Kırmızı Yanaklı Su Kaplumbağasında (Trachemys Scripta Elegans) Penis Prolapsusu

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Male tortoises are occasionally presented with a prolapsed phallus (penis). The penis is retracted except during mating, trauma, or death; it lies in the ventral floor of the cloaca. Male Euphrates soft-shelled turtle constituted the study material. Clinically, necrotic areas in the phallus were observed. After the local anesthesia and analgesia, phallus was inserted into the base of cloaca. This case is the first phallus prolapse case of the male Euphrates soft-shelled turtle.
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Male tortoises are occasionally presented with a prolapsed phallus (penis). The male chelonian has a single phallus, whichprotrudes from the floor of the proctodeum. Unlike the mammalian penis, the chelonian phallus is not involved in urination.The penis is retracted except during mating, trauma, or death; it lies in the ventral floor of the cloaca. A 5-year-old, maleturtle constituted the study material. Clinically, extensive necrotic areas and, black and dark purple tissues in the phallus were observed. The usual treatment for a necrotic phallus in turtles is to perform surgery to completely remove the necrotic tissue.After the general anesthesia and analgesia, phallus amputation was achieved by placing transfixation sutures around the base of the phallus. Urination and defecation returned to normal within 24 hours after amputation and feeding was started at thesecond day. As a conclusion, amputation was emphasized as an effective method for treatment of necrotic phallus.
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A russell viper was rescued with copulatory organ prolapsed (hemipenis). Prolapsed mass was kept moist and in proper position with the help of lubricant. An opening was kept to pass for natural process. Antibiotic treatment Inj. Amikacin sulphate at 0.2 mg/kg I/M and analgesic Inj. Meloxicam at 0.2 mg/kg S/C along with the stool softer for 3 days was given. Complete recovery was seen and sutures were removed after 7 days.
This outstanding clinical reference provides valuable insights into solving clinical dilemmas, formulating diagnoses, developing therapeutic plans, and verifying drug dosages for both reptiles and amphibians. The information is outlined in an easy-to-use format for quick access that is essential for emergency and clinical situations. Discusses veterinary medicine and surgery for both reptiles and amphibians Features complete biology of snakes, lizards, turtles, and crocodilians Provides step-by-step guidelines for performing special techniques and procedures such as anesthesia, clinical pathology, diagnostic imaging, euthanasia and necropsy, fracture management, soft tissue surgery, and therapeutics Covers specific diseases and conditions such as anorexia, aural abscesses, and digit abnormalities in a separate alphabetically organized section 53 expert authors contribute crucial information to the study of reptiles and offer their unique perspectives on particular areas of study The expansive appendix includes a reptile and amphibian formulary A new full-color format features a wealth of vivid images and features that highlight important concepts and bring key procedures to life 29 new chapters covering diverse topics such as stress in captive reptiles, emergency and critical care, ultrasound, endoscopy, and working with venomous species Many new expert contributors that share valuable knowledge and insights from their experiences in practicing reptile medicine and surgery Unique coverage of cutting-edge imaging techniques, including CT and MRI.
This chapter covers the basic anatomy, physiology, husbandry, and health issues of chelonians. Chelonians represent one of the most unique and recognizable groups of animals in the world. For husbandry of chelonians, the shape and size of the enclosure should be selected based on the chelonian's habitat preference. Aquatic species should be provided deep, leak-proof enclosures, whereas tortoises can be provided shallow containers. All chelonians should be provided the largest enclosure possible. Maximizing the surface area of the enclosure is important for ensuring ample area for exercise and an appropriate thermal gradient. Chelonians are ectotherms and depend on the environmental temperature to regulate their core body temperature. If these animals are not provided an appropriate temperature range, their metabolic rate slows. Chelonians with reduced metabolic rates often present with a history of being anorectic, lethargic, and depressed. An inability to maintain an appropriate body temperature can also result in a reduced immune response. Substrate selection for chelonians is also an important consideration, as many of these animals are geophagic and can develop foreign bodies if provided an inappropriate substrate. Aquatic species must be provided access to a clean water source. A chelonian vivarium should mimic an animal's natural habitat. Accessories or "cage furniture" can be used to create an environment that reduces the stress an animal may otherwise encounter in captivity.
