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Envisioning the Greater Caribbean: Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries

  • University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras


This volume, Envisioning the Greater Caribbean: Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries, is a collection of peer reviewed articles that present a critical perspective on the languages, literatures, and cultures of the ABC-Islands and the Dutch Caribbean. The book is part of a two-volume set published annually since 2009, which provides a platform for recent writing from and about the Greater Caribbean in general in one volume and about the Dutch Caribbean in particular in the other. The contributing authors include a wide range of voices old and new from the Caribbean and beyond.
Envisioning the Greater Caribbean:
Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries
We humbly dedicate this volume to
Prof. Dr. Frank Martinus Arion
native son of Curaçao, best-selling novelist at home and abroad, outstanding academic,
prolific researcher, committed community educator, and untiring promoter and defender of
the Papiamentu language in the Leeward Islands.
We will miss you.
Envisioning the Greater Caribbean:
Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries
Volume 2
Edited by
Nicholas Faraclas
Ronald Severing
Christa Weijer
Elisabeth Echteld
Wim Rutgers
Curaçao/Puerto Rico 2015
Envisioning the Greater Caribbean: Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries
Proceedings of the ECICC, Limón, Costa Rica 2014
Volume 2
Edited by Nicholas Faraclas, Ronald Severing, Christa Weijer, Elisabeth Echteld, Wim Rutgers
ISBN 978-99904-2-354-9
© 2015 Fundashon pa Planifikashon di Idioma, FPI (Institute for Language Planning of Curaçao)
© 2015 Universidat di Kòrsou, (University of Curaçao)
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by print, photo print, microfilm, or any other
means, without written permission from the publisher.
Fundashon pa Planifikashon di Idioma, FPI (Institute for Language Planning)
Jan Noorduynweg 32b, Willemstad, Curaçao,
Universidat di Kòrsou, (University of Curaçao)
Jan Noorduynweg 111, Willemstad, Curaçao,
Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras, UPR, (University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras)
San Juan, 00925, Puerto Rico,
1 Re-memory as resistance in Quince Duncan’s A message from Rosa 13
Nagueyalti Warren
2 Centroamerican messages, multiple voicings, and Afrorealist 21
musication in Quince Duncan’s A message from Rosa
Keith Cartwright and Virginia Stewart
3 “NI KU TU” Yanga: the sound of the drum announcing love, cultural 25
integration and abolition of slavery in Yangaland, Veracruz
Dolores Flores-Silva
4 Heeding nature’s call: re-visiting testimonial strategies in Anacristina Rossi’s 33
La loca de Gandoca
Cherie Meacham
5 Unveiling shrouded sites: reconstructing female identity and experience 43
through spaces of interiority in Jamaica Kincaid’s At the bottom of the river
Aisha T. Spencer
6 Opal Palmer Adisa’s It begins with tears as a spiritual feminist healing narrative 57
Nereida Prado
7 Comparative analysis of Gloria Escoffery’s and Lelawattee Manoo- 65
Rahming’s poetry
Ilsa López-Vallés
8 Sexism and misogyny in Caribbean literature 75
Gentian Miller
9 Aquapoetics and environmental depredation in Patrick Chamoiseau’s 85
Biblique des derniers gestes
Mark Andrews
10 Restoring Africa to the Caribbean: Achilles’ journey in Derek Walcott’s 95
Michael Sharp
11 The intersection of memory and history: memories of physical and sexual 101
violence in Ramabai Espinet’s The swinging bridge.
