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Integration and modelling of 3D data as strategy for structural diagnosis in Endangered Sites. The study case of Church of the Annunciation in Pokcha (Russia)

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Cultural Heritage and its variety of Built Heritage is increasing a scientific cognitive approach from European Committees, related to the difficulties of its protection and management. This is primarily due to the lack of emergency protocols of structural knowledge and documentation on architecture and ruins, for the protection and intervention on an Endangered Heritage that is going to disappear. The consideration of structural documentation applied to Historical Built Heritage, as in the case study of Pokcha Church (Russia), reviews the declination of integrated products of 3D survey into Reality-Based Models, with the possibility of systematizing data through methodological phases and controlling the quality of numerical components into 3D polygonal models, in different levels of details and integration of survey data. These models are intended in the capacity of their shape to conserve morphological qualities about structural behaviour, and to fit into computational platforms of analysis, for information on tensional behaviour and emergency risks.
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ISBN: 978-92-990084-5-4
METROLOGY FOR ARCHAEOLOGY
AND CULTURAL HERITAGE
2019 IMEKO TC-4 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON
FLORENCE, ITALY / DECEMBER 4-6, 2019
ITALI A N GEOGRAPHIC
MIL ITARY INSTITUTE
VIA C. BAT T IST I, 1 0
PROCEEDINGS
UNI V ERSITY OF FLOR EN CE
SAGA S DEPART M ENT
VIA S. GALLO, 10
www.metroarcheo.com
info@metroarcheo.com
2019 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on
Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural
Heritage
(MetroArchaeo 2019)
PROCEEDINGS
December 4-6 2019 | Florence, Italy
© 2019 IMEKO
ISBN: 978-92-990084-5-4
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form, nor may it be stored in a retrieval
system or transmitted in any form, without written permission from the copyright holders.
Welcome Message
On behalf of the Organizing Committee, we wish to welcome you to the 2019 IMEKO TC-4
International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage -
MetroArchaeo2019.
The combined use of numerical approaches and metrology in archaeology and, more generally,
in the study of cultural heritage, is a firmly established reality in contemporary research, which is
undergoing rapid evolution both in the scale, type and scope of applications. Metrology includes
both theoretical and practical aspects with reference to measurements, whatever their
uncertainties are, and in whatever fields of science or technology they occur. The characterization,
valorisation and preservation of cultural heritage are therefore deeply related to metrological
issues, for the collection, interpretation and validation of data, through the use of different
analytical tools, physical-chemical and mechanical techniques, digital technologies, new ICT tools.
The 2019 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural
Heritage - MetroArchaeo2019 aims to gather a wide range of scholars and heritage scientists
working in universities and research centres, museums, galleries, libraries, archives, small and
medium enterprises. MetroArchaeo2019 is conceived as an occasion to foster exchanges of ideas
and information, to establish connections and collaborations, and to share innovative solutions in
the field of measurements applied to cultural heritage, among material scientists, chemists,
physicists, engineers, archaeologists, conservators, restorers.
Following the positive experience of the first four editions held in Benevento (2015), Turin (2016),
Lecce (2017) and Cassino (2018), this year’s conference has been organized in Florence, a town
that houses the testimonies of a prestigious historical and cultural tradition, spanning from Roman
antiquity to Middle Ages, up to modern times.
The activities aimed at the conservation, protection, enhancement and use of cultural heritage,
through the development and application of innovative methods and technologies, have a
consolidated academic, scientific and entrepreneurial tradition, recognized both at a national and
international level, in the territory of Toscana Region. The University of Florence stands out for its
commitment in this sector, with a number of initiatives involving a wide range of skills, projects,
collaborations in progress with other research institutions, and industries.
Florence is therefore a perfect frame for a conference designed to encourage discussion and
networking among scientists coming from all over the world, and to promote new interactions
and collaborations among established scholars and new researchers working in different areas
and interested in the use of measurements in the study of cultural heritage.
MetroArchaeo2019 hosts three plenary lectures and 25 oral, poster and demo sessions aiming to
give a complete and multidisciplinary picture of the applications of measurements and data
treatments to the characterization and safeguard of archaeological and historic heritage.
With the aim of providing a common ground for researchers to share their findings about
metrology applied to archaeology and cultural heritage, MetroArchaeo2019 includes a significant
number of special sessions, intended to group the different applications of metrology to
archaeology and cultural heritage into thematic strands, and to allow coherent and targeted
discussions.
The program includes three keynote lectures, which will be delivered by Guido Vannini, from the
University of Florence (Italy), Yuval Goren, from the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Israel),
and Francesco Porcelli, from the University of Turin (Italy). Two Tutorials will be held on “Use of
portable instruments for metallic cultural heritage assets” and “Invisible Archaeology”.
Awards will be assigned to a number of outstanding papers, posters and demos.
The organisation of the conference was a very complex task, due to the large interest in the wide
range of topics listed in the call for papers. A generous and tireless scientific and organising
committee was involved in drafting the technical program, arranging accommodation for the
speakers, managing the administrative aspects, and setting up the social programme. We are very
grateful to all of them for their outstanding work, as well as to the reviewers who have contributed
to guarantee the quality of the scientific program. We also wish to thank the public and private
organizations which have kindly accepted to support the meeting in different ways.
The 2019 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural
Heritage is about to begin. We hope you will enjoy the company of colleagues and experts as well
as the natural and artistic beauties of Florence! Please, let us have your comments and remarks:
we all, metrologists, archaeologists, geologists, heritage scientists, colleagues and friends, know
that criticism is the best way to improve quality, and to achieve lasting excellences.
On behalf of the Organizing Committee
Marcantonio Catelani
Pasquale Daponte
Committee
GENERAL CHAIRS
Marcantonio Catelani, University of Florence, Italy
Pasquale Daponte, University of Sannio, Italy
TECHNICAL PROGRAM CO-CHAIRS
Luca Cappuccini, University of Florence, Italy
Lorenzo Ciani, University of Florence, Italy
Francesco Lamonaca, University of Sannio, Italy
Paolo Liverani, University of Florence, Italy
Paola Moscati, CNR, Italy
INTERNATIONAL PROGRAM COMMITTEE
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Fabrizio Antonelli, LAMA - LabCoMaC - Iuav University of Venice, Italy
Lucio Calcagnile, University of Salento, Italy
Franco Cambi, University of Siena, Italy
Stefano Campana, University of Siena, Italy
Piergiulio Cappelletti, University of Naples, Italy
Paolo Carafa, University of Roma La Sapienza, Italy
Juan Antonio Quirós Castillo, Universidad del Pais Vasco, Spain
Andrea Cataldo, University of Salento, Italy
Cristina Corsi, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Giuseppe Cultrone, University of Granada, Spain
Egidio De Benedetto, University of Salento, Italy
Lucio Del Corso, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Zaccaria Del Prete Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Maria Grazia D'Urso, University of Bergamo, Italy
Francesco Fontanella, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Venice Gouda, National Research Centre, Egypt
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Marco Laracca, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Carmine Lubritto, Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Italy
Marilena Maniaci, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Lara Maritan, University of Padova, Italy
Alessandra Pecci, University of Barcelona, Spain
Giacomo Pardini, University of Salerno, Italy
Emanuele Piuzzi, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Eugenio Polito, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Gianluca Quarta, University of Salento, Italy
Carmen Maria Rosskopf, University of Molise, Italy
José Antonio Barrera Vera, University of Seville, Spain
LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS
Keynote Speakers
Keynote Wednesday, December 4, 2019
The historical dimension of archaeological research: from the episode to the
phenomenon.
Guido Vannini
University of Florence
ABSTRACT
The historical dimension of archaeological research: from the episode to the phenomenon. From
the experiences of a medievalist to the territorial approach of the research: we will talk about
'light' forms of archaeological approach, of public diffusion for a shared archaeology (and, also
here, 'measured'), of recipients of technological processes at the service of the archaeological
heritage. All this by paying attention to the risks of technicality ('poor neopositivism') and to the
'dynamic' methodology, i.e. correlated to the changing of the same quantitative and qualitative
objectives of a research that at least tries to be in tune with today's society.
SHORT BIOGRAPHY
Full professor in Medieval Archaeology since 2002, Director of the
Archaeology Specialization School at the University of Florence (since
2011) and member of Council of School of PhD at the University „La
Sapienza‟ of Rome.
Former Contrattista (1975-1980) and Researcher (1981-1990) at the
University of Florence, after Associate Professor in Medieval
Topography and Archaeology at the University of Calabria (1991-1996)
and University of Florence (1996-2001); Dean of the Department of Arts
(Un. of Calabria, 1993-1995). Cofounder of the inter-University
(Universities of Aquila, Florence, Salerno, Tuscia, Milan „Cattolica') Italian
PhD in Medieval Archaeology (first in Italy, 1998); Fellows at 'The Harvard University Center for
Renaissance Studies' (1976); Ministry of Culture Inspector at the Archaeological Superintendency
of Tuscany (1981); honorary inspector of the Superintendency for architectural Heritage of
Florence; advisor of the Europe Near East Centre (1995).
Co-director of 5 scientific series (including „Limina/Limites. Archeologies, histories, islands and
frontiers in the Mediterranean (365-1556)', BAR, Oxford; „Archeologia Pubblica', FUP, Florence)
and member of the scientific committee for other 4 series (including 'Tardoantico e Medioevo'
and „Confronti'). Guido Vannini is also a member of the scientific committees of 14 scientific
journals (including "Archeologia Medievale", "Ricerche Storiche" “Archeologia Polona”; “Rivista di
Scienze dell'Antichità”, "Restauro Archeologico", “Schola Salernitana-Annali”, “Bullettino Storico
Pistoiese”, “Florentia. Studi di Archeologia”, "Libri Gedanenses", "Archeologia Viva") and of
scientific Institutes (Deputazione di Storia Patria per la Toscana, Istituto Archeologico Italo-
giordano, Centro Intern. di Studi 'La Gerusalemme di S. Vivaldo', Società Pistoiese di Storia Patria
etc.); member of scientific committee of International Congress (including UNESCO Seminar
Florence 2006; Archeologia dei castelli nell’Europa angioina (secoli XIIIXV), University of Salerno
2008; 'Trans-Jordan in 12th and 13th centuries and the „frontiers‟ of Medieval Mediterranean',
University of Florence and ISU 2008). Associated to the Society of Medieval Archaeologists of Italy
(SAMI) from 1995 and of I.C.O.M.O.S. (1987), Associazione di Studi storici 'Elio Conti'). Winner of
the 'LUX et LAUS' medal awarded in 2018 by the Standing Committee of Polish Medievalists and
of 'Father Piccirillo' award (Un. Naples 2018).
