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Mathematical Calendar. March

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Mathematical Calendar. March
Nataliya M. Ivanova
September 18, 2019
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, European University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
E-mail: ivanova.nataliya@gmail.com
Abstract
In this series we list some important dates and events in history of mathematics and
mathematical culture.
The study of mathematics, like the Nile,
begins in minuteness but ends in magnificence.
Charles Caleb Colton
March, 1
1597 birthdate of Jean-Charles della Faille, Flemish priest and mathematician (d. 1652)
1611 birthdate of John Pell, English mathematician and linguist (d. 1685)
1847 G. Lame presented a proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem to the French Academy. His error
was later pointed out by Liouville and by Kummer.
1862 day of death of Peter Barlow, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1776)
1847 Gabriel Lam´e announced that he believed that he had found a full proof for Fermat’s Last
Theorem. The error was later pointed out by Liouville and by Kummer
1849 Cauchy was reinstated at the Facult´e de Sciences, as a professor of mathematical astronomy
1862 day of death of Peter Barlow, English mathematician and engineer (b. 1776)
1879 birthdate of Robert Daniel Carmichael, American mathematician (b. 1967)
1884 day of death of Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
1908 day of death of Heinrich Maschke, German mathematician (b. 1853)
1913 day of death of Mario Pieri, Italian mathematician (b. 1860)
1978 day of death of Kiyoshi Oka, Japanese mathematician (b. 1901)
1980 Benoit B Mandelbrot first saw an image of the set that would eventually bear his name
2015 day of death of Georg Kreisel, Austrian-born mathematical logician (b. 1923)
1
March, 2
1836 birthdate of Julius Weingartnen, German mathematician (d. 1910)
1862 birthdate of Robert Edgar Allardice, Scottish mathematician (d. 1928)
1885 day of death of Joseph Alfred Serret, French mathematician (b. 1819)
1901 birthdate of Grete Hermann, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1984)
1906 birthdate of Boris Pavlovich Demidovich, Soviet mathematician (d. 1977)
1912 birthdate of Clifford Hugh Dowker, Canadian-British mathematician (d. 1982)
1962 day of death of Charles Jean de la Vall´ee-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)
1978 day of death of Edward Begle, American mathematician and educator (b. 1914)
2009 day of death of Jacob Theodore (Jack) Schwartz, American mathematician and computer
scientist (b. 1930)
March, 3
1703 day of death of Robert Hooke English natural philosopher, architect and polymath (b.
1635)
1837 birthdate of Aleksandr Nikolayevich Korkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)
1845 birthdate of Georg Cantor, Russian-German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1918)
1879 day of death of William Kingdon Clifford, English mathematician (b. 1845)
1898 birthdate of Emil Artin, Austrian-German mathematician (d. 1962)
1901 birthdate of Otto Schreier, German mathematician (d. 1929)
1912 birthdate of Andrew Paul Guinand, Canadian mathematician (d. 1987)
1916 birthdate of Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (d. 2006)
1931 The managing editor of the Zentralblatt, Otto Neugebauer from G¨ottingen, announced,
in a letter to Courant, “new plans for the foundation of an American abstract journal.”
But, in the same letter, Neugebauer expressed his confidence in his ability to convince the
Americans of the Zentralblatt’s qualities and in their willingness to collaborate: “Veblen
is going to come to Germany and will try to reach an agreement with us. Personally I am
very much in favor of the idea of an American branch of the Zentralblatt”. [32]
1954 day of death of Hendrik De Vries (b. 1867)
1977 birthdate of Kenjiro Shoda, Japanese mathematician (b. 1902)
1991 day of death of William Penney, Baron Penney, Gibraltar-born English mathematician,
physicist (b. 1909)
March, 4
2
1711 Leibnitz, in a letter to Hans Sloane complained: “Nobody knew better than Newton that
this charge is false, for certainly I never heard of the name of the Clculus of Fluxions, nor
saw with these eyes the characters which Newton used.” [4]
1816 day of death of Jos´e de Mendoza y R´ıos, Spanish mathematician (b. 1761)
1822 birthdate of Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
1833 birthdate of John Monroe Van Vleck, American mathematician and astronomer(d. 1912)
1862 birthdate of Robert Emden, Swiss astrophysicist and mathematician (d. 1940)
1866 birthdate of Eug`ene Cosserat, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1931)
1871 birthdate of Boris Galerkin, Soviet mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)
1889 birthdate of Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician and statistician (d. 1967)
1891 David Hilbert submits article on his space filling curve ¨
Uber die stetige Abbildung einer
Linie auf ein Fl¨achenst¨uck to the journal Mathematische Annalen
2013 the first “Pythagorean Day” of the 21st Century (the second was on June 8, 2010 and the
third was on May 12, 2013 )
March, 5
1512 birthdate of Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher
(d. 1594)
1574 English mathematician William Oughtred invented the slide rule
1575 birthdate of William Oughtred, English minister and mathematician (d. 1660)
1624 birthdate of John Collins, English mathematician (d. 1683)
1639 Florimond De Beaune wrote to Marin Mersenne: “I do not think that one could acquire
any solid knowledge of nature in physics without geometry, and the best of geometry
consists of analysis, of such kind that without the latter it is quite imperfect.”
1750 Euler read his Recherches sur la Pr`ecession at the Berlin Academy
1779 birthdate of Benjamin Gompertz, English mathematician and statistician (d. 1865)
1794 birthdate of Jacques Babinet, French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1872)
1815 birthdate of Angelo Genocchi, Italian mathematician (d. 1889)
1827 day of death of Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (b. 1749)
1875 day of death of Claude-Louis Mathieu French astronomer and mathematician (b. 1783)
1876 J.J. Sylvester appointed professor of mathematics at Johns Hopkins University. This was
beginning of graduate mathematics education in the United States.
1880 birthdate of Sergei Natanovich Bernstein, Soviet mathematician (d. 1968)
1885 birthdate of Pauline Sperry, American mathematician (d. 1967)
1885 day of death of John Radford Young, English mathematician (b. 1799)
3
1915 birthdate of Laurent-Mo¨ıse Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)
1925 day of death of Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician and engineer (b. 1859)
1927 day of death of Franz Mertens, Polish-Austrian mathematician (b. 1840)
1931 Vera S. Pless, American mathematician
1954 day of death of Julian Lowell Coolidge, American mathematician and educator (b. 1873)
March, 6
1661 the Royal Society, London, England, elected Sir Robert Moray as their first president
1741 Euler writes to Goldbach that he has proved “a theorem of Fermat’s” according to which
primes p= 4n+ 3 cannot divide a sum of two squares a2+b2except when both aand b
are divisible by p.
