Europe, as a transnational community, is the subject of several disciplines, including historical ones. There are valuable economic, political and social histories of Europe. But we still lack a History of European Economic Thought. Why? Why should the history of economic thought, which is part of historiography, be unable to provide a specific contribution? This note aims to show a) how ... [Show full abstract] historians of economic thought have looked at Europe thus far; b) why we need a new look at Europe; and c) what is the contribution given by this special issue to the history of European economic thought.