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Regenerative Design In Digital Practice. A Handbook for the Built Environment.

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Architectural design can no longer be only concerned with developing artefacts that produce reduced environmental impacts within a certain threshold of emissions. Conversely, buildings today must be developed to reverse the effects of climate change, increase the strength of natural systems and create a circular - carbon positive built environment that supports inhabitants wellbeing. “Regenerative Design in the Digital Practice” explores how the regenerative concept is now being applied to the design of cities and buildings. A series of digital design approaches are exemplified via a series of examples drawn from leading international practitioners and researchers from KADK, ETH Future Cities Laboratory, AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, TU München, Henning Larsen, BIG - Bjarke Ingels Group, Ladybug Tools, Living Future Institute, International WELL Building Institute - IWBI, EPFL, and many others. This book fills a gap in the existing literature by introducing fundamental design principles of regenerative design practice whilst outlining the potential and imperative of integrating science, big data and multi-discipline digital tools in the design process. The main editors and writers are Emanuele Naboni and Lisanne Havinga. The co-editors are Martin Brown, Angela Loder, Sergio Altomonte, Terri Peters, Luca Finocchiaro, Ata Chokhachian, Clarice Bleil De Souza, Catherine De Wolf, and Antonino Marvuglia. The preface is written by Maibritt Pedersen Zari. The book, published by Eurac Research, is open access thanks to the generous support of COST - European Cooperation in Science and Technology, the H2020 program and Cost Restore.
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... Sia sul piano della riflessione teorica che -seppur con scarsa incisività nelle azioni concrete -su quello delle forme e degli strumenti operativi, assistiamo ad un nutrito dibattito disciplinare che tenta confronti possibili con l'inatteso (Graham et al., 2016;Maas and Madrazo, 2012). Nella sua declinazione tecnica, orientata alla previsione delle prestazioni del costruito e basata sulle evidenze, la ricerca progettuale insegue le potenzialità dei nuovi strumenti digitali per fondare i suoi scenari di trasformazione su ipotesi definite robuste (Naboni and Havinga, 2019). In questo contesto, le città sono gli ambiti più esposti ai rischi derivanti dalla crisi climatica -specie l'incremento di frequenza dei fenomeni più estremi quali ondate di calore, siccità e piogge torrenziali -perché connotate da una fragilità intrinseca. ...
... Both from the point of view of theoretical reflection and of operational methods and tools -albeit with little effectiveness -we are witnessing a vivacious discourse in the design field that finds possible ways of exploration with the unexpected (Gra-ham et al., 2016;Maas and Madrazo, 2012). From a technical perspective, considering both performance -and evidence-based design, the design research pursues the potential of new digital tools to foster regeneration scenarios based on robust hypotheses (Naboni and Havinga, 2019). In this context, cities are the areas the most prone to climate risk as they are characterised by an intrinsic fragility, especially for the increased frequency of extreme climate events, such as heatwaves, droughts and rainstorms. ...
... Tale visione transdisciplinare di sostenibilità manca, però, ancora oggi di strumenti, metodologie di analisi e di modellazione che supportino l'integrazione e le relazioni tra i molteplici fattori in gioco (Du Plessis and Brandon, 2015). Per queste ragioni, il dibattito scientifico sui metodi e la relativa efficacia della progettazione rigenerativa ha rilevato l'esigenza di affiancare modelli multi-obiettivo e multi-variabili (Naboni and Havinga, 2019); ha suggerito l'importanza dello sviluppo del processo sull'intero arco temporale, fondato sui medesimi principi (Mang and Reed, 2012). I modelli computazionali impiegati nel DAPP e, più in generale, gli strumenti DMDU, possono colmare le limitazioni qui esposte e supportare i progettisti a contrastare la fragilità climatica in ambito urbano. ...