Kevin Kelly-Cooke
12 “¿A merced de quien hemos quedado?El conflicto armado colombiano: una 111
mirada crítica a través de tres novelas contemporáneas (1998-2013)
Willem Bant
13 Old world influences on Afro-Creole masquerades in the Eastern Caribbean 119
Robert W. Nicholls
14 Mechanisms of call and response in the calypso art form as mechanisms of 125
conflict transformation
Everard Phillips
15 Breaking the rules at carnival time: narratives of resistance in Trinidad’s 141
Carnival music
Meagan Sylvester
16 Del griot a las nuevas producciones limonenses 151
Gerardo E. Meza Sandoval
17 Gender, discourses of respectability and the issue of Afro-Costa Rican 163
citizenship in the journalistic work of Dolores Joseph Montout (1900-1950)
Karla Araya Araya
18 Identidad cultural y derechos humanos de las mujeres afrodescendientes de 175
Costa Rica
Leonora Spencer
19 Afro-Costa Ricans and the United Nations International Decade for People 189
of African Descent
Ann Albuyeh
20 Remembering 20th century militant lyricism and feminine empowerment 201
in Suzanne Césaire’s “The great camouflage
Chenzira Davis Kahina
21 Carmwac, massahianism and Caribbean creolism 211
Humphrey A. Regis
22 Being and doing us: a community of practice study of the Upper West 221
Students’ Union of the University of Education, Ghana
Elizabeth Orfson Offei
23 A quality assurance model for evaluating franchised programmes: the 235
case of UWI, Mona, Jamaica
June Wheatley and Anna Kasafi Perkins
24 On speaking Crucian, the language of St. Croix, and the impact of Hip Hop 249
Susana C. Dejesús
25 The paradox of Anglo-Irish identity in the Danish West Indies 271
Jo Anne Harris
26 Efforts to convert United States Virgin Islands colonialism to democracy 277
Dale Francis
27 La diáspora latina en los Estados Unidos de América: un acercamiento desde 285
el análisis crítico del discurso a la obra poética de algunos poetas
chicanos y neorriqueños
Alma Simounet
28 Instrumental and awareness-raising programs in Haiti and Guadeloupe 301
Patrick-André Mather
29 The perception of risk: an element which can influence decisions in 307
relation to endangered or threatened languages
Petra E. Avillan-Leon
30 Wuh Allsopp tink she talking ‘bout? Bajan vs Standard English as 311
mother tongue
Kerri-Ann Haynes-Knight, Keisha Evans, and Tracy Winters-Evans
31 ‘Dis language is mine’ – the link between language and cultural identity: 321
a case study of the preservation of Bajan in Atlanta, Georgia
Janice Jules
32 Extremeness and gradability in Puerto Rican Spanish 331
Ramón E. Padilla-Reyes, Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach, and Melvin González-Rivera
33 Apuntes sobre la distinción tan/más en el español puertorriqueño 347
Miriam Borrero, Melvin González Rivera, and Javier Gutiérrez Rexach
34 Diferencias por razón de sexo en la producción de líquidas en niños 355
puertorriqueños de entre 3 y 4 años
Dorian N. González Bonilla
35 , vos, usted, or you? The curious case of differences in the use of second 367
person pronouns in Costa Rican Spanish, Puerto Rican Spanish, and English
Brenda L. Domínguez Rosado
36 Fear and loathing in the Afro-Atlantic: on metaphor and metonymy 377
in concept construction and the creole lexicon
Micah Corum
37 Creative license or linguistic data: why we can (and should) 391
use literary representations of Caribbean speech in linguistic research
Sally J. Delgado
38 Historical account of deaf education in Puerto Rico, Trinidad, and 397
Tobago and its impact on these deaf communities
Melissa Angus Baboun
The two publications: Envisioning the Greater Dutch Caribbean: Transgressing
Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries together with, Envisioning the Greater
Caribbean: Transgressing Geographical and Disciplinary Boundaries, contain a
collection of articles that present a critical perspective on the languages, literatures, and
cultures of the Greater Caribbean and the Caribbean diaspora. The volumes incorporate
invited papers as well as presentations made to the 17th annual Eastern Caribbean
Islands Cultures Conference, which was held in Limón, Costa Rica from 5 to 9
November 2014. The contributing authors include a wide range of voices old and new
from the Caribbean and beyond.
This book forms part of a two volume set, with one volume focusing on the ABC-islands
(Aruba, Bonaire and Curaçao) and other parts of the (former) Dutch Caribbean, and this
second volume focusing on the rest of the Caribbean region. Together, these volumes
provide a platform for researchers and other cultural workers whose work treats the
islands, topics, and/or perspectives that traditionally receive less scholarly attention than
others at professional conferences and in academic publications. Special emphasis is
placed on ensuring that new voices with fresh points of view find a place in these
volumes, alongside contributions by more well established scholars.