Director of some 60 national and international archaeological projects in seven Euro-
Mediterranean countries - 54 archaeological areas (6 abroad) of which 22 urban and 32 rural
and organizer of 30 exhibitions, also abroad (including 'From Petra to Shawbak. Archaeology of a
frontier', Florence, Pitti Palace, 2009: the first in Italy with the principles of Public Archaeology; or
the permanent exposition 'Percorso archeologico attrezzato permanente nell'area archeologica
dell'antico vescovado di Pistoia (secc. II. a.C.-XIX d.C.)'). Major running projects include the
'Strategic Athenaeum Project' on the Mediterranean Medieval Feudal Society: archaological
profiles (with projects in Italy: Toscana, Marche, Calabria; and abroad: France, Hispany, Malta,
Jordan, Syria, Lebanon) and the archaeological mission in Jordan on Medieval Petra. Archaeology
of Crusader-Ayyubid in Transjordan since 1986 („Progetto Pilota‟ MAE, 1999 e MIUR, 'Prog. scient.
d'interesse nazionale' dal 1987; 2009-2012: European Project ENPI-CIUDAD „Liason for worth‟:
Toscana, Transgiordania, Armavir armeno); and FIRB Project (2005-2007) Dallo scavo al Museo.
Metodi e tecniche avanzate di ricerca, elaborazione e fruizione condivisa del patrimonio culturale
mediterraneo (responsible for Research Unit). As holder of the Chair he has therefore led the
scientific supervision of a mission in Armenia ('The Silk Road in Armenia and the euro-Asian
connectivity in the Middle Ages: an light archeology'), MAE-Erevan Un. and a development
cooperation mission in Iraqi Kurdistan (2013-2015: MAE Cooperation project, lead partner City of
Florence, 'The higher education level for the preservation and development of the tangible and
intangible cultural heritage of Iraq').
Author of almost 300 scientific publications (including twelwe monogaphs) - about themes
articulated in specific research projects, generally connotable as historical-archeological cutting -
on medieval urban settlement, Incastellamento, settlement in Mediterranean feudal territories,
Production Archaeology, Landscape archaeology ('Light Archaeology') and, more recently, Public
Archaeology.
Keynote Thursday, December 5, 2019
Conservation Science and Ethics in the Analytical Studies of Clay Cuneiform
Tablets from Ancient Near Eastern Archives
Yuval Goren
Department of Bible, Archaeology and Ancient Near East
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
ABSTRACT
The Late Bronze Age (ca. 1500-1200 BC) constitutes the heyday of the great empires of the ancient
Near East (ANE), such as Egypt, Hatti, Mitanni, Babylonia, and Assyria. Centuries of conflicts
followed by peaceful relations, marked the interrelations of these superpowers. Rich literary
records in the form of archives of cuneiform texts were established. These archives contain
abundant tablets whose origin is unknown. Sometimes the letterhead is missing, in other cases,
we may have the name of the sender and still ignore his domicile. Further, the location of many
ANE countries and cities has not yet been clearly established. Hence, revealing the origin of
documents has the potential of shedding new light on the history of the ANE and beyond. The
paper will discuss the use of a rich array of non-destructive testing (NDT) and minimally-
destructive testing (MDT) methods for studying the composition, technology and provenance of
ANE cuneiform tablets. This approach opens new horizons in the interpretation of the clay
documents. We applied such analyses on hundreds of tablets from el Amarna, Ras Shamra/Ugarit,
Boğazköy/Hattusha, and sites in Cyprus and Israel/Palestine. made during the last decade, serves
as the basis for this study. The results raise a set of ethical and practical issues concerning the
study and conservation of such precious artifacts.
SHORT BIOGRAPHY
Yuval Goren is Professor of Archaeology at the Ben Gurion University
of the Negev (previously at Tel Aviv University where he was faculty
member for twenty years). He joined the faculty of Tel Aviv University
after graduating at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and working
for several years as a petrography researcher in the Israel Antiquities
Authority. He served as the Head of the Department of Archaeology
and Ancient Near Eastern Cultures and as Vice Dean of the Faculty of
Humanities of Tel Aviv University. Goren was the initiator and head of
the graduate program in Archaeology and Archaeomterials and the
Laboratory for Comparative Microarchaeology at Tel Aviv University.
In the Ben Gurion University of the Negev he established the Trach for Archaeomaterials and
Conservation Sciences (TACS), now part of the European Erasmus and ITN ARCHMAT consortia
and the formal representative of Israel in the COST-SAGA project. His research focuses on early
technology and provenance of ceramics, plasters and metallurgy, using mineralogical, structural
and geochemical methods. Goren co-directed the excavations of Chalcolithic sites at Nahal
Sekher, Kissufim cemetery and recently the so-called shrine at Ein Gedi. He was also directing the
excavation at the 1st millennium BC Tel Sochoh.
Keynote Friday, December 6, 2019
Archaeo-physics in the Valley of the Kings, Luxor
Francesco Porcelli
Dept. of Applied Science and Technology,
Polytechnic University of Turin
ABSTRACT
The existence of hidden chambers and corridors adjacent to Tutankhamun’s tomb (code name
KV62) has been long debated. In 2015 it was suggested that these chambers might host the as
yet undiscovered burial of Nefertiti. In order to test this hypothesis, two Ground Penetrating Radar
(GPR) surveys, conducted in 2015 and 2016 from inside KV62, were carried out, but gave
contradictory results. To solve these uncertainties and obtain a more confident and conclusive
response, a team led by the Politecnico di Torino in February 2018 conducted a third GPR survey.
The results of this third radar scan, published in Ref. [1], are discussed in this talk. I will discuss
also the first results obtained in the framework of a more extensive project, entitled “The complete
geophysical survey of the Valley of the Kings”, initiated in 2017 and still ongoing. This project
indicates how Geophysics and Geomatics can support archaeological research within the context
of a broad multidisciplinary approach.
SHORT BIOGRAPHY
Francesco Porcelli (PhD Physics, Scuola Normale Sup. di Pisa, 1985) is a full
professor of Physics of Matter at the Polytechnic University of Turin. His
recent research interest, developed during an eight-year long period spent
in Egypt as Scientific Attaché at the Embassy of Italy, concerns the
application of physics and technology to cultural heritage. In 2014-2016 he
coordinated a team that established the meteoritic origin of Tutankhamen’s
iron dagger blade. Since 2017 he leads a project entitled “The Complete
Geophysical Survey of the Valley of the Kings”. Within this project, he
conducted the third Ground-Penetrating-Radar (GPR) scan of
Tutankhamen’s tomb, searching for hidden chambers and testing the
hypothesis that this tomb could be part of a larger burial place perhaps belonging to the
legendary Nefertiti.
Patronages
CONFERENCE PROGRAM
Wednesday, December 4
Special Session - Data Acquisition and Processing by Integrated Geomatic Techniques, Experiences
and Open Issues - PART I
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Gabriele Bitelli, University of Bologna, Italy
Maria Grazia D’Urso, DISA, University of Bergamo, Italy
1An Updated Comparison on Contemporary Approaches for Digitization of Heritage Objects
Efstathios Adamopoulos, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
Fulvio Rinaudo, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
7A methodology for semi-automatic documentation of archaeological elements using RPAS imagery
Eduard Angelats, Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Spain
M. E. Parés, Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Spain
C. Mas-Florit, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
M.A Cau-Ontiveros, Universitat de Barcelona, ICREA, Spain
13 Modelling the Seventies: Image-Based Modelling to Investigate Landscape Change in a Mediterranean
Mountain Area
Manuel J.H. Peters, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, Uni. de Évora, Portugal, Uni. Leiden, The Netherlands
Tesse D. Stek, Universiteit Leiden, The Netherlands, Royal Netherlands Institute, Italy
19 Evaluation of the Expected Data Quality in Laser Scanning Surveying of Archaeological Sites
Mattia Previtali, Politecnico Milano, Italy
Lucia Díaz-Vilariño, Universidade de Vigo, Spain
Marco Scaioni, Politecnico Milano, Italy
Ernesto Frías Nores, Universidade de Vigo, Spain
25 Rapid Mapping methods for archaeological sites
Antonia Spanò, Politechnics of Turin, Italy
Special Session - IoT based Systems for the Structural Health Monitoring and the Analysis of
Cultural Heritage Building and Archaeological Sites
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
31 The Non-smooth tale of “Apennine Churches” stroked by the Central Italy Earthquakes of 2016
Angela Ferrante, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Ersilia Giordano, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Francesco Clementi, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Gabriele Milani, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Antonio Formisano, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, Italy
37 Cultural Heritage and earthquake: the case study of San Francesco’s church in Amandola (Central Italy)
Ersilia Giordano, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Angela Ferrante, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Francesco Clementi, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Gabriele Milani, Politecnico di Milano,
Antonio Formisano, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, Italy
43 An innovative structural health monitoring system for the preliminary study of an ancient anti-seismic
construction technique.
Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
Domenico Luca Carnì, University of Calabria, Italy
Francesco Lamonaca, University of Sannio, Italy
Renato Sante Olivito, University of Calabria, Italy
Gabriele Milani, University of Milan, Italy
48 Automated procedure for the creation of finite element mesh: application to non-periodic historical masonry
Simone Tiberti, University of Milan, Italy
Gabriele Milani, University of Milan, Italy
53 SHM systems applied to the built heritage inventory at the territorial scale. A preliminary study based on
CARTIS approach
Renato Sante Olivito, University of Calabria, Italy
Saverio Porzio, University of Calabria, Italy
Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
Domenico Luca Carnì, University of Calabria, Italy
Francesco Lamonaca, University of Sannio, Italy
Thursday, December 5
Keynote Lecture: Conservation Science and Ethics in the Analytical Studies of Clay Cuneiform
Tablets from Ancient Near Eastern Archives
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
59 Conservation Science and Ethics in the Analytical Studies of Clay Cuneiform Tablets from Ancient Near
Eastern Archives
Yuval Goren, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Erez Ben-Yosef, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Francisco Centola, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Cécile Fossé, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Yaron Katzir, BeGorenn Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
José Mirão, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Ron Sha’ar, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Yitzhak Vassal, Tel Aviv University, Israel Antiquities Authority, Israel
Nicola Schiavon, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Special Session on Advanced methodologies for diagnostic and preventive conservation of stone
materials in subaerial and underwater environment
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Mauro Francesco La Russa, University of Calabria, Italy
Paola Fermo, University of Milan, Italy
68 SEM-EDS microanalysis in cultural heritage and archaeology: thickness effects and measurement strategy
for ultrathin glass and metal fragments and particles
Daniele Moro, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
Gianfranco Ulian, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
Giovanni Valdrè, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
73 Metals distributions within black crusts sampled on the facade of an historical monument: the case study
of the Cathedral of Monza (Milan, Italy)
Valeria Comite, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Jose Santiago Pozo-Antonio, University of Vigo, Spain
Carolina Cardell, University of Granada, Spain
Teresa Rivas, University of Vigo, Spain
Luciana Randazzo, Università della Calabria, Italy
Mauro Francesco La Russa, Università della Calabria, Italy
Paola Fermo, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Special Session on Measuring Ancient Mortars and Concretes to Discover the Past
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
Andrea Aquino, University of Pisa, Italy
79 Characterization of mortars of Giotto’s Bell Tower for radiocarbon dating
Sara Calandra, (CNR-ICVBC), University of Florence, Italy
Serena Barone, University of Florence, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Emma Cantisani, (CNR-ICVBC), Italy
Mariaelena Fedi, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Carlo Alberto Garzonio, University of Florence, Italy
Lucia Liccioli, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Barbara Salvadori, (CNR-ICVBC), Italy
Teresa Salvatici, University of Florence, Italy
Paola Ricci, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy
84 Calcarenite di Gravine Formation, a Row Material for the lime production
Agnese Emanuela Bonomo, University of Basilicata, Italy
G. Rizzo, University of Basilicata, Italy
G. Prosser, University of Basilicata, Italy
90 The production of binding materials in southern Florence area: stones and their properties (Greve in
Chianti, Italy)
Andrea Aquino, Università di Pisa, Italy
Elena Pecchioni, Università di Firenze, Italy
Fabio Fratini, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Emma Cantisani, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Sonia La Felice, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Tsegaye Abebe, Adhana Geological Consultancy Service, Italy
Claudia Principe, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Marco Lezzerini, Università di Pisa, Italy
95 New Strategies in Mortar Characterization and Radiocarbon Dating
Giulia Ricci, University of Padova, Italy
Michele Secco, University of Padova, Italy
Fabio Marzaioli, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Italy
Isabella Passariello, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Campania Uni. “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy
Filippo Terrasi, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Campania Uni. “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy
Gilberto Artioli, University of Padova, Italy
Special Session on Electromagnetic methods in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage applications
- PART I
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Rita Deiana, University of Padova, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
100 The watch towers in Malta: a patrimony to preserve for the future
Raffaele Persico, IBAM-CNR, University Uninettuno UTIU, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Sebastiano D’Amico, University of Malta, Malta
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Emanuele Colica, University of Malta, Malta
Maurizio Lazzari, IBAM-CNR, Italy
103 Matera European Capital of Culture 2019: NDT surveys in cave churches
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Maurizio Lazzari, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Raffaele Persico, IBAM-CNR, Italy
105 Remotely controlled aerial and underwater vehicles in support to magnetic surveys
Salvatore Scudero, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
Giovanni Vitale, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
Antonino Pisciotta, INGV, Sezione di Palermo, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy
Patrizia Capizzi, Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy
Antonino D’Alessandro, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
109 Recent developments on portable XRF scanner
Sergio Augusto Barcellos Lins, La Sapienza Università di Roma, INFN Roma Tre, Italy
Giovanni Ettore Gigante, La Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Roberto Cesareo, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Italy
Stefano Ridolfi, Ars Mensurae, Italy
General Session - PART I
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - Sala del Cortile
Chairs: Marco Carpiceci, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Marcantonio Catelani, University of Florence, Italy
114 Managing complex Synchrotron radiation FTIR micro-spectra from historic bowed musical instruments
by chemometrics
Silvia Grassi, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Giacomo Fiocco, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Università di Torino, Italy
Claudia Invernizzi, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Uni. degli Studi di Parma, Italy
Tommaso Rovetta, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Michela Albano, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Patrizia Davit, Università di Torino, Italy
Monica Gulmini, Università di Torino, Italy
Chiaramaria Stani, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy
Lisa Vaccari, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy
Maurizio Licchelli, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Marco Malagodi, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
120 First sampling of ceramicmixtures for Valle d’Aosta: research and perspectives related to the alpine
settlement of Orgères (La Thuile-AO, Italy).
Chiara Maria Lebole, University of Torino, Italy
Marco Russo, University of Torino, Italy
Alberto Spegis, University of Torino, Italy
Giorgio Di Gangi, University of Torino, Italy
125 Structural degradation measurement and diagnostics of historical masonry buildings.
Valentino Sangiorgio, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Silvia Martiradonna, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Fabio Fatiguso, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Giuseppina Uva, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Patronages
CONFERENCE PROGRAM
Wednesday, December 4
Special Session - Data Acquisition and Processing by Integrated Geomatic Techniques, Experiences
and Open Issues - PART I
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Gabriele Bitelli, University of Bologna, Italy
Maria Grazia D’Urso, DISA, University of Bergamo, Italy
1An Updated Comparison on Contemporary Approaches for Digitization of Heritage Objects
Efstathios Adamopoulos, Università degli Studi di Torino, Italy
Fulvio Rinaudo, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
7A methodology for semi-automatic documentation of archaeological elements using RPAS imagery
Eduard Angelats, Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Spain
M. E. Parés, Centre Tecnològic de Telecomunicacions de Catalunya, Spain
C. Mas-Florit, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain
M.A Cau-Ontiveros, Universitat de Barcelona, ICREA, Spain
13 Modelling the Seventies: Image-Based Modelling to Investigate Landscape Change in a Mediterranean
Mountain Area
Manuel J.H. Peters, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, Uni. de Évora, Portugal, Uni. Leiden, The Netherlands
Tesse D. Stek, Universiteit Leiden, The Netherlands, Royal Netherlands Institute, Italy
19 Evaluation of the Expected Data Quality in Laser Scanning Surveying of Archaeological Sites
Mattia Previtali, Politecnico Milano, Italy
Lucia Díaz-Vilariño, Universidade de Vigo, Spain
Marco Scaioni, Politecnico Milano, Italy
Ernesto Frías Nores, Universidade de Vigo, Spain
25 Rapid Mapping methods for archaeological sites
Antonia Spanò, Politechnics of Turin, Italy
Special Session - IoT based Systems for the Structural Health Monitoring and the Analysis of
Cultural Heritage Building and Archaeological Sites
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
31 The Non-smooth tale of “Apennine Churches” stroked by the Central Italy Earthquakes of 2016
Angela Ferrante, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Ersilia Giordano, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Francesco Clementi, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Gabriele Milani, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Antonio Formisano, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, Italy
37 Cultural Heritage and earthquake: the case study of San Francesco’s church in Amandola (Central Italy)
Ersilia Giordano, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Angela Ferrante, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Francesco Clementi, Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy
Gabriele Milani, Politecnico di Milano,
Antonio Formisano, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, Italy
43 An innovative structural health monitoring system for the preliminary study of an ancient anti-seismic
construction technique.
Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
Domenico Luca Carnì, University of Calabria, Italy
Francesco Lamonaca, University of Sannio, Italy
Renato Sante Olivito, University of Calabria, Italy
Gabriele Milani, University of Milan, Italy
48 Automated procedure for the creation of finite element mesh: application to non-periodic historical masonry
Simone Tiberti, University of Milan, Italy
Gabriele Milani, University of Milan, Italy
53 SHM systems applied to the built heritage inventory at the territorial scale. A preliminary study based on
CARTIS approach
Renato Sante Olivito, University of Calabria, Italy
Saverio Porzio, University of Calabria, Italy
Carmelo Scuro, University of Calabria, Italy
Domenico Luca Carnì, University of Calabria, Italy
Francesco Lamonaca, University of Sannio, Italy
Thursday, December 5
Keynote Lecture: Conservation Science and Ethics in the Analytical Studies of Clay Cuneiform
Tablets from Ancient Near Eastern Archives
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
59 Conservation Science and Ethics in the Analytical Studies of Clay Cuneiform Tablets from Ancient Near
Eastern Archives
Yuval Goren, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Erez Ben-Yosef, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Francisco Centola, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Cécile Fossé, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Yaron Katzir, BeGorenn Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
José Mirão, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Ron Sha’ar, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Yitzhak Vassal, Tel Aviv University, Israel Antiquities Authority, Israel
Nicola Schiavon, Universidade de Évora, Portougal
Special Session on Advanced methodologies for diagnostic and preventive conservation of stone
materials in subaerial and underwater environment
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Mauro Francesco La Russa, University of Calabria, Italy
Paola Fermo, University of Milan, Italy
68 SEM-EDS microanalysis in cultural heritage and archaeology: thickness effects and measurement strategy
for ultrathin glass and metal fragments and particles
Daniele Moro, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
Gianfranco Ulian, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
Giovanni Valdrè, Università di Bologna “Alma Mater Studiorum”, Italy
73 Metals distributions within black crusts sampled on the facade of an historical monument: the case study
of the Cathedral of Monza (Milan, Italy)
Valeria Comite, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Jose Santiago Pozo-Antonio, University of Vigo, Spain
Carolina Cardell, University of Granada, Spain
Teresa Rivas, University of Vigo, Spain
Luciana Randazzo, Università della Calabria, Italy
Mauro Francesco La Russa, Università della Calabria, Italy
Paola Fermo, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Special Session on Measuring Ancient Mortars and Concretes to Discover the Past
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
Andrea Aquino, University of Pisa, Italy
79 Characterization of mortars of Giotto’s Bell Tower for radiocarbon dating
Sara Calandra, (CNR-ICVBC), University of Florence, Italy
Serena Barone, University of Florence, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Emma Cantisani, (CNR-ICVBC), Italy
Mariaelena Fedi, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Carlo Alberto Garzonio, University of Florence, Italy
Lucia Liccioli, INFN Florence Unit, Italy
Barbara Salvadori, (CNR-ICVBC), Italy
Teresa Salvatici, University of Florence, Italy
Paola Ricci, University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy
84 Calcarenite di Gravine Formation, a Row Material for the lime production
Agnese Emanuela Bonomo, University of Basilicata, Italy
G. Rizzo, University of Basilicata, Italy
G. Prosser, University of Basilicata, Italy
90 The production of binding materials in southern Florence area: stones and their properties (Greve in
Chianti, Italy)
Andrea Aquino, Università di Pisa, Italy
Elena Pecchioni, Università di Firenze, Italy
Fabio Fratini, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Emma Cantisani, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Sonia La Felice, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Tsegaye Abebe, Adhana Geological Consultancy Service, Italy
Claudia Principe, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy
Marco Lezzerini, Università di Pisa, Italy
95 New Strategies in Mortar Characterization and Radiocarbon Dating
Giulia Ricci, University of Padova, Italy
Michele Secco, University of Padova, Italy
Fabio Marzaioli, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Italy
Isabella Passariello, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Campania Uni. “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy
Filippo Terrasi, (CIRCE), INNOVA SCaRL, Campania Uni. “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Italy
Gilberto Artioli, University of Padova, Italy
Special Session on Electromagnetic methods in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage applications
- PART I
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Rita Deiana, University of Padova, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
100 The watch towers in Malta: a patrimony to preserve for the future
Raffaele Persico, IBAM-CNR, University Uninettuno UTIU, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Sebastiano D’Amico, University of Malta, Malta
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Emanuele Colica, University of Malta, Malta
Maurizio Lazzari, IBAM-CNR, Italy
103 Matera European Capital of Culture 2019: NDT surveys in cave churches
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Maurizio Lazzari, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Raffaele Persico, IBAM-CNR, Italy
105 Remotely controlled aerial and underwater vehicles in support to magnetic surveys
Salvatore Scudero, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
Giovanni Vitale, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
Antonino Pisciotta, INGV, Sezione di Palermo, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy
Patrizia Capizzi, Università degli studi di Palermo, Italy
Antonino D’Alessandro, INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, Italy
109 Recent developments on portable XRF scanner
Sergio Augusto Barcellos Lins, La Sapienza Università di Roma, INFN Roma Tre, Italy
Giovanni Ettore Gigante, La Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Roberto Cesareo, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Italy
Stefano Ridolfi, Ars Mensurae, Italy
General Session - PART I
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - Sala del Cortile
Chairs: Marco Carpiceci, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Marcantonio Catelani, University of Florence, Italy
114 Managing complex Synchrotron radiation FTIR micro-spectra from historic bowed musical instruments
by chemometrics
Silvia Grassi, Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy
Giacomo Fiocco, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Università di Torino, Italy
Claudia Invernizzi, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Uni. degli Studi di Parma, Italy
Tommaso Rovetta, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Michela Albano, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Patrizia Davit, Università di Torino, Italy
Monica Gulmini, Università di Torino, Italy
Chiaramaria Stani, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy
Lisa Vaccari, Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Italy
Maurizio Licchelli, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Marco Malagodi, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
120 First sampling of ceramicmixtures for Valle d’Aosta: research and perspectives related to the alpine
settlement of Orgères (La Thuile-AO, Italy).
Chiara Maria Lebole, University of Torino, Italy
Marco Russo, University of Torino, Italy
Alberto Spegis, University of Torino, Italy
Giorgio Di Gangi, University of Torino, Italy
125 Structural degradation measurement and diagnostics of historical masonry buildings.
Valentino Sangiorgio, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Silvia Martiradonna, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Fabio Fatiguso, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Giuseppina Uva, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
Special Session on Integrated Digital Survey Methodologies for the Knowledge and Enhancement
of Architectural and Urban Heritage - PART I
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Marco Giorgio Bevilacqua, University of Pisa, Italy
Assunta Pelliccio, University of Cassino, Italy
131 Integrated digital survey methodologies for the knowledge and enhancement of the ancient city walls. The
“Curtain” of Santa Chiara in Cagliari (Italy)
Andrea Pirinu, University of Cagliari, Italy
Marco Utzeri, University of Cagliari, Italy
136 Historical data of laser scanning and photogrammetry for the knowledge and memory plan of Cultural
Heritage
Gabriella Caroti, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
Isabel Martínez-Espejo Zaragoza, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
Andrea Piemonte, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
142 SfM and Digital Modelling for Enhancing Architectural Archives Heritage
Roberta Spallone, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Giulia Bertola, MODLab Arch, Italy
Francesca Ronco, MODLab Design, Italy
Special Session on Non-Invasive Systems and Techniques for "on-site" Monitoring and Diagnosis
- PART I
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Emanuele Piuzzi, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Livio d’Alvia, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
149 A comparative evaluation of patch resonators layouts for moisture measurement in historic masonry units
Livio D’Alvia, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Eduardo Palermo, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Zaccaria Del Prete, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Erika Pittella, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Stefano Pisa, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Emanuele Piuzzi, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
154 Integrated approach for non invasive diagnostic investigation at the Bishop’s Palace of Frascati
Luisa Caneve, ENEA, Italy
Francesco Colao, ENEA, Italy
Massimiliano Guarneri, ENEA, Italy
Marialuisa Mongelli, ENEA, Italy
Valeria Spizzichino, ENEA, Italy
Massimo Francucci, ENEA, Italy
160 Mid-wave infrared imaging analysis of XVII century paintings on canvas of the Chigi Palace in Ariccia
Sofia Ceccarelli, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Noemi Orazi, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Fulvio Mercuri, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Stefano Paoloni, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Ugo Zammit, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Francesco Petrucci, Palazzo Chigi, Italy
166 Photogrammetry and structured light: comparison and integration of techniques in survey of the Corsini
Throne at Corsini Gallery in Rome
Marialuisa Mongelli, ENEA, Italy
Giulia Chellini, ENEA, Italy
Silvio Migliori, ENEA, Italy
Antonio Perozziello, ENEA, Italy
Samuele Pierattini, ENEA, Italy
Marco Puccini, ENEA, Italy
Alessandro Cosma, Galleria Nazionale Corsini, Italy
Special Session on Electromagnetic methods in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage applications
- PART II
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Rita Deiana, University of Padova, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
172 Structural detailing of buried Roman baths through GPR inspection
Luca Bianchini Ciampoli, Roma Tre University, Italy
Roberta Santarelli, Roma Tre University, Italy
Ersilia Maria Loreti, Sovrintendenza Capitolina ai Beni Culturali, Italy
Alessandra Ten, University of Roma La Sapienza, Italy
Andrea Benedetto, Roma Tre University, Italy
178 A 3D information framework for automated archaeological pottery archival
Luca Di Angelo, University of L’Aquila, Italy
Paolo Di Stefano, University of L’Aquila, Italy
Emanuele Guardiani, University of L’Aquila, Italy
Anna Eva Morabito, University of Salento, Italy
184 Hydrogeological and geotechnical modeling of the foundation soils of Maredolce Lake in Palermo, aided
by geophysical surveys
Fabio Cafiso, University of Palermo, Italy
Alessandro Canzoneri, University of Palermo, Italy
Patrizia Capizzi, University of Palermo, Italy
Alessandra Carollo, University of Palermo, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
Filippo Romano, University of Palermo, Italy
General Session - PART II
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - Sala del Cortile
Chairs: Paolo Liverani, University of Florence, Italy
Marcantonio Catelani, University of Florence, Italy
188 Metrological approach to the study of Central European regular cities
Maria Legut-Pintal, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
Anna Kubicka, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
193 Roman fragmentary painting: surveying technologies and methodological approaches.
Maria Legut-Pintal, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
Anna Kubicka, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
199 Thermoluminescence dating laboratory improvements tested on an archaeological rescue site in Trino,
Vercelli province, Italy.
