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IJTLLS, VOL-1, ISSUE-I

Authors:
  • International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies (ijtlls)

Abstract

It is an issue of the online Tamil Journal IJTLLS
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa
gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
INTERNATIONAL
JOURNAL OF
TAMIL LANGUAGE
AND
LITERARY STUDIES
(Ijtlls)
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
VOL I: ISSUE I, JULY 2018
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
EDITORIAL BOARD
Editor-in-Chief
Ms. D. Maheswari, M.A., M.Phil., SET., B.Litt., D.G.T., (Ph.D).
IJTLLS,
Virudhunagar,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E.Mail: maheswari@ijtlls.com, ijtllsetamiljournal@gmail.com
Co-Editors’
Dr. N. Sulochana, M.A., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D., NET.
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil Language and Linguistics,
International Institute of Tamil Studies,
Taramani, Chennai-113,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: suloraja64@gmail.com
Ms. V.Vimal, M.A. M.Phil., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil,
The Madura College, Madurai- 625011,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: vimal.vanji2015in@gmail.com
Advisory Editorial Board
Dr. Mohana Dass A/l Ramasamy, M.A., Ph.D.
Head of the Department, Indian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences,
University of Malaya, Malaysia.
Tel: +603-79675629, Fax: +603-79675460.
Email: rmohana-dass@um.edu.my, rmdassa@gmail.com
Dr. Sascha Ebeling, M.A., Ph.D.
Associate Professor, College Senior Adviser in the Humanities, Chair, Readings in World
Literature Collegiate Core Sequence,
Department of South Asian Languages and Civilizations,
Department of Comparative Literature,
The University of Chicago,
1130 East 59th Street, Foster 203, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
E-mail: ebeling@uchicago.edu
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
R. Venkatesh, (PLM Leader in FORD, Michigan)
President and Secretary,
Tamil Academy, Canton, Michigan 48187,
America.
E-mail: vradhak1@ford.com
Dr. Sasi Kumar, M.A. Ling., M.A. Tamil., M.A. Philosophy., M.Ed., Ph.D.
Teaching Fellow, Asian Languages & Cultures Academic Group,
National Institute of Education,
Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Walk,
Singapore- 637616.
E-mail: sasikumar.p@nie.edu.sg
Dr. J.B.Prashant More, M.A., Ph.D.
Professor of Social Sciences,
Institute of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities,
Inseec, Paris,
France.
E-mail: morejbplee@aol.com
Ms. Punitha Subramaniam, B.Sc., M.Ed.
P.G. Assistant in Tamil,
SJKT Ladang Temerloh,
34800 Trong, Perak, Malaysia.
E-mail: kashnitha@gmail.com, punitha.su@moe.edu.my
Mr. K. Raguparan, CTHE (Peradeniya)., B.A., M.Phil.
Senior Lecturer Gr.II in Tamil,
Department of Languages,
Faculty of Arts and Culture,
South Eastern University, Sri Lanka,
E-mail: kanagasabai.raguparan1@gmail.com
Dr. A. Boologarambai, M.A. Tam., M.A. Ling., NET., B.Ed., Ph.D., P.G. Dip. Hindi., P.G. Dip. Lexicography.
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil Language and Translation Studies,
(Sangam Literature & Traditional Grammar, Telugu, Hindi & Japanese, Tamil, English)
Dravidian University, Kuppam- 517425,
Andra Pradesh, India.
E-mail: arpudharambai@gmail.com
Dr. V. Raman, M.A., Ph.D. Tam., M.A., Ph.D. Jmc., DFTech., DLL., DACP., Dip.in.Rus., CCP., CMM., CFA.
Dean- Department of Visual Communication,
Rathinam Arts and Science College,
Eachanari, Coimbatore,
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Tamilnadu- 641021, India.
E-mail: dean.viscom@rathinamcollege.com
Dr. S. Manimaran, M.A., M.Phil., B.Ed., Ph.D.
Associate Professor, Department of Tamil,
N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai-19.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: manimaransvn@gmail.com
Dr. T. K. Vedaraja, M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of English,
Alagappa Govt. Arts College,
Karaikudi, Sivaganga-630003,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: tkvraja@gmail.com
Associate Editor
Mr. M.Vinoth Kumar, M.A. Eng., M.A. Ling., M.A. Trans. Studies., M.Phil., SET., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai-19,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: vinothkumar@ijtlls.com , vinoth5082@gmail.com
Assistant Editors’
Dr. P. Swathi, M.A., M.A., M.Phil., NET., Ph.D.