1766 d’Alembert writes Lagrange to tell him Euler is leaving Berlin Academy for St.Petersburg
1805 Adrien-Marie Legendre introduced least squares (that were known 10 years before by
Gauss, who didn’t publish his work)
1832 Gauss replied to Farkas Bolyai about J´anos Bolyai’s work The Absolutely True Science of
Space “if I praised your son’s work I would praise myself”. The letter deeply afflicted and
upset J´anos Bolyai, although it reflects appreciation, too: “. . .I am very glad that it is
my old friend’s son who so splendidly preceded me”. [23]
1866 birthdate of Ettore Bortolotti, Italian mathematician and historian of mathematics (d.
1947)
1901 birthdate of Naum Ilyich Akhieze, Soviet mathematician (d. 1980)
1939 day of death of Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)
1944 day of death of Aleksandr Petrovich Kotelnikov, Soviet mathematician (b. 1865)
March, 7
1737 Euler presents his instrumental paper, De fractionibus continuis dissertatio (‘Essay on
continued fractions’), to the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences
1750 Euler wrote d’Alembert describing his effort to derive the precession and inspiring
d’Alembert to try to solve it [9, V. 35]
1792 birthdate of John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
1824 birthdate of Delfino Codazzi, Italian mathematician (d. 1873)
1870 birthdate of Ernst Leonard Lindel¨of, Finnish mathematician (d. 1946)
1886 birthdate of Geoffrey Ingram Taylor, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1975)
1889 day of death of Angelo Genocchi, Italian mathematician (b. 1817)
1893 birthdate of Anna Margaret Mullikin, American mathematician (d. 1975)
4
1918 Jan Lukasiewicz, in his “Farewell Lecture” as Rector of Warsaw University, announced his
work on three-valued logic
1905 birthdate of John Macnaghten Whittaker I, British mathematician (d. 1984)
1922 birthdate of Olga Ladyzhenskaya, Soviet mathematician (d. 2004)
1922 day of death of Axel Thue, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1863)
1957 teenager John H Conway in his first year at Cambridge writes to H S M Coxeter to ask a
question about the 5,3,3 Polytope in four-dimensions [31]
1964 day of death of Samuel Stanley Wilks, American mathematician (b. 1906)
1966 day of death of Georg Faber, German mathematician (b. 1877)
1971 day of death of Richard Montague, American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1930)
1982 day of death of Ida Barney, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1886)
1988 day of death of George McVittie, British mathematician and cosmologist (b. 1904)
2008 day of death of David Gale, American mathematician and economist (b. 1921)
March, 8
1688 day of death of Honor´e Fabri, French-Italian Jesuit, mathematician, physicist, astronomer
(b. 1608)
1671 Hooke demonstrates vibration due to sound
1777 Laplace read his memoir Recherches sur le milieu qu’il faut choisir entre les resultants de
plusieurs observations to the Acad´emie des Sciences [6]
1788 birthdate of William Stirling Hamilton, Scottish mathematician (d. 1856)
1822 birthdate of Jules Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
1851 birthdate of George Chrystal, Scottish mathematician (d. 1911)
1865 birthdate of Ernest Vessiot, French mathematician (d. 1952)
1895 birthdate of Wilhelm S¨uss, German mathematician (d. 1958)
1920 birthdate of George Keith Batchelor, Australian applied mathematician and fluid dynam-
icist (d. 2000)
1945 birthdate of Sylvia Wiegand, American mathematician
1974 day of death of Olive Clio Hazlett, American mathematician and cryptographer (b. 1890)
March, 9
1497 N. Copernicus made his first recorded astronomical observation, of our moon eclipsing a
star
1736 Carl Leonhard Gottlieb Ehler, the mayor of Danzig in Prussia (now Gdansk in Poland),
sent a letter to Euler challenging him to solve the K¨onigsburg Bridge Problem [10]
5
1818 birthdate of Ferdinand Joachimsthal, German mathematician (d. 1861)
1832 Wolfgang Bolyai was made a corresponding member of the mathematics section of the
Magyar Academy (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest)
1833 day of death of Jacques Fed´eric Fran¸cais, French mathematician (b. 1775)
1852 birthdate of Constantin Marie Le Paige, Belgian mathematician (d. 1929)
1866 day of death of Edmond Bour, French mathematician (b. 1832)
1900 birthdate of Howard Hathaway Aiken, American mathematician (d. 1973)
1917 day of death of Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (b. 1870)
1931 day of death of Ivan Vladislavovich Sleszynski, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician (b. 1854)
1942 day of death of Mykhailo Pilipovich Krawtchouk, Ukrainian Soviet mathematician (b.
1892)
1948 birthdate of L´aszl´o Lov´asz, Hungarian mathematician
1993 day of death of Max August Zorn, German mathematician (b. 1906)
March, 10
1615 Henry Briggs wrote, “Neper, lord of Markinston, hath set my head and hands a work with
his new and admirable logarithms. I hope to see him this summer, if it please God, for I
never saw a book which pleased me better, and made me more wonder.”
1622 birthdate of Johann Heinrich Rahn, Swiss mathematician (d. 1676)
1748 birthdate of John Playfair, Scottish mathematician (d. 1819)
1773 Laplace introduces inverse probability
1797 Caspar Wessel presented to the Danish Academy of Science his paper on the geometric
representation of the complex numbers
1818 birthdate of Joel E. Hendricks, American mathematician (d. 1893)
1812 Jean Jacques Bret became docteur d´es sciences, having previously been professor of tran-
scendental mathematics at the lyc´ee in Grenoble
1818 birthdate of Joel E. Hendricks, American mathematician (d. 1893)
1825 day of death of Karl Brandan Mollweide, German mathematician (b. 1774)
1864 birthdate of William Fogg Osgood, American mathematician (d. 1943)
1869 birthdate of Benjamin Fedorovich Kagan, Soviet mathematician (d. 1953)
1872 birthdate of Mary Ann Elizabeth Stephansen, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1961)
1912 birthdate of Frank Smithies, British mathematician (d. 2002)
6
1914 In a letter to Geheeb written by Mario Jona, who interviewed H. M¨untz for the position at
a boarding school called the Odenwaldschule, there is the following passage: “He [M¨untz]
is perfectly aware of what he is worth and shows it, which face to face is not so unpleasant
as in writing. As it was I imagined him from his letter to be much more terrible. He
is short, pleasant and with a very serious appearance and sometimes a little clumsy in
politeness, . . . For him the most important thing is his scientific work. He is in a period
of important scientific activity, but would like also to work in a school like ours if he also
has time to work for himself.” [28]
1921 day of death of Francis Robbins Upton, American mathematician and physicist (b. 1852)
1948 day of death of Evgeny Evgenievich Slutsky, Soviet mathematician and economist (b.