Laura Guidorzi, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Fulvio Fantino, TecnArt S.r.l., Italy
Elisabetta Durisi, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Marco Ferrero, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Alessandro Re, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Luisa Vigorelli, Università di Torino, Italy
Lorenzo Visca, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Monica Gulmini, Università di Torino, Italy
Giovanni Dughera, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Giuseppe Giraudo, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Debora Angelici, TecnArt S.r.l., Italy
Elisa Panero, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, Italy
Alessandro Lo Giudice, Università di Torino, INFN Sezione di Torino, Italy
Special Session on Integrated Digital Survey Methodologies for the Knowledge and Enhancement
of Architectural and Urban Heritage - PART II
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Marco Giorgio Bevilacqua, University of Pisa, Italy
Assunta Pelliccio, University of Cassino, Italy
205 Digital Survey and 3D Geometric Interpretation of Complex Vaulted Systems. Palazzo Valperga Galleani
di Barbaresco in Turin
Marco Vitali, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Fabrizio Natta, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
211 3D procedural modeling of complex vaulted systems: geometric rules vs SfM based modeling
Vincenzo Bagnolo, DICAAR, University of Cagliari, Italy
Raffaele Argiolas, DICAAR, University of Cagliari, Italy
217 Roots of ‘Parametric Thinking’ in Palladio’s Villas. Surveying, interpreting and visual programming the
plates from I quattro libri di architettura
Roberta Spallone, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Michele Calvano, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
223 Integration and modelling of 3D data as strategy for structural diagnosis in Endangered Sites. The study
case of Church of the Annunciation in Pokcha (Russia)
Sandro Parrinello, University of Pavia, Italy
Raffaella De Marco, University of Pavia, Italy
Special Session on Non-Invasive Systems and Techniques for "on-site" Monitoring and Diagnosis
- PART II
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Emanuele Piuzzi, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Livio d’Alvia, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
229 Structural health monitoring of the Ninfeo Ponari by combined use of fibre optic sensors, photogrammetry
and laser scanning
Michele Arturo Caponero, ENEA, Italy
Ernesto Grande, Univ. Guglielmo Marconi, Italy
Maura Imbimbo, Univ. of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Giuseppe Modoni, Univ. of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Marialuisa Mongelli, ENEA, Italy
Eugenio Polito, Univ. of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
234 Archaeological application of centreless X-ray diffractometers for non-destructive pole figure measurements
Máté Sepsi, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Márton Benke, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Valéria Mertinger, University of Miskolc, Hungary
239 New, non-invasive texture measurement method for archaeology
Máté Sepsi, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Márton Benke, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Valéria Mertinger, University of Miskolc, Hungary
244 Diagnostic of historical vehicle’s engines by acoustic emission techniques
Alejandro Roda-Buch, Haute Ecole Arc, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale, Switzerland
Emilie Cornet, Haute Ecole Arc, Switzerland
Guillaume Rapp, Haute Ecole Arc, Switzerland
Brice Chalançon, Musée National de l’Automobile, France
Stefano Mischler, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale, Switzerland
Laura Brambilla, Haute Ecole Arc, Switzerland
Special Session on Electromagnetic methods in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage applications
- PART III
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Rita Deiana, University of Padova, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
249 Ground Penetrating Radar investigation of the floor of Palazzo Vecchio’s Great Hall
Massimiliano Pieraccini, University of Florence, Italy
Lapo Miccinesi, University of Florence, Italy
Heidi Garcia Canizares, University of Florence, Italy
254 Architectural survey and analysis of the costal tower of S. Maria dell’Alto in Nardò (Lecce, Italy).
Francesco Gabellone, (ISPC-CNR) National Research Council, Italy
Ivan Ferrari, (ISPC-CNR) National Research Council, Italy
Alessandro Giuri, External collaborator, Italy
Francesco Giuri, (ISPC-CNR) National Research Council, Italy
259 Effectiveness of electromagnetic conductivity mapping for delineating subsurface structures related to the
Roman port of Emporiae
Albert Casas, University of Barcelona, Spain
Pere Castanyer, Empúries. Museo d’Arqueologia, Spain
Mahjoub Himi, University of Barcelona, Spain
Raul Lovera, University of Barcelona, Spain
Lluís Rivero, University of Barcelona, Spain
Marta Santos, Empúries. Museo d’Arqueologia, Spain
Joaquim Tremoleda, Empúries. Museo d’Arqueologia, Spain
Rubén García, University of Barcelona, Spain
Aritz Urruela, University of Barcelona, Spain
265 THE PIETRAGALLA PROJECT: FIRST RESULTS OF THE GEOPHYSICAL ACTIVITIES ON THE
MONTE TORRETTA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE
Luigi Capozzoli, CNR – IMAA, Italy
Vincenzo Capozzoli, Université Paris, 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France
Gregory De Martino, CNR – IMAA, Italy
Alain Duplouy, Université Paris, 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France
Agnes Henning, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany
Enzo Rizzo, CNR – IMAA, Italy
Special Session on Data Acquisition and Processing by Integrated Geomatic Techniques, Experiences
and Open Issues - PART II
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - Sala del Cortile
Chairs: Maria Grazia D’Urso, DISA, University of Bergamo, Italy
Grazia Tucci, DICEA, University of Florence, Italy
271 Geomatics for Cultural Heritage conservation: integrated survey and 3D modeling
Valeria Croce, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
Gabriella Caroti, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
Andrea Piemonte, DICI, University of Pisa, Italy
Marco Giorgio Bevilacqua, DESTEC, University of Pisa, Italy
277 High-resolution 3D surveying in support of Cultural Heritage
Francolini Chiara, University of Bologna, Italy
Gabriele Bitelli, University of Bologna, Italy
Beatrice Borghi, University of Bologna, Italy
Filippo Galletti, University of Bologna, Italy
282 Terrestrial laser scanning points clouds for modeling masonry vaults
Maria Grazia D’Urso, Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Bergamo, Italy
Valerio Manzari, Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino, Italy
Barbara Marana, Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, University of Bergamo, Italy
288 Additive manufacturing of marble statues: 3D replicas for the preservation of the originals
Grazia Tucci, DICEA, University of Florence, Italy
Valentina Bonora, DICEA, University of Florence, Italy
Valerio Tesi, Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle arti e paesaggio, Italy
Bernardo Pagnini, Freelance Architect, Italy
Special Session on Conservation and protection of natural and artificial stones used in historical
buildings
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
Rosaria D’Amato, ENEA, Italy
Andrea Aquino, University of Pisa, Italy
294 Performance of consolidants in marble and sandstone from Tuscany: a comparison
Andrea Aquino, Università di Pisa, Italy
Marco Lezzerini, Università di Pisa, Italy
299 Synthesis and characterization of nanosilica products for the consolidation of stones.
Neva Maria Elisabetta Stucchi, Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, Italy
Elena Tesser, Iuav University of Venice, Italy
Fabrizio Antonelli, Iuav University of Venice, Italy
Alvise Benedetti, Università Ca’ Foscari di Venezia, Italy
305 MATERA BUILDING STONES: CHEMICAL, MINERALOGICAL AND PETROPHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION
OF THE CALCARENITE DI GRAVINA FORMATION
Agnese Emanuela Bonomo, University of Basilicata, Italy
Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
G. Prosser, University of Basilicata, Italy
A. Munnecke, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
R. Koch, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany
G. Rizzo, University of Basilicata, Italy
309 Intercalibration of hyperspectral and multispectral systems for Laser Induced Fluorescence imaging
Maria Federica Caso, ENEA, Italy
Luisa Caneve, ENEA, Italy
Valeria Spizzichino, ENEA, Italy
314 ARCHAEOMETRIC STUDIES AND CONSERVATION SOLUTIONS FOR CORVINS’CASTLE CIRCULAR
TOWERS
Rodica-Mariana Ion, ICECHIM, Research Group, Valahia University of Târgovis
,te, Romania
Sorin Tincu, Corvin’s Castle, Romania
Lorena Iancu, ICECHIM, Research Group, Valahia University of Târgovis
,te, Romania
Ramona Marina Grigorescu, ICECHIM, Research Group, Romania
Cristiana Radulescu, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
Sofia Teodorescu, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
Ioana Daniela Dulama, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
Raluca Maria Stirbescu, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
Ioan Alin Bucurica, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
Mihaela Lucia Ion, "Atelierul de Creatie" NGO, Romania
Anca Irina Gheboianu, University of Târgovis
,te - ICSTM-UVT, Romania
318 A novel fibre optic sensor of relative humidity for application in cultural heritage
Rosaria D’Amato, ENEA, Italy
Michele Arturo Caponero, ENEA, Italy
Barbara Palazzo, ENEA, Italy
Gaetano Terranova, ENEA, Italy
Andrea Polimadei, ENEA, Italy
Friday, December 6
Special Session on Pigments and palettes through the Ages: science of painting techniques
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Vincenza Crupi, University of Messina, Italy
Valentina Venuti, University of Messina, Italy
324 Chemical-structural analysis of wooden painted specimens by clinical multi-slice computed tomography
(MSCT) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)
Sveva Longo, University of Messina, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Francesca Granata, University of Messina, Italy
Silvia Capuani, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Fortunato Neri, University of Messina, Italy
Enza Fazio, University of Messina, Italy
330 Scientific investigation of The Conversion of St Paul painting (Mdina, Malta)
Sebastiano D’Amico, University of Malta, Malta
Valentina Venuti, University of Messina, Italy
Emanuele Colica, University of Malta, Malta
Vincenza Crupi, University of Messina, Italy
Domenico Majolino, University of Messina, Italy
Giuseppe Paladini, University of Messina, Italy
Sante Guido, University of Trento, Italy
Giuseppe Mantella, Giuseppe Mantella Restauro Opere D’Arte, Italy
Rosarianna Zumbo, St Martin’s College, Malta
POSTER SESSION
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute
Chairs: Lorenzo Ciani, University of Florence, Italy
335 New insights about the consolidation of archaeological mortars located in underwater environment: the
case study of the apsidal fishpond of Castrum Novum (Santa Marinella, Rome, Italy)
Mauro Francesco La Russa, University of Calabria, Italy
Luciana Randazzo, University of Calabria, Italy
Michela Ricca, University of Calabria, Italy
Daniela Pellegrino, University of Calabria, Italy
Daniele La Russa, University of Calabria, Italy
Alessandro Morrone, University of Calabria, Italy
Barbara Davidde, Ministero dei Beni e delle Attività Culturali e del Turismo, Italy