The Limón conference was co-organized and co-sponsored by the University of Puerto
Rico at Río Piedras, Universidad de Costa Rica Sede del Caribe, the Harriet Tubman
Institute for Research on Africa and its Diasporas at York University, Toronto, Canada,
the University of the West Indies at Cave Hill in Barbados, and the Virgin Islands and
Caribbean Cultural Center of the University of the Virgin Islands. We wish to thank the
conference organizers, especially Prof. Dr. Rina Cáceres, Prof. Dr. Marva Spence, Dr.
Walter Anderson and the local organizing committee from the Universidad de Costa
Rica Sede del Caribe, as well as Marisol Joseph Haynes, Gabriel Jiménez, Dannabang
Kuwabong and Nicholas Faraclas from the University of Puerto Rico. This publication
received generous support from the Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds Caribisch Gebied and
the Fundashon Bon Intenshon in Curaçao.
We take this opportunity to pay special tribute to Frank Martinus Arion (1936-2015), a
native son of Curaçao, a best-selling novelist at home and abroad, an outstanding
academic, a prolific researcher, a committed community educator, and an untiring
promoter and defender of the Papiamentu language in the Leeward Islands.
By way of gratitude, recognition and friendship we dedicate the two 2015 volumes to
The Editors
Prof. Dr. Nicholas Faraclas (Puerto Rico) is a Professor in Linguistics
at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. Having received his PhD
from the University of California at Berkeley, he has taught courses and
published several books and articles in the areas of theoretical, descrip-
tive, socio-, and applied linguistics. Over the past three decades, he has
been conducting research on Creole languages as well as promoting
community based literacy activities in Africa, the South Pacific, and the
Prof. Dr. Ronald Severing (Curaçao) is a Professor of Language Edu-
cation in the General Faculty at the University of Curaçao and the man-
aging director of the national institute for language planning (FPI) of
Curaçao. He obtained Masters degrees in Dutch Language and Literature
at Nijmegen and Socio- and Applied Linguistics at Tilburg, and his PhD
at the University of Nijmegen. Together with local authors he has pub-
lished textbooks and manuals for all educational levels in Papiamentu
and Dutch.;
Drs. Christa Weijer (Curaçao) works as a linguist at the national insti-
tute for language planning, Fundashon pa Planifikashon di Idioma (FPI).
She received a Bachelor’s degree in French and Dutch, and a Masters in
Romance Languages (main subject French) at the University of Leiden.
She taught French and Dutch language and literature at the Peter Stuy-
vesant College in Curaçao from 1978 to1999. She is co-editor of the pro-
ceedings of the Curaçao Creole Conference and the ECICC-Conferences
held in Curaçao, Dominica and Guyana.;
Dr. Elisabeth Echteld (Curaçao) is the Dean of the General Faculty at
the University of Curaçao (2006-2012; 2014), where she is now Associ-
ate Professor in charge of research. She received her PhD from the Uni-
versity of Utrecht in the Netherlands. Her dissertation focuses on litera-
ture written in Spanish in Curaçao during the second half of the 19th cen-
tury. She has taught courses and published a number of articles on liter-
ature. She is co-author of Kadans, a literature textbook series used in
schools and colleges in the Dutch Caribbean.;
Prof. Dr. Wim Rutgers (Aruba) is a Professor in Literary History and
Literary Science with a focus on Papiamentu at the University of Cura-
çao. He received a Masters degree in General Literary Science in Utrecht
and his PhD from the University of Utrecht. He has taught courses and
published in the areas of Caribbean, Antillean and Aruban literature. He
has long been a literary reviewer in the local press. He has written and
published textbooks and manuals on literature for different educational
Prof. Dr. Jan Andrews (USA) received her PhD from the University of
Pennsylvania. She helped found and teaches in the Cognitive Science
Department at Vassar College, with an emphasis on courses relating to
language. Her main research interests involve the nature of category con-
cepts and the processes by which they are formed. Additional interests
include the relationship between language and thought, including the way
in which that relationship is illuminated by the emergence of newly cre-
ated sign languages.
