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Design and Implementation of Intelligent Home Management System Based on Wireless Control Module

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To solve the problem of “difficulty of control” in smart home, this paper proposes the design of smart home management system based on wireless control module. Users can use mobile phones to control household appliances in real time on the Internet, so as to achieve remote control and real-time monitoring, timely handling of emergencies and other functions. Therefore, home life, safety and convenience can be effectively improved.
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Journal of Physics: Conference Series
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Design and Implementation of Intelligent Home Management System
Based on Wireless Control Module
To cite this article: Nan Wang et al 2019 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1237 042059
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ICSP 2019
IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1237 (2019) 042059
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1237/4/042059
1
Design and Implementation of Intelligent Home Management
System Based on Wireless Control Module
Nan Wang1,*, Aimin Pan2, Liexiang Wei3
School of Computer Science, Wuhan Donghu University, Wuhan 430212, China
*Corresponding author’s e-mail: Wangnan9@tom.com
Abstract. To solve the problem of "difficulty of control" in smart home, this paper proposes
the design of smart home management system based on wireless control module. Users can use
mobile phones to control household appliances in real time on the Internet, so as to achieve
remote control and real-time monitoring, timely handling of emergencies and other functions.
Therefore, home life, safety and convenience can be effectively improved.
1. Introduction
The global market of the intelligent home has reached US$48.5 billion in 2015, but then the growth
rate slowed down gradually. It is expected to maintain an annual growth rate of about US$8 billion
and reach US$71 billion in 2018. According to the survey data of the smart home industry in the
United States, the smart home market capacity in the United States in 2016 was 9.715 billion US
dollars, which has become the largest country in the global smart home market capacity. The top five
countries in the global smart home market are the United States, Japan, Germany, China and the
United Kingdom. Among them, the intelligent home market in the United States has a capacity of
9,915 million US dollars; Japan has a capacity of 1,128.9 billion US dollars; Germany has a capacity
of 925.6 million US dollars; China has a capacity of 520 million US dollars and Britain has a capacity
of 477.5 million US dollars.
The history and present situation of the smart home industry in China is that according to the
Research Report on the Development Analysis and Investment Potential of Smart Home Industry in
China from 2016 to 2021 issued by China Report Hall, it is estimated that the potential market size of
Smart Home in China is about 5.8 trillion yuan, and the total market size of Smart Home in China is
expected to reach 225 trillion yuan in 2018, with huge development space. Among them, household
appliances of smart home have the highest market share. It is estimated that the overall growth rate of
smart home market in China will be about 13% in the next 3-5 years, and the time of market outbreak
has not yet arrived.
From the social basis, more and more residential areas have realized broadband access information
highway and have been laid to the residential area and entered the family. The basic conditions for the
construction and operation of smart home have been rudimentarily met.
From a technical point of view, the technology development of smart community has developed
from decentralized control stage, field-bus stage to the stage of TCP/IP network technology. It solves
the problem of centralized management of distributed control of each device in smart community and
regional networking in smart community.
From the market point of view, with the increasingly fierce market competition, more and more
real estate developers actively put high-end home intelligent system into the development of the
ICSP 2019
IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1237 (2019) 042059
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1237/4/042059
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building as a new selling point. Soaring housing prices is already within the acceptable range, while
investment costs of the smart home have not increased much. With the layout of large real estate
groups in the country, new ideas also spread.
2. System Function Analysis
The smart home management system in the basis of the wireless control module makes the control of
household goods intelligent and humanized through modern management methods, and achieves the
following functions:
Networking to share data. The information island is broken and the intelligent parking
Internet of things platform is built, which use ZigBee technology and USB OTG technology to
complete the monitoring of wireless devices and meter reading data query and record.
Intelligent management of house lighting. It can use remote control and other intelligent
control methods to realize the remote control switch, dimming, switching on and off of the whole
house lighting and the effect of many kinds of one-button lighting scenes such as "meeting guests,
cinema". It can also use timing control, telephone remote control, computer local and Internet remote
control and other control methods to realize functions, so as to achieve energy-saving, environmental
protection, comfort and square of intelligent lighting.
Electrical control. It is safe and intelligent to use weak current to control strong current.
Intelligent control of water dispenser, socket, air conditioner, floor heating, projector and fresh air
system can be realized by means of remote control, timing and other intelligent control modes. It can
avoid the influence of repeated heating of water dispenser on water quality at night. It can disconnect
and drain electricity to avoid potential safety hazards caused by heating of electrical appliances when
nobody is at home. The floor heating can be controlled regularly or remotely so that you can enjoy
comfortable temperature and fresh air immediately after you get home.
