Perspectives of Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare Mill.) Use for Energy Purposes

  • Polissia National University
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The thesis focuses mainly on primary logistic strategies as well as the place and structure of logistic costs in the accounting system of an enterprise. The final element was an analysis of logistic costs on the example of 50 enterprises specialising in agricultural production. The obtained results of empirical studies prove that costs of logistic infrastructure form a significant part of general costs, which can be reduced through proper management. Consequently, as far as the creation of the competitive edge is concerned, it is important to identify and control these costs precisely and continuously in the structure of enterprise operation costs.
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Energy plant species are plants characterized by high annual growth, resistance to disease and pests, small habitat requirements and adaptation to the Polish climatic conditions. A new species, characterized by high values of pro energetic attributes is cup plant Silphium perfoliatum L. The aim of the research was to determine the influence of the material fragmentation degree on the selected quality parameters of briquette from cup plant biomass. Briquetting was conducted at the pressure of agglomeration: 27 MPa, 37 MPa, 47 MPa. The research material was cup plant shoots pre-chipped to the theoretical length L = 10 mm and then milled into a hammer mill using a sieve with the diameter of holes: ø10 mm (S10) and ø6 mm (S6). The obtained briquette quality was assessed according to the guidelines included in. Accordance with these requirements determined the specific density of the briquette. Further the durability of the obtained briquettes according to was determined. It has been shown that the greater degree of material fragmentation causes an increase in the investigated quality parameters but the briquette obtained from the chipped raw material is characterized by allowed standard quality, so in the cup plant briquetting process we can skip the grinding stage.
The paper presents the results of research work aimed at determining process parameters for production of quality briquettes from Miscanthus raw material. Raw material was obtained from southern Ukraine from the autumn harvest. The obtained results clearly indicate that adequate grinding, humidity reduction of less than 15% and application of agglomeration pressures above 37 MPa, results in obtaining satisfactory quality briquettes. Compliance with the developed technological assumptions should not in practice lead to technical problems that will have a significant impact on the dissemination of this activity in rural Ukraine.
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