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Mathematical Calendar. March

Nataliya M. Ivanova

September 18, 2019

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, European University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus

E-mail: ivanova.nataliya@gmail.com

Abstract

In this series we list some important dates and events in history of mathematics and

mathematical culture.

The study of mathematics, like the Nile,

begins in minuteness but ends in magniﬁcence.

Charles Caleb Colton

March, 1

1597 birthdate of Jean-Charles della Faille, Flemish priest and mathematician (d. 1652)

1611 birthdate of John Pell, English mathematician and linguist (d. 1685)

1847 G. Lame presented a proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem to the French Academy. His error

was later pointed out by Liouville and by Kummer.

1862 day of death of Peter Barlow, English mathematician and physicist (b. 1776)

1847 Gabriel Lam´e announced that he believed that he had found a full proof for Fermat’s Last

Theorem. The error was later pointed out by Liouville and by Kummer

1849 Cauchy was reinstated at the Facult´e de Sciences, as a professor of mathematical astronomy

1862 day of death of Peter Barlow, English mathematician and engineer (b. 1776)

1879 birthdate of Robert Daniel Carmichael, American mathematician (b. 1967)

1884 day of death of Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)

1908 day of death of Heinrich Maschke, German mathematician (b. 1853)

1913 day of death of Mario Pieri, Italian mathematician (b. 1860)

1978 day of death of Kiyoshi Oka, Japanese mathematician (b. 1901)

1980 Benoit B Mandelbrot ﬁrst saw an image of the set that would eventually bear his name

2015 day of death of Georg Kreisel, Austrian-born mathematical logician (b. 1923)

1

March, 2

1836 birthdate of Julius Weingartnen, German mathematician (d. 1910)

1862 birthdate of Robert Edgar Allardice, Scottish mathematician (d. 1928)

1885 day of death of Joseph Alfred Serret, French mathematician (b. 1819)

1901 birthdate of Grete Hermann, German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1984)

1906 birthdate of Boris Pavlovich Demidovich, Soviet mathematician (d. 1977)

1912 birthdate of Cliﬀord Hugh Dowker, Canadian-British mathematician (d. 1982)

1962 day of death of Charles Jean de la Vall´ee-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1866)

1978 day of death of Edward Begle, American mathematician and educator (b. 1914)

2009 day of death of Jacob Theodore (Jack) Schwartz, American mathematician and computer

scientist (b. 1930)

March, 3

1703 day of death of Robert Hooke English natural philosopher, architect and polymath (b.

1635)

1837 birthdate of Aleksandr Nikolayevich Korkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1908)

1845 birthdate of Georg Cantor, Russian-German mathematician and philosopher (d. 1918)

1879 day of death of William Kingdon Cliﬀord, English mathematician (b. 1845)

1898 birthdate of Emil Artin, Austrian-German mathematician (d. 1962)

1901 birthdate of Otto Schreier, German mathematician (d. 1929)

1912 birthdate of Andrew Paul Guinand, Canadian mathematician (d. 1987)

1916 birthdate of Paul Halmos, Hungarian-American mathematician (d. 2006)

1931 The managing editor of the Zentralblatt, Otto Neugebauer from G¨ottingen, announced,

in a letter to Courant, “new plans for the foundation of an American abstract journal.”

But, in the same letter, Neugebauer expressed his conﬁdence in his ability to convince the

Americans of the Zentralblatt’s qualities and in their willingness to collaborate: “Veblen

is going to come to Germany and will try to reach an agreement with us. Personally I am

very much in favor of the idea of an American branch of the Zentralblatt”. [32]

1954 day of death of Hendrik De Vries (b. 1867)

1977 birthdate of Kenjiro Shoda, Japanese mathematician (b. 1902)

1991 day of death of William Penney, Baron Penney, Gibraltar-born English mathematician,

physicist (b. 1909)

March, 4

2

1711 Leibnitz, in a letter to Hans Sloane complained: “Nobody knew better than Newton that

this charge is false, for certainly I never heard of the name of the Clculus of Fluxions, nor

saw with these eyes the characters which Newton used.” [4]

1816 day of death of Jos´e de Mendoza y R´ıos, Spanish mathematician (b. 1761)

1822 birthdate of Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)

1833 birthdate of John Monroe Van Vleck, American mathematician and astronomer(d. 1912)

1862 birthdate of Robert Emden, Swiss astrophysicist and mathematician (d. 1940)

1866 birthdate of Eug`ene Cosserat, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1931)

1871 birthdate of Boris Galerkin, Soviet mathematician and engineer (d. 1945)

1889 birthdate of Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician and statistician (d. 1967)

1891 David Hilbert submits article on his space ﬁlling curve ¨

Uber die stetige Abbildung einer

Linie auf ein Fl¨achenst¨uck to the journal Mathematische Annalen

2013 the ﬁrst “Pythagorean Day” of the 21st Century (the second was on June 8, 2010 and the

third was on May 12, 2013 )

March, 5

1512 birthdate of Gerardus Mercator, Flemish mathematician, cartographer, and philosopher

(d. 1594)

1574 English mathematician William Oughtred invented the slide rule

1575 birthdate of William Oughtred, English minister and mathematician (d. 1660)

1624 birthdate of John Collins, English mathematician (d. 1683)

1639 Florimond De Beaune wrote to Marin Mersenne: “I do not think that one could acquire

any solid knowledge of nature in physics without geometry, and the best of geometry

consists of analysis, of such kind that without the latter it is quite imperfect.”

1750 Euler read his Recherches sur la Pr`ecession at the Berlin Academy

1779 birthdate of Benjamin Gompertz, English mathematician and statistician (d. 1865)

1794 birthdate of Jacques Babinet, French physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (d. 1872)

1815 birthdate of Angelo Genocchi, Italian mathematician (d. 1889)

1827 day of death of Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (b. 1749)

1875 day of death of Claude-Louis Mathieu French astronomer and mathematician (b. 1783)

1876 J.J. Sylvester appointed professor of mathematics at Johns Hopkins University. This was

beginning of graduate mathematics education in the United States.

1880 birthdate of Sergei Natanovich Bernstein, Soviet mathematician (d. 1968)

1885 birthdate of Pauline Sperry, American mathematician (d. 1967)

1885 day of death of John Radford Young, English mathematician (b. 1799)

3

1915 birthdate of Laurent-Mo¨ıse Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)

1925 day of death of Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician and engineer (b. 1859)

1927 day of death of Franz Mertens, Polish-Austrian mathematician (b. 1840)

1931 Vera S. Pless, American mathematician

1954 day of death of Julian Lowell Coolidge, American mathematician and educator (b. 1873)

March, 6

1661 the Royal Society, London, England, elected Sir Robert Moray as their ﬁrst president

1741 Euler writes to Goldbach that he has proved “a theorem of Fermat’s” according to which

primes p= 4n+ 3 cannot divide a sum of two squares a2+b2except when both aand b

are divisible by p.