Family entertainment. Background musics and videos can be shared in the house. It is in any
house of the family, such as garden, living room, bedroom, bar, kitchen or bathroom, that music and
video can be shared to achieve the purpose of physical and mental pleasure.
A variety of security measures. Through the door magnetic switch, emergency help, smoke
detection alarm, gas leakage alarm, broken glass detection alarm, infrared microwave detection alarm
and other functions to prevent burglary.
3. Thoughts and Framework of System Implementation
Wireless communication transceiver module is the core part of smart home management system in the
basis of wireless control module, which has wireless and wired control function, wireless
communication and network communication function, sensor signal acquisition function. Among them,
this system uses wireless communication module to communicate with the external network server
and the local smart phone terminal in real time, and uploads the collected data in real time. It accepts
the control commands of the server or mobile terminal to control the local machine and the
extension-controlled equipment; 433MHz wireless communication with the extension is used to
transmit the commands of the server and the mobile terminal to the extension, and reads the sensor
information of the extension.
As shown in Figure 1 below, the intelligent home management system based on wireless control
module consists of four modules: ARM main control unit, information acquisition of extension room,
equipment control of extension room and information receiving and receiving module.
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IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1237 (2019) 042059
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doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1237/4/042059
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Fig.1 Intelligent Home Management System Based on Wireless Control Module Module Diagram
Intelligent Home Management System Architecture Based on Wireless Control Module: The data
collected by the main control board module of ARM is used to control the equipment in the extension
room. At the same time, the relative data and control information will be transmitted to the
communication transceiver module of the host in real time, and the real-time control of the mobile
phone will be realized. Among them, the module of the extension room does not have the network
interface, 315MHz and 433MHz wireless transmitting module than the host module. The
communication between the module of the extension room and the host module adopts the
master-slave mode, and the host actively accesses the extension.
4. Key Technologies of System Implementation
4.1. Infrared technology
Infrared technology studies the generation, transmission, transformation, measurement and application
of infrared radiation. Usually, it is divided into three parts: near, medium and far infrared. Near
infrared refers to the wavelength of 0.75-3.0 micron; mid-infrared refers to the wavelength of 3.0-20
micron, and far infrared refers to the wavelength of 20-1000 micron. In spectroscopy, the methods of
band division are not uniform. Some people use 0.75-3.0 micron, 3.0-40 micron and 40-1000 micron
as near infrared, mid-infrared and far-infrared bands. In addition, due to the absorption of infrared
radiation by the atmosphere, only three important "window" areas are left, i.e. 1-3 micron, 3-5 micron
and 8-13 micron, which allow infrared radiation to pass through. Therefore, in military applications,
these three bands are called near infrared, mid-infrared and far-infrared respectively.
The infrared radiation characteristic of infrared technology is applied in intelligent home
management system based on wireless control module. The equipment control module is divided into
two categories: infrared emission module and relay output module. Among them, the infrared
transmitter module uses infrared technology to capture and transmit signals. Then data is submitted to
the device control module in real time.
4.2. Sensor technology
Sensor is a kind of detection device, which can sense the measured information and transform this
information into electrical signals or other required forms of information output according to certain
rules to meet the requirements of information transmission, processing, storage, display, recording and
control.
The application of sensors in the intelligent home management system based on wireless control
Host Wireless Communication Module
ARM
Control
board
(1)Infrared
launch(38Mhz)
(2)Infrared
launch(38Mhz)......
Communication transceiver
module(433MHZ)
(1)Relay output
(2)Relay output......
Temperature
sensor
Humidity
sensor
Illuminance
sensor
Air sensors Infrared
sensors......
Disconnect room data acquisition
Separate room equipment control
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IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1237 (2019) 042059
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doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1237/4/042059
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module is also a key module, which includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, illumination sensor,
air sensor and infrared sensor. A variety of sensors can transmit real-time information such as
temperature, humidity, illumination, air and infrared ray to ARM main control board for processing.
There are many types of sensor modules, thus the characteristics and practicability of various sensors
should be taken into account in the selection. The selected sensors in the system are: dust sensor
(SYHITECH dust sensor DSM501A in Korea), human infrared sensor (HC-SR501 human infrared
induction module (pyroelectric sensor), illumination sensor (PO188), noise sensor (environmental
noise detection module), temperature sensor (NTC thermal resistance 10K), etc.
4.3. Wireless control technology
The smart home management system based on wireless control module uses the mobile phone to
control the wireless communication module to achieve the goal of controlling the information terminal.
The smart home management system is also composed of three main functional modules: ARM main
control board, sensor data acquisition module and equipment control module. The smart home
management system is then interconnected by wireless local area network to achieve many control
functions of transmitting data and controlling information. The structure diagram of the wireless
transmission control unit of the system is shown in Figure 2.