Dr. Mark Andrews (USA) earned his Masters and PhD from Michigan
State University. He teaches French and Francophone literature at Vassar
College. His research interests center on experimental representation in
the novel and contemporary cultural theory. He has published on modern
French and Francophone fiction and poetry. His more recent work is fo-
cused primarily on Caribbean authors, and he has published on the fiction
and poetry of Gérard Étienne, Gisèle Pineau, Edward Kamau Brathwaite,
and Daniel Thaly.
Maritza V. Cardona Ortiz MA (Puerto Rico) is a doctoral student in
Literature and Languages of the English Speaking Caribbean in the De-
partment of English Graduate Program at the University of Puerto Rico.
She holds a Bachelor’s Degree in English as a Second Language and a
Master’s Degree in English Literature with a focus on Gothic Literature.
Her areas of interests are Gothic literature, film studies, fantasy and mag-
ical realism. She is currently administrative assistant to Sargasso, a Car-
ibbean academic journal.
Lara Caride Alonso MA (Puerto Rico) es licenciada en Historia por la
Universidad de Murcia (España). Actualmente se encuentra en su se-
gundo año de Doctorado en Historia en la Universidad de Puerto Rico-
Recinto de Río Piedras. Ha presentado en congresos en Nueva Orleans,
Mexico y Ghana. Historia y literatura, historia y memoria e Historia oral
son algunos de sus temas de interés.
Dr. Micah Corum (Puerto Rico) holds a PhD in Linguistics from the
University of Hamburg in Germany. He studies Cognitive Semantics in
the pidgin and creole context. He has published several articles on creole
Sally J. Delgado MA (Puerto Rico/UK) graduated in English Literature
from Liverpool Hope University, England. She is a certified English
teacher and has worked in secondary schools in England, New Zealand,
Brazil and Puerto Rico. Her love of people, culture and language fuels a
lifelong passion for backpacking that brought her to the Caribbean,
where she is now a PhD student of Linguistics and researcher at the Uni-
versity of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras.
Eva de Lourdes Edwards, PhD (Puerto Rico) is associate professor of
English at the College of General Studies, University of Puerto Rico, Río
Piedras. She teaches graduate online courses at Fairfield University in
Connecticut, presently, Sociolinguistics, a course selected to participate
in 2014 Cities Initiatives. As a Yale University fellow, she conducted
research on ancient American languages for the Yale-New Haven Teach-
ers Institute. Her recently published topics are: Celtic-Caribbean piracy
and resistance, and linguistic landscape in urban studies. eva.ed-
Ana M. Fabián Maldonado (Puerto Rico) is a researcher at the Univer-
sity of Puerto Rico’s Institute of Caribbean Studies. She is also a profes-
sor in the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies in the Social Sciences
where she teaches courses in research methods, social inequality and
community studies. She has developed a number of community initia-
tives such as the revival of the oral history of the island of Vieques and
of Tras Talleres, a marginalized community in the heart of the metropol-
itan area of San Juan.
Dr. Wilfredo Geigel (Puerto Rico) is a trial lawyer by profession, an
independent scholar, member and past president of the Society of Virgin
Islands Historians and an Adjunct Professor of History at the University
of the Virgin Islands, St. Croix Campus. He is the author of three books
on legal and historical topics.
Dr. Melvin González-Rivera (Puerto Rico) is a professor of Spanish
Linguistics at the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez. His areas of spe-
cialization are syntax, semantics and mathematical linguistics. Recent
articles include: Negative Quantification and Degree Restriction (In
Press, with Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach); On the Internal Structure of Span-
ish Attributive Qualitative Binominal Constructions (2011); Feature
Sharing and (In)definiteness in the Nominal Domain (2011, with M. Del-
Adanma Graham (Trinidad) is a graduate student at the University of
the West Indies St. Augustine Campus presently pursuing a Master of
Philosophy in Linguistics. Her current field of research is the syntax of
her native Tobagonian Creole, specifically work on its nominal domain.
