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Using of Qataf (Atriplex halimus L.) and Water hyacinth (Echhornia grassipes)leaves and their mixture in Comon carp(Cyprinus carpio L.) diets

Authors:

Abstract

This study was conducted to knowing the effect of using Qataf (Atriplex halimus L.) and Water hyacinth (Echhornia grassipes) leaves and their mixture on comon carp feeding Cyprinus carpio L. ، 80 fish were used at an average weight 50±0.37 g distributed randomly on four treatments by four replicate for each treatment .similar protein content treatments to control treatment were used but it different from control by containing different levels from Qataf and Water hyacinth leaves (T2 20% Qataf , T3 20% water hyacinth ,T4 10 Qataf +10% Water hyacinth) .The fish fed on experimental treatments by 3% of its weight daily ،The experiment continued for 8 weeks .The result of statistical analysis showed T4 was the best experimental diets which gave the higher levels for most studied characters ،There were significant differences between it and control treatment on most studied characters. Fish which fed on T4 diet gave the higher final weight ، weight gain ، relative growth rate and specific growth rate ,followed by T2 ,This indicates the possibility of using Qataf and water hyacinth plant leaves and their mixture on comon carp diets with possibility of increasing the replacement ratio to more than levels that using from each plant leaves.
University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018

Using of Qataf (
Atriplex
halimus
L
.)
and Water hyacinth (
Echhornia
grassipes
)leaves
and their mixture in Comon carp
(Cyprinus carpio
L.) diets
Ahmed R. Jabar Ali H. Salman* Mariam J. Mohammed*
*Almuthanna university
Aldiwanya directorate
Abstract
This study was conducted to knowing the effect of using Qataf (
Atriplex
halimus
L.) and Water hyacinth (
Echhornia grassipes
) leaves and their mixture on comon carp
feeding
Cyprinus carpio
L. 0 fish were used at an average weight 50±0.37 g
distributed randomly on four treatments by four replicate for each treatment .similar
protein content treatments to control treatment were used but it different from control by
containing different levels from Qataf and Water hyacinth leaves (T2 20% Qataf , T3 20%
water hyacinth ,T4 10 Qataf +10% Water hyacinth) .The fish fed on experimental
treatments by 3% of its weight daily The experiment continued for 8 weeks .The result
of statistical analysis showed T4 was the best experimental diets which gave the higher
levels for most studied characters There were significant differences between it and
control treatment on most studied characters. Fish which fed on T4 diet gave the higher
final weight weight gain relative growth rate and specific growth rate ,followed by T2
,This indicates the possibility of using Qataf and water hyacinth plant leaves and their
mixture on comon carp diets with possibility of increasing the replacement ratio to more
than levels that using from each plant leaves.
University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018


Atriplex halimus
L.
Echhornia
grassipes

Cyprinus carpio
L.



            
 
L
Atriplex
halimus

Echhornia grassipes

Cyprinus carpio
L.0.




20% 20%
3
8






               
Cyprinus carpio
L.  
 


 

Cyprinus carpio
L.

Atriplex

University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018

Abu zanat
et
al
.,2003)Water hyacinth
Pontederiacae


Echhornia grassipes
Center
et al
.,2005)







     
Cyprinus carpio
L.      
  
        

Dissolved Oxygen AnalyzerpH meter





(50







Rotex Master



University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018


AOAC

(SPSS,2010)20
Complete Randomized Design(CRD)Duncan,1955)
0.05













T1
Control
T2

T3

T4





















University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018
























Provimi
A800D31500EB10.5B2
0.5B60.2B120.0080.05K326
0.50.40.010.15




94.51
6.25)N
19.65

1.44



6.14

28.25

100






94.48
6.25)N
15.81

1.33





32.79

100



University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018





T1
T2
T3
T4

8.58
7.53
7.69
7.57
 N x
22.29
22.86
22.43
23.84

10.97
9.16
11.70
13.51

6.98
5.32
6.21
8.18

6.68
5.50
7.68
6.92

47.55
49.63
44.29
39.98
kcal
428.38
412.56
411.42
417.97
(Jauncey and Ross,1982


Hepher

    FAO,1981
4.5 5


74.21(66.36
p<0.0523.79

20.05


9.44 7.43 8.20


2.72.252.44p<0.05
University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018




p<0.05





T1
T2
T3
T4

66.36±1.64b
69.07±1.32b
66.14±1.13b
74.21±1.38a

17.96±1.58b
20.05±1.67ab
17.27±1.66b
23.79±1.26a

7.43±0.65ab
8.20±0.75ab
7.10±0.80b
9.44±0.51a

2.25±0.17ab
2.44±0.18ab
2.16±0.20b
2.7±0.12a

3.72±0.24
3.82±0.35
4.10±0.34
3.30±0.19

27.20±1.81
26.91±2.8
24.94±2.34
30.62±1.82

8.09±0.54a
5.88±0.63b
5.56±0.52b
6.42±0.38b


85.70±0.36a
70.87±1.14c
69.20±1.12c
80.62±0.22b
p<0.05





Synergistic effect

(Virabalin
et al.
,
1993) (Khan
et al.
, 2002)


Niekerk
et
al
.,2004  Yousif
et al
,.(1994)Soliman(2000)

Atriplex numularia
L.

Medicago sativa

Oreochromis niloticus
University of Thi-Qar Journal of agricultural research
Web Site: http://jam.utq.edu.iq Email :utjagr@utq.edu.iq
Volume 7, Number 2 , 2018











Felix and Mello,2000)

References

  . (1996)        L.
Cyprinus
carpio
      108
)
(
Brassica napus
)
 
Cyprinus carpio
L.


            
     
Cyprinus carpio
L   

 . (1983)          
.
             3
20
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