1766 d’Alembert writes Lagrange to tell him Euler is leaving Berlin Academy for St.Petersburg

1805 Adrien-Marie Legendre introduced least squares (that were known 10 years before by

Gauss, who didn’t publish his work)

1832 Gauss replied to Farkas Bolyai about J´anos Bolyai’s work The Absolutely True Science of

Space “if I praised your son’s work I would praise myself”. The letter deeply aﬄicted and

upset J´anos Bolyai, although it reﬂects appreciation, too: “. . .I am very glad that it is

my old friend’s son who so splendidly preceded me”. [23]

1866 birthdate of Ettore Bortolotti, Italian mathematician and historian of mathematics (d.

1947)

1901 birthdate of Naum Ilyich Akhieze, Soviet mathematician (d. 1980)

1939 day of death of Ferdinand von Lindemann, German mathematician (b. 1852)

1944 day of death of Aleksandr Petrovich Kotelnikov, Soviet mathematician (b. 1865)

March, 7

1737 Euler presents his instrumental paper, De fractionibus continuis dissertatio (‘Essay on

continued fractions’), to the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences

1750 Euler wrote d’Alembert describing his eﬀort to derive the precession and inspiring

d’Alembert to try to solve it [9, V. 35]

1792 birthdate of John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)

1824 birthdate of Delﬁno Codazzi, Italian mathematician (d. 1873)

1870 birthdate of Ernst Leonard Lindel¨of, Finnish mathematician (d. 1946)

1886 birthdate of Geoﬀrey Ingram Taylor, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1975)

1889 day of death of Angelo Genocchi, Italian mathematician (b. 1817)

1893 birthdate of Anna Margaret Mullikin, American mathematician (d. 1975)

4

1918 Jan Lukasiewicz, in his “Farewell Lecture” as Rector of Warsaw University, announced his

work on three-valued logic

1905 birthdate of John Macnaghten Whittaker I, British mathematician (d. 1984)

1922 birthdate of Olga Ladyzhenskaya, Soviet mathematician (d. 2004)

1922 day of death of Axel Thue, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1863)

1957 teenager John H Conway in his ﬁrst year at Cambridge writes to H S M Coxeter to ask a

question about the 5,3,3 Polytope in four-dimensions [31]

1964 day of death of Samuel Stanley Wilks, American mathematician (b. 1906)

1966 day of death of Georg Faber, German mathematician (b. 1877)

1971 day of death of Richard Montague, American mathematician and philosopher (b. 1930)

1982 day of death of Ida Barney, American astronomer and mathematician (b. 1886)

1988 day of death of George McVittie, British mathematician and cosmologist (b. 1904)

2008 day of death of David Gale, American mathematician and economist (b. 1921)

March, 8

1688 day of death of Honor´e Fabri, French-Italian Jesuit, mathematician, physicist, astronomer

(b. 1608)

1671 Hooke demonstrates vibration due to sound

1777 Laplace read his memoir Recherches sur le milieu qu’il faut choisir entre les resultants de

plusieurs observations to the Acad´emie des Sciences [6]

1788 birthdate of William Stirling Hamilton, Scottish mathematician (d. 1856)

1822 birthdate of Jules Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)

1851 birthdate of George Chrystal, Scottish mathematician (d. 1911)

1865 birthdate of Ernest Vessiot, French mathematician (d. 1952)

1895 birthdate of Wilhelm S¨uss, German mathematician (d. 1958)

1920 birthdate of George Keith Batchelor, Australian applied mathematician and ﬂuid dynam-

icist (d. 2000)

1945 birthdate of Sylvia Wiegand, American mathematician

1974 day of death of Olive Clio Hazlett, American mathematician and cryptographer (b. 1890)

March, 9

1497 N. Copernicus made his ﬁrst recorded astronomical observation, of our moon eclipsing a

star

1736 Carl Leonhard Gottlieb Ehler, the mayor of Danzig in Prussia (now Gdansk in Poland),

sent a letter to Euler challenging him to solve the K¨onigsburg Bridge Problem [10]

5

1818 birthdate of Ferdinand Joachimsthal, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1832 Wolfgang Bolyai was made a corresponding member of the mathematics section of the

Magyar Academy (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest)

1833 day of death of Jacques Fr´ed´eric Fran¸cais, French mathematician (b. 1775)

1852 birthdate of Constantin Marie Le Paige, Belgian mathematician (d. 1929)

1866 day of death of Edmond Bour, French mathematician (b. 1832)

1900 birthdate of Howard Hathaway Aiken, American mathematician (d. 1973)

1917 day of death of Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (b. 1870)

1931 day of death of Ivan Vladislavovich Sleszynski, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician (b. 1854)

1942 day of death of Mykhailo Pilipovich Krawtchouk, Ukrainian Soviet mathematician (b.

1892)

1948 birthdate of L´aszl´o Lov´asz, Hungarian mathematician

1993 day of death of Max August Zorn, German mathematician (b. 1906)

March, 10

1615 Henry Briggs wrote, “Neper, lord of Markinston, hath set my head and hands a work with

his new and admirable logarithms. I hope to see him this summer, if it please God, for I

never saw a book which pleased me better, and made me more wonder.”

1622 birthdate of Johann Heinrich Rahn, Swiss mathematician (d. 1676)

1748 birthdate of John Playfair, Scottish mathematician (d. 1819)

1773 Laplace introduces inverse probability

1797 Caspar Wessel presented to the Danish Academy of Science his paper on the geometric

representation of the complex numbers

1818 birthdate of Joel E. Hendricks, American mathematician (d. 1893)

1812 Jean Jacques Bret became docteur d´es sciences, having previously been professor of tran-

scendental mathematics at the lyc´ee in Grenoble

1818 birthdate of Joel E. Hendricks, American mathematician (d. 1893)

1825 day of death of Karl Brandan Mollweide, German mathematician (b. 1774)

1864 birthdate of William Fogg Osgood, American mathematician (d. 1943)

1869 birthdate of Benjamin Fedorovich Kagan, Soviet mathematician (d. 1953)

1872 birthdate of Mary Ann Elizabeth Stephansen, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1961)

1912 birthdate of Frank Smithies, British mathematician (d. 2002)

6

1914 In a letter to Geheeb written by Mario Jona, who interviewed H. M¨untz for the position at

a boarding school called the Odenwaldschule, there is the following passage: “He [M¨untz]

is perfectly aware of what he is worth and shows it, which face to face is not so unpleasant

as in writing. As it was I imagined him from his letter to be much more terrible. He

is short, pleasant and with a very serious appearance and sometimes a little clumsy in

politeness, . . . For him the most important thing is his scientiﬁc work. He is in a period

of important scientiﬁc activity, but would like also to work in a school like ours if he also

has time to work for himself.” [28]

1921 day of death of Francis Robbins Upton, American mathematician and physicist (b. 1852)

1948 day of death of Evgeny Evgenievich Slutsky, Soviet mathematician and economist (b.