1880)
1981 day of death of Yaroslav Borisovich Lopatynsky (b. 1906)
1981 Czechoslovakia issued a stamp picturing the philosopher and mathematician Bernhard
Bolzano (1781–1848)
March, 11
1672 Robert Hooke started writing his “Memoranda”, as he called his daily entries
1711 Robert Simson, who had no formal training in mathematics, was elected to the chair of
mathematics at the University of Glasgow on the condition that “he give satisfactory proof
of his skill in mathematics previous to his admission”
1780 birthdate of August Leopold Crelle, German mathematician and engineer (d. 1855)
1782 Euler accepted membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
1794 Ecole Polytechnique was founded
1811 birthdate of Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1877)
1822 birthdate of Joseph Louis Fran¸cois Bertrand, French mathematician, economist (d. 1900)
1849 day of death of Louis Paul Emile Richard (d. 1849)
1853 birthdate of Salvatore Pincherle, Italian mathematician (d. 1936)
1870 birthdate of Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
1887 birthdate of Walther Mayer, Austrian mathematician (d. 1948)
1888 birthdate of William Edward Hodgson Berwick, British mathematician (d. 1944)
1895 day of death of Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel, German mathematician (b. 1826)
1920 day of death of Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, mathematician, and engi-
neer (b. 1865)
1921 birthdate of Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)
1924 day of death of Helge von Koch, Swedish mathematician (b. 1870)
7
March, 12
1685 birthdate of George Berkeley, English mathematician (d. 1753)
1774 birthdate of Johann Caspar Horner, Swiss physicist, mathematician and astronomer (d.
1834)
1834 day of death of Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (b. 1800)
1835 birthdate of Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d.
1909)
1859 birthdate of Ernesto Ces`aro, Italian mathematician (d. 1906)
1883 Professor George Chrystal gave an address on “Present Fields of Mathematical Research”
to the first regular meeting of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society
1891 Nature published an unsolicited letter from a German hausfrau Miss Agnes Pockels to John
William Strutt (Lord Rayleigh) describe many of the results of Strutt’s own experiments,
and described results and conjectures even beyond his, all done in her own kitchen
1898 day of death of Johann Jakob Balmer, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1825)
1904 birthdate of Lyudmila Keldysh, Soviet mathematician (d. 1976)
1905 day of death of William Allen Whitworth, English mathematician and a priest (b. 1840)
1915 birthdate of L´aszl´o Fejes T´oth, Hungarian mathematician (d. 2005)
1915 day of death of Arthur Edwin Haynes,(b. 1849)
1920 birthdate of Roland Frass´e, French mathematical logician (d. 2008)
1926 John von Neumann, received his doctorate summa cum laude in mathematics, with minors
in experimental physics and chemistry, from the University of Budapest
1929 birthdate of Louis Norberg Howard, (d. 2015)
1942 day of death of William Henry Bragg, English physicist, chemist, and mathematician,
Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
1945 birthdate of Vijay Kumar Patodi, Indian mathematician (d. 1976)
1946 day of death of Leonida Tonelli, Italian mathematician (b. 1885)
1959 birthdate of Kenji Fukaya, Japanese mathematician
1972 day of death of Louis Joel Mordell, British mathematician (b. 1888)
2016 day of death of Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize
laureate (b. 1923)
March, 13
1641 Vincenzo Renieri wrote to Galileo describing certain experiments on falling bodies, and
casting doubt on Vincenzo Viviani’s account of Galileo’s legendary experiments involving
dropping different weights from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa
8
1781 Sir William Herschel discovered Uranus
1833 day of death of Daniel Friedrich Hecht, German mathematician (b. 1777)
1842 birthdate of Joseph Valentin Boussinesq, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1929)
1855 birthdate of Percival Lowell, American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1916)
1879 day of death of Adolf Anderssen, German mathematician and chess player (b. 1818)
1884 day of death of Siegfried Heinrich Aronhold, German mathematician (b. 1819)
1899 birthdate of John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel
Prize laureate (d. 1980)
1925 birthdate of John Tate, American mathematician
1928 birthdate of Paulo Ribenboim, Brazilian-Canadian mathematician
1945 birthdate of Anatoly Fomenko, Russian mathematician
1965 day of death of Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
1987 day of death of Peter Karl Henrici, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
2016 day of death of Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, mathematician, and computer
scientist (b. 1926)
March, 14
The day of π, the World Maths Day
1664 Isaac Barrow delivered his “Prefatory Oration” as the first Lucasion Professor at Cam-
bridge
1692 birthdate of Pieter van Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physicist (d. 1761)
1838 birthdate of Rev U Jessee Kniseley, American mathematician (d. 1881)
1864 birthdate of J´ozsef K¨ursch´ak, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1933)
1879 birthdate of Albert Einstein (d. 1955)
1882 birthdate of Wac law Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
1889 birthdate of Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
1951 Kurt Godel shared the first Einstein Award with Julian Schwinger
1962 Norway issued a pair of stamps commemorating the centenary of the birth of Vilhelm
Bjerknes (1862–1951), physicist, meterologist, and mathematician
1973 day of death of Howard Hathaway Aiken, American mathematician (b. 1900)
1995 speaking at the string theory conference at University of Southern California, Edward
Witten made a suggestion that the five existing string theories were in fact not distinct
theories, but different limits of a single theory which he called M-theory
2016 sphere packing for eight dimensions is solved by Maryna Viazovska
9
2018 day of death of Stephen W. Hawking, English theoretical physicist (b. 1942)
PI, by Wis lawa Szymborska (translated by Stanislaw Baranczak and Clare Cavanagh)
The admirable number pi:
three point one four one.
All the following digits are also initial,
five nine two because it never ends.
It can’t be comprehended six five three fiveat a glance,
eight nine by calculation,
seven nine or imagination,
not even three two three eight by wit, that is, by comparison
four six to anything else
two six four three in the world.
The longest snake on earth calls it quits at about forty feet.
Likewise, snakes of myth and legend, though they may hold out a bit longer.
The pageant of digits comprising the number pi
doesn’t stop at the page’s edge.
It goes on across the table, through the air,
over a wall, a leaf, a bird’s nest, clouds, straight into the sky,
through all the bottomless, bloated heavens.
Oh how brief a mouse tail, a pigtail is the tail of a comet!
How feeble the star’s ray, bent by bumping up against space!
While here we have two three fifteen three hundred nineteen
my phone number your shirt size the year
nineteen hundred and seventy-three the sixth floor
the number of inhabitants sixty-five cents
hip measurement two fingers a charade, a code,
in which we find hail to thee, blithe spirit, bird thou never wert
alongside ladies and gentlemen, no cause for alarm,
as well as heaven and earth shall pass away,
but not the number pi, oh no, nothing doing,
it keeps right on with its rather remarkable five,
its uncommonly fine eight,
its far from final seven,
nudging, always nudging a sluggish eternity
10
to continue.
March, 15
1570 Andrea Argoli, Italian jurist, mathematician, astronomer and medical writer (d. 1657)
1790 birthdate of Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)
1868 birthdate of Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
1871 James Clerk Maxwell in a letter to C. J. Monro comments on the fourth dimension, “The
peculiarity of our space is that of its three dimensions, none is before or after another.
