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The physiological effects of 8 weeks of yoga training /

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Abstract

Thesis (M.S.)--University of Wisconsin -- La Crosse, 2005. Includes bibliographical references.

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... Regular practice of yoga has numerous health benefits (Wolff et al., 2013;Pal et al., 2011;McDermott et al., 2014;Parikh et al., 2014). Yoga also brings positive changes in physical performance and well-being if practiced regularly (Akhtar et al., 2013;Ross and Thomas, 2010) by improving flexibility and balance (Boehde et al., 2005) as well as cardiovascular functions (Bera and Rajapurkar, 1993). Moreover, yoga may have direct link to improve the common elements of athletic performance (Harrelson and Swann, 2003). ...
... We have also hypothesized that both groups (yoga and non-yoga) will improve in balance test because participating regularly in strength and endurance training, sport specific skills particularly for shooting game provokes stability and balance (Zech et al., 2010). Furthermore, regularyoga practice supposed to increase the balance (Zech et al., 2010;Boehde et al., 2005), we expected that the additional yoga training will also improve the balance. Improvement in balance measures were observed significantly among yoga group according to our expectation. ...
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p>Despite having number of health benefits, yoga also has a proven role in enhancing performance of athletes boosting specific components of fitness. Our aim was to study the effect of yoga on flexibility and balance among shooting trainee athletes at BKSP, Bangladesh. A quasi-experimental study was conducted among shooting trainee athletes. In total 20 athletes took part in this study. In each group we had 10 participants (10 in yoga group and other 10 in non-yoga group). Regular yoga session have been conducted early morning biweekly over a period of six weeks. All the participants were allowed to take part in regular training session, while only yoga group took part in additional yoga session. Measurements of flexibility and balance including Sit and Reach (SR) test and Stork Stand (SR) test were taken immediately before and after the yoga training period. Independent t-test and paired t-test were used to determine the significant effect of yoga within and between the groups before and after yoga training. Sixty percent of our participants were male. Participant’s age were between 12-17 years. All of them had normal level of BMI. Significant improvement were observed in the yoga group for flexibility (SR, P=0.017) and balance (SS, P=0.004) during within group comparison. No significant improvement were seen for flexibility and balance in the non-yoga group. Between group comparison (Yoga and Non-yoga) also shows significant enhancement in both flexibility (SR, P=0.018) and balance (SS, P=0.021).Our findings helped us to conclude that regular yoga training may improve the balance and flexibility of shooting athletes even within short period of time (6 weeks), can also improve the athletic performances that demands high flexibility and balance. Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. June 2017, 3(2): 276-281 </p
Article
Background: With clearer evidence of its benefits, coaches, and athletes may better see that yoga has a role in optimizing performance. Aims: To determine the impact of yoga on male college athletes (N = 26). Methods: Over a 10-week period, a yoga group (YG) of athletes (n = 14) took part in biweekly yoga sessions; while a nonyoga group (NYG) of athletes (n = 12) took part in no additional yoga activity. Performance measures were obtained immediately before and after this period. Measurements of flexibility and balance, included: Sit-reach (SR), shoulder flexibility (SF), and stork stand (SS); dynamic measurements consisted of joint angles (JA) measured during the performance of three distinct yoga positions (downward dog [DD]; right foot lunge [RFL]; chair [C]). Results: Significant gains were observed in the YG for flexibility (SR, P = 0.01; SF, P = 0.03), and balance (SS, P = 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the NYG for flexibility and balance. Significantly, greater JA were observed in the YG for: RFL (dorsiflexion, l-ankle; P = 0.04), DD (extension, r-knee, P = 0.04; r-hip; P = 0.01; flexion, r-shoulder; P = 0.01) and C (flexion, r-knee; P = 0.01). Significant JA differences were observed in the NYG for: DD (flexion, r-knee, P = 0.01: r-hip, P = 0.05; r-shoulder, P = 0.03) and C (flexion r-knee, P = 0.01; extension, r-shoulder; P = 0.05). A between group comparison revealed the significant differences for: RFL (l-ankle; P = 0.01), DD (r-knee, P = 0.01; r-hip; P = 0.01), and C (r-shoulder, P = 0.02). Conclusions: Results suggest that a regular yoga practice may increase the flexibility and balance as well as whole body measures of male college athletes and therefore, may enhance athletic performances that require these characteristics.
Conference Paper
Yoga is an emerging complementary medicine technique that has many benefits for those who practice. Today yoga is being use as a part of a sports medicine program for college and professional athletes. This study involved tracking four different groups of college athletes who were either assigned to a yoga practice group or a control group. Participants all regularly participated in athletic training programs, but only two of the four groups practiced yoga. Results identified that yoga led to a significant improve in flexibility measures based upon yoga postures that were taught over the course of a 10 week program. Additionally, the intensity and type of other training techniques have significant impacts on participants flexibility (heavy weight lifting) and also the natural flexibility of individuals who play different types of sports (baseball versus soccer). Yoga was also believed to improve concentration and muscle recovery for athletes.
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