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Produced for the TL project intervention and advancement of common bean program of Ethiopia

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Abstract

Tropical Legumes III - " Improving Livelihoods for Smallholder Farmers: Enhanced Grain Legume Productivity and Production in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia" project end of project presented poster
Produced for the
27 February 4 March 2016
TL project intervention and advancement of common bean program of Ethiopia
Berhanu A. Fenta1, Tigist S.1, Abel M.1, Endeshaw H2., Chelot Y. Tizale2, Dagmawit T.1, Kassaye N.1, Kidane T., Rubyogo J. Claude3, Enid Katungi4, Clare M. Mukankusi4
1 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Melkassa Research Centre, P.O.Box 436, Ethiopia, 2 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), 2003
3 International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), P.O. Box 2704, Arusha, 4International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), P.O.Box 6247, Kampala, Uganda
Twenty common bean varieties have been
released and almost 50%of them were shelfed.
Few varieties were dominating local and
international market
Table. On shelf bean varieties before 2007
Status of breeding
Genomic/other modern breeding tools were not available
Deployment of marker assisted selection non existent
No Digital data capture and handling
No modern breeding data management system
Status of seed system
Foundation seed production at 2007 was 60-100t/year
Certified/QDS quantities at 2007 was 500t/year
Promotional/awareness creation approaches were:
Pre-extension demonstration by research extensionist &
MoA
Demonstration and field days
MoA extension service
Minimal seed production and delivery to users
Variety turnover was almost
none and due to this fact seed
replacement rate was so sluggish
The ruling varieties in the seed
system were
Mexican 142: released 1970s
Red Woliyta : released 1970s
Link seed systems & grain market demand
Promoting local, regional and international market
demanded on shelf varieties using different
promotion approach
Approach
Small & medium seed pack
promotion
Enhancing EGS multiplication
Enhancing decentralized seed
system (QDS)
Linking seed system with
cooperative unions
Eight Bean Multi-stakeholder platforms
Demo and field days
Variety replacement of commercial beans
Parameter
Effect
Remarks
Productivity/Yield (kg/Ha)
336
Harvesting more than non
-
adopters
Technical efficiency (%)
4.8
Adopters combine inputs more
efficiently
compared to non-
adopters
Food intake (Food
consumption score)
9.1
Adopters are eating more often
and better quality food
Probability of being poor
(%)
-4.0
Adopters are getting less poorer
Impact of TL varieties adoption
Production, productivity & area coverage increased
Enhanced export earning from bean export
Breeding program assessment tool (BPAT) using
detailed description of the country’s Breeding
Processes and Enablers
Product concept development
Release of 30 varieties focused on specific
target traits
Drought resilient
varieties (extra early
varieties)
Preference by regional
& international market
Local market and
consumers preferred
varieties
Multiple disease
resistance
Started to use MAS for example for bruchid
resistance population.
Enhanced breeder seed production & delivery
Increased amount of foundation & certified seed
SITUATION IN 2007
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