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil,
N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai-19.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: pvswathi87@gmail.com
Mr. J. B. Sam Selva Kumar, M.A., M.Phil., NET., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil,
N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai-19.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: sammeera9487@gmail.com
Mr. G. Antony Suresh, M.A., M.Phil., NET., C.G.T., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor, Department of Tamil,
Sadakathullah Appa College,
Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: surtamil6@gmail.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Mr. S. Ayyanar, M.A., B.Ed., M.Phil., NET., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor of Tamil,
Bishop Huber College, Trichy-17.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: ayyanarbhc@gmail.com
Mr. S. Kulandhaivel, M.A., M.Phil.
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
Ganesar Arts and Science College, Melasivapuri-622403,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: english.kulandhai@gmail.com
Mr. B. Senthil Kumar, M.A., M.Phil., (Ph.D).
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
Alagappa Govt. Arts College, Karaikudi, Sivaganga-630003,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E.Mail: skbosesk@gmail.com
Ms. A.Angayarkanni, M.A., M.Phil.
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
St Antony’s College of Arts and Science for Women, Dindigul-624005,
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: aangayarkanni@yahoo.com
Mr. R. Ganesh Kumar, M.A., M.Phil., B.Ed.
Assistant Professor, Department of English,
N.M.S.S.Vellaichamy Nadar College, Madurai-19.
Tamil Nadu, India.
E-mail: rgkumar321@gmail.com
PUBLISHER: D. Maheswari,
3/350, Veterinary Hospital Back side,
Virudhunagar 626001.
Mobile: 8526769556
Mail: maheswari@ijtlls.com
dmakesh88@gmail.com, ijtllsetamiljournal@gmail.com
Copyright © 2018 D.MAHESWARI
All rights reserved. The Journal holds open access policy and the Pdf copy can be
printed for research and educational purposes. Think before you print so that you can save
trees and environment
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
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12.A Scrutiny on Friendship across Literatures
S. Sabitha Shunmuga Priya - 71
13. A Glance on Karikala Cholan in Sangam Literature
Dr. M.Vijayashanthi - 81
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
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jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 1
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
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International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 2
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
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jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 3
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
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xOf;fk; tpOg;gk; juyhd; xOf;fk;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 4
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
caphpDk; Xk;gg; gLk;
14
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15
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epiyf;F Gfio epiy epWj;jy; mwpTila rhd;Nwhh;f;F vspjd;W. cyfj;NjhL xl;l
xOFjNy rhd;Nwhh; newpahFk;. me;newpapy; xOFjNy ey;nyhOf;fKk; MFk;.
mJNt gz;gl;l tho;tpay; newpahFk;. ,t;tho;tpay; mwq;fs; jkpoh;fspd;
tho;f;ifapy; ,uz;lwf; fye;jjhNy xOf;fj;ij capUf;F ,izahff; fUjpdhh;fs;
rq;ffhy Kd;Ndhh;fs; vd;W FwpQ;rpg;ghl;L ghly; thpfs; ,ak;Gfpd;wd.
kdpj Neak;
kdpj Neak; cyfshtpaJ. cyif Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ@ mutizg;gJ@ mf;fiw
fhl;LtJ rhd;Nwhhpd; flikahFk;. kdpj Neak; xUtiunahUth; khz;Gld; kjpj;jpl
cjTfpwJ. kdj;jpd; top ,aq;Ftd; kdpjd;> kdpjid kdpjdhf epiy epWj;JtJ
kdk;. Mjid ntspg;gLj;Jk; tpjkhf>
kdeyk; kd;Daph;f;F Mf;fk; ,iwyk;
vy;yhg; GfOk; jUk
; 16
,f;Fws; mike;Js;sJ. ,q;F jdpkdpj ,dj;ijf; $Wtjd; topahf ts;Sth;
mtd; ,dj;ijAk; $Wfpwhh;. kdpj Neak; vd;gJ ehL> nkhop> ,dk;> kjk; vd;w
vy;iyfisf; fle;J NkNyhq;fp epw;gJ. kdpj ,dj;jpd; ehfhpfg; gz;ghl;L
tsh;r;rpNahL gpize;J epw;gJ kdpj Neak; MFk;.
