International Politics (2020) 57:150–165
China’s rise andUS hegemony: Renegotiating hegemonic
order inEast Asia?
Published online: 4 September 2019
© Springer Nature Limited 2019
China’s resurgence has prompted an increased interest among English School theo-
rists in assessing the great power strategies adopted to deal with that change in Bei-
jing’s status, as well as a focus on the degree of challenge that a resurgent China
poses to what is commonly recognized as US hegemony in the Asia-Paciﬁc region.
China’s material rise into the ranks of great powers has brought with it certain
expectations and responsibilities for great power management that Beijing has tried
in various ways to fulﬁl. While it has chosen only selective contestation of the mate-
rial and normative pillars of the extant US-led regional order, Beijing has begun to
outline a regional vision and to use its material power in ways that are leading to
renegotiation of some of the primary institutions of East Asian hegemonic order.
However, China’s partial bid for hegemonic transition has so far been stymied by
a mismatch between the vision of order it has promulgated and some of the pol-
icy actions that Beijing has taken. As a result of this mismatch, a current or future
Chinese search for hegemonic status already has met various forms of resistance,
including the prompting of networked forms of defence cooperation in the region.
Keywords China and East Asia· China’s Rise· Hegemonic transition· US
Hegemony in international society is a central concept in English School (ES)
theorizing and conceived as a primary form of great power management. China’s
resurgence has prompted an increased interest among ES theorists in assessing
the great power strategies adopted to deal with that change in Beijing’s status, as
* Rosemary Foot
1 Department ofPolitics andInternational Relations, University ofOxford, Oxford, UK
2 St. Antony’s College, University ofOxford, OxfordOX26JF, UK