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Development of motor skills applied to basketball in the developmental age

Authors:
VOLUME 14 | Proc4 | 2019 |
S835
Supplementary Issue: Spring Conferences of Sports Science. 15th Convention and Workshop of the International Network of
Sport and Health Science, 5-8 June 2019. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.
Development of motor skills applied to basketball
in the developmental age
MARIO MONTELLA1, ANDREA CECILIANI2, STEFANIA MORSANUTO3, ARIO FEDERICI4, GAETANO
ALTAVILLA5
1
1University of Salerno, Italy
2University of Bologna, Italy
3University Niccolò Cusano of Rome, Italy
4University of Urbino, Italy
5University of Split, Croatia
ABSTRACT
Usually, the training planning large amounts of technical skills and tactical work are planned, neglecting the
part of athletic physical training, while it is necessary to combine the athletic phase with the technical one
according to principle of the complexity of the sports performance that integrates the quantitative part with to
the qualitative one. The study aims to show whether specific workouts aimed at developing and consolidating
the basic motor patterns then lead to an improvement in performance in basketball, which is not only athletic
but also technical and tactical components. Surveys were carried out every two months taking into account
the evolutionary phase of the athletes, monitored on height and weight, in some there was an improvement
and then a deterioration, while for others there was a constant improvement. This study helps to use the test
administration method to monitor the correlation between training and performance activities. Keywords:
Running test; BMI; Weight; Height.
1
Corresponding author. University of Split, Croatia.
E-mail: gaetano.altavilla_@libero.it
Supplementary Issue: Spring Conferences of Sports Science. 15th Convention and Workshop of the International Network of
Sport and Health Science, 5-8 June 2019. University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.
JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE ISSN 1988-5202
© Faculty of Education. University of Alicante
doi:10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.46
Cite this article as:
Montella, M., Ceciliani, A., Morsanuto, S., Federici, A., & Altavilla, G. (2019). Development of motor skills
applied to basketball in the developmental age. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 14(4proc),
S835-S840. doi:https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.46
Proceeding
Montella et al. / Motor skills applied to basketball JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE
S836
INTRODUCTION
Basketball is a team sport that emphasizes the quantitative aspects of performance, strength-endurance-
speed at the highest levels, and qualitative technical and tactical aspects (Raiola, 2017, Raiola Di Tore, 2017,
Raiola, 2013, Gaetano, 2012, D’elia et al, 2018), technical fundamental-offensive and defensive schemes-
tactical strategies (Altavilla, Raiola, 2019, 2015, 2014, Altavilla et al, 2018). In the high level competition there
is an effective balance between the quantitative performance part and the technical, tactical and strategic
qualitative one because of the team of technicians, coaches and athletic trainers is wide and experts ( Izzo,
Varde’i, 2018, Izzo, Bertoni, 2017). Every educator, such as teacher, trainer, coach, technician, has to know
the basis of sport education and performance (D’elia, 2019, D’elia et al, 2018, D’Isanto, 2019, Raiola et al,
2018, Sanseviero et al, 2019). In competitive youth competitions everything is left to the coach who, due to
competitive needs about technical-tactical skills, neglects the aspect of development of athletic motor skills.
The role of the body and movement is the most important cultural aspects in skill learnings first of all, for
physical activity (Ceciliani, 2019, Ceciliani et al, 2005, D’Isanto, 2016, Valentini et al, 2018ab) and sport in
ecological vision (Di Tore et al, 2017)Thus, in the annual training plan, large amounts of technical and tactical
work are planned, neglecting the part of athletic physical training, while it is a duty to combine the athletic
phase with the technical one by virtue of the principle of the complexity of sports performance which
integrates the quantitative part with the qualitative one. The study aims to highlight that motor skills training
is necessary and testing can be used as a monitoring in training activities to check the athletic and physical
condition of the athlete and the entire team. From this point of view, there will certainly be improvements,
even from a technical and tactical aspects, such as to compete with greater probability of success.
METHOD
The method is experimental based on data collection before and after training activities. Typical speed tests
of youth basketball were used. The tests, on 24 meters and 48 meters, were subjected to a sample of 12
male players (amateur team under 14), aged between 13 and 14 years. The data was collected at the
beginning and at the end of a period of about 6 months of training (from October to March): mean and
standard deviation of anthropometric data. The statistical analysis of the data was conducted with a T-Test
to verify the difference between pre and post training. The significant difference was fixed with p <0.05. To
have a numerical feedback and to verify the validity of this method of approach to the workouts we have
administered tests on the 24 meters taking into account that the players in the game situation, offensive
transition is the distance travelled, and on 48 meters holding two actions of play an offensive and a defensive
and as further proof that this approach brings improvements the average points scored at each game went
up by 3.1 per race. Before each workout, a 15-minutes session was reserved to work on joint mobility and
general motor skills. Starting point is the weight and height of each athlete, followed by their timed times on
the 24 (length of the basketball court) and 48 meters (round-trip of the basketball court).