md;G ,aw;ifahd czh;thf kf;fs; midthplj;jpYk; ,ay;ghf
mike;jpUf;fpwJ. neUq;fpa Rw;wj;Jld; ehk; nfhs;Sk; md;G tsh;e;J mth;fisr;
rhh;e;NjhiuAk; ekf;Fr; Rw;wk; Mf;FfpwJ. kdpjNeaj;ijg; gw;wp ,ak;Gk;nghOJ>
epd;dae; Jiweh;f;F ePeaj; Jiweh;f;Fk;
gd;khz; fw;gpdpd; fpis Kj Nyhh;f;Fk;.
.... ty;yhq;F tho;J nkd;dhJ ePAk;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 5
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
vy;Nyhh;f;Fk; nfhLkjp kidfpo NthNa
17
vd;w GwehD}w;Wg; ghlYk; rq;f fhy kf;fspd; kdpj Neag; gz;gpidg;
Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ.
KbTiu
kwe;Jk; gpwd; NfL #ow;f vd;w gz;ghNl itaj;ij tho itg;gjhFk;.
,yf;fpaq;fspy; fhzg;gLk; jkpohpd; gz;ghl;L kuGfis ehKk; fw;gNjhL kl;Lkpd;wp
tUk; jiyKiwapdUf;Fk; ekJ gz;ghl;il vLj;Jiuf;f Ntz;Lk;. ek;
Kd;Ndhh;fspd; tho;f;if newpfisAk; gz;ghl;L kuGfisAk; fhj;jpl Ntz;Lk;.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. Fws; - 996.
2. gz;ghl;L khdpltpay; - gf;jtj;ry ghujp> g-151
3. Fws; - 993
4. NkyJ - 45
5. ew;> gh -1> thp -6
6. mfk; - gh.339
7. Fws; - 81
8. ew;> gh -142
9. njhy;.fw; -11
10. Gwk;> gh -331
11. kzp> ghj;jpuk;.ng.fhij - thp 95>96
12. Fws; - 221
13. Gwk;> gh -134
14. Fws; - 131
15. FwpQ;rp> thp 13-18
16. Fws; -457
17. Gwk;> gh -163
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. t.Rg. khzpf;fk; (c.M) - jpUf;Fws;> kzpthrfh; gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id> kWgjpg;G-
2000.
2. ,sk;G+uzh;> (c.M) - njhy;fhg;gpak; nghUsjpfhuk;> fof ntspaPL> nrd;id>
Kjy;gjpg;G - 1970.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 6
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
3. xsit R. Jiur;rhkpg;gps;is> Kidth;.fjph;KUF - rq;f ,yf;fpak; %yKk;
ciuAk;> gj;Jg;ghl;L> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
4. xsit R. Jiur;rhkpg;gps;is> Kidth;.fjph;KUF - rq;f ,yf;fpak; %yKk;
ciuAk;> mfehD}W> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
5. xsit R. Jiur;rhkpg;gps;is> Kidth;.fjph;KUF - rq;f ,yf;fpak; %yKk;
ciuAk;> ew;wpiz> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
6. c.Nt. rhkpehijah; - GwehD}W %yKk; ciuAk;> c.Nt.rh.gjpg;G> nrd;id>
Mwhk; gjpg;G - 1963.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 7
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
rpe;Jg; ghly;fspy; ahg;gpyf;fzk;
jpUkjp. n[.ftpjh>
cjtpg; Nguhrphpah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
g+rhNfhmufpU\;zk;khs; kfsph; fy;Y}hp>
Nfhit - 641004.