1880)

1981 day of death of Yaroslav Borisovich Lopatynsky (b. 1906)

1981 Czechoslovakia issued a stamp picturing the philosopher and mathematician Bernhard

Bolzano (1781–1848)

March, 11

1672 Robert Hooke started writing his “Memoranda”, as he called his daily entries

1711 Robert Simson, who had no formal training in mathematics, was elected to the chair of

mathematics at the University of Glasgow on the condition that “he give satisfactory proof

of his skill in mathematics previous to his admission”

1780 birthdate of August Leopold Crelle, German mathematician and engineer (d. 1855)

1782 Euler accepted membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences

1794 Ecole Polytechnique was founded

1811 birthdate of Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1877)

1822 birthdate of Joseph Louis Fran¸cois Bertrand, French mathematician, economist (d. 1900)

1849 day of death of Louis Paul Emile Richard (d. 1849)

1853 birthdate of Salvatore Pincherle, Italian mathematician (d. 1936)

1870 birthdate of Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)

1887 birthdate of Walther Mayer, Austrian mathematician (d. 1948)

1888 birthdate of William Edward Hodgson Berwick, British mathematician (d. 1944)

1895 day of death of Daniel Friedrich Ernst Meissel, German mathematician (b. 1826)

1920 day of death of Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, mathematician, and engi-

neer (b. 1865)

1921 birthdate of Frank Harary, American mathematician (d. 2005)

1924 day of death of Helge von Koch, Swedish mathematician (b. 1870)

7

March, 12

1685 birthdate of George Berkeley, English mathematician (d. 1753)

1774 birthdate of Johann Caspar Horner, Swiss physicist, mathematician and astronomer (d.

1834)

1834 day of death of Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach, German mathematician (b. 1800)

1835 birthdate of Simon Newcomb, Canadian-American astronomer and mathematician (d.

1909)

1859 birthdate of Ernesto Ces`aro, Italian mathematician (d. 1906)

1883 Professor George Chrystal gave an address on “Present Fields of Mathematical Research”

to the ﬁrst regular meeting of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society

1891 Nature published an unsolicited letter from a German hausfrau Miss Agnes Pockels to John

William Strutt (Lord Rayleigh) describe many of the results of Strutt’s own experiments,

and described results and conjectures even beyond his, all done in her own kitchen

1898 day of death of Johann Jakob Balmer, Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1825)

1904 birthdate of Lyudmila Keldysh, Soviet mathematician (d. 1976)

1905 day of death of William Allen Whitworth, English mathematician and a priest (b. 1840)

1915 birthdate of L´aszl´o Fejes T´oth, Hungarian mathematician (d. 2005)

1915 day of death of Arthur Edwin Haynes,(b. 1849)

1920 birthdate of Roland Frass´e, French mathematical logician (d. 2008)

1926 John von Neumann, received his doctorate summa cum laude in mathematics, with minors

in experimental physics and chemistry, from the University of Budapest

1929 birthdate of Louis Norberg Howard, (d. 2015)

1942 day of death of William Henry Bragg, English physicist, chemist, and mathematician,

Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)

1945 birthdate of Vijay Kumar Patodi, Indian mathematician (d. 1976)

1946 day of death of Leonida Tonelli, Italian mathematician (b. 1885)

1959 birthdate of Kenji Fukaya, Japanese mathematician

1972 day of death of Louis Joel Mordell, British mathematician (b. 1888)

2016 day of death of Lloyd Shapley, American mathematician and economist, Nobel Prize

laureate (b. 1923)

March, 13

1641 Vincenzo Renieri wrote to Galileo describing certain experiments on falling bodies, and

casting doubt on Vincenzo Viviani’s account of Galileo’s legendary experiments involving

dropping diﬀerent weights from the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

8

1781 Sir William Herschel discovered Uranus

1833 day of death of Daniel Friedrich Hecht, German mathematician (b. 1777)

1842 birthdate of Joseph Valentin Boussinesq, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1929)

1855 birthdate of Percival Lowell, American astronomer and mathematician (d. 1916)

1879 day of death of Adolf Anderssen, German mathematician and chess player (b. 1818)

1884 day of death of Siegfried Heinrich Aronhold, German mathematician (b. 1819)

1899 birthdate of John Hasbrouck Van Vleck, American physicist and mathematician, Nobel

Prize laureate (d. 1980)

1925 birthdate of John Tate, American mathematician

1928 birthdate of Paulo Ribenboim, Brazilian-Canadian mathematician

1945 birthdate of Anatoly Fomenko, Russian mathematician

1965 day of death of Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)

1987 day of death of Peter Karl Henrici, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)

2016 day of death of Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, mathematician, and computer

scientist (b. 1926)

March, 14

The day of π, the World Maths Day†

1664 Isaac Barrow delivered his “Prefatory Oration” as the ﬁrst Lucasion Professor at Cam-

bridge

1692 birthdate of Pieter van Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physicist (d. 1761)

1838 birthdate of Rev U Jessee Kniseley, American mathematician (d. 1881)

1864 birthdate of J´ozsef K¨ursch´ak, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1933)

1879 birthdate of Albert Einstein (d. 1955)

1882 birthdate of Wac law Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)

1889 birthdate of Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)

1951 Kurt Godel shared the ﬁrst Einstein Award with Julian Schwinger

1962 Norway issued a pair of stamps commemorating the centenary of the birth of Vilhelm

Bjerknes (1862–1951), physicist, meterologist, and mathematician

1973 day of death of Howard Hathaway Aiken, American mathematician (b. 1900)

1995 speaking at the string theory conference at University of Southern California, Edward

Witten made a suggestion that the ﬁve existing string theories were in fact not distinct

theories, but diﬀerent limits of a single theory which he called M-theory

2016 sphere packing for eight dimensions is solved by Maryna Viazovska

9

2018 day of death of Stephen W. Hawking, English theoretical physicist (b. 1942)

†PI, by Wis lawa Szymborska (translated by Stanislaw Baranczak and Clare Cavanagh)

The admirable number pi:

three point one four one.