Flavio Enei, Museo del Mare e della Navigazione Antica, Italy
338 A combined petrographic and geochemical metrological approach to assess the provenance of the building
limestone used in the Batalha Monastery (Portugal)
Yufan Ding, University of Évora, Portugal
José Mirao, University of Évora, Portugal
Pedro Redol, Mosteiro da Batalha, Portugal
Luis Dias, University of Évora, Portugal
Patricia Moita, University of Évora, Portugal
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Nicola Schiavon, University of Évora, Portugal
343 Ground-penetrating Radar surveys in the Lecce Cathedral
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Ilaria Miccoli, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Immacolata Ditaranto, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Giuseppe Scardozzi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
346 The Epizefiri Archaeological Site in Locri (Reggio Calabria, Italy): Geophysical surveys for excavation
project
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Daniele Malfitana, CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Antonino Mazzaglia, CNR, Italy
Giovanni Fragalá, CNR, Italy
348 Geophysical investigations for the knowledge of the buried structures in the Basilica Julia at the Roman
Forum
Giovanni Leucci, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Tommaso Ismaelli, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Immacolata Ditaranto, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Giuseppe Scardozzi, IBAM-CNR, Italy
Marco Galli, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Carlo Inglese, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Marika Griffo, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
351 Melite Civitas Romana Project: preliminary results from GPR survey
Robert Brown, Australian National University, Australia
David Cardona, Heritage, Malta
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Ben Lowe, University of North Alabama, USA
Raffaele Persico, CNR, Italy
Davide Tanasi, University of South Florida, USA
Andrew Wilkinson, Flinders University, Australia
355 GIS to catalogue the shipment of naves lapidariae in Mediterranean Sea
Maurizio Delli Santi, CNR – ISPC, Italy
361 Geophysical surveys for the restoration of Branciforte Palace in Palermo
Patrizia Capizzi, University of Palermo, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
365 A multidisciplinary non-invasive approach in geoarchaeology conducted on the archaeological area of
Selinunte
Antonino Pisciotta, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Raffaele Martorana, University of Palermo, Italy
Antonio Costanzo, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Maria Ilaria Pannaccione Apa, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Simona Bongiovanni, University of Palermo, Italy
Patrizia Capizzi, University of Palermo, Italy
Antonino D’Alessandro, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Sergio Falcone, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
Carmelo La Piana, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy
369 The Basilica of Santa Caterina d’Alessandria in Galatina (Lecce, Italy): NDT surveys for the conservation
project
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Giancarlo De Pascalis, Universitá La sapienza Roma, Italy
Giuseppe Scardozzi, CNR, Italy
371 The Monastery of Santa Chiara in Nardó (Lecce, Italy): GPR preliminary results
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Giancarlo De Pascalis, Universitá La sapienza Roma, Italy
Francesco Giuri, CNR, Italy
374 Preliminary results from NDT-SPR survey on wooden beams
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
377 Geophysical surveys in the external areas of the Basilica of St Nicholas (Bari, Italy)
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Raffaele Persico, CNR, Italy
380 Characterization of the decay of a wooden trunk through electrical resistivity
Lara De Giorgi, CNR, Italy
Giovanni Leucci, CNR, Italy
383 Conservation purpose material testing of corrosion products on outdoor bronze statues in Museum Park
of Hungarian National Museum
Bubonyi Tamás, University of Miskolc, Hungary
Melinda Nagy, Hungarian Natinal Museum, Hungary
Szilvia Gyöngyösi, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Laura Juhász, University of Debrecen, Hungary
Péter Barkóczy, FUX Co. Miskolc, Hungary
György Forgács, Forgax Alkotóm˜
uhely kft, Hungary
Bakonyi Eszter Szatmáriné, University of Fine Arts Budapest, Hungary
389 Non-invasive characterization of ancient Cu-based coins using Raman spectroscopy
Leila Es Sebar, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Leonardo Iannucci, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Yuval Goren, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Peter Fabian, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
395 Characterisation of Roman copper alloy artefacts and soil from Rakafot 54 (Beer Sheva, Israel)
Manuel J.H. Peters, Politecnico di Torino, Italy, Universidade de Évora, Portugal, Ben-Gurion University of
the Negev, Israel
Yuval Goren, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Peter Fabian, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
José Mirão, Universidade de Évora, Portugal
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
401 The photogrammetric survey of Tomb II in Agios Athanasios, Thessaloniki
Alessandra Turco, University of Salerno, Italy
406 Metrological characterization of a textile temperature sensor
Lorenzo Quartini, University of Florence, Italy
Andrea Zanobini, University of Florence, Italy
412 A Machine Learning approach to aerial photointerpretation and mapping
Ilaria Cacciari, “Nello Carrara” – CNR, Italy
Giorgio Franco Pocobelli, SAGAS, Università di Firenze, Italy
Salvatore Siano, “Nello Carrara” – CNR, Italy
417 Architecture - Conceptual design in terms of the intuitive metrology method as an element of the natural
development of the landscape and spatial context
Jerzy Wojewodka, Silesian University of Technology, Poland
Julia Gi˙
zewska, Silesian University of Technology, Poland
423 Measurement and analysis of visitors’ trajectories in crowded museums
Pietro Centorrino, Sapienza Universita di Roma, Italy
Alessandro Corbetta, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Nethederlans
Emiliano Cristiani, CNR, Italy
Elia Onofri, CNR, Italy
429 A novel approach for in-situ assessment of the efficacy of biocides on building of historical interest by
bioluminescence
Eleonora Marconi, Università Roma Tre, Italy
Simonetta Tuti, Università Roma Tre, Italy
Maria Rosaria Fidanza, Università Roma Tre, Italy
Fabio Leccese, Università Roma Tre, Italy
Adele Galetti, Leonardo S.r.l., Italy
Francesco Geminiani, Leonardo S.r.l., Italy
435 A novel approach for in-situ assessment of the efficacy of biocides on building of historical interest by
bioluminescence
Giuseppe Schirripa Spagnolo, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy
Lorenzo Cozzella, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy
Fabio Leccese, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy
439 Multi-band infrared imaging for the characterization of underlying elements in the Santa Maria in Cosmedin
altarpiece
Sofia Ceccarelli, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Noemi Orazi, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Cristina Cicero, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Fulvio Mercuri, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Ugo Zammit, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Stefano Paoloni, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Italy
Anna Candida Felici, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, Italy
Francesca Matera, Private Restorer, Italy
Mariella Nuzzo, Ministero per i Beni e le attività Culturali, Italy
444 Using 3D scanning in the protection of industrial heritage- the example of Queen Luise Adit
Krzysztof Herner, The Coal Mining Museum in Zabrze, Poland
449 Design and Implementation of a Mobile Robot for the Mechatronic Survey
Erika Ottaviano, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
Pierluigi Rea, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Italy
454 A new mortar from a strange ancient mortar
Fabio Fratini, CNR, Italy
Silvia Rescic, CNR, Italy
Emma Cantisani, CNR, Italy
Elena Pecchioni, CNR, University of Firenze, Italy
Stefano Pasolini, Freelance restorer, Italy
Andrea Cagnini, OPD (Opificio delle Pietre Dure), Italy
459 Petrographic characteristics of the mortars from the Pisa’s Cathedral apse
Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
Marcello Spampinato, Freelance petrographer, Italy
Anton Sutter, Opera della Primaziale Pisana, Italy
Nadia Montevecchi, Freelance archaeologist, Italy
Andrea Aquino, University of Pisa, Italy
464 Quality Assurance for dosimetric measurements of mortar on polymineral fine grain fraction
Kathya Bonilla, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Alessia D’Anna, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Sara Galvagno, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Anna Maria Gueli, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Stefania Pasquale, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Giuseppe Politi, PH3DRA labs, Italy
Giuseppe Stella, PH3DRA labs, Italy
469 Old anatomical models as makeshifts of measurements in medicine
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Andrea Gori, Museo Galileo, Italy
474 New insight on the 1st century BC paleo-sea level and related vertical ground movements along the Baia -
Miseno coastal sector (Campi Flegrei, southern Italy)
Pietro Aucelli, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
Claudia Caporizzo, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
Aldo Cinque, Università di Napoli ‘Federico II’, Italy
Gaia Mattei, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
Gerardo Pappone, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
Michele Stefanile, Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
478 A petrographic study of the mortars from the Villa Reale di Marlia (NW Tuscany, Italy)
Marco Lezzerini, University of Pisa, Italy
Marcello Spampinato, Freelance Applied Petrographer, Italy
Nadia Montevecchi, Freelance Archaeologist, Italy
Luca Borgoni, Freelance Architect, Italy
Henric Grönberg, Villa Reale di Marlia, Italy
Andrea Aquino, University of Pisa, Italy
Special Session on Measuring in the past: ancient instruments between science and technology
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Luisa Spairani, Gruppo Astrofili Eporediesi, Italy
483 A short tale of the short story of the sliding rule
Andrea Bacciotti, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
489 The sixteenth-century find “Treatise On Land Surveying Methods Using the Surveyor’s Cross”, by Francesco
Paciotti, military and civil architect to the Duchy of Urbino: the technical evolution of a surveying tool.
Raffaella Marotti, Università degli Studi di Urbino "Carlo Bo", Italy
494 Measure by Measure they touched the heaven
Luisa Spairani, Gruppo Astrofili Eporediesi, Italy
499 Cleaning of historical scientific instruments: first analytical studies
Michela Albano, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Polytechnic of Milan, Italy
Giacomo Fiocco, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Università di Torino, Italy
Claudia Invernizzi, CISRiC, Uni. degli Studi di Pavia, Uni degli Studi di Parma, Italy
Maurizio Licchelli, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Marco Malagodi, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Raffaella Marotti, Università degli Studi di Urbino "Carlo Bo", Italy
Curzio Merlo, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Cr.Forma, Italy