ehl;Lg;Gwg; ghly;fspYk;> ehl;Lg;Gwg; ghly;fspd; jhf;fk; ngw;w
,yf;fpaq;fspYk; rpe;Jg;ghly;fs; rpwg;gplk; ngWfpd;wd. njhd;ikAk;> kf;fspirg;
ghq;Fk; jOtpa rpe;Jg;ghf;fs; vwj;jho mg;gh; fhyj;jpYk; cUg;ngwj; njhlq;fp
,yf;fpaq;fspYk;> ehl;Lg;Gwg; ghly;fspYk; tsh;r;rp mile;J 18-k; E}w;whz;L Kjy;
kpFjpahf ,aw;wg;gl;Lj; jw;fhyj; jkpo;g; ghl;byf;fpaj;jpy; jf;fNjhh; ,lj;ijg;
ngw;Ws;sd. vdpDk; jhsKila rpe;Jg;gh tbt mikg;ig Kjd;Kjyhf vLj;Jf;
$Wgth; tPukhKdpth; Mthh;. Gyth; Foe;ij ,f;fhy tsh;r;rp tbtq;fs;
gytw;Wf;Fk; ,yf;fzk; tFj;Js;shh;. rpe;Jg;ghly;fs; ,irj; jkpo;ghlyhFk;.
,tw;wpd; ,yf;fzk; ,irE}y; mbg;gilapy; Muhag;gl Ntz;ba xd;whFk;.
Nkw;Fwpj;Njhh; ,aw;ghf;fSf;F chpa kh> tpsk;> fha;> fdp Kjypa rPh; tha;g;
ghLfisAk;> ntz;lis Kjypa jisfisAk; rpe;Jfspd; rPh;fis tpsf;f
mbg;gil msT Nfhy;fshfg; gad;gLj;jp cs;sdh;. ,t;tbg;gil mZFKiwapd;
fhuzkhfr; rpe;Jg;ghtpy; ahg;gpyf;fzj;ijf; $Wtjpy; xU rpy ,yf;fz E}y;fSk;
tpsf;fk; je;Js;sd. rpe;J vd;w nrhy;ypd; njhd;ikia mwpa njhy;fhg;gpa
fhyj;Jf;F Kd;Ng jkpopy; ,Ue;jpUf;fpwJ. VO> vl;L> xd;gJ vOj;Jf;fs; mike;j
ehw;rPh; mbfisr; rpe;jb vd;ghh;fs; vd;W njhy;fhg;gpah; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;.
VnoOj; njd;g rpe;jbf; fsNt
<nuOj; Njw;wk; mt;top ahd;
1
NkYk; fhf;ifghbdpahh;. mkph;jrhfuh; KjyhfpNahh; Kr;rPubiar; rpe;jb
vd;Wk;> %d;wb ntz;ghitr; rpe;jpay; ntz;gh vd;W nrg;gpdh;.
,UrPh; Fwsb; rpe;jb Kr;rPh;
mstb ehw;rP> mWrP ujdpd;
,opg nebyb vd;wprp NdhNu
2
vd Nkw;fz;l ghly;thpfs; %yk;> njhy;fhg;gpah; fhf;ifg;ghbdpah;> mkph;jrhfh;
Nghd;w ,yf;fz E}yhrphpah;fs; rpe;Jg;ghtpw;fhd ,yf;fzj;ij tiuaWj;J
$Wfpd;wdh;. ,t;thW rpe;Jg;ghtpw;fhd ,yf;fz tpsf;fj;ij fPo;fz;l nkhopfshYk;
nrhw;fshYk; ,f;fl;Liuapd; %yk; mwpayhk;.
rpe;Jg;ghly; tpsf;fk;
fhtbr;rpe;J> nehz;br; rpe;J> tisaw; rpe;J> topeilr; rpe;J Kjypa
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 8
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ngah;fspy; ,irg;ghly;fs; gy cs;sd. re;jg;ghly;fs; (re;jtpUj;jq;fs;)
tz;zg;ghly;fs; (jpUg;Gfo;g;ghly;fs;)> cUg;gbfs; (fPh;j;jidfs;) vd;w ngah;fspy;
,irg;ghly;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,t;tifahd rpe;Jg;ghly;fSf;F ,yf;fzk;
$wpath;fs; Gj;jkpj;jpudhh;> mwptdhh;> tPukhKdpth;> Gyth; Foe;ij> fp.gh. [fehjd;>
j. rutzj; jkpod;> k.uh. g+gjp KjypNahh; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fth;fs;.