As is x, so is y, and so is z.. .. I am quite sure that the kind of continuity which has four
dimensions all co-equal is not to be discovered by merely generalizing Cartesian space
equations.” [3]
1890 birthdate of Boris Delaunay, Soviet mathematician and mountaineer (d. 1980)
1897 day of death of James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician (b. 1814)
1900 day of death of Elwin Bruno Christoffel, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1829)
1915 the Paris Academy of Science, at a secrete meeting, voted to exclude foreign correspondants
and associates who had signed the manifesto “Aufruf an die Kulturwelt!” [1]
1939 In his letter, Hasse claimed there was a “state of war between the Germans and the Jews”
and considered the separation of both parties in mathematical reviewing a “truly impartial
and hence genuinely international course”. In reaction to this letter Veblen insisted “that
there is a war by the Germans against civilization”. [32]
1960 day of death of Eduard ˇ
Cech, Czech mathematician (b. 1893)
1992 day of death of Deane Montgomery, American mathematician (b. 1909)
2004 day of death of John A. Pople, British mathematician and chemist (b. 1925)
2006 day of death of George Whitelaw Mackey, American mathematician (b. 1916)
March, 16
1789 birthdate of Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (d. 1854)
1821 birthdate of Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)
1838 day of death of Nathaniel Bowditch, American captain and mathematician (b. 1773)
1846 birthdate of G¨osta Mittag-Leffler, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)
1866 Friedrich Heinrich Albert Wangerin competed his doctorate from K¨onigsberg University
1915 birthdate of Kunihiko Kodaira, Japanese mathematician (d. 1997)
1916 On his seventieth birthday in 1916, Mittag-Leffler and his wife signed their last will and
testament. They gave their entire fortune to found a Mathematical Institute which now
bears their names.
11
1922 day of death of George Bruce Halsted, American mathematician (b. 1853)
1933 day of death of Alfr´ed Haar, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1885)
1940 day of death of Thomas Little Heath, British civil servant, mathematician, classical scholar,
historian of ancient Greek mathematics, translator, and mountaineer (b. 1861)
1941 day of death of Edward Lindsay Ince, British mathematician (b. 1891)
1980 day of death of William Prager, German-born American mathematician (b. 1903)
1986 The Manchester Guardian Weekly announces that Colin Rourke of Warwick and his stu-
dent Eduardo Rego of Oporto University in Portugal have solved the Poincare conjecture.
(It appeared that the proof contained a gap.)
1992 day of death of Yves-Andr´e Rocard, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)
2016 day of death of Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian-American mathematician and poet (b.
1924)
March, 17
1652 day of death of Benjamin Bramer, German architect and mathematician (b. 1588)
1694 Guillaume L’Hospital hired his former tutor Johann Bernoulli to “work on what I shall ask
you . . . and also to communicate to me your discoveries, with the request not to mention
them to others.” As a result of this cooperation a calculus text containing the famous
“L’Hospital’s rule” (founded by Bernoulli) appeared in 1696.
1733 birthdate of Carsten Niebuhr, German mathematician, cartographer, and explorer in the
service of Denmark (d. 1815)
1771 day of death of Chester Moor Hall, English jurist and mathematician (b. 1703)
1782 day of death of Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1700)
1808 day of death of Carl Friedrich Hindenburg, German mathematician (b. 1741)
1846 day of death of Friedrich Bessel, German astronomer, mathematician, and physicist (b.
1784)
1876 birthdate of Ernest Benjamin Esclangon, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1954)
1853 day of death of Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist and mathematician (b. 1803)
1897 birthdate of Charles Fox, British-Canadian mathematician (d. 1977)
1905 Albert Einstein submits his paper “On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Produc-
tion and Transformation of Light” to the Annalen der Physik
1914 Ramanujan departed from Madras aboard
1915 birthdate of Wolfgang D¨oblin, German-French mathematician (d. 1940)
1922 day of death of Heinrich Suter, Swiss historian of mathematics (b. 1848)
1956 day of death of Henry Frederick Baker, English mathematician (b. 1866)
12
1955 day of death of Georges Jean Marie Valiron, French mathematician (b. 1884)
1962 day of death of Wilhelm Blaschke, German mathematician (b. 1885)
2007 day of death of John Backus, American mathematician and computer scientist, designed
Fortran (b. 1924)
March, 18
1602 birthdate of Jacques de Billy, French Jesuit, theologist and mathematician (d. 1679)
1640 birthdate of Philippe de La Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
1690 birthdate of Christian Goldbach, Russian mathematician (d. 1764)
1796 birthdate of Jakob Steiner, Swiss mathematician (d. 1863)
1839 birthdate of Joseph-´
Emile Barbier, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1889)
1870 day of death of Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (d. 1917)
1871 day of death of Augustus De Morgan, Indian-English mathematician (b. 1806)
1876 birthdate of Ernest Benjamin Esclangon, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1954)
1911 birthdate of Walter Ledermann, German-British mathematician (d. 2009)
1928 birthdate of Lennart Axel Edvard Carleson, Swedish mathematician
1930 birthdate of James J. Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1998)
1935 birthdate of Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician and statistician
1964 day of death of Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (b. 1894)
1989 day of death of Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer, geophysicist and mathematician (b.
1891)
2010 It had been announced that Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman had met the criteria to receive
the first Clay Millennium Prize for resolution of the Poincar´e conjecture, but on July 1
Perelman would refuse to take it.
2013 day of death of Mary Ellen Rudin, American mathematician (b. 1924)
March, 19
1685 day of death of Ren´e-Fran¸coise Walter de Sluse, Walloon mathematician and churchman
(b. 1622)
1791 Metric system, including the decimal subdivision of the circle, advocated in report made
to the Paris Academy of Sciences. The committee consisted of J. C. Borda, J. Lagrange,
P. S. Laplace, G. Monge, and de Condorcet.
1797 Gauss noted in his scientific diary that he had discovered the double periodicity of certain
elliptic functions
1862 birthdate of Adolf Kneser, German mathematician (d. 1930)
13
1914 birthdate of Leonidas Alaoglu, Canadian-American mathematician (d. 1981)
1922 day of death of George Ballard Mathews, English mathematician (b. 1861)
1937 John von Neumann gave a popular lecture at Princeton on the game of poker
1978 day of death of Gaston Maurice Julia, Algerian-French mathematician (b. 1893)
1984 day of death of Richard Ernest Bellman, American applied mathematician (b. 1920)
2011 day of death of James Laurie Snell, American mathematician (b. 1925)
2019 it was announced that Karen Uhlenbeck has won the Abel Prize becoming the first woman
to earn this award
March, 20
1546 birthdate of Baha ad-din Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Amili, Syrian-Iranian theologian,
mathematician and astronomer (d. 1622)
1617 day of death of Fran¸cois d’Aguilon, Belgian Jesuit mathematician, physicist and architect
(b. 1567)
1665 Robert Hooke becomes the Gresham Professor of Mathematics
1834 birthdate of Charles William Eliot, American mathematician (d. 1926)
1840 birthdate of Franz Mertens, Polish-Austrian mathematician (d. 1927)
1884 birthdate of Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist, mathematician, and philosopher
(d. 1966)
1862 birthdate of Adolf Kneser, German mathematician (d. 1930)
1884 birthdate of Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist and mathematician (d. 1966)
1895 day of death of Ludwig Schl¨afli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1814)
1920 birthdate of Douglas George Chapman, Canadian-born American mathematical statisti-
cian (d. 1996)
1921 birthdate of Alfr`ed R`enyi, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1970)
1938 birthdate of Sergei Novikov, Soviet Russian mathematician
1983 day of death of Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Soviet mathematician (b. 1891)
March, 21
1543 Copernicus’ De Revolutionibus was published
1699 day of death of Erhard Weigel, German mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (b.