Isabel Guzzardo (Puerto Rico) was born and raised in Puerto Rico. She
completed her B.A. in English Literature and Gender Studies at the Uni-
versity of Puerto Rico. She is currently undertaking a Master’s degree in
English Literature with a focus on the Anglophone Caribbean at UPR.
She also works as a research assistant with Dr. Swope and Dr. Sander on
a project examining the relations between black and white expatriate
American writers in Paris. Her main interests include gender and post-
colonial studies.
Dr. Jo Anne Harris (USA) has a PhD in Caribbean Language and Lit-
erature from the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. She is currently
an Assistant Professor at Georgia Gwinnett College where she teaches
writing and communication within a multicultural context. Her ongoing
projects are The Virtual Caribbean and the Voyages Digital Library
both initiatives focusing on digitization of early Caribbean artifacts in
the period leading up to Emancipation from Slavery. joanne@virtual-
Coreen Jacobs-Chester MSc (Guyana) has an MSc degree in Global
Studies from the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad
and has been a lecturer at the University of Guyana for the past six years.
She lectures in English but also teaches Portuguese and English as For-
eign Languages. Her research interest for the last couple of years has
been finding different methodologies for improving students’ perfor-
mance in English Language.
Gabriel J. Jiménez-Fuentes MA (Puerto Rico) is a PhD student in Car-
ibbean Literature at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus.
He holds a Master’s degree in African Languages and Literature from the
University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Marisol Joseph-Haynes MA (Costa Rica/Puerto Rico) is a PhD student
at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. Her research in-
terests include Creole languages, sociolinguistics and specifically the
culture and language of Limón, Costa Rica.
Dr. Janice Jules (Barbados) was awarded her BA in Linguistics in 2001
and PhD in Applied Linguistics in 2010 at the University of the West
Indies, Cave Hill. Currently, she is a Temporary Lecturer in Linguistics
in the Department of Language, Linguistics and Literature there. Her re-
search interests include innovations in language teaching, strategies and
methods in Teaching English as a Second/Foreign Language and teach-
ing Standard English to non-standard speakers of the language with spe-
cial focus on bidialectal linguistic situations.
Chenzira Davis Kahina, NHD, PhD (St. Croix) is a cultural heritage
technologist, artist, naturopathic therapist, educator, ordained minister,
community developer and visionary. Her Diasporan Indigenous
AfRaKan Caribbean heritage compliments her credentials from Rutgers,
Pepperdine, University of California, San Diego and Natural Health In-
stitute. She is managing director of the Per Ankh center for higher edu-
cation and she also directs the Virgin Islands and Caribbean Cultural
Center at the University of the Virgin Islands’ College of Liberal Arts
and Social Sciences.
Dr. Chidi T. Maduka (Nigeria) is Professor of Literature at the Univer-
sity of Port Harcourt. He has published several books and many articles
on literary criticism. His work and mentorship have inspired several gen-
erations of West African literary scholars.
Raúl Mayo-Santana, MS PhD (Puerto Rico) received his doctorate in
Developmental Psychology and Statistics, SUNY at Albany, did post-
graduate training on Neuropsychology, and obtained an MA in Philoso-
phy, from the University of Puerto Rico (UPR). He is past director of the
Institute of the History of the Health Sciences at UPR Medical Sciences
Campus. He is one of the editors of A sojourn in tropical medicine. Fran-
cis W. O’Connor’s diary of a Porto Rican trip, 1927, and has also pub-
lished books on the history of slavery in Puerto Rico.