Fig. 2 Detailed Figure of Wireless Transmission Control Unit
The host address settings include host IP, host MAC, host sub-net mask, gateway, remote server IP
and remote server TCP port. The name of the host is provided by the ID address of the host, and the
control of mobile phone access is accomplished by the remote server in the external network and by
wireless communication in the internal network.
5. System Solution
The specific solution of the smart home management system based on wireless control module is to
take the control of wireless control module as the core, and interconnect the communication between
host and mobile terminal, host and server, host and slave, host and equipment to realize the functions
of information collection, data processing and command transmission.
5.1. Host and mobile terminal
Host and mobile terminal initiate TCP connection to host directly through WLAN under a wireless
router and in the same LAN. After successful connection, mobile terminal communicates with host
through WLAN. When there is no external server, the mobile phone can automatically find the host in
the LAN.
MCU control unit
Wireless remote control unit
315MHz 433MHz
Wir eles s d ata
transfer unit
Infrared remote
control unit
Ethernet interface
unit
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IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1237 (2019) 042059
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doi:10.1088/1742-6596/1237/4/042059
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5.2. Host and server
The host forwardly initiates TCP connection to the server. After successful connection, the server
sends registration confirmation to the host and then the host sends back its own setup data. By
comparing the corresponding setup data with the information in the database, the server can send out
control information. Specific connectivity conditions are as follows:
Host sends Ping package to server regularly to let server know the IP address of host. After
the server knows the IP address of host, it accesses the host through browser.
In addition to informing the IP address to the server regularly, the host is slave to the server
and is always in the mode of reply, as opposed to the way of communication between the server and
the mobile terminal.
The control commands issued by the server include room number, device number, command
coding information and others.
5.3. Master and slaves
The master and slaves use 433MHz wireless communication. The communication mode is the
master-slave mode that the host polls the slave to obtain sensor data. When the mobile terminal or
server sends the slave device control commands, the host transmits the command to the slave and
controls the equipment in the slave room to run.
5.4. Host and equipment
After receiving commands from servers and mobile terminals, the host controls the operation of
related devices through 315MHZ transmitter module, 433MHZ transmitter module and infrared
transmitter unit.
6. Conclusion
In this paper, a smart home management system based on wireless control module is proposed to solve
the difficulty of control of household appliances. With the application of infrared technology and
sensor technology, the real-time control of household appliances is realized. In addition, users can also
use the data acquisition information provided by the system to determine the use of household
appliances and use safety, reduce waste of electricity, effectively remove the potential safety hazards
caused by electricity, thereby enhancing social energy conservation and emission reduction, stability
and harmony. What’s more, each module of the system can achieve more control functions through
expansion, which plays a certain role in promoting the follow-up development of smart home
technology.
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... With the rapid development of electronic information industry, information technology has penetrated into various traditional industries. For example, the combination of traditional agriculture and information technology can greatly improve the utilization rate of agricultural resources and labor efficiency [1][2]. WSN is a popular and widely used distributed sensor network in recent years, and it is also a micro network system with great application prospects [3][4]. ...
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An Internet of Things platform based on artificial
  • Chenmingqan
Chenmingqan. An Internet of Things platform based on artificial intelligence[J]. Technology Communication. 2019.
Based on the Internet of Things intelligent home safety monitoring system design
  • Yangli
Yangli. Based on the Internet of Things intelligent home safety monitoring system design[J].
Design Research of Embedded Web Intelligent Surveillance Object Network
  • Xiaohua Wen
Xiaohua Wen. Design Research of Embedded Web Intelligent Surveillance Object Network[J]. 2019.
Design of Smart Home Light Control System
  • Xue Sun
  • Xiaomei Cui
  • Xueying Ma
  • Yuhua Dong
Xue Sun, Xiaomei Cui, Xueying Ma, Yuhua Dong. Design of Smart Home Light Control System[J]. Intelligent Computer and Applications. 2019(2).
Discussion on the Design and Implementation of Intelligent Home Control System Based on Internet of Things[J]
  • Lan
Shiqing Lan. Discussion on the Design and Implementation of Intelligent Home Control System Based on Internet of Things[J]. Electronic Test. 2018(24).
Application of Smart Home in Residential Area[J]
  • Yuan
Ping Yuan. Application of Smart Home in Residential Area[J]. Intelligent Building. 2017(3).
Current Situation of Smart Home Mobile Application in the Age of Mobile Internet
  • Zheng Yang
  • Ming Cao
  • Yingquan Shen
  • Zhiliang Shi
Zheng Yang, Ming Cao, Yingquan Shen, Zhiliang Shi. Current Situation of Smart Home Mobile Application in the Age of Mobile Internet[J]. Electronic Technology & Software Engineering. 2017(23).