The aim of the topic on the future of automated vehicles in road transport was to analyze innovative solutions in a sector that is very important for society, which is undoubtedly transport. A very big challenge for innovation in the transport sector is the automation of means of transport, from all its sectors (road, sea, inland, rail and air transport). The scope of this study includes the analysis of literature in terms of research and technological development of automated vehicles and related innovative solutions for passenger and freight transport. The novelty presented in the study constituting a huge potential in the development of automated transport is C-V2X (a vehicle connected to everything in direct communication mode) as a future communication system of traffic participants, which includes other more specific types of communication technologies such as: V2V, V2I, V2P and V2N. Attention was also paid to the proper terminology of automated vehicles often called autonomous. Autonomy refers to independence, and the term "autonomous" is misleading in relation to automated driving technology. Even the most advanced automated driving systems are not "stand-alone" because they work on the basis of algorithms, and thus they follow the user's instructions in a different way. The classification, which is most often used to describe the degree of vehicle automation as defined in the standards of the International Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), has also been presented and characterized.