Article
To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors.

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a commonly found hormonal ailment in reproductive age women triggering irregular menstrual cycles, excessive body / facial hair, miscarriage, infertility, baldness, acne, high level androgens (male hormone), pelvic pain, high anxiety and depression. Women with PCOS develop a number of minor cysts in their ovaries leading to PCOS. These cysts lead to hormonal imbalances and initiate complications in women. Women with PCOS also produce too much insulin which enhances androgen level (Jhala et al, 2010). Untreated, it often precedes serious health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnoea. Foods have proven to have medicinal effects in many diseases and disorders. Here are some seeds which have been found to help in relieving symptoms of PCOS. 1. Flaxseed-It assists in decreasing androgen (male hormone) levels in body. Flaxseeds are a rich source of lignin which enhances production of SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) in the body thereby reducing the action of hormones and maintains balance. Flaxseeds are an excellent source of dietary fibre which contributes in reducing sugar and cholesterol levels. High omega 3 content reduces inflammation and risk of other metabolic diseases. (Jhala AJ 2010). Mix 1 or 2 tablespoon of freshly grounded flaxseeds in a glass of water. Drink it daily for few months until you are satisfied with the results and also include them in your regular diet. 2. Fenugreek seeds-Saponins and flavonoids found in fenugreek improve insulin mediated glucose metabolism, insulin sensitivity and balance hormones and lowers cholesterol. It causes regularity in menstrual periods (Swaroop A, 2015). Soak 2 tablespoons of these seeds overnight and take it empty stomach in the morning for best effects. You can also include fenugreek seeds and leaves in your regular diet. 3. Chia seeds-It contains more than 20% protein and 60 % omega 3 fatty acids. Chia seeds improve testosterone levels and help improve egg quality from ovary and thus improve fertility. Mix 1 teaspoon of chia seeds with breakfast cereal. 4. Sesame seeds-Black sesame seeds reduce testosterone levels, increase insulin absorption and regulate menstruation. High lignans, phytoesterol, vitamin B1, B6, calcium and magnesium help in hormonal balance. Due to high zinc content of sesame seeds, they act as hormone regulators and enhancers, help ovulation in women and thus relieve symptoms associated with menstruation. Grind and add sesame seeds to the curries for a rich and creamy texture, sprinkle toasted seeds on salads, soups, vegetables, dosa, oats and upma. 5. Sunflower seeds-A high content of vitamin E in these stimulates progesterone production and they are rich in magnesium and selenium. Sunflower seeds offer cardio-protective benefits due to its rich content of cholesterol-lowering plant sterols. Mix sunflower seeds to tuna or chicken salad recipe, sprinkle sunflower seeds onto hot and cold cereals, or use fine ground sunflower seeds to coat meats or fish in place of flour. 6. Pumpkin Seeds-Pumpkin seeds (also called pepitas) provide many PCOS fighting nutrients. They contain beta-sitosterol which inhibits the enzyme that converts testosterone to DHT which can help reduce hair loss as well as lower cholesterol. Pumpkin seeds also contain essential fatty acids (EFAs) that our bodies need. These EFAs help regulate hormone function, improve skin and nails, lower insulin levels, stabilize blood sugars, and help regulate periods. Pumpkin seeds are a fantastic source of vitamins A, E, K and B, protein, fiber, iron, copper, phosphorus, manganese, and antioxidants. Eat 2 to 4 tablespoons of dry roasted pumpkin seeds without adding any extra salt. 7. Poppy seeds-Poppy seeds decrease the risk of PCOS symptoms. They contain calcium, magnesium, B vitamins and zinc which play an important role in preventing and treating PCOS symptoms. Boil one tablespoon of poppy seeds in warm water then add juice of one lime and boil it for approximately 40 minutes. Strain it through cloth and drink when it is cool after every two hours.

No full-text available

Request Full-text Paper PDF

To read the full-text of this research,
you can request a copy directly from the authors.

ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Full-text available
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most prevalent hormonal disorders among women of reproductive age causing irregular menstrual cycles, excessive body or facial hair, miscarriage and infertility. The latter being a most common PCOS symptoms. Because the symptoms are seemingly unrelated to one another, PCOS is often overlooked and undiagnosed. The present study is an open label, one-arm, non-randomized, post-marketing surveillance study in 50 premenopausal women (18-45 years, BMI<42) diagnosed with PCOS using a novel Trigonella foenum-graecum seed extract (fenugreek seed extract, Furocyst, 2 capsules of 500 mg each/day) extract, enriched in approximately 40% furostanolic saponins, over a period of 90 consecutive days. The study was conducted to determine its efficacy on the reduction of ovarian volume and the number of ovarian cysts. Ethical committee approval was obtained for this study. Furocyst treatment caused significant reduction in ovary volume. Approximately 46% of study population showed reduction in cyst size, while 36% of subjects showed complete dissolution of cyst. It is important to mention that 71% of subjects reported the return of regular menstrual cycle on completion of the treatment and 12% of subjects subsequently became pregnant. Overall, 94% of patients benefitted from the regimen. Significant increases in luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) levels were observed compared to the baseline values. Extensive blood chemistry, hematological and biochemical assays demonstrated the broad-spectrum safety. Furocyst caused significant decrease in both ovarian volume and the number of ovarian cysts. Serum ALT, BUN and CK were assessed to demonstrate the broad-spectrum safety of Furocyst. No significant adverse effects were observed. In summary, Furocyst was efficacious in ameliorating the symptoms of PCOS.
Article
Full-text available
The archaeological evidence of flax cultivation dates back to >6000 BC and it is considered as one of the oldest and most useful crops. Components of flax have diverse uses. Cultivar development of flax is currently focused on enhancing the oil content and nutritional value to meet the demand of nutraceutical market supply, as an alternate source of fish oil, a rich source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6). Flax seed is also rich in soluble and insoluble fibers and lignans, makes it useful as a dietary supplement. Intake of flaxseed in daily diet may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as coronary heart disease and stroke. There is also evidence that flax has anticancer effects in breast, prostate and colon cancers. Flax fiber is used in the textile industry for linen cloth and also in paper industry. The residues remaining after the oil extraction from linseed contains about 35-40% protein and 3-4% oil, a rich source of feed to livestock like cattle and buffalo. Flax is naturally high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), more specifically in ω-3 fatty acids; and hence flax seed as a component of poultry meal, can provide ω-3 enriched eggs. Rapid drying linseed oil is used for several purposes in industry, including paint and flooring (linoleum) industries. Because of its novel oil profile, flax may also be a suitable platform crop for synthesis of specialized industrial and nutraceutical products.