Alcohol and Tobacco Consumption in English and French Novels Since the 1950s: A Corpus-Stylistic Analysis

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The article explores references to the consumption of alcohol and tobacco in English and French fiction since the 1950s from a corpus-stylistic and corpus-driven vantage point. The extraction of Recurrent Lexico-syntactic Trees (RLTs) related to alcohol and tobacco consumption from a corpus containing texts of five different literary genres (crime, romance, science fiction, fantasy and general fiction [GEN]) served as a starting point for a comparison of the most productive RLTs in both languages and an analysis of their textual functions. The cigarette script and the drink script in English and French fiction are analysed with respect to their diegetic, social and affective as well as identification functions.

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Philip Roth having Jewish ethnicity is a distinguished and famous writer in American literature. In his first novella Goodbye, Colombus, containing five other short stories, there are numbers of Jewish characters from all classes. This diversity enables the author make a good humor and flippancy in the lower and upper classes or between each other. Neil Klugman who is both narrator and protagonist of the novella living in working class neighborhood falls in love with Brenda Patimkin, a college student from a wealthy family. Roth from Klugman’s point of view satirizes and humors Jews and their relationships between themselves and Gentiles. The author manages to lampoon his society and himself as a Jew of New Jersey. In this study, Roth’s first novella written in 1959, Goodbye, Colombus will be argued in terms of satirical and humoristic characteristics.
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This paper will zoom-in upon one of the greatest modernist writers and influential figures of the twentieth century, James Joyce. In this way, following his life’s developments, from his troubled childhood to his frantic life abroad with Nora Barnacle, his literary work and his inspirational sources, we will try to establish whether alcohol consumption hindered or aided his creative process. In order to do so, this article will present events that might have triggered the drinking, the rituals and ‘customs’ of the process, as they seem to be in some kind of interrelation. These facts will be rendered while using close textual analyses of his literary works in the context of addiction.
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After reintroducing some diachronic elements about the development of the notions of desire and volition for want - a verb originally associated with an idea of deficit or lack - this paper aims to study the semantics of the want NP construction. It is proposed that the notion of deficit should be integrated into its modern meaning, a point which is only tacitly acknowledged in some hypotheses arguing that this construction can be systematically rephrased with the help of a deleted element - ranging from a verb to an abstract preposition. These approaches are understood as trying to account for the fact that the notions want NP expresses today are semantically always situated beyond that of deficit, a state of affairs which is achieved through a covert embedded relation. These views are first critically assessed so that their systematicity is questioned. It is then proposed, in an enunciative approach, that the concept of prospective validation and Culioli’s topological representation of the notional domain are relevant to account for the construction of the notions of desire and volition from that of deficit. This claim raises the issue of the management of cognitive otherness, which is central in predicting the meaning of some want-constructions that are not addressed in those hypotheses.
Le roman policier français entre 1970 et 2000La thèse suivante procède à l’analyse littéraire de romans policiers français de la fin du XXème siècle. L’intention est alors de montrer que si ces romans policiers peuvent être analysés avec les outils de l’analyse littéraire, ces romans peuvent alors être considérés comme des œuvres littéraires et leurs auteurs comme des écrivains à part entière. Le corpus contient les principaux romans de quatre auteurs répartis sur les quatre dernières décennies du XXème siècle : Jean-Patrick Manchette, Frédéric H. Fajardie, Didier Daeninckx et Tonino Benacquista. Les outils d’analyses choisis sont ceux liés aux personnages de romans, aux lieux dans lesquels se déroulent ces romans et aux différents types d’intrigues proposées par les auteurs. Il s’agit des travaux d’Yves Reuter, d’Isabelle Krzywkowski ou Paul Larivaille. Ces auteurs ont permis l’analyse des textes choisis et ont aussi permis à l’auteur de confronter ces mêmes textes aux outils d’analyse littéraires en usage académique.C’est ainsi que l’analyse littéraire produite par l’auteur permet d’avancer l’idée que les textes des romans policiers, en étant analysés avec ces outils, peuvent faire partie du corpus ordinaire de la littérature
Study of the cognitive dimensions of stories and storytelling has become an important subdomain within the field of narrative analysis. Concerned both with how people understand narratives and with narrative itself as a mode of understanding, cognitive approaches have emerged from a larger 'narrative turn' unfolding across many disciplines. This article surveys specific analytic paradigms that have helped shape cognitive narrative analysis, including structuralist narratology, artificial-intelligence research, cognitive linguistics, and discursive psychology, and traces forward the influence of these paradigms on some of the main trends within the field. Furthermore, after discussing criticisms leveled against cognitive approaches, the article outlines areas of concern that can be viewed as targets for future research.
Now that cigarette-smoking seems on its way to the dustbin of history, it is worth reflecting on its status as one of the defining elements of twentieth-century style.
L’alcool et les alcools sont des thèmes étroitement associés au monde littéraire : si l’on en doutait, une recherche dans la base Frantext, qui comporte près de 3952 textes français et francophones, suffirait à nous en convaincre : une requête sur le lemme alcool ne ramène pas moins de 3338 occurrences. Si l’on élargit l’isotopie considérée, on trouve 23 372 occurrences de vin, 2953 mentions de bière, 1436 d’eau-de-vie, 834 de Champagne, 122 de cognac… ainsi que quelques dizaines de cuites, r...
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