1625)
1768 birthdate of Joseph Fourier, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1830)
1797 Gauss makes an entry in his diary that the perimeter of the lemniscate can be divided
into five equal parts by ruler and compass
14
1822 day of death of D’Amondans Charles de Tinseau, French mathematician (b. 1748)
1884 birthdate of George David Birkhoff, American mathematician (d. 1944)
1896 birthdate of Friedrich Waismann, Austrian mathematician, physicist, and philosopher from
the Vienna Circle (d. 1959)
1920 birthdate of John Hammersley, British mathematician (d. 2004)
1925 Wolfgang Pauli published his “exclusion principle”
1933 day of death of Enrico D’Ovidio, Italian mathematician (b. 1842)
1934 day of death of Thomas Muir, British mathematician (b. 1844)
1951 birthdate of David Nualart, Spanish mathematician
1960 day of death of Sheila Scott Macintyre, Scottish mathematician (b. 1910)
1980 day of death of Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1888)
2016 France issues stamp honoring Sophie Germain
2016 Sphere packing for 24 dimensions is solved by Maryna Viazovska
March, 22
1394 birthdate of Ulugh Beg, Persian astronomer and mathematician (d. 1449)
1638 in a letter to Descartes, Mersenne reports that Fermat is able to prove that no number of
the form 4n1 is a sum of two integral or rational squares [24]
1784 birthdate of Samuel Hunter Christie, British mathematician (d. 1865)
1840 day of death of `
Etienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)
1857 birthdate of Paul Doumer, French mathematician, journalist, and politician, 14th Presi-
dent of France (d. 1932)
1917 birthdate of Irving Kaplansky, Canadian-American mathematician (d. 2006)
1926 day of death of Joseph Jean Baptiste Neuberg, Belgian mathematician (b. 1840)
1945 the first female Fellows were elected to the Royal Society
1946 birthdate of Rudy Rucker, American mathematician, computer scientist
1953 day of death of Gustav Herglotz, German mathematician (b. 1881)
1987 day of death of Andrew Paul Guinand, Canadian mathematician (b. 1912)
March, 23
1749 birthdate of Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
1754 birthdate of Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery officer (d. 1802)
1795 birthdate of Bernt Michael Holmboe, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1850)
1842 birthdate of Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)
1862 birthdate of Eduard Study, German mathematician (d. 1930)
15
1882 birthdate of Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician and physicist (d.
1935)
1897 birthdate of John Lighton Synge, Irish mathematician (d. 1995)
1907 birthdate of Hassler Whitney, American mathematician (d. 1989)
1934 birthdate of Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 2017)
1963 day of death of Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)
1979 day of death of Ivo Lah, Slovenian mathematician and actuary (b. 1896)
2007 day of death of Paul Cohen, American mathematician (b. 1934)
2013 day of death of Boris Berezovsky, Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)
“My Dance Is Mathematics”, by JoAnne Growney [8]:
They called you der Noether, as if mathematics
was only for men. In 1964, nearly thirty years
past your death, I saw you in a spotlight
in a World’s Fair mural, ”Men of Modern Mathematics.”
Colleagues praised your brilliance–but after
they had called you fat and plain, rough and loud.
Some mentioned kindness and good humor
though none, in your lifetime, admitted it was you
who led the way in axiomatic algebra.
Direct and courageous, lacking self-concern,
elegant of mind, a poet of logical ideas.
At a party when you were eight years old,
you spoke up to solve a hard math puzzle.
Fearless, you set yourself apart.
I followed you and saw you choose
between mathematics and other romance.
For women only, this exclusive standard.
I heard fathers say, ”Dance with Emmy–
just once, early in the evening. Old Max
is my friend; his daughter likes to dance.”
If a woman’s dance is mathematics,
she dances alone.
Mothers said, ”Don’t tease. That strange one’s heart
16
is kind. She helps her mother with the house
and cannot help her curious mind.”
Teachers said, ”She’s smart but stubborn,
contentious and loud, a theory builder
not persuaded by our ideas.”
Students said, ”She’s hard to follow, bores me.”
A few stood firm and built new algebras
on her exacting formulations.
In spite of Emmy’s talents,
always there were reasons
not to give her rank
or permanent employment.
She’s a pacifist, a woman.
She’s a woman and a Jew.
Her abstract thinking
is female and abstruse.
Today, history books proclaim that Noether
is the greatest mathematician
her sex has produced. They say she was good
for a woman.
March, 24
1653 birthdate of Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1716)
1789 T. Jefferson wrote about the latest work by Lagrange to Joseph Willard: “A very re-
markeable work is the ’Mechanique Analytique’ of La Grange in 4to. He is allowed to
be the greatest mathematician now living, and his personal worth is equal to his science.
The object of his work is to reduce all the principles of Mechanics to the single one of the
Equilibrium, and to give a simple formula applicable to them all. The subject is treated in
the Algebraic method, without diagrams to assist the conception. My present occupation
not permitting me to read any thing which requires a long and undisturbed attention, I
am not able to give you the character of this work from my own examination. It has been
received with great approbation in Europe.” [5]
1809 birthdate of Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (d. 1882)
1835 birthdate of Joseph Stefan, Austrian physicist, mathematician, and poet (d. 1893)
17
1848 birthdate of Jules Tannery, French mathematician (d. 1910)
1880 day of death of Alfred Enneper, German mathematician (b. 1830)
1892 birthdate of Marston Morse, American mathematician (d. 1977)
1899 Rene Louis Baire defended his doctoral thesis on the theory of functions of a real variable
1915 day of death of Karol Olszewski, Polish chemist, mathematician, and physicist (b. 1846)
1948 birthdate of Alice Chang, Chinese American mathematician
1956 day of death of Christine Mary Hamill, English mathematician (b. 1923)
1956 day of death of Edmund Taylor Whittaker, English mathematician (b. 1873)
1966 day of death of Anna Johnson Pell Wheeler, American mathematician (b. 1883)
1976 day of death of Francis Dominic Murnaghan, Irish mathematician (b. 1893)
2013 day of death of Yury Marchuk, Russian physicist, mathematician (b. 1925)
2019 day of death of Andrew Browder, American mathematician (b. 1931)
March, 25
1538 birthdate of Christopher Clavius, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1612)
1539 Tartaglia tells Cardano about his method of solving cubic equations and Cardano signs
an oath to keep the method secret, according to Tartaglia [36]
1656 Christiaan Huygens discovered Saturn’s moon Titan
1792 D’Alembert wrote: “I would like to see our friend Condorcet, who assuredly has great
talent and wisdom, express himself in another manner.”