All the following digits are also initial,

ﬁve nine two because it never ends.

It can’t be comprehended six ﬁve three ﬁveat a glance,

eight nine by calculation,

seven nine or imagination,

not even three two three eight by wit, that is, by comparison

four six to anything else

two six four three in the world.

The longest snake on earth calls it quits at about forty feet.

Likewise, snakes of myth and legend, though they may hold out a bit longer.

The pageant of digits comprising the number pi

doesn’t stop at the page’s edge.

It goes on across the table, through the air,

over a wall, a leaf, a bird’s nest, clouds, straight into the sky,

through all the bottomless, bloated heavens.

Oh how brief a mouse tail, a pigtail is the tail of a comet!

How feeble the star’s ray, bent by bumping up against space!

While here we have two three ﬁfteen three hundred nineteen

my phone number your shirt size the year

nineteen hundred and seventy-three the sixth ﬂoor

the number of inhabitants sixty-ﬁve cents

hip measurement two ﬁngers a charade, a code,

in which we ﬁnd hail to thee, blithe spirit, bird thou never wert

alongside ladies and gentlemen, no cause for alarm,

as well as heaven and earth shall pass away,

but not the number pi, oh no, nothing doing,

it keeps right on with its rather remarkable ﬁve,

its uncommonly ﬁne eight,

its far from ﬁnal seven,

nudging, always nudging a sluggish eternity

10

to continue.

March, 15

1570 Andrea Argoli, Italian jurist, mathematician, astronomer and medical writer (d. 1657)

1790 birthdate of Ludwig Immanuel Magnus, German mathematician (d. 1861)

1868 birthdate of Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)

1871 James Clerk Maxwell in a letter to C. J. Monro comments on the fourth dimension, “The

peculiarity of our space is that of its three dimensions, none is before or after another.

As is x, so is y, and so is z.. .. I am quite sure that the kind of continuity which has four

dimensions all co-equal is not to be discovered by merely generalizing Cartesian space

equations.” [3]

1890 birthdate of Boris Delaunay, Soviet mathematician and mountaineer (d. 1980)

1897 day of death of James Joseph Sylvester, English mathematician (b. 1814)

1900 day of death of Elwin Bruno Christoﬀel, German mathematician and physicist (b. 1829)

1915 the Paris Academy of Science, at a secrete meeting, voted to exclude foreign correspondants

and associates who had signed the manifesto “Aufruf an die Kulturwelt!” [1]

1939 In his letter, Hasse claimed there was a “state of war between the Germans and the Jews”

and considered the separation of both parties in mathematical reviewing a “truly impartial

and hence genuinely international course”. In reaction to this letter Veblen insisted “that

there is a war by the Germans against civilization”. [32]

1960 day of death of Eduard ˇ

Cech, Czech mathematician (b. 1893)

1992 day of death of Deane Montgomery, American mathematician (b. 1909)

2004 day of death of John A. Pople, British mathematician and chemist (b. 1925)

2006 day of death of George Whitelaw Mackey, American mathematician (b. 1916)

March, 16

1789 birthdate of Georg Ohm, German physicist and mathematician (d. 1854)

1821 birthdate of Eduard Heine, German mathematician (d. 1881)

1838 day of death of Nathaniel Bowditch, American captain and mathematician (b. 1773)

1846 birthdate of G¨osta Mittag-Leﬄer, Swedish mathematician (d. 1927)

1866 Friedrich Heinrich Albert Wangerin competed his doctorate from K¨onigsberg University

1915 birthdate of Kunihiko Kodaira, Japanese mathematician (d. 1997)

1916 On his seventieth birthday in 1916, Mittag-Leﬄer and his wife signed their last will and

testament. They gave their entire fortune to found a Mathematical Institute which now

bears their names.

11

1922 day of death of George Bruce Halsted, American mathematician (b. 1853)

1933 day of death of Alfr´ed Haar, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1885)

1940 day of death of Thomas Little Heath, British civil servant, mathematician, classical scholar,

historian of ancient Greek mathematics, translator, and mountaineer (b. 1861)

1941 day of death of Edward Lindsay Ince, British mathematician (b. 1891)

1980 day of death of William Prager, German-born American mathematician (b. 1903)

1986 The Manchester Guardian Weekly announces that Colin Rourke of Warwick and his stu-

dent Eduardo Rego of Oporto University in Portugal have solved the Poincare conjecture.

(It appeared that the proof contained a gap.)

1992 day of death of Yves-Andr´e Rocard, French mathematician and physicist (b. 1903)

2016 day of death of Alexander Esenin-Volpin, Russian-American mathematician and poet (b.

1924)

March, 17

1652 day of death of Benjamin Bramer, German architect and mathematician (b. 1588)

1694 Guillaume L’Hospital hired his former tutor Johann Bernoulli to “work on what I shall ask

you . . . and also to communicate to me your discoveries, with the request not to mention

them to others.” As a result of this cooperation a calculus text containing the famous

“L’Hospital’s rule” (founded by Bernoulli) appeared in 1696.

1733 birthdate of Carsten Niebuhr, German mathematician, cartographer, and explorer in the

service of Denmark (d. 1815)

1771 day of death of Chester Moor Hall, English jurist and mathematician (b. 1703)

1782 day of death of Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician and physicist (b. 1700)

1808 day of death of Carl Friedrich Hindenburg, German mathematician (b. 1741)

1846 day of death of Friedrich Bessel, German astronomer, mathematician, and physicist (b.

