Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate education activities more indicated about teaching sexual medicine for medical students. Material and Methods: A one-day course was organized to tackle the main concerns of patients in respect to sexual health problems. The course was comprised of classes and time for students to discuss doubts with specialists. At the end of the course the ... [Show full abstract] knowledge of students on the subject and their confidence to care for patients with concerns on sexual issues were evaluated. Results: Seventy-four medical students participated in the one-day educational program on sexual medicine that included lectures about different topics related to sexual medicine and discussion. At the end of the course, students answered questionnaires about how the course had possibly improved their confidence regarding dealing with sexual issues. The analysis of the opinions of the students suggested an improvement in self-confidence with regard to discussing sexual behavior with patients. Conclusions: In this Brazil pilot project, the results demonstrated that in a short one-day course and teaching lectures were not enough to improve medical students' confidence in dealing with sexual health issues Disclosure: Work supported by industry: no.