Journal of Nematology 51:1–48. 2019.
© The Society of Nematologists 2019.
ABSTRACTS FROM THE SOCIETY OF NEMATOLOGISTS ANNUAL MEETING 2019
MOLECULAR AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF VITTATIDERA ZEAPHILA
Zafar Handoo1, A. M. Skantar1, M. Kantor1, L. K. Carta1, J. Faghihi2, V. Ferris2
1Mycology & Nematology Genetic Diversity & Biology Laboratory, USDA, ARS, BARC-West, Bldg.
010A, Rm. 111, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA;
2Purdue University, Department of Entomology ,901 West State St. West Lafayette, IN 47907-2089
In the summer of 2016, a field of corn (Zea mays) in Spencer County, Indiana was observed with heavily
stunted plants. From the affected roots, a large number of cysts were recovered. Spencer county’s
geographic location is just across the Ohio River from Kentucky, approximately 200 miles away from
Hickman County, Kentucky, where the nematode was previously reported. Soil samples were submitted to
one of us (JF), who extracted the nematode cysts and sent them to the USDA-ARS, Mycology and
Nematology Genetic Diversity and Biology Laboratory (MNGDBL), Beltsville, Maryland, for
morphological and molecular identification. After fixation, the cysts and juveniles (J2) recovered from cysts
were examined molecularly and morphologically. The cysts and second stage juveniles (J2) that were
examined morphologically were consistent with the measurements of Vittatidera zeaphila, the goose cyst
nematode originally described from Tennessee, USA, in 2010. The molecular analysis of J2 using ITS and
28S molecular markers showed a 99-100% similarity with sequences deposited in GenBank as V. zeaphila.
Molecular markers previously unreported with the original isolate were analyzed, including ribosomal small
subunit (18S) rDNA, mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI), and nuclear heat shock protein 90
(Hsp90). Similarities to existing cyst nematode sequences are reported herein. To the best of our
knowledge, this is the first report of V. zeaphila in Indiana.