Conference Paper

Evolution of Urban Water Treatment Focusing on Hellenic World

Authors:
  • National Foundation for Agricultural Research, Institute of Crete
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Abstract

Sophisticated, well organized and operated urban water supply systems existed in Greece since the Bronze Age. Groundwater from springs has been the first source of water supply since the dawn of human history. The first settlements of towns in ancient Greece were built on hills close to springs, which cover the water demands for domestic use. The strong hydraulic works developed during the Minoan Era (ca. 3200-1100 BC) has been the base of the advanced technological progress for urban water treatment of the centuries that followed. The technological stagnancy during the Dark Ages (ca. 1100-600 BC) was followed by significant progress in the historical times (ca. 630 BC-330 AD). During that period, the city-states were formed and first urbanization occurred and water supply treatment was seriously considered. In the present review the history of potable water treatment focusing on Hellenic world through the centuries is examined.

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