1798 birthdate of Christoph Gudermann, German mathematician (d. 1852)
1818 day of death of Caspar Wessel, Norwegian-Danish mathematician and cartographer (b.
1745)
1822 Gauss in a letter to Heinrich Olbers reveals plans to contact aliens: “With 100 separate
mirrors, each of 16 square feet, used conjointly, one would be able to send good heliotrope-
light to the moon. .. This would be a discovery even greater than that of America, if we
could get in touch with our neighbors on the moon.”
1859 birthdate of Samuil Shatunovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1929)
1871 Sophus Lie informed the faculty that he wanted to defend a doctorate [33]
1931 Kurt G¨odel’s “On formally undecidable propositions of Principia Mathematica and related
systems” was published
1939 birthdate of Richard Alfred Tapia, renowned American mathematician
1952 day of death of Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician, philosopher, and politician
1995 day of death of Lee Albert Rubel, American mathematician (b. 1928)
18
March, 26
1535 day of death of Georg Tannstetter, Austrian mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer
(b. 1482)
1609 day of death of John Dee, English astrologist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1527)
1619 Rene Descartes reported (to Isaac Beeckman) his first results of “an entirely new science,”
known now as analytic geometry and which he would publish in 1637
1656 birthdate of Nicolaas Hartsoeker, Dutch mathematician and physicist (d. 1725)
1773 birthdate of Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician and navigator (d. 1838)
1803 birthdate of John William Lubbock, English astronomer and mathematician (d. 1865)
1848 birthdate of Konstantin Alekseevich Andreev, Russian mathematician (d. 1921)
1859 birthdate of Adolf Hurwitz, Jewish German-Swiss mathematician (d. 1919)
1902 birthdate of Marion Gray, British mathematician (d. 1979)
1903 birthdate of Patrick du Val, British mathematician (d. 1987)
1908 birthdate of Theodore Samuel Motzkin, Israeli-American mathematician (d. 1970)
1912 Einstein told Michele Besso that while developing e static gravitational field theory, the
most interesting discovery was the following: He found that the principle of equivalence
of acceleration and gravitation holds only for infinitely small systems. [38]
1913 birthdate of Paul Erd˝os, Hungarian-Polish mathematician (d. 1996)
1914 birthdate of Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematician (d. 1995)
1914 day of death of John S Mackay, Scottish mathematician (b. 1843)
1922 birthdate of Guido Stampacchia, Italian mathematician (d. 1978)
1933 day of death of J´ozsef K¨ursch´ak, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1864)
2015 day of death of Friedrich L. Bauer, German mathematician, computer scientist (b. 1924)
Here is a poem written by Tatiana Bonch-Osmolovskaya for Paul Erd˝os [2]:
he was an alien
a descendant of Martians who landed
on what once were Austro-Hungarian highlands
they didn’t like the surroundings
but local girls were impressed by their appearance
so it happened
the Martians flew away before the baby was born
pureblood Martians couldn’t breathe fat terrestrial air
for them life on Earth was unbearable
how had he survived? no one knows
19
possibly on mathematics
he spoke with a terrible accent
loved spicy food
never settled on land
rarefied air of pure mathematics
made him as close to Martian atmosphere
as he could reach on Earth
gave him a chance
he inhaled and exhaled mathematics
so people around him exhaled it
together with him
it went viral
five hundred and four of them
then others together with them
six thousand five hundred and ninety three
then others with them
thirty three thousands six hundreds and five
then others. . .
up to thirteen links in a chain
in every direction
until it exhausted the total number
of those who do mathematics
he was writing and writing and writing
papers as if otherwise he’d disappear
he had travelled from one place
of condensed mathematical science
to another all his life all these years
as he self-measured his age in two and a half
billions rotations of the Earth around the Sun
when he exhaled for the very last time
suddenly after giving a talk
at a conference
they found in his pocket a ticket
not to Mars but to another
mathematical conference
now equally inaccessible
20
March, 27
1857 birthdate of Karl Pearson, English mathematician, eugenicist (d. 1936)
1888 day of death of Francesco Fa`a di Bruno, Italian mathematician and priest (b. 1825)
1897 birthdate of Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1958)
1905 birthdate of L´aszl´o Kalm´ar, Hungarian mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1976)
1924 birthdate of Margaret K. Butler, American mathematician and computer programmer (d.
2013)
1925 day of death of Carl Neumann, German mathematician (b. 1832)
1929 day of death of Samuil Shatunovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
1972 day of death of Maurits Escher, famous Dutch mathematical artist (b. 1898)
March, 28
1678 day of death of Claude Fran¸cois Milliet Dechales, French mathematician (b. 1621)
1794 day of death of Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1743)
1809 Gauss finished work on his Theoria Motus, which explained his methods of computing
planetary orbits using least squares
1840 day of death of Simon Antoine Jean Lhuilier, Swiss mathematician (b. 1750)
1847 birthdate of Gyula Farkas, Hungarian mathematician and physicist (d. 1930)
1850 day of death of Bernt Michael Holmboe, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1795)
1874 day of death of Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer and mathematician
(b. 1795)
1923 birthdate of Israel Nathan Herstein, Polish-American mathematician (d. 1988)
1928 birthdate of Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician (d. 2014)
1950 day of death of Ernst David Hellinger, Jewish German-American mathematician (b. 1883)
March, 29
1749 day of death of Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat Condorcet, French mathematician
and philosopher of mathematics (b. 1743)
1806 day of death of John Thomas Graves, Irish jurist and mathematician (b. 1806)
1825 birthdate of Francesco Fa`a di Bruno, Italian mathematician and priest (d. 1888)
1858 pencil with attached eraser patented
21
1865 Engels, in a letter to A. Lange, wrote: “I cannot pass over without a comment on old
Hegel, who they say had no profound mathematical scientific education. Hegel knew
so much about mathematics that none of his pupils were in a position w publish the
numerous mathematical manuscripts among his papers. The only man to my knowledge to
understand enough about mathematics and philosophy to be able to do that is Mane” [26]
1873 birthdate of Tullio Levi-Civita, Jewish-Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
1896 birthdate of Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (d. 1962)
1912 birthdate of Martin Eichler, German mathematician (d. 1992)
1912 birthdate of Caius Jacob, Romanian mathematician (d. 1992)
1918 birthdate of Le Van Thiem, Vietnamese mathematician (d. 1991)
1923 birthdate of Israel Nathan Herstein, Polish-American mathematician (d. 1988)
1933 Italy issued the world’s first postage stamp portraying Galileo
1944 day of death of Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (b. 1868)
1969 birthdate of Shinichi Mochizuki, Japanese mathematician
1999 day of death of Boris A. Kordemsky, Soviet mathematician and educator (b. 1907)
March, 30
1559 day of death of Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)
1606 birthdate of Vincentio Reinieri, Italian mathematician and astronomer (d. 1647)
1796 The eighteen year old Gauss began his scientific diary with his construction of the regular
17-gon
1862 birthdate of Leonard James Rogers, British mathematician (d. 1933)
1882 Poincar`e in a letter to Klein about Riemann: “He was one of those geniuses who refresh
so well the face of science that they imprint their character, not only on the works of their
immediate students, but on those of all successors for many years. Riemann created a new
theory of functions, and it will always be possible to find there the germ of everything
that has been done and that will be done after him in mathematical analysis.” [22]
1886 birthdate of Stanis law Le´sniewski, Polish mathematician, philosopher and logician (d.
