Conference Paper

Social media mining for BIM skills and roles for energy efficiency

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Abstract

Information modelling for the construction industry can address the fragmentation, multitude of professions and companies that often require collaboration and data exchange. Construction projects involve various professions, including design teams, contractors, facility managers, product manufacturers and suppliers, user associations, clients and investors, and local/regional/national/international authorities. The increasing complexity of buildings is reflected in the continuous introduction of new procurement paths and methods, construction technologies, materials and construction methods to meet various economic, environmental and societal challenges. To address this level of complexity Building Information Modelling (BIM) can create synergies and support collaboration not only between traditional disciplines and roles (architecture, structure, mechanical and electrical), but also support many new professions and skills in areas such as energy, environment, waste and connected objects / Internet of Things. In this paper, we explore the dynamic nature of BIM with associated skills and roles and demonstrate how engagement and training can be informed by social media analysis to identify roles, skills and training needs. We conduct a data mining process by analysing the Twitter data of various companies and institutions involved in the BIM construction sector to discover new skills and roles for energy efficiency.

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... Following the evolvement of the BIM technology, most employers expect recent graduates and employees to possess BIM knowledge before entering the industry. According to Hodorog et al. (2019), the construction industry prefers to recruit future employees with intensive conceptual knowledge of BIM rather than those with mere BIM application skills. Therefore, the inclusion of intensive training in BIM in the university curriculum can provide graduates with better understanding of the BIM process hence improving their knowledge of the technology and processes (Ismail et al., 2019). ...
... Various softwares are used in BIM-related projects, such as Revit, ArchiCad, Naviswork (Kovacic & Filzmoser, 2015). These tools can provide various possibilities for exchange of data and collaboration in the construction industry (Hodorog et al., 2019). A study by Huang (2017) found that laser scanning, virtual reality, and mixed reality were also adopted in BIM-related projects in the AEC industry. ...
... Graduates need to know the operational tools for creating a model and analysing the effective collaborative of BIM model (Sampaio, 2014). According to Hodorog et al (2019), BIM curriculum programmes should emphasise understanding computer application concepts and BIM processes. In the same vein, Shelbourn et al. (2017) maintained that university programmes should emphasise BIM tools in their curriculum. ...
... Interoperability, in the specific case of BIM and energy analysis tools, is seen as low [92], tool-dependent [70] and as a challenge to an industry-wide BIM adoption [5,30,85,189]. Some works, from Gao et al. [73], Kim et al. [113] and Lu et al. [126] identify the process of data extraction as one of the challenges hindering high interoperability levels, while others, as per Ceranic et al. [46], Kamel et al. [110] and Tang et al. [190], mention discrepancies in [42,54,74,75,79,89,90,118,119,166,[199][200][201] Urban scale analysis (BIM/GIS) [40,47,56,87,98,149,171,180,184,207] Building monitoring [33,42,59,83,96,131,148,192,197 data file structures of software as another obstruction to the evolution of interoperability. Another obstacle is due to loss of data in the data exchange process between tools, as per Gao et al. [72] and Ghaffarianhoseini et al. [78]. ...
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The Architecture, Engineering, Construction, and Operations (AECO) sector is responsible for a great proportion of the global energy consumption and associated environmental impacts. On this front, and from a sustainability improvement perspective, the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) capabilities could represent an opportunity to improve these impacts in all steps of a building’s life. The main purpose of the current paper is to identify the areas in which BIM technology can or already is playing a role in improving building efficiency, helping AECO sector stakeholders in reducing environmental impacts. In the current paper, the impact of using BIM to enhance the building energy efficiency is explored through a scientometric analysis and a systematic literature review. There is a high interest among the scientific community in these fields, given the recent rise in publications and citation numbers. Moreover, there is a lack of interoperability between BIM and energy analysis tools, a high potential for integrating BIM with other technologies, such as thermography, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and monitoring, and a very positive impact from the use of BIM in the optimisation of construction solutions which allow energy savings in the AECO sector.
