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New Suidae material (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Early Villafranchian of Collepardo (central Italy)

Authors:
LIBRO DE RESÚMENES
XXXV JORNADAS DE LA
SOCIEDAD ESPAÑOLA DE PALEONTOLOGÍA
Baza, 2 - 5 de octubre 2019
Editores:
Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro, Paul Palmqvist, Mª Patrocinio Espigares
y Sergio Ros-Montoya
Este proyecto se ha financiado por:
Universidad de Málaga
Proyecto de Investigación RNM-146 de la Junta de Andalucía
Fundación Caja Rural de Granada
Edita:
Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana y Evolució Social (IPHES) y
Universidad de Málaga (UMA)
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Jornadas de Paleontología (35. 2019.Baza)
Libro de Resúmenes de las XXXV Jornadas de Paleontología/editores,
Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro, Paul Palmqvist, Mª Patrocinio Espigares
y Sergio Ros-Montoya
ISBN: 978-84-09-14609-3
Depósito Legal: GR-1191-2019
Comité Organizador
Presidente:
Bienvenido Martínez-Navarro (ICREA-IPHES-URV)
Vicepresidente:
Paul Palmqvist Barrena (UMA)
Secretaria:
María Patrocinio Espigares Ortiz (UMA)
Tesorero:
Sergio Ros-Montoya (UMA)
Vocales:
Francisco Javier Luengo Gutiérrez (IPHES, URV)
Lorenzo Sánchez Quirante (Museo Arqueológico de Baza)
Josefa Martínez Talavera (UNED Baza)
Comité científico
Luis Alcalá Martínez, Fundación Dinópolis, Teruel
Laia Alegret Badiola, Universidad de Zaragoza
Eloísa Bernáldez Sánchez, Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico, Sevilla
Hugues-Alexandre Blain, Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucio Social
Héctor Botella Sevilla, Universidad de Valencia
Juan Carlos Braga Alarcón, Universidad de Granada
Marc Furió Bruno, Institut Català de Paleontologia M. Crusafont, Univ. Autòn. Barcelona
José Ignacio Canudo Sanagustín, Universidad de Zaragoza
Carolina Castillo Ruiz, Universidad de La Laguna
María José Comas Rengifo, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Rosa Domènech Arnal, Universidad de Barcelona
Esperanza Fernández Martínez, Universidad de León
Borja Figueirido Castillo, Universidad de Málaga
Aurora Grandal D’Anglade, Universidad de A Coruña
Joan Madurell Malapeira, Institut Català de Paleontologia M. Crusafont
Elvira Martín Suárez, Universidad de Granada
Eduardo Mayoral Alfaro, Universidad de Huelva
Raef Minwer-Barakat Requena, Universidad de Granada
Luis O’Dogherty Luy, Universidad de Cádiz
Francisco Ortega Coloma, UNED, Madrid
Xabier Pereda Suberbiola, Universidad del País Vasco
Juan Antonio Pérez Claros, Universidad de Málaga
Isabel Rábano Gutiérrez del Arroyo, Instituto Geológico y Minero de España
Francisco Javier Rodríguez Tovar, Universidad de Granada
Matías Reolid Pérez, Universidad de Jaén
Manuel Salesa Calvo, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC, Madrid
Francisco Serrano Lozano, Universidad de Málaga
Francisco Javier Sierro Sánchez, Universidad de Salamanca
Montserrat Truyols Massoni, Universidad de Oviedo
Junta Directiva de la Sociedad Española de Paleontología
Presidente: Francisco J. Rodríguez Tovar
Vicepresidenta: Isabel Rábano Gutiérrez del Arroyo
Secretario: Matías Reolid Pérez
Tesorera: Ángela Raquel Fraguas Herráez
Editor: Julio Aguirre Rodríguez
Editores adjuntos: Gonzalo Jiménez Moreno
Carlos Martínez Pérez
Vocales: Laia Alegret Badiola
Carmen Álvarez Vázquez
Esperanza Fernández Martínez
Enrique Peñalver Mollá
Ana Rosa Gómez Cano
SEP Baza 2019
NEW SUIDAE
MATERIAL (MAMMALIA,
ARTIODACTYLA)
FROM THE EARLY
VILLAFRANCHIAN OF
COLLEPARDO
(CENTRAL ITALY)
Iannucci1*, L. Bellucci2,3, J. Conti1,
D.A. Iurino1, I. Mazzini4, B. Mecozzi1,
F. Strani1,3 & R. Sardella1,3
137
The site of Collepardo (southern Latium, central
Italy), located about 100 km southeast of Rome,
has yielded several vertebrate remains coming
from a complex sequence of travertines and brec-
cias. The faunal assemblage, collected in the 1980s,
was referred to the Middle Villafranchian (Gliozzi
et al. 1997) for its similarities with Saint Vallier
(France) (Cassoli & Segre Naldini 1993) or Mon-
topoli (Italy) (Palombo et al. 2000-2002) FUs and
consists of the following taxa: Stephanorhinus cf. S.