1939)
1892 birthdate of Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (d. 1945)
1910 birthdate of Jozef Marcinkiewicz, Polish mathematician (d. 1940)
1919 day of death of Robin M. Williams, New Zealand mathematician (d. 2013)
1921 friendship and collaboration of Alexandrov and Uryson began [7]
1929 birthdate of Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro, Soviet-Jewish mathematician (d. 2009)
1953 Albert Einstein announced his revised unified field theory
22
1995 day of death of John Lighton Synge, Irish mathematician (b. 1897)
2000 day of death of George Keith Batchelor, Australian applied mathematician and fluid dy-
namicist (b. 1920)
2008 day of death of Roland Fra¨ıss´e, French mathematical logician (b. 1920)
2010 day of death of Jaime Alfonso Escalante Gutierrez, Bolivian educator and mathematician
(b. 1930)
March, 31
1596 birthdate of Ren´e Descartes, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1650)
1624 day of death of Joao Baptista Lavanha, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1550)
1727 day of death of Isaac Newton (b. 1643)
1730 birthdate of ´
Etienne B´ezout, French mathematician (d. 1783)
1776 day of death of John Bird, English mathematical instrument maker (b. 1709)
1795 birthdate of Louis Paul Emile Richard (d. 1849)
1806 birthdate of Thomas Kirkman, English self-educated mathematician (d. 1895)
1841 day of death of George Green, English mathematician (b. 1793)
1847 birthdate of Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)
1848 birthdate of Diederik Korteweg, Dutch mathematician (d. 1941)
1854 The University of Konigsberg awarded Karl Weierstrass an honorary doctorate. Previously
he was a Gymnasium teacher without a university degree.
1877 day of death of Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician and philosopher (b.
1801)
1917 birthdate of Beno Eckmann, Swiss mathematician (d. 2008)
1920 day of death of Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann, German mathematician (b. 1837)
1928 day of death of Hermann Felix M¨uller, German mathematician and historian of mathe-
matics (b. 1843)
1947 birthdate of Augustin Banyaga, Rwandan-American mathematician
1959 Sof’ja Janovskaja became the first chairperson of the newly created department of math-
ematical logic at the Moscow State University
1993 The birth of Spamming. A bug in a program written by Richard Depew sends an article
to 200 newsgroups simultaneously. The term spamming is coined by Joel Furr (a writer
and software trainer) to describe the incident.
2001 day of death of Geoffrey Walker, British mathematician (b. 1909)
2003 day of death of Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, English-Canadian mathematician (b.
1907)
23
Conclusive remarks
Mathematical epigraph are taken from [27]. The dates (if different is not indicated) are from [9,
25, 34, 37] (see also Wikipedia). Dates and events for the rest of the months are collected
in [11–21]. A day-by-day version of this calendar can be found in [35]. At the last stages of
preparation of this work we found an excellent reference [30] (and closely related to this [29]), so
some of the dates (that are included in these references also) were double-checked with [29,30].
References
[1] Aubin D. and Goldstein C., The War of Guns and Mathematics: Mathematical Practices and Com-
munities in France and Its Western Allies around World War I, American Mathematical Society,
2014.
[2] Bonch-Osmolovskaya T., Paul Erd˝os, https://www2.math.uconn.edu/˜glaz/Mathematical Poetry at
Bridges/Bridges%202019/TatianaBonchOsmolovskaya PaulErdos.pdf
[3] Bork A.M., The Fourth Dimension in Nineteenth-Century Physics Isis 55 (1964), 326–338.
[4] Brewster D. Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, Cambridge Univer-
sity Press, 2010.
[5] Fauvel J., Thomas Jefferson, Lecture given by Professor John Fauvel at the University of Virginia on
April 15, 1999, https://math.virginia.edu/history/Jefferson/jeff r.htm .
[6] Gorroochurn P., Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics: From Laplace to
More Recent Times, John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
[7] Graham L and Kantor J.-M., Naming Infinity. A True Story of Religious Mysticism and Mathematical
Creativity, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009.
[8] Growney J., Intersections – Poetry with Mathematics, https://poetrywithmathematics.blogspot.com/
.
[9] Historia Mathematica, 1974–2018, http://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/toc/histmath.html .
[10] Hopkins B. and Wilson R.J., The Truth about K¨onigsberg, The College Mathematics Journal,35(3)
2004, 198–207.
[11] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. January,
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335858138 Mathematical Calendar January ,
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12535.57765
[12] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. February,
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335859025 Mathematical Calendar February ,
DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11067.57126
[13] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. April, to appear.
24
[14] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. May, to appear.
[15] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. June, to appear.
[16] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. July, to appear.
[17] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. August, to appear.
[18] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. September, to appear.
[19] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. October, to appear.
[20] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. November, to appear.
[21] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. December, to appear.
[22] Keen L., (Author, Editor), Kra I. (Editor), R. E. Rodriguez (Editor), Lipman Bers: A Life in
Mathematics, American Mathematical Society, 2015.
[23] Kiss E., On J´anos Bolyai’s Bicentennial, Mathematical and Physical Journal for High Schools, 2002,
https://www.komal.hu/lap/2002-ang/bolyai.e.shtml .
[24] Lemmermeyer F., Euler, Goldbach, and “Fermat’s Theorem”, Elem. Math. 65 (2010) 144–153.
[25] Mathematical association of America. On this day, https://www.maa.org/news/on-this-day .
[26] Mathematical Manuscripts of Karl Marx, New Park Publications, 1983,
https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/Marx Mathematical Manuscripts 1881.pdf
.
[27] Mathematics Quotes, Brainy Quotes, https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/mathematics .
[28] Ortiz E.L. and Pinkus A., Herman Mntz: A Mathematician’s Odyssey,
http://www2.math.technion.ac.il/˜pinkus/papers/Muntz.pdf .