Gj;jkpjudhh;
Gj;jkpj;jpudhh; jk; tPu Nrhopaj;jpy;
,uz;lb xj;J moprPh; ,yhjJ rpe;jhk;
3
tPrpd gk;guk; Xa;tjd; Kd;ehd;
Mir mwtpid ahbj; jphptNd
vLj;j khlk; ,btjd; Kd;ehd;
mLj;j tz;zk; tpisahbj; jphptNd
4
Nkw;fz;l ,uz;L ghly; thpfisf;fhl;b> ,it ,uz;lbahaj; jk;Ks;s msnthj;J
te;jikahy; rpe;J vd;fpwhh; Gj;jkpj;judhh;.
mwptdhh;
mwptdhh; jhk; ,aw;wpa gQ;r kugpy; ,irg;ghf;fspd; ngah;fisg; gpd;tUkhW
$Wfpd;whh;.
gz;Zkpaho; tz;zk; ghblr; rpe;njhd;whh;
vz;zj;jhd; kpf;fha;e;Njhh; vd;
5
vd;w thpfspy; rpe;Jg; ghly;fshdJ jhsj;Jld; ghlg;gLtJ vd;w ,ay;ig
Rl;bf;fhl;Lfpwhh; mwptdhh;.
tPukhKdpth;
18-k; E}w;whz;bduhd tPukhKdpth; mj;jifa rpe;Jfspd; mikg;gpidj; jk;
nre;jkpo; ,yf;fzk; vd;w E}ypy; gpd;tUkhW $Wfpwhh;. rpe;Jg; ghlypy;> 4
fz;zpfs; cz;L> mtw;Ws; KjyhtJ gy;ytk; vd;Dk; FWfpa thpahFk;. mJ
kw;w xt;nthU fz;zpf;F Kd;Dk; jpUg;gpg; ghlg;ngWk; ehd;F fz;zpfspy;
KjyhtJ ,Wjpahdtw;iwtplf; FWfpajhFk;. vdNt ,jid mEgy;ytk; vd;W
ngah; ngw;WapUf;Fk;. kw;wf; fz;zpfs; %d;Wk; vy;yh tifapYk; jk;Ks;
xj;jpUf;Fk;> ,tw;wpy; vJifAld;> ,Wjp xyp xj;JtUk; ,iaGk; gad;gLj;jg;
ngWfpd;wJ. ,th; rpe;Jtpy; vLg;G> njhLg;G njhilg; gw;wpAk; $wpAs;shh;.
,th; $wpa rpy cz;ikfs; fPo;fz;l tpsf;fj;Jld; cWjpahfpd;wd.
1. gy;ytp> mEgy;ytp> ruzk; Mfpa cWg;GfSld; ,d;W fhzg;gLtd
rpe;Jg;ghf;fNs.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 9
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
2. gy;ytp> mEgy;ytp ,uz;Lk; xU fz;zpapd; ,UgFjpfNs.
3. gy;ytk;> mEgy;ytk; vd;gd ,d;W gy;ytp> mEgy;ytp vd;W khwp
toq;Ffpd;wd. ,t;thW Nkw;fz;l thpfs; %yk; tPukhKdpth; $wpAs;s
rpe;Jg;gh nra;jpfisr; MuhAk; NghJ> jw;NghJ R+oypy; cs;s jpiuapirg;
ghlYf;F Kd;Ndhbahf rpe;Jg;ghit mikj;Js;shhfs;; vd;gij ehk;
mwpe;Jf; nfhs;s KbfpwJ.
Gyth; Foe;ij
,th; jk; ahg;gjpfhuk; vd;w E}ypy; rpe;Jg; ghly;fSf;F tphpthd ,yf;fzk;
$wpAs;shh;.
xnuJif ngw;w ,uz;lbfs; msnthj;J tUjy; (ahg;gjpfhuk; - Gyth;
Foe;ij)
rpe;J vdg;gLk;. ,uz;Nlad;wp ehd;fbfs; XnuJifaha; tUjYk; cz;L.
Xubapd; Nkhidj; njhil vLg;gpd; Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; cs;s miuab ,q;F
mbadNt toq;fg;ngWk;. ,ijNa ftpkzpapd; kyUk; khiy vd;w E}ypy; rpe;Jtpd;
,yf;fzj;ij cw;W Nehf;fyhk;.
G+Tk; Ntz;lhNk - goKk;
nghhpAk; Ntz;lhNk
NkT Ks;sd;Ng
Njtp
tpUk;Gk; ey;yKjhk;
,r;rpe;jpy;>
G+Tk; Ntz;lhNk - Fwsb
nghhpAk; Ntz;lhNk - Fwsb
goKk; - jdpr;nrhy;
Nkhidj; njhil vLg;gpd; Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk; cs;s mbfs; xj;J tUjy; rkdpiyr;
rpe;J vdTk; xt;thJ tUjy; tpadpiyr; rpe;J vdTk; ngah; ngWk;.