Article
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Alla luce dell’interazione complessa tra crisi climatica e città, la mutazione odierna vissuta dalle discipline progettuali è connotata dal riorientamento degli approcci deterministici, verso approcci flessibili. A tal proposito, un contributo essenziale ai metodi e alle strategie operative di contrasto della fragilità climatica dei sistemi urbani è quello del Decision Making Under Deep Uncertainty (DMDU). Il contributo proposto, alla luce dei recenti avanzamenti nell’ambito degli approcci adattivi, discute concetti chiave, limitazioni attuali e potenzialità dell’introduzione del DMDU nel metodo e nelle prassi operative del progetto rigenerativo. In particolare, la riflessione critica condotta vuole restituire il ruolo del progettista all’interno del DMDU ed è orientata a ridurre la fragilità climatica odierna e, soprattutto futura, della città europea.
... The increase in CO2 emissions and other Green House gases (GHG) is certainly the key factor that most determines the increasing of temperature in our climate changing. The study carried out on Regenerative Design [4], assume his comparison of different methodologies and approach based on Life Cycle Assessment to propose a new methodological approach based on the fundamentals of parametric design that underlines the importance of considering the sustainability of buildings already in the Early Design Phase. The discussed methodology wants to intercept the Characters of Responsivity, defining the alternatives that buildings need to find solutions to operate the transition towards a carbon-free system for the construction industry, by also increasing the well-being of those who use the goods produced and minimizing the need for natural resources such as land use, biodiversity, water, air, and energy. ...
Conference Paper
The built environment with its operational phase, its production chain, and its maintenance, is responsible for over a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, the validation of these data positions the construction sector as the largest responsibility for producing long-term greenhouse gas emissions. The evolutionary scenarios developed by the IPCC see five possible conditions, based on different levels of future emissions, which will result in a warming of 1.5 degrees or more by 2040, thus exceeding the limit threshold for maintaining biodiversity. The study conducted retracing the advancement proposed in Regenerative Design, proposes a comparison of perspective in the definition of the fundamental principles of regenerative design, and underlines the importance of considering the aspects concerning the sustainability of buildings already in the early design phase, intercepting in the responses offered by alternatives the need to find solutions that in the medium-term make the transition towards a carbon-free system for the construction industry, increasing the well-being of those who use the goods produced and minimize the need for natural resources such as use soil, biodiversity, water, air, and energy.
... According to Naboni, "A space is thermally resilient if it is able to achieve desirable thermal levels despite the overarching event of climate change . . . The desirable thermal level would be those that are comfortable to people and that is positively allowing the ecosystem to positively evolve...As such universal thermal thresholds cannot be defined universally but should be locally studied" [10]. ...
Article
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Venice is known for its urban heritage fragility. The city is experiencing an increase in yearly average temperatures affecting outdoor-indoor comfort and average energy expenditure. Owing to existing literature demonstrating how local microclimate depends on urban density, form, and materials, this investigation studies the influence of the changing local climate on Venetian vernacular open spaces, known as Campi. Based on the comparison of contemporary weather and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) future predictions for the 2050 scenario, this investigation highlights how Campi's open spaces and the surrounding buildings, canals, and green public areas contribute to building climate resilience. By employing advanced modelling, the study analyses microclimate and outdoor comfort with respect to users' perception of Physiological Equivalent Temperature (PET). The ENVI-met tool is used to simulate the thermal behaviour of two representative Campi: SS. Giovanni e Paolo and S. Polo. Despite significant temperature growths, Venetian urban fabric characteristics seem to play a crucial role in strengthening the climate resilience of open spaces, thus preserving outdoor comfort quality in a warmer future. The analysis shows how the historical matrix of open spaces and buildings cooperate. Thus, this study offers a contribution to how built heritage should be considered in light of climate change.
... The research is based on secondary statistical sources and insights gained by review of relevant national policies and practices, as well as international documents, such as already mentioned, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN, 2015), Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals (UNWTO, 2015), Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, 2015) just to name a few. Regenerative pillars and principles are based on Naboni and Havinga (2019), taking into consideration climate change, ecology and environmental issues, as well as human well-being. This book chapter gives an overview of present protection of cultural heritage, and on growing pressure of tourism on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia. ...