[29] Pat’s Blog, https://pballew.blogspot.com/ .
[30] Rickey V.F., A calendar of mathematical dates, http://fredrickey.info/hm/Dates/default.htm .
[31] Roberts S., King of Infinite Space: Donald Coxeter, the Man Who Saved Geometry, Walker Books,
2006.
[32] Siegmund-Schultze R., “Scientific Control” in Mathematical Reviewing and German-U.S.-American
Relations between the Two World Wars, Historia Mathematica,21 (1994), 306–329.
[33] Stubhaug A., The Mathematician Sophus Lie: It was the Audacity of My Thinking, Springer Science
& Business Media, 2013.
[34] Tanton J., Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Facts On File, Incorporated, 14 May 2014 - Electronic
books.
[35] This day in history of mathematics, https://www.facebook.com/This-day-in-history-of-mathematics-
103991334328402/?ref=admin hovercard .
25
[36] van der Waerden B.L., A History of Algebra: From al-Khw¯arizm¯
i to Emmy Noether, Springer, 2013.
[37] Vinogradov I.M. (editor), Mathematical Encyclopedia, 1–5, Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1977–1985.
[38] Weinstein G., Why did Einstein Reject the November Tensor in 1912-1913, only to Come Back to it
in November 1915?, ArXiV:1904.02008.
26
... Mathematical quotes are taken from [29]. The dates (if different is not indicated) are from [13,28,39,41] (see also Wikipedia), see also [14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24] for dates and events for the rest of the months. At the last stages of preparation of the work we found an excellent reference [33] (and similar [30]), so some of the dates (that are included in these references also) were double-checked with events from [30,33]. ...
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... The new instruments require a man of some intelligence to attend them, and to replace them about every four minutes, according to the motion of the sun...They will show a precise luminous point, even though haze, so frequent on the eastern seashore, when the outline of the hill itself, upon which they stand, cannot be traced." [41] 1854 Ernst Julius Schering (one of the 14 attendees of Gauss lecture "The Method of Least Squares" enrolled to Göttingen University to study mathematics [4] 1891 Karl Pearson started his thirty-eight Gresham Lectures [31] 1902 birthdate of Eugene Wigner, Hungarian physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate November, 18 ...
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... Mathematical quotes are taken from [32]. The dates (if different is not indicated) are from [14,31,38,40] (see also Wikipedia), see also [15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25]. A day-by-day version of this calendar can be found in [39]. ...
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Last updated --- August 3, 2020
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updated September 1, 2020
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Updated version -- 26/07/2020
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In this series we list some important dates and events in history of mathematics and mathematical culture. Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.
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In this series we list some important dates and events in history of mathematics and mathematical culture. Pure mathematicians just love to try unsolved problems-they love a challenge.
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Article
The question of Einstein's rejection of the November tensor is re-examined in light of conflicting answers by several historians. I discuss these conflicting conjectures in view of three questions that should inform our thinking: Why did Einstein reject the November tensor in 1912, only to come back to it in 1915? Why was it hard for Einstein to recognize that the November tensor is a natural generalization of Newton's law of gravitation? Why did it take him three years to realize that the November tensor is not incompatible with Newton's law? I first briefly describe Einstein's work in the Zurich Notebook. I then discuss a number of interpretive conjectures formulated by historians and what may be inferred from them. Finally, I offer a new combined conjecture that answers the above questions.
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B.C. The first day of the first year of the Julian calendar. It remained in effect until October 4, 1582. The previous year, "the last year of confusion," was the longest year on record—it contained 445 days. [Encyclopedia Brittanica, 13th edition, vol. 4, p. 990] 1618 La Salle's expedition reached the present site of Peoria, Illinois, birthplace of the author of this calendar. 1800 Cauchy's father was elected Secretary of the Senate in France. The young Cauchy used a corner of his father's office in Luxembourg Palace for his own desk. LaGrange and Laplace frequently stopped in on business and so took an interest in the boys mathematical talent. One day, in the presence of numerous dignitaries, Lagrange pointed to the young Cauchy and said "You see that little young man? Well! He will supplant all of us in so far as we are mathematicians." [E. T. Bell, Men of Mathematics, p. 274] 1801 Giuseppe Piazzi (1746–1826) discovered the first asteroid, Ceres, but lost it in the sun 41 days later, after only a few observations. Using his new technique of least squares, Gauss correctly predicted where it could be found. This made Gauss a celebrity. [DSB 5, 300 and 10, 591–592; Buhler, Gauss, pp. 40–45] 1806 France adopts the Gregorian calendar for the second time. See October 5, 1793. 192? G. H. Hardy sent the following New Year's wishes on a postcard to a friend: (1) Prove the Riemann hypothesis. (2) make 211 not out in the fourth innings of the last test match at the Oval. (3) find an argument for the nonexistence of God which shall convince the general public. (4) be the first man to the top of Mt. Everst. (5) be proclaimed the first president of the U.S.S.R. of Great Britain and Germany. (6) murder Mussolini. [DSB 6, 114] 1938 Hungary issued a stamp portraying Pope Sylvester II, Archbishop of Astrik. [Scott #511] 1962 The standard meter is redefined as "the length of 1,656,763.83 wave lengths of a certain type of orange colored radiation given off in a vacuum by the atom of krypton 86." [Martin Gardner, Relativity for the Million (1962), p 5]. 1999 How would you write the Roman numeral for the antepenultimate year of the twentieth century? Should we write it purely additively as MDCCCCLXXXXVIIII or should we use the subtractive principle and write MXMXCIX. Or do you prefer the mimimal solution MIM? This question stumped Marilyn vos Savant, who is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records under "Highest IQ." [Prade Magazine, 5 November 1989, p. 2] 2001 The first day of the 21st century. This is the answer to a good trivia question; 2000 is the last year of the 20th century and is a leap year. This story is the first time that the Möbius strip, a one-sided surface, was used in a piece of fantasy. The story is reprinted in Gardner's The No-Sided Professor (1987), pp 45–58. 1979 Software Arts incorporated. They designed and programmed VisiCalc, the best-selling micro-computer program ever made.
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Reflections of American mathematicians on the German leadership in mathematical reviewing between the two World Wars reveal one aspect of the rise of American mathematics to worldwide importance. Singular political events such as the mass exodus of German mathematicians and the interference in the work of the then dominant German Zentralblatt led to the foundation of the American Mathematical Reviews in 1940. A look at German national competition in mathematical reviewing during the 1930s (Jahrbuch and Zentralblatt), however, reveals deeper disciplinary as well as ideological and political roots of the "control function" of scientific reviewing that are not necessarily connected to international competition.
Mandelbrot first saw an image of the set that would eventually bear his name 2015 day of death of Georg Kreisel
  • B Benoit
Benoit B Mandelbrot first saw an image of the set that would eventually bear his name 2015 day of death of Georg Kreisel, Austrian-born mathematical logician (b. 1923) 1