RESULT
Table 1. - Recruitment carried out 23 October 2018
Athletes
Height
Weight
24 Mt
48 Mt
BMI
1
1.53
38.3
5.31
10.75
17.1
2
1.61
48.1
4.67
9.87
19.9
3
1.63
58.8
4.88
9.88
22.6
4
1.59
59
5.75
11.62
23.1
5
1.78
95.4
5.84
11.94
29.9
Montella et al. / Motor skills applied to basketball JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE
VOLUME 14 | Proc4 | 2019 |
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6
1.54
49.7
4.75
11.5
20.3
7
1.58
58
5.34
10.21
21.5
8
1.65
50
5.12
10.47
19.2
9
1.51
44
5.43
10.81
19
10
1.78
66.5
5.66
10.81
21.2
11
1.6
59
5.31
10.68
22.6
12
1.58
47.6
5.56
10.97
19
Media
1.615
56.2
5.30
10.79
21.28
SD
0.08
14.02
0.37
0.62
3.11
Table 2. Recruitment carried out 8 March 2019
Athletes
Height
Weight
24 Mt
48 Mt
BMI
1
1.55
41.05
4.72
9.94
17.1
2
1.63
52.4
4.32
8.64
19.9
3
1.63
60
4.32
9.51
22.6
4
1.61
59.4
5.04
10.47
23.1
5
1.8
97
5.98
11
29.9
6
1.57
50
4.65
11
20.3
7
1.67
59.6
4.45
9.03
21.5
8
1.66
52.7
3.92
9.43
19.2
9
1.54
44.1
4.71
10.48
19
10
1.79
67.6
4.58
10.28
21.2
11
1.63
60
4.65
9.44
22.6
12
1.59
47.8
4.65
11.06
19
Mean
1.64
57.64
4.67
10.02
21.28
SD
0.08
13.94
0.48
0.78
3.11
Tables n. 3 and n. 4 show a significant difference in the work done during the period from October to March,
therefore the improvement in performance is confirmed. Instead, tables 5 and 6 show a high correlation
between the height and weight variables in the two pre and post training periods (October and March); indeed
at the end of the training period (March) there is a further correlation increase (0.869).
Table 3. Difference on 24 mt (October - March)
T-test
Paired differences
t
gl
Sign.
(with two
tails)
Mean
SD
Mean
standard
error
Mean standard error 95%
Lower
Upper
VAR01 - VAR02
.63583
.38696
.11170
.38997
.88169
5.692
11
.000
The significant difference was set with p <0.05.
There is a significant difference in the shot at 24 meters between the two time series (October and March).
Montella et al. / Motor skills applied to basketball JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE
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Table 4. Difference on 48 mt (October - March)
T-test
Paired differences
t
gl
Sign.
(with two
tails)
Mean
SD
Mean
standard
error
Mean standard error
95%
Lower
Upper
VAR01 - VAR02
.76917
.43402
.12529
.49340
1.04493
6.139
11
.000
The significant difference was set with p <0.05.
There is a significant difference in the shot at 48 meters between the two time series (October and March).
Table 5. Correlation Height - Weight (October)
VAR00001
VAR00002
VAR00001
Correlation of Pearson
1
.818**
Sign. (two tails)
.001
N
12
12
VAR00002
Correlation of Pearson
.818**
1
Sign. (two tails)
.001
N
12
12
**. Correlation is significate at level 0.01.
Table 6. Correlation Height - Weight (March)
VAR00001
VAR00002
VAR00001
Correlation of Pearson
1
.869**
Sign. (two tails)
.000
N
12
12
VAR00002
Correlation of Pearson
.869**
1
Sign. (two tails)
.000
N
12
12
**. Correlation is significate at level 0.01.
DISCUSSION
Tables 3 and 4, through the elaboration of the t-test, confirm the improvements on the 24 meters and on the
48 meters during the period October-March; therefore it means that the pre and post training group achieved
a significant difference with respect to the p-value, set with p <0.05. Tables n. 5 and. 6 show that there is a
high correlation (0.818) between height and weight in the first period (October) and is confirmed, indeed there
is a further increase (0.869), at the end of the training period ( March).
Montella et al. / Motor skills applied to basketball JOURNAL OF HUMAN SPORT & EXERCISE
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CONCLUSION
If you only work in projections of the games the boys' growth is reduced only to situations experienced in
training, surely the type of training chosen has long periods of time, but aims at making each athlete
autonomous both in the choices and in the situations putting every athlete in the best condition to be able to
interpret game situations effectively. This study helps to use the test administration method to monitor the
correlation between training and performance activities as tool for coaching.
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This work is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
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