1784)

1876 birthdate of Ernest Benjamin Esclangon, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1954)

1853 day of death of Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist and mathematician (b. 1803)

1897 birthdate of Charles Fox, British-Canadian mathematician (d. 1977)

1905 Albert Einstein submits his paper “On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Produc-

tion and Transformation of Light” to the Annalen der Physik

1914 Ramanujan departed from Madras aboard

1915 birthdate of Wolfgang D¨oblin, German-French mathematician (d. 1940)

1922 day of death of Heinrich Suter, Swiss historian of mathematics (b. 1848)

1956 day of death of Henry Frederick Baker, English mathematician (b. 1866)

12

1955 day of death of Georges Jean Marie Valiron, French mathematician (b. 1884)

1962 day of death of Wilhelm Blaschke, German mathematician (b. 1885)

2007 day of death of John Backus, American mathematician and computer scientist, designed

Fortran (b. 1924)

March, 18

1602 birthdate of Jacques de Billy, French Jesuit, theologist and mathematician (d. 1679)

1640 birthdate of Philippe de La Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)

1690 birthdate of Christian Goldbach, Russian mathematician (d. 1764)

1796 birthdate of Jakob Steiner, Swiss mathematician (d. 1863)

1839 birthdate of Joseph-´

Emile Barbier, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1889)

1870 day of death of Agnes Sime Baxter, Canadian mathematician (d. 1917)

1871 day of death of Augustus De Morgan, Indian-English mathematician (b. 1806)

1876 birthdate of Ernest Benjamin Esclangon, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1954)

1911 birthdate of Walter Ledermann, German-British mathematician (d. 2009)

1928 birthdate of Lennart Axel Edvard Carleson, Swedish mathematician

1930 birthdate of James J. Andrews, American mathematician (d. 1998)

1935 birthdate of Ole Barndorﬀ-Nielsen, Danish mathematician and statistician

1964 day of death of Norbert Wiener, American mathematician (b. 1894)

1989 day of death of Harold Jeﬀreys, English astronomer, geophysicist and mathematician (b.

1891)

2010 It had been announced that Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman had met the criteria to receive

the ﬁrst Clay Millennium Prize for resolution of the Poincar´e conjecture, but on July 1

Perelman would refuse to take it.

2013 day of death of Mary Ellen Rudin, American mathematician (b. 1924)

March, 19

1685 day of death of Ren´e-Fran¸coise Walter de Sluse, Walloon mathematician and churchman

(b. 1622)

1791 Metric system, including the decimal subdivision of the circle, advocated in report made

to the Paris Academy of Sciences. The committee consisted of J. C. Borda, J. Lagrange,

P. S. Laplace, G. Monge, and de Condorcet.

1797 Gauss noted in his scientiﬁc diary that he had discovered the double periodicity of certain

elliptic functions

1862 birthdate of Adolf Kneser, German mathematician (d. 1930)

13

1914 birthdate of Leonidas Alaoglu, Canadian-American mathematician (d. 1981)

1922 day of death of George Ballard Mathews, English mathematician (b. 1861)

1937 John von Neumann gave a popular lecture at Princeton on the game of poker

1978 day of death of Gaston Maurice Julia, Algerian-French mathematician (b. 1893)

1984 day of death of Richard Ernest Bellman, American applied mathematician (b. 1920)

2011 day of death of James Laurie Snell, American mathematician (b. 1925)

2019 it was announced that Karen Uhlenbeck has won the Abel Prize becoming the ﬁrst woman

to earn this award

March, 20

1546 birthdate of Baha ad-din Muhammad ibn Husayn al-Amili, Syrian-Iranian theologian,

mathematician and astronomer (d. 1622)

1617 day of death of Fran¸cois d’Aguilon, Belgian Jesuit mathematician, physicist and architect

(b. 1567)

1665 Robert Hooke becomes the Gresham Professor of Mathematics

1834 birthdate of Charles William Eliot, American mathematician (d. 1926)

1840 birthdate of Franz Mertens, Polish-Austrian mathematician (d. 1927)

1884 birthdate of Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist, mathematician, and philosopher

(d. 1966)

1862 birthdate of Adolf Kneser, German mathematician (d. 1930)

1884 birthdate of Philipp Frank, Austrian-American physicist and mathematician (d. 1966)

1895 day of death of Ludwig Schl¨aﬂi, Swiss mathematician (b. 1814)

1920 birthdate of Douglas George Chapman, Canadian-born American mathematical statisti-

cian (d. 1996)

1921 birthdate of Alfr`ed R`enyi, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1970)

1938 birthdate of Sergei Novikov, Soviet Russian mathematician

1983 day of death of Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Soviet mathematician (b. 1891)

March, 21

1543 Copernicus’ De Revolutionibus was published

1699 day of death of Erhard Weigel, German mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (b.

1625)

1768 birthdate of Joseph Fourier, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1830)

1797 Gauss makes an entry in his diary that the perimeter of the lemniscate can be divided

into ﬁve equal parts by ruler and compass

14

1822 day of death of D’Amondans Charles de Tinseau, French mathematician (b. 1748)

1884 birthdate of George David Birkhoﬀ, American mathematician (d. 1944)

1896 birthdate of Friedrich Waismann, Austrian mathematician, physicist, and philosopher from

the Vienna Circle (d. 1959)

1920 birthdate of John Hammersley, British mathematician (d. 2004)

1925 Wolfgang Pauli published his “exclusion principle”

1933 day of death of Enrico D’Ovidio, Italian mathematician (b. 1842)

1934 day of death of Thomas Muir, British mathematician (b. 1844)

1951 birthdate of David Nualart, Spanish mathematician

1960 day of death of Sheila Scott Macintyre, Scottish mathematician (b. 1910)

1980 day of death of Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (b. 1888)

2016 France issues stamp honoring Sophie Germain

2016 Sphere packing for 24 dimensions is solved by Maryna Viazovska

March, 22

1394 birthdate of Ulugh Beg, Persian astronomer and mathematician (d. 1449)

1638 in a letter to Descartes, Mersenne reports that Fermat is able to prove that no number of

the form 4n−1 is a sum of two integral or rational squares [24]

1784 birthdate of Samuel Hunter Christie, British mathematician (d. 1865)

1840 day of death of `

Etienne Bobillier, French mathematician (b. 1798)

1857 birthdate of Paul Doumer, French mathematician, journalist, and politician, 14th Presi-

dent of France (d. 1932)

1917 birthdate of Irving Kaplansky, Canadian-American mathematician (d. 2006)

1926 day of death of Joseph Jean Baptiste Neuberg, Belgian mathematician (b. 1840)

1945 the ﬁrst female Fellows were elected to the Royal Society

1946 birthdate of Rudy Rucker, American mathematician, computer scientist

1953 day of death of Gustav Herglotz, German mathematician (b. 1881)

1987 day of death of Andrew Paul Guinand, Canadian mathematician (b. 1912)

March, 23

1749 birthdate of Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)

1754 birthdate of Jurij Vega, Slovene mathematician, physicist and artillery oﬃcer (d. 1802)

1795 birthdate of Bernt Michael Holmboe, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1850)

1842 birthdate of Susan Jane Cunningham, American mathematician (d. 1921)

1862 birthdate of Eduard Study, German mathematician (d. 1930)

15

1882 birthdate of Emmy Noether, Jewish German-American mathematician and physicist (d.