Tommaso Rovetta, CISRiC, Università degli Studi di Pavia, Italy
Daniela Comelli, Polytechnic of Milan, Italy
505 Measuring instruments and protocols in Archaeomagnetic dating: Magneto-stratigraphy in Archaeology
and Volcanology
Claudia Principe, CNR, Italy
Daniele Giordano, University of Turin, Italy
Sonia La Felice, CNR, Italy
Giulio Giovannetti, CNR, Italy
Marina Devidze, Tbilisi State University, Georgia
General Session - PART III
Room: Italian Geographic Military Institute - De Vecchi Hall
Chairs: Lorenzo Ciani, University of Florence, Italy
511 Presence and Applications of Bituminous Materials on the Ancient Vaccaei Culture: a Nondestructive
Spectroscopic Study
Javier Pinto, University of Valladolid, Spain
Carlos Sanz-Minguez, University of Valladolid, Spain
Carmelo Prieto, University of Valladolid, Spain
516 Computational modelling of the mechanical behaviour of the Pentelic Marble -Steel clamp system on the
structures of the Athens Acropolis
Zacharias Vangelatos, University of California, USA
Michail Delagrammatikas, University of Athens, Greece
Olga Papadopoulou, University of Athens, Greece
Panayota Vassiliou, University of Athens, Greece
522 Indirect Temperature Measurements for TL Signal Loss during Drilling
Anna Maria Gueli, Università degli Studi di Catania & INFN-Sez CT, Italy
Stefania Pasquale, Università degli Studi di Catania & INFN-Sez CT, Italy
Giuseppe Politi, Università degli Studi di Catania & INFN-Sez CT, Italy
Giuseppe Stella, Università degli Studi di Catania & INFN-Sez CT, Italy
Carlo Trigona, Università degli Studi di Catania, Italy
527 ERT investigation of tumuli: does the errors in locating electrodes influence the resistivity?
Veronica Pazzi, University of Firenze, Italy
Lorenzo Ciani, University of Firenze, Italy
Luca Cappuccini, University of Firenze, Italy
Mattia Ceccatelli, University of Firenze, Italy
Gabriele Patrizi, University of Firenze, Italy
Giulia Guidi, University of Firenze, Italy
Nicola Casagli, University of Firenze, Italy
Marcantonio Catelani, University of Firenze, Italy
Special Session on Measurement and Instrumentation for the Preventive Conservation of Metallic
Works of Artl
Room: Great Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Panayota Vassiliou, University of Athens, Greece
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
533 Micro-Raman investigation of dangerous corrosion products of archaeological bronzes from Tharros
(SardiniaItaly)
Tilde de Caro, ISMN–CNR Rome, Italy
Leila Es Sebar, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
538 MA-XRF measurement for corrosion assessment on bronze artefacts
Sergio Augusto Barcellos Lins, La Sapienza Università di Roma, INFN Roma Tre, Italy
Elisabetta Di Francia, INFN Roma Tre, Italy
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Giovanni Ettore Gigante, La Sapienza Università di Roma, Italy
Stefano Ridolfi, Ars Mensurae, Italy
543 Measurement Setup for the Development of PreCorroded Sensors for Metal Artwork Monitoring
Marco Faifer, DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Sara Goidanich, Chemistry “Giulio Natta” Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Christian Laurano, DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Chiara Petiti, Chemistry “Giulio Natta” Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Sergio Toscani, DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Michele Zanoni, DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
549 A long-term corrosion investigation of bronze sculptures exposed outdoor
Leila Es Sebar, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Alessandro Re, Università di Torino and INFN, Italy
Marco Parvis, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
554 Provenance, manufacturing and corrosion behavior of Ancient Hellenistic coins from Egypt
Panayota Vassiliou, School of Chemical Engineering, NTUA, Athens, Greece
Olga Papadopolou, School of Chemical Engineering, NTUA, Athens, Greece
Sabrina Grassini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Emma Angelini, Politecnico di Torino, Italy
Special Session on Metrology for taphonomy: quantifying the alterations of skeletal remains in
archaeology
Room: Parva Hall, University of Florence, SAGAS Dep
Chairs: Francesco Boschin, Università degli Studi di Siena, Italy
Simona Arrighi, Università di Bologna, Italy
560 A new geometric morphometrics-based shape and size analysis discriminating anthropogenic and non-
anthropogenic bone surface modifications of an experimental data set
Antoine Souron, Université de Bordeaux, France
Alexandre Napias, Université de Bordeaux, France
Thomas Lavidalie, Université de Bordeaux, France
Frédéric Santos, Université de Bordeaux, France
Ronan Ledevin, Université de Bordeaux, France
Jean-Christophe Castel, Muséum d’histoire naturelle, Switzerland
Sandrine Costamagno, Université de Toulouse Jean Jaurès, France
Daniel Cusimano, Diablo Valley College, USA
Stephanie Drumheller, The University of Tennessee, USA
Jennifer Parkinson, University of San Diego, USA
Lee Rozada, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, France
David Cochard, Université de Bordeaux, France
566 The cut runs deep: linking the cut marks to the cutting tools
Francesco Boschin, Università degli Studi di Siena, Italy
Erika Moretti
Daniele Aureli, Université Parigi Ouest Nanterre La Défense, France
Jacopo Crezzini, Università degli Studi di Siena, Italy
Simona Arrighi, Università di Bologna, Italy
571 Detection of sexual dimorphism in the human neurocranium at local scale
Antonietta Del Bove, IPHES, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Spain
Antonio Profico, University of York, UK
Carlos Lorenzo, IPHES, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Spain
577 Index of Authors
2019 IMEKO TC-4 International Conference on
Metrology for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage
Florence, Italy, December 4-6, 2019
Integration and modelling of 3D data as strategy
for structural diagnosis in Endangered Sites.
The study case of Church of the Annunciation in
Pokcha (Russia)
Sandro Parrinello1, Raffaella De Marco1
1 University of Pavia, via Ferrata 3 27100 Pavia (Italy), sandro.parrinello@unipv.it,
raffaella.demarco@unipv.it
AbstractCultural Heritage and its variety of Built
Heritage is increasing a scientific cognitive approach
from European Committees, related to the difficulties
of its protection and management. This is primarily
due to the lack of emergency protocols of structural
knowledge and documentation on architecture and
ruins, for the protection and intervention on an
Endangered Heritage that is going to disappear.
The consideration of structural documentation applied
to Historical Built Heritage, as in the case study of
Pokcha Church (Russia), reviews the declination of
integrated products of 3D survey into Reality-Based
Models, with the possibility of systematizing data
through methodological phases and controlling the
quality of numerical components into 3D polygonal
models, in different levels of details and integration of
survey data. These models are intended in the capacity
of their shape to conserve morphological qualities
about structural behaviour, and to fit into
computational platforms of analysis, for information
on tensional behaviour and emergency risks.
I. ENDANGERED SITES: TOPICS AND
EMERGENCY FOR DOCUMENTATION
The analysis of Cultural Heritage, in parallel to the
development of communitarian guidelines for its
protection [1], is determining a growing scientific
cognitive approach to European and Worldwide sites [2].
The variety of Built Heritage, including from localized
historical buildings and monuments to extensive targets of
historical centers, sites and territorial landscapes, intends a
wider field of knowledge and intervention in terms of both
structure, policy and extension. This justifies the difficulty
of its protection and preservation, assisting to a fragmented
reality of separated protocols of documentation, directly
derived into computation and administrative actions. Thus,
the difficulties in the sharing of information and data
integration are influencing and slowing the entire approach
in particular regarding the so-called “Endangered
Heritage”, that class of heritage particularly affected by
proven or potential threats that define a high level of risk
for its preservation [3].
Actually, the revision of those sites officially recognized
highlights the coexistence of a double type of cognitive
emergency on Built Heritage: on the one hand the
classification of the site in its double meaning of physical
container and cultural visualizer, on the other the growing
request for parameters and specific analysis frameworks
for the definition of the emergency value of the building,
conditioning the relative useful time for intervention.
Thus, it follows a growing demand in the identification
of these sites [4], both geographical and typological,
expanding the dissemination and application of
proportionate monitoring and knowledge practices,
preliminary to intervention on territory [5], with the aim of
triggering a growing process of safeguard policies [6].
The attention to safeguarding methodologies for existing
heritage is receiving an awareness-raising improvement of
research, able to develop new generations of digital
products combining a Survey-based phase of digital
documentation of Cultural Heritage, necessary for a
correct and complete understanding of the characteristics
and parameters of units and contexts of Built Heritage, to
a Compute-based action of cognitive and interactive
models, with the elaboration of 3D digital products for
investigations and simulations on shapes and structures.
New representation systems produce new expectations
related to digital communication, changing the objectives
and constantly renewing the demand in analytical terms of
cognitive requirements, also in response to necessities
more linked to the computational nature of interaction
within the models themselves, now capable of providing
quantitative as well as qualitative answers. The difficulties
on the development of reliable diagnosis of historical
structures can be reconducted to the need of new methods
of analysis, that can exploit computation through
methodologies and cognitive practices experimented on
the visual and graphic aspects of the documentation of
architecture [7], in its present configuration as linked to its
constructive and safeguarding rules.
223
II. HISTORICAL STRUCTURES AND THEIR
CONNECTION TO ARCHITECTURAL
DOCUMENTATION
The consideration of structural diagnosis applied to
Historical Built Heritage, as capacity of knowledge of
stress behaviours and prevision of damage mechanisms,
has a central part in the development of documentation
protocols for the safeguarding of heritage. The review on
risks and priorities of endangered buildings [8] highlights
the focus on the character of Robustness, as strength of
architecture and its elements to withstand a level of stress
derived from the combined action of degradation and
function alteration of both materials and environments [9].
In this way, the theme of 3D models configures as a way
of deriving and indexing information from investigation
on historical structures, and as a possibility of
interconnecting metadata and databases among them,
moving to systematized data through methodological
phases and 3D products. The model, whose numerical
component determines and characterizes every aspect of
its reliability, can become a tool for the management of the
asset in terms of computing and planning interventions
both in the short, medium and long term, and also for its
enhancement.
These considerations are encouraging, both
methodologically and contextually, the structuring of
project ideas aimed at defining strategies of integration of
data for the development and promotion of Structural
Reality-Based Models on architectural heritage. On a
scientific level, the experimentation of Reality-Based
models for structural diagnosis will develop a
multidisciplinary and implementable methodology,
capable of preparing a standardized product, the polygonal
model, in different levels of details and integration for the
management of the existing Built Heritage. This species of
model in intended for the intervention both in "emergency"
and in "long term", in the calibration of his procedural
computing, and in a both aware-scientific and a practical-
operational direction, in the capacity of its shape to decline
into morphological and computational platforms of
analysis. The methodological process aims to be as far as
possible fast, extendable and replicable, to facilitate
interchange and make possible a complete knowledge and
management capacity through 3D models of built assets in
a state of emergency.
III. AN EXPERIMENTAL CASE STUDY: THE
CHURCH OF THE ANNUNCIATION IN POKCHA
(RUSSIA)
The case of Blagoveshchenskaya Church, or Church of
the Annunciation in the village of Pokcha, within the
Cultural Heritage Route of Upper Kama in Russia,
consolidates a central historical-architectural phase
characteristic of Cherdyn district, synthesizing the value of
historical evolutionary urban events in the stratification of
its structures and walls, today abandoned in a state of ruin.
224
The original wooden complex was replaced in 1785 with
a new one in stone and brick masonry, subdivided in
multiple environments: the main body, with a quadrilateral
planimetry, constituting a nucleus for the refectory, the
chapels of St. George (southern) and St. Nicholas
(northern), the bell tower and the entrance narthex. In
1910, a reconstruction intervention modified structurally
and morphologically large portions, in particular the bell
tower, entirely replaced, and the eastern section of the
central vault and the altar, reconstructed with the insertion
of a 5-headed chapter; the interiors in plastered stone, with
paintings and ornaments from 1870, are preserved instead.
