
known from Norway, Sweden, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Estonia, Poland and
Belarus (Clancy et al., 2012; Karsholt & Nieukerken, 2013; Aarvik et al., 2017).
Wingspan of A bigramma is 36–50 mm. Larvae feed on species of Poacea and low
density vegetation (Hacker, 2001). The flight period is from July to September.
A.bigramma is usually found in open, dry and warm habitats (Nowacki, 1998).
46 BULLETIN OF THE LITHUANIAN ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Volume 3 (31)
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Nauji duomenys apie 38 retas Lietuvos faunos drugių rūšis
V. INOKAITIS, B. PAULAVIČIŪTĖ
Santrauka
Straipsnyje pateikiami duomenys apie 38 retai ir labai retas Lietuvos faunos drugių
rūšis. Taip pat pateikiama drugių rūšių informacija su radimo vietomis, koordinatėmis,
data ir individų skaičiumi. Drugiai buvo renkami 4 rajonuose ir savivaldybese. Viena
drugių rūšis Chariaspilates formosaria (Eversmann, 1837) yra įtraukta į Lietuvos
Raudonąją knygą.
Received: 24 October, 2019
Article
Full-text available
Cobîleni Natural Forest Reserve with a surface of 33.5 ha is situated near Lopatna village, Orhei district, on the right bank of the Dniester River. The aim of the study was to assess the geometrid moths (Lepidoptera, Geometridae) fauna from this reserve. The most part of entomological materials from Cobîleni Natural Forest Reserve discussed in this paper were collected at the light trap during vegetation period of 2018. In the paper the list of fifty-five geometrids species is given, also their geographical distribution, ecological and trophic structure. The geometridae species collected from this reserve belong to five subfamilies. Most of the captured specimens belong to the Ennominae subfamily with 36 species, as it is typical for mesophilous meadows, followed by Sterrhinae with nine species, then Larentiinae with eight, and finally Orthostixinae and Geometrinae with only one species each. In the result of establishing of taxonomic affiliation of the entomological material collected during 2018, a new geometrid species for the fauna of the Republic of Moldova was identified: Cyclophora linearia .
Data
Full-text available
Goal: Revision of European Ennominae moths, covering 202 species in 30 colour plates. Comprehensive text and rich illustration of structures for all species. Four new species are described, 140+ taxonomic changes are proposed and systematic checklist for entire European and adjacent regions' Geometridae fauna is provided. Multi-authored monograph is planned to come out in summer 2019.
28 08 2019, 1 spec. Tiliacea citrago (Linnaeus, 1758) Kaunas, 05 09 2019, 1 spec. Conistra rubiginosa (Scopoli, 1763) Kaunas, 06 04 2019, 1 spec
  • Kaunas
Kaunas, 02 09 2019, 1spec.; Paliepės Miškas f. (3), 28 08 2019, 1 spec. Tiliacea citrago (Linnaeus, 1758) Kaunas, 05 09 2019, 1 spec. Conistra rubiginosa (Scopoli, 1763) Kaunas, 06 04 2019, 1 spec.; 13 10 2019, 1 spec. Dryobotodes eremita (Fabricius, 1775)
Antitype chi (Linnaeus, 1758) Puvočiai (5), 27 08 2019, 1 spec. Staurophora celsia (Linnaeus, 1758) Puvočiai (4), 6 08 2019, 2 spec. Chortodes extrema (Hubner, 1809) Braziūkai
  • Kaunas
Kaunas, 14 09 2019, 1 spec.; 21 09 2019 1 spec.; Plateliai (2), 09 09 2019, 2 spec.; Plateliai (1), 10 09 2019, 4 spec.; 12 09 2019, 3 spec. Antitype chi (Linnaeus, 1758) Puvočiai (5), 27 08 2019, 1 spec. Staurophora celsia (Linnaeus, 1758) Puvočiai (4), 6 08 2019, 2 spec. Chortodes extrema (Hubner, 1809) Braziūkai, 25 06 2019, 6 spec.
Présence d'Isturgia arenacearia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) et deuxième observation de Pseudozarba bipartita (Herrich-Schäffer, 1850) en France continentale (Lep. Geometridae, Noctuidae)
  • D Bator
Bator D. 2011. Présence d'Isturgia arenacearia (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) et deuxième observation de Pseudozarba bipartita (Herrich-Schäffer, 1850) en France continentale (Lep. Geometridae, Noctuidae). Oreina 13: 5.
Clucze do oznaczania owadov Polski
  • S Bleszynski
Bleszynski S. 1965. Geometridae (Lepidoptera). Clucze do oznaczania owadov Polski. Warszawa.
Motýle strednej Európy. Die Schmetterlinge Mitteleuropas, II. Band: Noctuidae
  • J Fajčik
Fajčik J. 1998. Motýle strednej Európy. Die Schmetterlinge Mitteleuropas, II. Band: Noctuidae. Bratislava.
  • M Fibiger
Fibiger M. 1993. Noctuinae II. Noctuidae Europaeae. Vol. 2: Sorø: Entomological Press.