ArticlePDF Available

Örgütsel Erdemlilik Ölçeği Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması

Authors:
A preview of the PDF is not available
Article
Full-text available
This study mainly aimed to examine the factor structure of organizational virtuousness questionnaire of Cameron et al. (2004) in secondary schools in Karaj. For this purpose, 403 teachers were selected from four districts of Karaj using cluster sampling and Krejcie & Morgan's table. The factor structure of organizational virtuousness questionnaire was reviewed using both exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor analysis clearly distinguished the two factors called "Optimism-trust-compassion" and "integrity-forgiveness". The reliability of the questionnaire (0.92), the first factor (0.87) and the second factor (0.82) had desirable internal consistency coefficients. Meanwhile, in the first and second order confirmatory factor analysis, organizational virtuousness measuring model was confirmed using goodness of fit indices, and it was concluded that two-factor structure of the questionnaire has managed to measure organizational virtuousness significantly and powerfully. This result confirms the construct validity of this questionnaire. In conclusion, the study results showed more fitness of a two-factor model with 15 test items for observed data. According to the results, the organizational virtuousness scale could be used in organizational projects in schools as a reliable and valid tool.
Article
Full-text available
Konfiçyüs Çin geleneklerini derleyip toparlayarak yeni kuşaklara aktarmak isteyen bir düşünürdür. Amacı Çin geleneğindeki yaşayan ahlâk ve geleneklerin devamını sağlayarak atalar kültürüne dayalı Çin Medeniyetini ortaya koymaktır. Pratik düşüncesi ahlâk, din ve muhafazakârlık açılarından insana seslenmektir. Konfüçyüs sadece Çin’e ait değil, bütün dünyaya aittir. O’nun siyasi düşüncesi insanlığın üstün idealinin temelidir. Konfüçyüs, önce prens unvanı ile yüceltilmiş, ondan sonra “Mükemmel Hakim” ve “Taçsız Kral” namıyla kutsanmış ve Çin’de kendi adına tapınaklar inşa edilmiştir. Öğretisi, hükümetin temeli, şahsiyeti ise milletinin en yüksek idealinin temsilcisidir. Öğretilerinin, bilinen Çin mizacına çok uygun olduğu bir gerçektir. Sadece insanla ilgilenen Konfüçyüs bundan dolayı Çin’in Sokrates’i sayılmıştır.
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test the direct and indirect effect of organizational virtuousness in organizational citizenship behaviors of teachers and propose a model with a causal connection. The population consisted of all secondary school teachers of Karaj metropolitan areas where by cluster method sampling and Morgan table 403 people selected. The aim of this study is functional and in terms of methodology is survey. Standard questionnaires used to collect data and all of them had good reliability and validity. To analyze the data confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling techniques used. The results showed that schools organizational virtuousness directly affect Less and non-significant on organizational citizenship behavior of teachers. The assumed test pattern suggests that organizational virtuousness with the mediation of job satisfaction can affect the behavior of teachers' organizational citizenship behavior. The findings of this study emphasis the importance of reinforcement of schools as well as teachers' job satisfaction and organizational virtuousness.
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between virtues and indicators of work satisfaction and engagement, perceptions of hospital functioning and quality of nursing care, and psychological wellbeing of nursing staff. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 79 staff nurses using anonymously completed questionnaires. A virtue is any psychological process that enables a person to benefit himself or herself and others. Three virtues were considered: gratitude, optimism, and proactive behaviors. This emphasis was consistent with emerging trends in both psychology and organizational studies, termed positive psychology or positive organizational scholarship respectively, to focus on strengths and excellence rather than weakness and pathology. Findings – Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for both personal demographic and work situation characteristics, indicated that virtues accounted for significant increments in explained variance on most outcome measures. Gratitude emerged as a particularly consistent predictor of these. Research limitations/implications – The research needs to be expanded to larger samples, given the small sample of nurses involved in this preliminary study. Practical implications – Explanations for the association of virtues with favorable outcomes are offered along with potentially practical implications. Originality/value – The paper contributes to the growing literature on the relationship of virtues or character strengths to individual wellbeing and performance in work settings.
Article
Resilience in human development is defined in relation to positive adaptation in the context of significant adversity, emphasizing a developmental systems approach. A brief history and glossary on the central concepts of resilience research in developmental science are provided, and the fundamental models and strategies guiding the research are described. Major findings of the first four decades of research are summarized in terms of protective and promotive factors consistently associated with resilience in diverse situations and populations of young people. These factors-such as self-regulation skills, good parenting, community resources, and effective schools- suggest that resilience arises from ordinary protective processes, common but powerful, that protect human development under diverse conditions. The greatest threats posed to children may be adversities that damage or undermine these basic human protective systems. Implications of these findings for theory and practice are discussed, highlighting three strategies of fostering resilience, focused on reducing risk, building strengths or assets, and mobilizing adaptive systems that protect and restore positive human development. The concluding section outlines future directions of resilience research and its applications, including rapidly growing efforts to integrate research and prevention efforts across disciplines, from genetics to ecology, and across level of analysis, from molecules to media.
Article
Previous research on organizational citizenship behavior indicates that such behavior is critical for organizational effectiveness, but little theoretical work details how it might contribute to enhanced organizational functioning. Nahapiet and Ghoshal (1998) argue that a firm's social capital comprises a critical source of sustainable organizational advantage. Based on their work, we suggest that citizenship behaviors enhance firm functioning by contributing to the development of social capital in organizations; specifically, citizenship behaviors contribute to the creation of structural, relational, and cognitive forms of social capital.
Article
The importance of virtuousness in organizations has recently been acknowledged in the organizational sciences, but research remains scarce. This article defines virtuousness and connects it to scholarly literature in organizational science. An empirical study is described in which the relationships between virtuousness and performance in 18 organizations are empirically examined. Significant relationships between virtuousness and both perceived and objective measures of organizational performance were found. The findings are explained in terms of the two major functions played by virtuousness in organizations: an amplifying function that creates self-reinforcing positive spirals, and a buffering function that strengthens and protects organizations from traumas such as downsizing.
Article
The purpose of this study was to validate the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-J). Employees from three independent samples completed the questionnaire (total N= 2,334). Confirmatory factor analyses using the multiple-group method revealed that, instead of the original three-factor model, a one-factor model that assumes that all engagement items load on one single factor fitted the data. Moreover, the one-factor structure was invariant across all three samples. Internal consistency of the scale was sufficiently high (α= .92) and the test–retest reliability with an interval of two months was .66. A series of second-order confirmatory factor analyses to examine construct validity confirmed the hypothesised model, indicating that work engagement was positively related to job satisfaction whereas it was negatively related to strain and burnout. However, as in previous studies, professional efficacy, a component of burnout, loaded on the engagement factor. These results, in general, suggest the reliability (internal consistency and stability), factorial invariance, and construct validity of the UWES-J in three independent samples.