jeanvireti, Equus stenonis, Sus sp., Leptobos sp., Hemi-
tragus stehlini, Croizetoceros sp., Pseudodama lyra, Nyc-
tereutes megamastoides, Acinonyx pardinensis and
Megantereon cultridens. However, only the cervids
were studied in detail (Segre Naldini & Valli 2004).
In the last years several field surveys, as a joined
effort of the Earth Science Department of
“Sapienza University of Rome”, “IGAG CNR”
and “Italian Institute of Human Palaeontology”
(IsIPU), were conducted in order to better define
the geological-stratigraphic setting of the area and
possibly identify other outcrops. In 2015, several
fossils were found embedded in a block of traver-
tine, including the first documented remains in the
Italian peninsula of the short-faced bear Agrio-
therium cf. insigne (Ursidae, Carnivora) (Bellucci et
al., 2019). This block was subsequently subjected
to CT scan, allowing a non-invasive virtual extrac-
tion of the fossils (Fig. 1).
Here, we describe the Suidae remains, represented
by an incomplete neurocranium. The specimen is
in a good state of conservation and preserves the
posterior roots of the zygomatic arches, the skull
roof, and the occipital region on both sides. Even
if the suid collection from Collepardo was never
described and/or figured, these remains were
firstly referred to Sus sp. (Gliozzi et al. 1997) and
subsequently to Sus arvernensis (Guérin & Tsoukala
2013),a small-sized Ruscinian to Early Vil-
lafranchian (MN14-15) species.
The presence of S. arvernensis, together with the
occurrences of Agriotherium cf. insigne and Pseudo-
1 Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, PaleoFactory,
Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185
Roma, Italy. alessio.iannucci@uniroma1.it.
2 Università degli Studi di Firenze, Museo di Storia
Naturale, Via G. La Pira 4, I-50121 Firenze, Italy.
3 Istituto Italiano di Paleontologia Umana, via U. Al-
drovandi 18, I-00197 Roma, Italy.
4 Istituto di Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria,
CNR, Area della Ricerca di Roma1, Via Salaria Km
29,300, I-00015 Monterotondo Staz., Roma, Italy.
Libro de Resúmenes
dama lyra strengthens a Pliocene (Early Vil-
lafranchian) age (Triversa FU) for the faunal as-
semblage, as supposed by Bellucci et al. (2019).
The recent findings and the ongoing re-evaluation
of old collections testify the remarkable value of
the site of Collepardo in the Pliocene of the
Euro-Mediterranean region.
References
Bellucci L., Biddittu I., Brilli M., Conti J., Germani M., Gius-
tini F., Iurino D.A., Mazzini I. & Sardella R. 2019. First oc-
currence of the short-faced bear Agriotherium (Ursidae,
Carnivora) in Italy: biochronological and palaeoenvironmen-
tal implications. Italian Journal of Geosciences, 138, 124-
135.
