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The Orthodox Church of Greece

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Abstract

The Greek Orthodox Church has a crucial role in identifying “Greekness” in a quite exclusionary manner. Today the Church combats secularization by using a religious discourse, and Westernization by using a nationalist discourse, viewing itself as the guardian of Greek identity. Aligning itself with the right and extreme right wing’s policies, it has come into conflict with leftist governments from time to time—the dispute on the removal of the religion section in the identity cards being the most serious one, there has never been a hostile stance toward the Church from any Greek political party. Having said that, the adherents of the other faiths in Greece are still deprived of many of their rights and even though tolerant voices can be heard from clergymen from time to time, the Church of Greece does not differ considerably from other Orthodox Churches in its negative approach toward LGBTQ rights.

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... The dual process of the nationalisation of Orthodoxy and of the Church's integration within state institutions, not only proved instrumental in Modern Greek nation-state building through the totalising effects of the intergenerational reproduction of Greek-Orthodox national identity and nationalism but it also reproduced and consolidated its anti-Muslim, anti-Islam and anti-Turkish characteristics and components in Modern Greek culture and public sphere (Heraclides, 2011;Mavrommatis, 2008;Sakellariou, 2014;Athanassiadis, 2015;Fragoudaki, 1997;Demetriou, 2004;Günal and Selin Balcı, 2019;Stauning Willert, 2014). Moreover, The Greek-Orthodox national ideology and identity, enriched with the Interwar and post-WWII state anti-communism, constituted the core of mainstream Greek-Christian/Greek-Orthodox nationalism. ...
... Located in the northeast part of Greece, neighbouring Turkey, the minority consists of about 120,000 Muslims who inhabit the region together with a Greek Christian majority (Tsitselikis, 1999;Ktistakis, 2006;Katsikas, 2012) 7 and are still today caught between the two neighbouring counties' rival nationalisms and geopolitical antagonisms. The second one concerns the negative stance of both the Greek state and the Orthodox Church of Greece toward the construction of a Mosque in Athens (Sakellariou, 2015a(Sakellariou, , 2016(Sakellariou, and 2020bAnagnostou and Gropas, 2010;Antoniou 2003 andIoannou, 2013;Hatziprokopiou and Evergeti, 2014;Günal and Selin Balcı, 2019;Günal and Selin Balcı, 2019;Kaya and Tecmen, 2019;Papastathis, 2015). ...
... Located in the northeast part of Greece, neighbouring Turkey, the minority consists of about 120,000 Muslims who inhabit the region together with a Greek Christian majority (Tsitselikis, 1999;Ktistakis, 2006;Katsikas, 2012) 7 and are still today caught between the two neighbouring counties' rival nationalisms and geopolitical antagonisms. The second one concerns the negative stance of both the Greek state and the Orthodox Church of Greece toward the construction of a Mosque in Athens (Sakellariou, 2015a(Sakellariou, , 2016(Sakellariou, and 2020bAnagnostou and Gropas, 2010;Antoniou 2003 andIoannou, 2013;Hatziprokopiou and Evergeti, 2014;Günal and Selin Balcı, 2019;Günal and Selin Balcı, 2019;Kaya and Tecmen, 2019;Papastathis, 2015). ...
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