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Abstract

climate change has a lot of impacts on children health
Sixth Men's Health Congress
Climate Change
and
Children's Health
Arezoo Dehghani
PhD candidate In
Health in
Emergencies and
Disaster
2022
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Environmental disease burden of overall; infectious, parasitic, neonatal and nutritional nutritional; no
communicable diseases and injuries by age
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Children are especially susceptible to :
air and water quality
Temperature
humidity
vector-borne infections
due to
Their less-developed physiology and immune system
Theyre smaller and less physically capable than adults.
They spend more time outside, increasing their exposure to
dangerously high heat and more.
They often rely on others for decision-making and care, leaving
them especially vulnerable during and immediately after
emergencies like flash flooding.
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Allergies
and Asthma
Because of climate change, winters are shorter, making
outdoor allergy seasons longer and warmer: This
worsens allergies and increases the chances of asthma
symptoms
Rising global temperatures decrease air quality Exposure
to high levels of ozone can lead to shortness of breath,
wheezing and coughing, chest pain, temporary decreases
in lung function, and lower respiratory tract infections in
children.
Forest fires emit fine particulate matter, which can
contribute to respiratory illness, particularly in children
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Malnutrition
the very carbon pollution making our food less
nutritious, jeopardizing the overall health of
children all over the world
grown under the CO2 levels expected by 2050,
many common crops see reductions of protein
and key nutrients like iron and zinc
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Malnutrition
Zinc deficiencies can dramatically impair
immune system function, and cause diarrhea,
delayed sexual maturation, and eye and skin
lesions
Iron deficiency can lead to muscle weakness,
immune system and cognitive problems, and
headaches and dizziness. It can also result in
Anemia
Protein deficiency can affect almost all aspects
of body function.
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Infectious
Disease
Approximately 1.5 million child deaths per year
globally are attributed to infectious diarrhea
Climate crisis is exacerbating many of infectious
diseases, bringing them to regions theyve never
previously been or setting up the conditions for
them to thrive
With average temperatures climbing and winters
becoming more mild and lengthening in many
places, the ranges for vectors are also growing
Diseases like malaria , cholera , zika , lyme disease,
west nile virus, dengue fever, plague, rocky
mountain spotted fever, and more that were once on
the way out could now make a comeback
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Infectious
Disease
Water-borne diseases spread through bacteria
and other pathogens in the water we drink or
bathe or even play in including cholera, typhoid,
and dysentery, which infect millions and cause
hundreds of thousands of deaths each year
Incidence of water-borne illnesses, like
gastroenteritis and infectious diarrhea, increases
when outdoor temperature rise or immediately
following severe storms or floods
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Infectious
Disease
These diseases are becoming more common in
the developed world, but theyre hitting
developing nations hardest.
Modest-income communities, however, often
lack the resources to effectively prevent and
treat them.
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Psychological
Stress
Children coping with severe weather conditions
can experience serious mental health
symptoms, including posttraumatic stress,
depression, and anxiety
The social foundations of childrens mental and
physical health are threatened by the specter of
far-reaching effects of unchecked climate
change, including community and global
instability, mass migrations, and increased
conflict
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Neurological
Concerns
Very fossil fuels driving the climate crisis also
present direct dangers to health
The most critical time for brain development
for children happens through the first six years
of their lives
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