Dr. Cherie Meacham (USA) is a Professor Emerita of Spanish at North
Park University in Chicago. She has published on Latin American liter-
ature and more recently on Caribbean writers. She has directed programs
in Morelia, Mexico, and Cuenca, Ecuador since 1985. At North Park,
she has served as the Director of Women’s Studies, Global Studies, and
the Division of Cultural Studies. She recently completed a semester
teaching about Latino history, culture, and literature in Jonkoping, Swe-
den. She presently resides in Chicago and Morelia. cmeacham@north-
Gabriel Mejía MA (Puerto Rico) is a linguistics major from San
Germán at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. His goal is to
attain a PhD in Linguistics and to teach at the University level. ga-
Gentian Miller MA (Guyana) holds a BEd (1996) and a Masters degree
(2004) in English from the University of Guyana. Her Master’s thesis is
entitled: ‘Caribbean Women Writers Exploiting the Possibilities of
Language.’ She now lectures on Literature at the University of Guyana,
where she is also coordinator of the Language Centre. She has published
a prize winning book of poems entitled Roots Road and Rivers. She reg-
ularly reads her poems and performs as a professional singer and dram-
Francisco Mojica BA (Puerto Rico) was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico,
has a Bachelors’ in English Literature and is in the process of completing
a Master’s in Caribbean Literature. He enjoys exploring African cook-
ery. Francisco is currently working as an English tutor, where he teaches
English as a second language to native Spanish speakers of all ages, and
enjoys it. He has presented in the Caribbean Without Borders conference
at UPR.
Prof. Dr. Luis A. Ortiz-López (Puerto Rico) es catedrático del Depar-
tamento de Estudios Hispánicos y del Programa Graduado de Lingüís-
tica de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Sus áreas de investigación se en-
focan en la variación sociolingüística, con énfasis en la sintaxis, el con-
tacto de lenguas, la adquisición de segundas lenguas, la metodología de
la investigación lingüística y la lingüística aplicada. Ha publicado varios
libros y artículos en revistas profesionales internacionales y en libros
editados. Actualmente, desarrolla investigaciones a PALEC (pa- y PRESEEA.
Kwaku O. A. Osei-Tutu MA (Ghana) taught in the department of Eng-
lish at the University of Ghana, Legon from 2010 to 2013. He is currently
a PhD student in the English Language and Linguistics program at Pur-
due University, West Lafayette, where he is working on the grammar of
Ghanaian Student Pidgin.
Dr. Nereida Prado (Puerto Rico) was born in Fajardo, Puerto Rico and
was raised in Wilmington, Delaware. She holds a PhD in Caribbean Lit-
erature from the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras. She has pub-
lished in journals such as Sargasso, Puerto Rico TESOL-Gram, and La
Torre. She currently works as an English instructor at the University of
Puerto Rico.
María del Carmen Quintero MA (Puerto Rico) is a PhD student at the
University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras, with a focus on Anglophone
Caribbean Literature. Before entering the doctoral program she taught
English literature and writing at the University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez
from which she received both her BA and MA in English Literature. She
is currently a Professor of Caribbean Literature at the University of
Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
Dr. Silvia E. Rabionet (Puerto Rico) is an Associate Professor in health
education at the University of Puerto Rico School of Public Health and
Nova Southeastern University College of Pharmacy. She received a BA
from Mount Holyoke College, and an MA and EdD from Harvard Uni-
versity. She directs the Puerto Rico Mentoring Institute for HIV and
Mental Health Research which supports junior researchers. She has pub-
lished about public health education and history, mentoring, research
training, and socio-behavioral aspects of drug use.,
Dr. Annette B. Ramírez de Arellano (Puerto Rico) has a Bachelor’s
degree from Mount Holyoke College, a Master of City Planning degree
from Yale, a Master’s of public health from the University of Puerto
Rico, and a Doctorate in public health with a concentration in health pol-
icy from Columbia University. She has worked in academia as well as in
government and the nonprofit sector, and is currently affiliated with the
University of Puerto Rico Graduate School of Public Health.
Dr. Elizabeth Rezende (St. Croix) has worked for over twenty years
piecing together the social history of the Danish West Indies using
Danish colonial administration records. She teaches Anthropology
and Caribbean History courses at the University of the Virgin Is-
lands, St. Croix Campus, and is a consultant for the National Park
Service, Christiansted National Historic Site, where she has super-
vised groups of university students in internship programs, guiding
them in creating tours of the historic neighborhoods of the town.