Cassoli P.F. & Segre Naldini E. 1993. Le faune Villafran-
chiane: Costa san Giacomo e Fontana Acetosa. In AAVV
(ed.), Dives Agnanina. L’ Erma di Bretscheider, Roma, pp.
31-33.
Gliozzi E., Abbazzi L., Argenti P., Azzaroli A., Caloi L., Ca-
passo-Barbato L., Di Stefano G., Esu D., Ficcarelli G., Gi-
rotti O., Kotsakis T., Masini F., Mazza P., Mezzabotta C.,
Palombo M.R., Petronio C., Rook L., Sala B., Sardella R.,
Zanalda E. & Torre D. 1997. Biochronology of selected
mammals, molluscs and ostracods from the Middle Pliocene
to the Late Pleistocene in Italy. The state of the art. Riv. It.
Pal. Strat., 103(3), 369-388.
Guérin C. & Tsoukala E. 2013. The Tapiridae, Rhinoceroti-
dae and Suidae (Mammalia) of the Early Villafranchian site
of Milia (Grevena, Macedonia, Greece). Geodiversitas, 5(2),
447-489.
Palombo M.R., Azanza B. & Alberdi M.T. 2000 – 2002. Ital-
ian mammal biochronology from Latest Miocene to Middle
Pleistocene: a multivariate approach. Geologica Romana, 36,
335-368.
Segre Naldini E. & Valli A.M.F. 2004. Villafranchian cervids
from central Italy. Quaternaria Nova 7, 159-204.
138
Figure 1. The block bearing fossils before (a) and after (b) the segmentation of CT images. Colours denote different spec-
imens. The Suidae neurocranium is in green. Scale bar 50 mm. Modified from Bellucci et al. (2019).
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
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Article
In 1981, a large mammal assemblage was recovered from a laminated travertine exposed in the region of the village of Collepardo (Frosinone, central Italy). The Collepardo mammal assemblage reported in the literature included ungulates and carnivorans. It was referred to the middle Villafranchian for its similarities with the Saint Vallier (France) faunal assemblage. Some authors suggested a slightly older age (?Montopoli FU). Up to now, only cervids were studied, whereas the other remains were never illustrated nor investigated. Since the fossiliferous site was never described in detail and its location roughly defined, a series of field surveys were carried out with the aim of better depict the continental deposit containing this large mammal assemblage. During these surveys, a block containing several mammal bones was discovered. Among them, an hemimandible of a large short-faced bear Agriotherium was found, a carnivoran never reported before from Italy and very rare in the European fossil record. Its occurrence, together with the cervid Pseudodama lyra and Sus arvernensis, suggests an Early Villafranchian age (Triversa F.U.) for the Collepardo assemblage that therefore has to be referred to the Pliocene. Finally, carbon and oxygen isotope ratios were determined to understand the palaeoenvironmental condition of the depositional system.
Le faune Villafranchiane: Costa san Giacomo e Fontana Acetosa
  • P F Cassoli
  • E Segre Naldini
Cassoli P.F. & Segre Naldini E. 1993. Le faune Villafranchiane: Costa san Giacomo e Fontana Acetosa. In AAVV (ed.), Dives Agnanina. L' Erma di Bretscheider, Roma, pp. 31-33.
  • C Guérin
  • E Tsoukala
Guérin C. & Tsoukala E. 2013. The Tapiridae, Rhinocerotidae and Suidae (Mammalia) of the Early Villafranchian site of Milia (Grevena, Macedonia, Greece). Geodiversitas, 5(2), 447-489.
  • Segre Naldini
  • E Valli
Segre Naldini E. & Valli A.M.F. 2004. Villafranchian cervids from central Italy. Quaternaria Nova 7, 159-204.