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E-BOOK II European Conference on Domestic Violence

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In recent years, scientific research has neglected the importance of personality and trait emotions in explaining fear of crime. Through a survey administered to 205 individuals, this study explored the relationship between individual variables and abstract fear of crime, perception of victimization risk (cognitive dimension), and behavioral expressions. A positive correlation between neuroticism (a personality dimension) and the abstract fear of crime was observed but not with the cognitive and behavioral dimensions. It was also found that trait fear emotion correlated only with the abstract fear of crime. Contrary to what was hypothesized, social desirability was positively correlated with abstract fear of crime, cognitive dimensions and behavioral dimensions in both men and women. Lastly, regression models revealed that distinct variables explaining each of the fear of crime dimensions exist. The implications of the findings are discussed herein.
The purpose of this paper is to describe how elder mistreatment (EM) assessment has been conducted in emergency departments in an ongoing Study on elder neglect and to present profiles of older adults who are assessed as neglected by domestic caregivers. Data from 334 patients, which include 22 neglect cases, are presented in order to examine the demographic profile of the sample and the differences between the neglect and non-neglect groups. Results Suggest that, although there are no differences in the basic demographic variables of the two groups, differences exist in regards to the type of caregiver, the reason for the patient's emergency department visit, and the elder's functional and dependency status.
Violence against the Aged (VAA) can take on the form of psychological, physical, sexual, economic abuse or neglect. The under-reporting of VAA is a major problem, although both Canadian and USA studies show that the consequences of this crime are very serious. Moreover, although the rates may be stable (5-10%), the numbers are rising due to the aging of the Canadian and USA populations. In this paper, I introduce an integrated conceptual model for predicting VAA, which goes beyond intimate partner violence. The model also suggests that struggles against VAA must simultaneously occur at the personal, social and structural dimensions.
The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is a long term, in-depth analysis of over 17,000 adult Americans, matching their current health status against adverse childhood experiences that occurred on average a half-century earlier. We found that such adverse childhood experiences are quite common although typically concealed and unrecognized; that they still have a profound effect a half century later, although now transmutated from psychosocial experience into organic disease; and that they are the main determinant of the health and social well-being of the nation. Our findings are of direct importance to the everyday practice of medicine and psychiatry because they indicate that much of what is recognized as common in adult medicine is the result of what is not recognized in childhood. The ACE Study challenges as superficial the current conceptions of depression and addiction, showing them to have a very strong dose-response relationship to antecedent life experiences.