1935)†

1897 birthdate of John Lighton Synge, Irish mathematician (d. 1995)

1907 birthdate of Hassler Whitney, American mathematician (d. 1989)

1934 birthdate of Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 2017)

1963 day of death of Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician and logician (b. 1887)

1979 day of death of Ivo Lah, Slovenian mathematician and actuary (b. 1896)

2007 day of death of Paul Cohen, American mathematician (b. 1934)

2013 day of death of Boris Berezovsky, Soviet-British mathematician and businessman (b. 1946)

†“My Dance Is Mathematics”, by JoAnne Growney [8]:

They called you der Noether, as if mathematics

was only for men. In 1964, nearly thirty years

past your death, I saw you in a spotlight

in a World’s Fair mural, ”Men of Modern Mathematics.”

Colleagues praised your brilliance–but after

they had called you fat and plain, rough and loud.

Some mentioned kindness and good humor

though none, in your lifetime, admitted it was you

who led the way in axiomatic algebra.

Direct and courageous, lacking self-concern,

elegant of mind, a poet of logical ideas.

At a party when you were eight years old,

you spoke up to solve a hard math puzzle.

Fearless, you set yourself apart.

I followed you and saw you choose

between mathematics and other romance.

For women only, this exclusive standard.

I heard fathers say, ”Dance with Emmy–

just once, early in the evening. Old Max

is my friend; his daughter likes to dance.”

If a woman’s dance is mathematics,

she dances alone.

Mothers said, ”Don’t tease. That strange one’s heart

16

is kind. She helps her mother with the house

and cannot help her curious mind.”

Teachers said, ”She’s smart but stubborn,

contentious and loud, a theory builder

not persuaded by our ideas.”

Students said, ”She’s hard to follow, bores me.”

A few stood ﬁrm and built new algebras

on her exacting formulations.

In spite of Emmy’s talents,

always there were reasons

not to give her rank

or permanent employment.

She’s a paciﬁst, a woman.

She’s a woman and a Jew.

Her abstract thinking

is female and abstruse.

Today, history books proclaim that Noether

is the greatest mathematician

her sex has produced. They say she was good

for a woman.

March, 24

1653 birthdate of Joseph Sauveur, French mathematician and physicist (d. 1716)

1789 T. Jeﬀerson wrote about the latest work by Lagrange to Joseph Willard: “A very re-

markeable work is the ’Mechanique Analytique’ of La Grange in 4to. He is allowed to

be the greatest mathematician now living, and his personal worth is equal to his science.

The object of his work is to reduce all the principles of Mechanics to the single one of the

Equilibrium, and to give a simple formula applicable to them all. The subject is treated in

the Algebraic method, without diagrams to assist the conception. My present occupation

not permitting me to read any thing which requires a long and undisturbed attention, I

am not able to give you the character of this work from my own examination. It has been

received with great approbation in Europe.” [5]

1809 birthdate of Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (d. 1882)

1835 birthdate of Joseph Stefan, Austrian physicist, mathematician, and poet (d. 1893)

17

1848 birthdate of Jules Tannery, French mathematician (d. 1910)

1880 day of death of Alfred Enneper, German mathematician (b. 1830)

1892 birthdate of Marston Morse, American mathematician (d. 1977)

1899 Rene Louis Baire defended his doctoral thesis on the theory of functions of a real variable

1915 day of death of Karol Olszewski, Polish chemist, mathematician, and physicist (b. 1846)

1948 birthdate of Alice Chang, Chinese American mathematician

1956 day of death of Christine Mary Hamill, English mathematician (b. 1923)

1956 day of death of Edmund Taylor Whittaker, English mathematician (b. 1873)

1966 day of death of Anna Johnson Pell Wheeler, American mathematician (b. 1883)

1976 day of death of Francis Dominic Murnaghan, Irish mathematician (b. 1893)

2013 day of death of Yury Marchuk, Russian physicist, mathematician (b. 1925)

2019 day of death of Andrew Browder, American mathematician (b. 1931)

March, 25

1538 birthdate of Christopher Clavius, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1612)

1539 Tartaglia tells Cardano about his method of solving cubic equations and Cardano signs

an oath to keep the method secret, according to Tartaglia [36]

1656 Christiaan Huygens discovered Saturn’s moon Titan

1792 D’Alembert wrote: “I would like to see our friend Condorcet, who assuredly has great

talent and wisdom, express himself in another manner.”

1798 birthdate of Christoph Gudermann, German mathematician (d. 1852)

1818 day of death of Caspar Wessel, Norwegian-Danish mathematician and cartographer (b.

1745)

1822 Gauss in a letter to Heinrich Olbers reveals plans to contact aliens: “With 100 separate

mirrors, each of 16 square feet, used conjointly, one would be able to send good heliotrope-

light to the moon. .. This would be a discovery even greater than that of America, if we

could get in touch with our neighbors on the moon.”

1859 birthdate of Samuil Shatunovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1929)

1871 Sophus Lie informed the faculty that he wanted to defend a doctorate [33]

1931 Kurt G¨odel’s “On formally undecidable propositions of Principia Mathematica and related

systems” was published

1939 birthdate of Richard Alfred Tapia, renowned American mathematician

1952 day of death of Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician, philosopher, and politician

1995 day of death of Lee Albert Rubel, American mathematician (b. 1928)

18

March, 26

1535 day of death of Georg Tannstetter, Austrian mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer

(b. 1482)

1609 day of death of John Dee, English astrologist, astronomer, and mathematician (b. 1527)

1619 Rene Descartes reported (to Isaac Beeckman) his ﬁrst results of “an entirely new science,”

known now as analytic geometry and which he would publish in 1637

1656 birthdate of Nicolaas Hartsoeker, Dutch mathematician and physicist (d. 1725)

1773 birthdate of Nathaniel Bowditch, American mathematician and navigator (d. 1838)

1803 birthdate of John William Lubbock, English astronomer and mathematician (d. 1865)

1848 birthdate of Konstantin Alekseevich Andreev, Russian mathematician (d. 1921)

1859 birthdate of Adolf Hurwitz, Jewish German-Swiss mathematician (d. 1919)

1902 birthdate of Marion Gray, British mathematician (d. 1979)

1903 birthdate of Patrick du Val, British mathematician (d. 1987)

1908 birthdate of Theodore Samuel Motzkin, Israeli-American mathematician (d. 1970)

1912 Einstein told Michele Besso that while developing e static gravitational ﬁeld theory, the

most interesting discovery was the following: He found that the principle of equivalence

of acceleration and gravitation holds only for inﬁnitely small systems. [38]

1913 birthdate of Paul Erd˝os, Hungarian-Polish mathematician (d. 1996)†

1914 birthdate of Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematician (d. 1995)