... The research is based on secondary statistical sources and insights gained by review of relevant national policies and practices, as well as international documents, such as already mentioned, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN, 2015), Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals (UNWTO, 2015), Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, 2015) just to name a few. Regenerative pillars and principles are based on Naboni and Havinga (2019), taking into consideration climate change, ecology and environmental issues, as well as human well-being. This book chapter gives an overview of present protection of cultural heritage, and on growing pressure of tourism on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia. ...
Book
Full-text available
As a natural conclusion and overarching output after our RESTORE previous Work Package specific dissemination products, this book extends the target group to all the decision makers, including – but not limited to – real estate developers, public administrators, entrepreneurs, politicians, citizens. That is because the global environmental, social, and economic challenges we must address – now much more effectively – require a systemic change that involves everyone, including those whose decisions can create a larger impact. There is not a fit-for-all recipe or set of solutions. The challenge, and the vast opportunity that brings within, need a global paradigm change, a systemic approach, engaging all the actors in the supply chain, in an integrative, multicultural, and multidisciplinary approach. This book has the ambitious goal to describe a new scenario, being at the same time a practical guide with useful insights for a restorative and regenerative approach to the built environment, a body of knowledge deriving from researchers and practitioners’ experience, a business case for regenerative buildings and construction, and an amplifier of these positive effects to an urban scale. The work from the Editors and many members of the RESTORE network here represented will provide to the reader an overview of several best practices to make a regenerative design approach possible, highlighting its social and cultural linings, including the barriers to deploy it at a global level, and some suggestions on how to overcome them. In the end, this a choral result of an amazing international collaboration network I have been humbled to coordinate and I am a proud member of, demonstrating that when the best minds from research, academia and industry are put in the ideal conditions to cooperate – doing “more good” – the chance to successfully manage and resolve the tremendous challenges we have been called to address, become very likely to be achieved.
... The research is based on secondary statistical sources and insights gained by review of relevant national policies and practices, as well as international documents, such as already mentioned, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN, 2015), Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals (UNWTO, 2015), Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, 2015) just to name a few. Regenerative pillars and principles are based on Naboni and Havinga (2019), taking into consideration climate change, ecology and environmental issues, as well as human well-being. This book chapter gives an overview of present protection of cultural heritage, and on growing pressure of tourism on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia. ...
... The research is based on secondary statistical sources and insights gained by review of relevant national policies and practices, as well as international documents, such as already mentioned, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN, 2015), Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals (UNWTO, 2015), Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, 2015) just to name a few. Regenerative pillars and principles are based on Naboni and Havinga (2019), taking into consideration climate change, ecology and environmental issues, as well as human well-being. This book chapter gives an overview of present protection of cultural heritage, and on growing pressure of tourism on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia. ...
Book
Full-text available
This open access book is based on work from the COST Action “RESTORE - REthinking Sustainability TOwards a Regenerative Economy'', and highlights how sustainability in buildings, facilities and urban governance is crucial for a future that is socially just, ecologically restorative, and economically viable, for Europe and the whole planet. In light of the search for fair solutions to the climate crisis, the authors outline the urgency for the built environment sector to implement adaptation and mitigation strategies, as well as a just transition. As shown in the chapters, this can be done by applying a broader framework that enriches places, people, ecology, culture, and climate, at the core of the design task - with a particular emphasis on the benefits towards health and resilient business practices. This book is one step on the way to a paradigm shift towards restorative sustainability for new and existing buildings. The authors want to promote forward thinking and multidisciplinary knowledge, leading to solutions that celebrate the richness of design creativity. In this vision, cities of the future will enhance users’ experience, health and wellbeing inside and outside of buildings, while reconciling anthropic ecosystems and nature. A valuable resource for scientists and students in environmental sciences and architecture, as well as policy makers, practitioners and investors in urban and regional development.