Common reptile emergencies are reviewed in this article and the fundamentals of emergency care are provided. Important points include obtaining a complete history and husbandry review, physical examination, diagnostic tests, fluid support, anesthetics, and antibiotics.
There are numerous chelonian species that arise from a diverse array of habitats. Chelonians are long lived and slow to reach sexual maturity, making them extremely vulnerable to human impacts on their habitat and populations. Unusual anatomic and physiological features, such as the shell and being ectothermic, make chelonians medically challenging for the veterinarian. This article presents information on the medical evaluation and stabilization of critically ill and injured chelonian patients presented to the emergency clinician. History taking, performing a physical examination, recommended diagnostic testing, fluid and transfusion therapy, cardiopulmonary resuscitation principles, nutritional support, hospital environment, and therapeutic agents recommended for the emergency and critical care of chelonians are reviewed. Differential diagnoses are presented for a variety of conditions encountered by the emergency clinician for marine turtles, tortoises, freshwater aquatic turtles, and terrapins. There are significant differences in the disease problems encountered by captive and free-ranging specimens. This review will be useful for the veterinarian working in private practice, zoological or aquarium medicine, and wildlife rehabilitation.
A detailed anaesthetic and surgical procedure employed in the amputation of the penis of a giant Aldabra tortoise Testudo gigantea Schweigger (Gaymer, 1968), presented with a prolapsed penis is described and possible aetiological factors are discussed. Une anesthésie et un processus chirurgical détaillés, employes lors de l'amputation du pénis d'une tortue géante d'aldabra Testudo gigantea Schweigger (Gaymer, 1968) présentant un prolapsus du pénis est décrits et des facteurs éthiologiques sont discutés.
The study of reproductive diseases of chelonians has become increasingly sophisticated in the last decade. Widespread captive breeding has increased the number of reproductive problems presented to veterinarians. Advances in the level of veterinary care have encouraged chelonians owners to seek solutions to problems that may have previously been considered unsolvable. Improved diagnostic imaging, particularly radiography, ultrasonography and endoscopy, have made visualization and diagnosis of reproductive disease easier. Better quality veterinary care has made treatment of chelonian diseases more sophisticated which has lead to improved methods of anesthesia, surgery, and medicine. Concerns over rapidly diminishing chelonian populations and habitat have made the need for study of reproduction a higher priority; veterinary medicine has gained from this research.
Most reptile emergencies are the result of improper husbandry and nutrition. Reptiles are good at masking disease, and owners, failing to recognize early signs of illness, only seek veterinary assistance when issues are advanced and near terminal. The veterinarian should be familiar with reptile species-specific husbandry and nutritional requirements and basic clinical techniques. The same principles and techniques used in small animal medicine can be applied to reptile emergencies. This article reviews general emergency principles that apply to the reptilian patient and common emergency presentations. The main areas of discussion focus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation, fluid therapy, and analgesia.
Manual of Exotic Pet Practice
  • M Kirchgessner
  • M A Mitchell
Kirchgessner M, Mitchell MA, 2008: Chelonian. In "Manual of Exotic Pet Practice",Ed;
Hemipenicectomía em Jararaca-Ilhoa (Bothrops insularis) -Relato de caso
  • K B Silva
  • D F Muñiz-Da-Silva
  • Kmp Silva
  • V C Garcia
  • Sma Santos
Silva KB, Muñiz-da-Silva DF, Silva KMP, Garcia VC, Santos SMA, 2013: Hemipenicectomía em Jararaca-Ilhoa (Bothrops insularis) -Relato de caso. Vet e Zootec, 20(3), 9-14.