1914 day of death of John S Mackay, Scottish mathematician (b. 1843)

1922 birthdate of Guido Stampacchia, Italian mathematician (d. 1978)

1933 day of death of J´ozsef K¨ursch´ak, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1864)

2015 day of death of Friedrich L. Bauer, German mathematician, computer scientist (b. 1924)

†Here is a poem written by Tatiana Bonch-Osmolovskaya for Paul Erd˝os [2]:

he was an alien

a descendant of Martians who landed

on what once were Austro-Hungarian highlands

they didn’t like the surroundings

but local girls were impressed by their appearance

so it happened

the Martians ﬂew away before the baby was born

pureblood Martians couldn’t breathe fat terrestrial air

for them life on Earth was unbearable

how had he survived? no one knows

19

possibly on mathematics

he spoke with a terrible accent

loved spicy food

never settled on land

rareﬁed air of pure mathematics

made him as close to Martian atmosphere

as he could reach on Earth

gave him a chance

he inhaled and exhaled mathematics

so people around him exhaled it

together with him

it went viral

ﬁve hundred and four of them

then others together with them

six thousand ﬁve hundred and ninety three

then others with them

thirty three thousands six hundreds and ﬁve

then others. . .

up to thirteen links in a chain

in every direction

until it exhausted the total number

of those who do mathematics

he was writing and writing and writing

papers as if otherwise he’d disappear

he had travelled from one place

of condensed mathematical science

to another all his life all these years

as he self-measured his age in two and a half

billions rotations of the Earth around the Sun

when he exhaled for the very last time

suddenly after giving a talk

at a conference

they found in his pocket a ticket

not to Mars but to another

mathematical conference

now equally inaccessible

20

March, 27

1857 birthdate of Karl Pearson, English mathematician, eugenicist (d. 1936)

1888 day of death of Francesco Fa`a di Bruno, Italian mathematician and priest (b. 1825)

1897 birthdate of Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist (d. 1958)

1905 birthdate of L´aszl´o Kalm´ar, Hungarian mathematician and computer scientist (d. 1976)

1924 birthdate of Margaret K. Butler, American mathematician and computer programmer (d.

2013)

1925 day of death of Carl Neumann, German mathematician (b. 1832)

1929 day of death of Samuil Shatunovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)

1972 day of death of Maurits Escher, famous Dutch mathematical artist (b. 1898)

March, 28

1678 day of death of Claude Fran¸cois Milliet Dechales, French mathematician (b. 1621)

1794 day of death of Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher (b. 1743)

1809 Gauss ﬁnished work on his Theoria Motus, which explained his methods of computing

planetary orbits using least squares

1840 day of death of Simon Antoine Jean Lhuilier, Swiss mathematician (b. 1750)

1847 birthdate of Gyula Farkas, Hungarian mathematician and physicist (d. 1930)

1850 day of death of Bernt Michael Holmboe, Norwegian mathematician (b. 1795)

1874 day of death of Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish-German astronomer and mathematician

(b. 1795)

1923 birthdate of Israel Nathan Herstein, Polish-American mathematician (d. 1988)

1928 birthdate of Alexander Grothendieck, German-French mathematician (d. 2014)

1950 day of death of Ernst David Hellinger, Jewish German-American mathematician (b. 1883)

March, 29

1749 day of death of Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat Condorcet, French mathematician

and philosopher of mathematics (b. 1743)

1806 day of death of John Thomas Graves, Irish jurist and mathematician (b. 1806)

1825 birthdate of Francesco Fa`a di Bruno, Italian mathematician and priest (d. 1888)

1858 pencil with attached eraser patented

21

1865 Engels, in a letter to A. Lange, wrote: “I cannot pass over without a comment on old

Hegel, who they say had no profound mathematical scientiﬁc education. Hegel knew

so much about mathematics that none of his pupils were in a position w publish the

numerous mathematical manuscripts among his papers. The only man to my knowledge to

understand enough about mathematics and philosophy to be able to do that is Mane” [26]

1873 birthdate of Tullio Levi-Civita, Jewish-Italian mathematician (d. 1941)

1896 birthdate of Wilhelm Ackermann, German mathematician (d. 1962)

1912 birthdate of Martin Eichler, German mathematician (d. 1992)

1912 birthdate of Caius Jacob, Romanian mathematician (d. 1992)

1918 birthdate of Le Van Thiem, Vietnamese mathematician (d. 1991)

1923 birthdate of Israel Nathan Herstein, Polish-American mathematician (d. 1988)

1933 Italy issued the world’s ﬁrst postage stamp portraying Galileo

1944 day of death of Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (b. 1868)

1969 birthdate of Shinichi Mochizuki, Japanese mathematician

1999 day of death of Boris A. Kordemsky, Soviet mathematician and educator (b. 1907)

March, 30

1559 day of death of Adam Ries, German mathematician (b. 1492)

1606 birthdate of Vincentio Reinieri, Italian mathematician and astronomer (d. 1647)

1796 The eighteen year old Gauss began his scientiﬁc diary with his construction of the regular

17-gon

1862 birthdate of Leonard James Rogers, British mathematician (d. 1933)

1882 Poincar`e in a letter to Klein about Riemann: “He was one of those geniuses who refresh

so well the face of science that they imprint their character, not only on the works of their

immediate students, but on those of all successors for many years. Riemann created a new

theory of functions, and it will always be possible to ﬁnd there the germ of everything

that has been done and that will be done after him in mathematical analysis.” [22]

1886 birthdate of Stanis law Le´sniewski, Polish mathematician, philosopher and logician (d.

1939)

1892 birthdate of Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (d. 1945)

1910 birthdate of Jozef Marcinkiewicz, Polish mathematician (d. 1940)

1919 day of death of Robin M. Williams, New Zealand mathematician (d. 2013)

1921 friendship and collaboration of Alexandrov and Uryson began [7]

1929 birthdate of Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro, Soviet-Jewish mathematician (d. 2009)

1953 Albert Einstein announced his revised uniﬁed ﬁeld theory

22

1995 day of death of John Lighton Synge, Irish mathematician (b. 1897)

2000 day of death of George Keith Batchelor, Australian applied mathematician and ﬂuid dy-

namicist (b. 1920)

2008 day of death of Roland Fra¨ıss´e, French mathematical logician (b. 1920)

2010 day of death of Jaime Alfonso Escalante Gutierrez, Bolivian educator and mathematician

(b. 1930)

March, 31

1596 birthdate of Ren´e Descartes, French mathematician and philosopher (d. 1650)

1624 day of death of Joao Baptista Lavanha, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1550)

1727 day of death of Isaac Newton (b. 1643)

1730 birthdate of ´

Etienne B´ezout, French mathematician (d. 1783)

1776 day of death of John Bird, English mathematical instrument maker (b. 1709)

1795 birthdate of Louis Paul Emile Richard (d. 1849)

1806 birthdate of Thomas Kirkman, English self-educated mathematician (d. 1895)

1841 day of death of George Green, English mathematician (b. 1793)

1847 birthdate of Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (d. 1878)

1848 birthdate of Diederik Korteweg, Dutch mathematician (d. 1941)

1854 The University of Konigsberg awarded Karl Weierstrass an honorary doctorate. Previously

he was a Gymnasium teacher without a university degree.