... The research is based on secondary statistical sources and insights gained by review of relevant national policies and practices, as well as international documents, such as already mentioned, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN, 2015), Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals (UNWTO, 2015), Policy for the Integration of a Sustainable Development Perspective into the Processes of the World Heritage Convention (UNESCO, 2015) just to name a few. Regenerative pillars and principles are based on Naboni and Havinga (2019), taking into consideration climate change, ecology and environmental issues, as well as human well-being. This book chapter gives an overview of present protection of cultural heritage, and on growing pressure of tourism on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Croatia. ...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter analyses the quality of managing cultural heritage sites in Croatia, particularly those inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List, which are under growing pressure of overtourism. The analysis was performed by using qualitative and quantitative data on visitors of the UNESCO heritage and the most important impacts of tourism on destination areas, compared to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) focused on tourism and heritage. The study investigates the state of safeguarding, protecting and valorizing cultural heritage in relevant documents and in practice, focusing on Dubrovnik as a case study area. The analysis revealed the insufficient plans for managing UNESCO World Heritage Sites in relevant documents and in the field, as well as lack of monitoring of tourism impacts. The selected cases in Croatia confirmed that the most common way for heritage valorization is within the framework of tourism (McKercher and du Cros, Cultural tourism. The partnership between tourism and cultural heritage management, Routledge, New York/London, 2009), where heritage is most often associated with sustainable tourism. However, desirable regenerative tourism, that repairs the harm that has already been done, is still far from the present situation and it will require much effort in its planning, designing tools for its implementation and its management to achieve it in the near future.
Chapter
The built environment with its operational phase, its production chain, and its maintenance, is responsible for over a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, the validation of these data positions the construction sector as the largest responsibility for producing long-term greenhouse gas emissions.The evolutionary scenarios developed by the IPCC see five possible conditions, based on different levels of future emissions, which will result in a warming of 1.5° or more by 2040, thus exceeding the limit threshold for maintaining biodiversity.The study conducted retracing the advancement proposed in Regenerative Design, proposes a comparison of perspective in the definition of the fundamental principles of regenerative design, and underlines the importance of considering the aspects concerning the sustainability of buildings already in the early design phase, intercepting in the responses offered by alternatives the need to find solutions that in the medium-term make the transition towards a carbon-free system for the construction industry, increasing the well-being of those who use the goods produced and minimize the need for natural resources such as use soil, biodiversity, water, air, and energy.KeywordsAdvanced circular designParametric LCAGWP optimization
Chapter
The increasingly urgent phenomenon of global warming has a critical epicentre in the topic of urban thermal comfort, which is significantly influenced by the urban heat island effect. In this built environment, creative thinking is required to shape pleasant, healthy, and sustainable microclimates, and not only urban planners and designers but also researchers and software developers are all involved in the search for feasible solutions, tools and opportunities. This chapter evaluates the potential use of one of the most dominant urban configurations in historic Mediterranean cities, the courtyard, as a promising thermal tempering solution to mitigate the impact of climate-related events. The methodology to evaluate the potential of the courtyard microclimate as a climate-responsive strategy follows a top-down approach. Firstly, the relevance of courtyards at city-scale is evaluated in two historic city centres in Spain, Seville and Cordoba. Secondly, six representative courtyards are characterised and monitored to evaluate their thermal benefits. Thirdly, alterna tives to improve courtyard performance are discussed and tested in two scenarios. Finally, an urban CFD software to support efficient courtyard design is evaluated in case studies. The results show that this building configuration is highly representative of both historic urban contexts, with approximately 80% of existing plots having inner courtyards. Moreover, the monitored data demonstrates the potential thermal benefits of courtyard microclimates, which can reduce outdoor peak temperature from 6.8 up to 14.3 °C during the hottest days. The analyses show that courtyards with a height/width relation (aspect ratio) above 3 perform better, especially with additional shading devices to reduce solar gains. Finally, the study demonstrated the need to develop more procedures to accurately simulate the specific microclimate of these deep, small-scale spaces as a climate-resilient strategy for buildings and cities, to efficiently mitigate the impact of extreme heat wave events.
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