The general coat of the building with an additional red
brick facing contributes to the strengthening of the external
envelope and gives the possibility of inserting additional
devices of tension resistance into the stratified walls.
The history of the site goes through restoration works
attempted starting from 1920, until the complete
abandonment in 1940 and the re-conversion into a power
central: the energy issues linked to the new function led in
the 90s to the partial collapse of the main pavilion vault
and of the bell tower roof, after repeated flashes attracted
by the electrical system. As result of the extensive damage,
the church was excluded from the list of architectural
monuments of interest, precluding any new intervention
and restoration initiative, and leaving the site to collapse.
In 2018 the architectural complex is in an obvious state
of neglect. The rubble of the roofing systems of the main
span, wooden and vaulted, have collapsed occupying the
environment of the central nave: over time they have been
covered by earth and vegetation creating a natural ridge,
which reduces the access to the church only to the portions
of narthex and apse. The connection to the bell tower, once
permitted by the central nave through the gallery and the
refectory, has been demolished and it prevents
documenting the state of conservation of the elevated
rooms, externally still conserved. The complex is also
totally devoid of control and regulation services for the
presence of people and animals, often occupying the
narthex environments that, consequently, are deteriorated
by the presence of herds in transhumance during the
summer season.
IV. STRATEGIES OF ANALYSIS FOR THE
DIGITATION OF THE RUINED SHAPE
The documentation of the current state of
Blagoveshchenskaya Church has highlighted the need to
experiment integrated approaches of acquiring the
survived "shape" to understand the preservation of the
architectural "ruin", centring the analysis on the main
structures of the building and on their security for the
recovery intervention [10].
The morphological analysis of masonry structures was
organized and simplified during the digital measurement
and acquisition processes, organizing a decomposition of
the spatial constructive units that semantized the
architectural apparatuses of environments, linking them to
the global volumetric macrosystem at the end of the
digitization process. Furthermore, the internal inspection
of the masonry sections, in their fracture or collapsed
portions, has allowed the cognitive integration of the
structural envelope, reliably reconstructed in the shape of
its architectural “skin”, to which materials and
constructive information can be referred.
The documentation approach thus highlights the need
for a renewed attention to the methodologies of acquisition
and representation of the formal properties of the complex
itself, in particular in terms of their correspondence and
integration, and encourages the possibilities offered by
digital transposition as an enhanced opportunity for
reconstruction and use of archaeological and architectural
data. The adoption of a double level of acquisition, static
from the ground with Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) and
mobile aerial with drones for photogrammetry (UAV),
ensures total coverage and, despite of different
instruments, defines a compatible procedure of integration
of these data in the common format of point clouds.
A number of 73 TLS scans have been realized to collect
all external surfaces and to spatially connect the complex
distribution of internal environments. The quality of scans
225
has been performed at almost 2 mm of laser spot spacing
till 5m height, and of almost 5 mm in the upper surfaces.
The quality of TLS acquisition for the bell tower and the
central dome has been favoured by the presence of the
inner natural hill over the ruins of the roof, permitting a
higher level of instrument position from the ground.
The UAV photogrammetric campaign has been
organized with a flight plan mission set from the central
top of the complex at a level of 50 m from the ground in
the mode “point of interest”. Within this procedure, a
photogrammetric campaign has been conducted through
the aerial camera with a conical acquisition around the
monumental complex, descending to a height of 15 meters
above ground and developing 329 shots in 20 minutes of
flight. This has given the opportunity to conceive a wide
area of overlapping between TLS and UAV resulting point
clouds, both on vertical and horizontal built surfaces, in
order to optimize their referencing in an integrated sparse
database of morpho-metric characters.
V. OPPORTUNITIES OF 3D INTEGRATED
MODELLING FOR SHAPE AND STRUCTURE
The integration of the products of digital survey
protocols applied on the site [11], from both terrestrial and
aerial metric and image acquisition tools, was
complementary completed through the differentiated
visual stations, able to guarantee information on basement,
exterior and interior parameters, as well as monitoring data
on the roof components and elevation units. Focusing on
the central pavilion vault, half-destroyed during the
electrical accident, the documentation, finalized to the
restitution of a complete structural shape, has involved the
detection both of the vault from the intrados, visible also
in its constructive thickness, and also of the extrados
levels, occupied by the ruins of the octagonal masonry
tholobate at the base of the wooden roof.
The finalization of the integrated database of Pokcha
complex has defined a virtual system of the preserved
form, directing the attention on the metric-spatial
correspondence of information obtained from TLS
database and UAV photogrammetry, calibrated at the
different reliability of space reconstruction characteristic
of the instruments. In particular, a morphological reference
and registration has been developed on the scale of each
structural unit of the built complex: for the pavilion vault,
the two type of data have been aligned on perimetrical
boundaries and façades, considering the deviation
accuracy of discreate surfaces and target control points.
Then, a segmentation of the overlapped point cloud has
been provided, deleting the overlapped areas of points and
maintaining the TLS quality of data on the intrados
surfaces and both TLS and UAV on the coverage surfaces.
The subsequent modelling action has followed the
integration of instrumental point clouds experimenting an
overall mesh triangulation strategy, finalized to the
generation of a Reality-Based model capable of preserving
the structural irregularity through the mediation of
numerical polygonal surfaces.
Particular methodological considerations have been
developed for the mesh triangulation of the integrated TLS
and UAV sparse database. In order to perform an HD Mesh
Construction, a correct correspondence of points normal
was necessary, and it required the processing of UAV point
cloud in order to support the optimization of poly-faces
orientation in the mesh. Other processes of filtering of the
point cloud, in particular regarding the presence of
openings’ grids and extensive vegetation, have been
implemented to better expose the surface of the structural
domain under the decay and nature levels of the ruin site.
The triangulation phase of the final integrated database
has highlighted some portions of missing morphological
information, due to building masonry areas covered by
vegetation during the survey campaign (removed in the
point cloud with the filtering process). These parts have
been integrated with a fitting of mesh holes according the
geometric primitives derived from the mesh model.
226
VI. CONCLUSIONS
The need for a formal approach to the re-drawing
analysis and intervention on Endangered Historical Sites
directs the operational experimentation of morphological-
structural representation on two research targets [12]:
- The planning of a documentary strategy able to
acquire the totality and particularity of the architectural
detail, in all its typological variants (masonry, metal parts,
wall coverings) and collocation (main environments,
underground, in elevation, coverage levels).
- The convenience of transferring these detailed
systems into suitable morpho-metric products, capable of
experiencing information and analytical opportunities of
historical masonries through graphic representation.
This objective directs methodologies and products to
prefer a three-dimensional approach to documentation and
visualization of the building, directly from data of digital
survey. The interactive orbitational approach and the
parametric comparison thus become the means dedicated
to qualitative and quantitative structural assessments,
aware of the interactions that the historical architecture can
establish between its individual preserved components
and, referring to restoration, with its intervention design.
The presented study case defines a primary phase of
research directed to the generation of an overall model of
Blagoveshchenskaya Church. Thus, this strategy will
support the decomposition and meshing for "structural
cells" of the entire complex, defined for minimal spatially
identifiable and statically defined units in which the
architectural system of the ruin can be subdivided.
In this way, the semantized structure will permit an
easier management in the possibility of analysis of his
deformed shape and considering the direction of
computing of reliable mesh models into structural
simulation platforms for the monitoring of evolving
damages in endangered heritage. [13]
227
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The documentation of Upper Kama Region is part of a
wider program of activities carried out, since 2013, by
DAda-LAB - University of Pavia (coordinator prof. S.
Parrinello) and Perm National Research Polytechnic
University (coordinator prof. S. Maximova). The digital
survey campaigns in 2018 and 2019 have been conducted
by Parrinello S., Picchio F., De Marco R., Dell’Amico A.
Part of the graphic elaborates of the contribution were
developed inside the course of “Architectural survey &
restoration” (prof. S. Parrinello, prof. G. Minutoli) of the
Double Degree Italian Chinese course in Building
Engineering and Architecture of University of Pavia.
PROMETHEUS project is funded by the EU program
Horizon 2020-R&I-RISE-Research & Innovation Staff
Exchange Marie Skłodowska-Curie. It sees the
collaboration between three Universities (University of
Pavia, Italy, Polytechnic University of Valencia, Spain,
Perm National Research Polytechnic University Perm
National Polytechnic University Research, Russia) and
two companies (EBIME, Spain, SISMA, Italy).
This project has received funding from the European
Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No
821870.
The editorial responsibility of the paragraphs is
recognized to: S. Parrinello for paragraphs 1 and 6, R. De
Marco for paragraph 2, 3, 4, and 5.
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Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, "Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention", WHC.17/01, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris, France, 2017.
Recueil de décisions importantes sur la conservation des biens du patrimoine culturel inscrits sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril de l'UNESCO
UNESCO, "Recueil de décisions importantes sur la conservation des biens du patrimoine culturel inscrits sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril de l'UNESCO", WHC-09/33.COM/9, Paris, 2009.
Management Guidelines for World Cultural Heritage Sites
  • B M Feilden
  • J Jokilehto
B. M. Feilden, J. Jokilehto, "Management Guidelines for World Cultural Heritage Sites", ICCROM, Rome, Italy, 1998.
Combined 3D Surveying Techniques for Structural Analysis Applications
  • A Guarnieri
  • F Pirotti
  • M Pontin
  • A Vettore
A. Guarnieri, F. Pirotti, M. Pontin, A. Vettore, "Combined 3D Surveying Techniques for Structural Analysis Applications", Proc. of International Symposium on Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS), 2005, vol. XXXVI-5/W1, pp. 22-24.
Dal rilievo al modello: la trasposizione grafica dell'evento sismico
  • S Parrinello
  • R De Marco
S. Parrinello, R. De Marco. "Dal rilievo al modello: la trasposizione grafica dell'evento sismico." Disegnare Idee Immagini, 2018, vol. 57, pp. 70-81.