1877 day of death of Antoine Augustin Cournot, French mathematician and philosopher (b.

1801)

1917 birthdate of Beno Eckmann, Swiss mathematician (d. 2008)

1920 day of death of Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann, German mathematician (b. 1837)

1928 day of death of Hermann Felix M¨uller, German mathematician and historian of mathe-

matics (b. 1843)

1947 birthdate of Augustin Banyaga, Rwandan-American mathematician

1959 Sof’ja Janovskaja became the ﬁrst chairperson of the newly created department of math-

ematical logic at the Moscow State University

1993 The birth of Spamming. A bug in a program written by Richard Depew sends an article

to 200 newsgroups simultaneously. The term spamming is coined by Joel Furr (a writer

and software trainer) to describe the incident.

2001 day of death of Geoﬀrey Walker, British mathematician (b. 1909)

2003 day of death of Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter, English-Canadian mathematician (b.

1907)

23

Conclusive remarks

Mathematical epigraph are taken from [27]. The dates (if diﬀerent is not indicated) are from [9,

25, 34, 37] (see also Wikipedia). Dates and events for the rest of the months are collected

in [11–21]. A day-by-day version of this calendar can be found in [35]. At the last stages of

preparation of this work we found an excellent reference [30] (and closely related to this [29]), so

some of the dates (that are included in these references also) were double-checked with [29,30].

References

[1] Aubin D. and Goldstein C., The War of Guns and Mathematics: Mathematical Practices and Com-

munities in France and Its Western Allies around World War I, American Mathematical Society,

2014.

[2] Bonch-Osmolovskaya T., Paul Erd˝os, https://www2.math.uconn.edu/˜glaz/Mathematical Poetry at

Bridges/Bridges%202019/TatianaBonchOsmolovskaya PaulErdos.pdf

[3] Bork A.M., The Fourth Dimension in Nineteenth-Century Physics Isis 55 (1964), 326–338.

[4] Brewster D. Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Discoveries of Sir Isaac Newton, Cambridge Univer-

sity Press, 2010.

[5] Fauvel J., Thomas Jeﬀerson, Lecture given by Professor John Fauvel at the University of Virginia on

April 15, 1999, https://math.virginia.edu/history/Jeﬀerson/jeﬀ r.htm .

[6] Gorroochurn P., Classic Topics on the History of Modern Mathematical Statistics: From Laplace to

More Recent Times, John Wiley & Sons, 2016.

[7] Graham L and Kantor J.-M., Naming Inﬁnity. A True Story of Religious Mysticism and Mathematical

Creativity, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2009.

[8] Growney J., Intersections – Poetry with Mathematics, https://poetrywithmathematics.blogspot.com/

.

[9] Historia Mathematica, 1974–2018, http://ftp.math.utah.edu/pub/tex/bib/toc/histmath.html .

[10] Hopkins B. and Wilson R.J., The Truth about K¨onigsberg, The College Mathematics Journal,35(3)

2004, 198–207.

[11] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. January,

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335858138 Mathematical Calendar January ,

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.12535.57765

[12] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. February,

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335859025 Mathematical Calendar February ,

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.11067.57126

[13] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. April, to appear.

24

[14] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. May, to appear.

[15] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. June, to appear.

[16] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. July, to appear.

[17] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. August, to appear.

[18] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. September, to appear.

[19] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. October, to appear.

[20] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. November, to appear.

[21] Ivanova N., Mathematical Calendar. December, to appear.

[22] Keen L., (Author, Editor), Kra I. (Editor), R. E. Rodriguez (Editor), Lipman Bers: A Life in

Mathematics, American Mathematical Society, 2015.

[23] Kiss E., On J´anos Bolyai’s Bicentennial, Mathematical and Physical Journal for High Schools, 2002,

https://www.komal.hu/lap/2002-ang/bolyai.e.shtml .

[24] Lemmermeyer F., Euler, Goldbach, and “Fermat’s Theorem”, Elem. Math. 65 (2010) 144–153.

[25] Mathematical association of America. On this day, https://www.maa.org/news/on-this-day .

[26] Mathematical Manuscripts of Karl Marx, New Park Publications, 1983,

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/Marx Mathematical Manuscripts 1881.pdf

.

[27] Mathematics Quotes, Brainy Quotes, https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/mathematics .

[28] Ortiz E.L. and Pinkus A., Herman Mntz: A Mathematician’s Odyssey,

http://www2.math.technion.ac.il/˜pinkus/papers/Muntz.pdf .

[29] Pat’s Blog, https://pballew.blogspot.com/ .

[30] Rickey V.F., A calendar of mathematical dates, http://fredrickey.info/hm/Dates/default.htm .

[31] Roberts S., King of Inﬁnite Space: Donald Coxeter, the Man Who Saved Geometry, Walker Books,

2006.

[32] Siegmund-Schultze R., “Scientiﬁc Control” in Mathematical Reviewing and German-U.S.-American

Relations between the Two World Wars, Historia Mathematica,21 (1994), 306–329.

[33] Stubhaug A., The Mathematician Sophus Lie: It was the Audacity of My Thinking, Springer Science

& Business Media, 2013.

[34] Tanton J., Encyclopedia of Mathematics, Facts On File, Incorporated, 14 May 2014 - Electronic

books.

[35] This day in history of mathematics, https://www.facebook.com/This-day-in-history-of-mathematics-

103991334328402/?ref=admin hovercard .

25

[36] van der Waerden B.L., A History of Algebra: From al-Khw¯arizm¯

i to Emmy Noether, Springer, 2013.

[37] Vinogradov I.M. (editor), Mathematical Encyclopedia, 1–5, Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1977–1985.

[38] Weinstein G., Why did Einstein Reject the November Tensor in 1912-1913, only to Come Back to it

in November 1915?, ArXiV:1904.02008.

26