There is an increasing need for a residential style called "parent-child proximity residence". Also, going-out activity is desirably facilitated in maintaining the physical and mental health. However, the influence of the close-residential relationship gives to going-out activity of the elderly, it does not become fully apparent. Therefore, it is important to clarify the impact of the relationship to going-out activity. Through this research following has been identified: 1) There is a difference in going-out activity depending on distance relationship between parent and child's residence. 2) Among close-residential relationship, depending on the degree of dependence on child households, there is a difference in going-out activity. 3) Anxiety about old age depends on degree of dependence and autonomy to child household.