José G. Rigau-Pérez (Puerto Rico) studied medicine at Harvard Medi-
cal School and public health at Johns Hopkins University. For 25 years
he served as medical epidemiologist with the US Public Health Service,
at the Centers for Disease Control and the National Institutes of Health.
He is the author of articles and books on public health, infectious dis-
eases, history of medicine and history of Puerto Rico. He is an independ-
ent researcher with ad-honorem appointments at the Schools of Medi-
cine and Public Health, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Pamela Rose MA (Guyana) is a lecturer in the Department of Language
and Cultural Studies at the University of Guyana in South America. She
teaches courses in language education, linguistics and academic writing
to undergraduates. Her research interests include children’s writing, ac-
ademic writing, teacher education, classroom methodology and lan-
guage policy.
Dr. César J. Solá-García (Puerto Rico) is a Professor in the Department
of History of the University of Puerto Rico-Río Piedras Campus. He
holds a Ph.D in History from the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
Campus. Dr. Solá-García is the author of Slave emancipation and colo-
nialism: the British missionary and military campaigns and African so-
cieties in Northern Malawi, 1875-1900, and of several articles published
in academic journals. He is currently carrying out research on the images
of Africa portrayed by Hollywood films.
Rajkumar Sokraj MA (Guyana) is a lecturer in the Department of
Foundation and Education Management at the University of Guyana
where he teaches courses in Classroom Testing and Measurement, Issues
in Education and Development and Research Methodology. His research
interest includes students’ academic performance at both the primary and
secondary levels.
Prof. Dr. Alma Simounet (Puerto Rico) is a Professor of English and
Linguistics at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus. She
is an active member of the PhD Program in the Literature, Language,
and Culture of the Anglophone Caribbean in which she teaches a course
in Language and Identity. Her research is focused on Bilingualism, Eth-
nolinguistics, Identity and Critical Discourse Analysis.
Dr. Marta Viada (Puerto Rico) is an Associate Professor at the Inter
American University of Puerto Rico, San Germán Campus. She teaches
English at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Dr. Viada obtained her
MA in Applied Linguistics in TESL at the Inter American University
and her PhD in English at the University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras
Campus. Her main interests are second language acquisition and the in-
digenous languages of the Caribbean and their influence upon Creole
Carolyn Walcott MA (Guyana) is the current Director, and also a lec-
turer at the University of Guyana Centre for Communication Studies,
Faculty of Social Sciences. She teaches Broadcast Journalism and Inte-
grated Marketing Communications. Walcott’s research interests and
work include pedagogical and professional intersects in media and com-
munications, cultural studies and media for social change. She holds a
BSc in Communications, a Post Graduate Diploma in International Stud-
ies (University of Guyana) and an MA in Communication and Develop-
ment (Ohio University).
Dr. Don E. Walicek (Puerto Rico) is Assistant Professor of English in
the College of General Studies at the University of Puerto Rico at Río
Piedras and Editor of Sargasso. His areas of academic interest include
sociohistorical linguistics, sociolinguistics, anthropological linguistics,
and the language-ideology interface. He recently co-edited the Sargasso
volume Language Rights and Language Policy in the Caribbean.
Prof. Dr. Nagueyalti Warren (USA) is Senior Lecturer and Director of
Undergraduate Studies in the Department of African American Studies
at Emory University. She served as Assistant and Associate Dean of
Emory College in the Office for Undergraduate Education. Her teaching
and research specialties are African American literature, specifically
women’s fiction, creative writing (mainly poetry) and W.E.B. Du Bois’
contribution to the field of African American Studies. Dr. Warren’s cur-
rent projects include research for a book on the writings of Alice Walker.
Fay White MA (Trinidad) is a PhD candidate in Literatures in English
at the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine campus. Her doctoral
dissertation is centered on female sexuality and mother-daughter bond-
ing as depicted in fictional and nonfictional texts by Caribbean diasporic
women. Her research interests include: Caribbean women writers, Car-
ibbean autobiographies/ memoirs, constructions of femininity and mas-
culinity in Caribbean literary discourse and alternative sexualities. fay-
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