PosterPDF Available

Discrimination in the housing market: evolutionary explanation for the intra-sexual competition

Authors:
– INTRODUCTION –
Discrimination leads to less social integration and is
harmful at social and individual levels. Here, we
studied discrimination in English and Polish
housing markets and expected ethnic‐ and gender‐
based discrimination.
– METHODS –
Preregistration: osf.io/58gr6
All documents: osf.io/tr28w
We sent e‐mails with inquiries about advertisements
for 960 rentals in England and Poland. Inquiries were
signed with Arabic‐, English‐, or Polish‐sounding
male and female names.
Standardized e-mails sent in England (gumtree.com)
were composed in English, and those sent in Poland
(gumtree.pl) in Polish. Every name had a unique
e-mail address ending with .ega7 (e.g. Charlie Evans:
ch.evans.ega7@gmail.com).
We counted the positive and negative replies.
Positive reply: Providing more information about the
place or asking what sort of information would we
want to get. Showing a willingness to potentially
accept the person.
Negative reply: Lack of reply or information that the
place or offer is no longer available.
Discrimination in the housing market:
evolutionary explanation for the intra-sexual competition
1 Anna Szala (szala@oakland.edu), 2 Jan Antfolk, & 2 Annamaria Öblom
1 Department of Psychology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA 2 Department of Psychology, Åbo Akademi University, Turku, Finland
– RESULTS –
England: no statistically significant difference
between the proportions of responses regarding
ethnicity (χ2(2)=1.44, p=.49), tenant gender (χ2(1)=2.20,
p=.14), or their interaction (χ2(2)=1.21, p=.55).
Poland: statistically significant difference between
the proportions of responses regarding ethnicity
(χ2(2)=18.31, p<.001), tenant gender (χ2(1)=6.27,
p=.01), and their interaction (χ2(2)=7.31, p=.03).
We received fewer responses to inquiries signed
with Arabic male names.
– DISCUSSION –
According to the evolutionary predictions, immigration
attitudes can be explained by intra-sexual competi-
tion, as immigration can increase mate competition,
negatively affecting mate access for local individuals
with low mate value. It was confirmed in other studies
(e.g. Antfolk et al., 2018) that people are more
negative towards male than female immigrants;
participants with lower mate value reported more
negative immigration attitudes. The observed diffe-
rence in attitudes towards Arabic individuals between
England and Poland is most possibly a result of a
different social structure; England is ethnically mixed
and Poland is ethnically homogenic.
– LITERATURE –
Antfolk, J., Johansson, L., Westerlund, M.. Marcinkowska, U., & Santtila, P (2018). The
Role of Intra-Sexual Competition in Attitudes towards Immigrants. Personality and
Individual Differences, 132, 84–89.
Antfolk, J., Szala, A., & Öblom, A. (2019). Discrimination based on gender and ethnicity in
English and Polish housing markets. Journal of Community & Applied Social
Psychology, 1–16.
Arabic Male Arabic Female English Male English Female Polish Male Polish Female
Mohammed
Wakim
Maryam
Abdelrahman
Charlie
Evans
Emily
Williams
Grzegorz
Wiśniewski
Urszula
Lewandowska
Ahmed
Sadiq
Aishah
Bashir
James
Roberts
Jessica
Wright
Tomasz
Wrzesiński
Katarzyna
Kozłowska
Hello,
I am interested in your offer regarding [e.g.
room, flat]. Would it be possible to get more
information about it?
Kind regards,
Name Surname
Dzień dobry,
jestem zainteresowany/a ofertą dotyczącą [np. po-
koju, mieszkania]. Czy mógłbym/mogłabym uzys-
kać więcej informacji na temat tego miejsca?
Pozdrawiam,
Name Surname
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.