... Such professions and roles are changing from traditional competencies which were required in a construction project to more informationdriven skills promoted by the digitisation of the industry. Such skills and roles are continuously changing from one project to another especially since the gradual embodiment of BIM in design, construction, and operation processes alongside the quest to address energy efficiency (Petri et al. 2017(Petri et al. , 2018Hodorog et al. 2019). Therefore, the research problem which needs to be addressed involves the understanding of such dynamics in the Construction industry and associated implications for roles and skills with a view to harmonising as well as devising training and educational programmes for the current as well as the next generation of construction professionals. ...
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The recent adoption of building information modelling (BIM), and the quest to decarbonise our built environment, has impacted several segments of the supply chain, including design and engineering practitioners, prompting the need to redefine the construction personnel positions along with associated skills and competencies. The research informs ways in which practitioners can fully embrace the potential of BIM for energy efficiency to promote sustainable interventions by improving existing training practices and identifying new training requirements as BIM evolves and as practitioners’ ICT (Information and Communications Technology) maturity levels improve. This is achieved by adopting a novel text-mining approach which analyses social media alongside secondary sources of evidence to establish a level of correlation between BIM roles and skills. The use of ontological dependency analysis has helped to understand the degree of correlation of skills with roles as a method to inform training and educational programmes. A key outcome from the research is a semantic web-based mining environment which determines BIM roles and skills, as well as their correlation factor, with an application for energy efficiency. The paper also evidences that (a) construction skills and roles are dynamic in nature and evolve over time, reflecting the digital transformation of the Construction industry, and (b) the importance of socio-organisational aspects in construction skills and related training provision. Graphic abstract
... Twitter has also been used as a source for the application of sentimental analysis to find out the public's perception of the use of renewable energies [76]. Also, a study concerning the implementation of energy efficiency systems in building construction incorporates content analysis techniques applied to Twitter to find out the public's opinion on the issue and detect the topics of greatest interest to potential users [77]. Similar results were found in our study. ...
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Energy efficiency is part of the commitment to environmental sustainability made by the organizations that promote and finance research and by the researchers that make this field their subject of study. Although there is growing interest in the subject, it is worth asking whether the research has been approached considering citizens’ needs or citizens’ participation. The main objective of this study is to analyse whether energy efficiency research has adopted a citizen science perspective. Using scientometric methods, the SCOPUS and CORDIS databases were consulted and a document search strategy was developed to gather information on publications and projects. The analysis revealed that, out of 265 projects under the Seventh Framework Programme on Energy Efficiency, only seven (3%) were related to citizen science. Although there is a large volume of publications on energy efficiency (over 200,000) and a considerable number of publications on citizen science (>30,000 articles), only 336 documents were identified that deal with both topics. The number of projects and publications on these topics has increased in recent years, with universities being the institutions that have published the most. Content analysis found that the most frequent topics are public perception of the use of renewable energies; citizen participation in measures to address climate change and global warming; and the involvement of different stakeholders in the use and responsible consumption of energy. Finally, information was collected on the impact of these publications on social media and altmetric tools. It was revealed that 33% of the 336 papers have had a presence in different sources, especially Twitter. This is a high figure compared with the dissemination achieved by papers from other disciplines.
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Absract The paper provides a review of knowledge management (KM) literature with a focus on recent value creation trends of the KM discipline. The review spans a large spectrum of KM research ranging from the ‘soft’ (socio-organizational) to technical dimensions of KM, published in the academic and trade literature. An interpretive stance is adopted so as to provide a holistic understanding and interpretation of organizational KM research and models. Value creation is grounded in the appropriate combination of human network, social capital, intellectual capital, and technology assets, facilitated by a culture of change. It is argued that to be effective organizations need not only to negotiate their migration from a knowledge sharing to a knowledge creation culture, but also to create sustained organizational and societal values. The latter form the foundation of the proposed ‘knowledge value creation’ concept and represent key organizational and societal challenges faced by modern organizations.
BIMbased EU-wide standardized qualification framework for achieving energy efficiency training
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