G+Tk; Ntz;lhNk nghhpAk; Ntz;lhNk
vd;Wk; ,uz;Lk; Fwsbahf
te;jhy; ,J rkdpiyr; rpe;J.
gf;jpapdhNy - ,e;jg;
ghhpdp nya;jpL Nkd;ikfs; Nfsb
Kjyb FwsbahfTk;> mLj;j mb mstbahfTk; te;jhy; mJ tpadpiyr; rpe;jhFk;.
rkdpiyr; rpe;J
1. Fwsb ,uz;L tUjy; - ,UrPupul;il
2. rpe;jb ,uz;L tUjy; - %r;rPupul;il
3. mstb ,uz;L tUjy; - ehw;rPhpul;il
4. nebyb ,uz;L tUjy; - IQ;rPupul;il
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 10
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
5. fopnebyb ,uz;L tUjy; - mWrPupul;il
vO rPupul;il vz;rPupul;il vd mt;tr;rPh;fs; mirahfg; ngah; ngWk; vd;fpwhh; Gyth;
Foe;ij.
tpadpiyr; rpe;J
1. FwsbAk; rpe;jbAk; tUjy; - ,U%r;rPupul;il
2. FwsbAk; mstbAk; tUjy; - ,Uehw;rPupul;il
3. rpe;jidAk; mstbAk; tUjy; - Ke;ehw;rPupl;il
4. rpe;jbAk; FwsbAk; tUjy; - Kt;tpUrPupul;il
5. mstbAk; FwsbAk; tUjy; - ehypUrPuul;il
6. mstbAk; rpe;jbAk; tUjy; - ehKr;rPupul;il
vdg; ngah; ngWk;> ,t;thNw gpwTk; ngah; ngWk; ,it xt;nthd;Wk; tpUj;jk;
Kjypa ghtpdq;fs; Nghy ntt;NtW XirAilajhf tUk; ,e;j rpe;J
,irg;ghlyhFk;.
rkdpiyr; rpe;Jk; tpadpiyr; rpe;JTk; ngUk;ghYk; fz;zpahfNt tUk;. mJ
kl;Lky;yhJ fhtbr;rpe;J> jq;fr;rpe;J> nehz;br;rpe;J. topeilr; rpe;J> Mde;jf;
fspg;G> ehNlhbg; ghly;fs; vy;yhk; rpe;J ghlyhfNt mikAk; vd;fpwhh; Gyth;
Foe;ij. mJ kl;Lky;yhJ tisaw; rpe;J> Nrtw;ghl;L> Gwhg;ghl;L> Fs;sj;jhur;
rpe;J> Vw;wg;ghl;L> Vry;> jhyhl;L> xg;ghhp> cLf;ifg;ghl;L> fpspf;fz;zp>
vf;fhyf;fz;zp> gyruf;F Vyg;ghl;L ,yhtzp Kjypadnty;yhk; rpe;J
tifNaahFk;. ,itfnsy;yhk; rpe;Jtpd; ,yf;fzj;jpy; mikAk; vd;fpwhh; Gyth;
Foe;ij.
fp.th. rfe;ehjd;
jd;Dila fiyf;fsQ;rpaj;jpy;> rpe;J vd;gJ ,irg;ghl;L tiffSs; xd;W
vd;Wk; mJ ngUk;ghYk; %d;W rPh;fisg; ngw;w rpe;jbfshYk; mijg; goq;fhyj;jpy;
rpe;J vd;Wk; toq;fpdh;. gpwF
gy;ytp> mEgy;ytp> ruzk; Nghd;W msnthj;J tUk;
6
mbfis cila ,irg;ghly;fisr; rpe;J vd;fpwhh;.
j.rutzj; jkpod;
,th; jk; ahg;G E}ypy;
rpe;Jg; ghf;fs; nehz;br; rpe;J
fhtbr; rpe;jhd Mtif ,uz;Nl
fpuhkg; igad; nehz;br; rpe;J
ifahs; tjw;F nka;aha; mhpNj
Kjybr; rPh;fSk; jdpr;nrhy; md;wp
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 11
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
kwpabr; rPh;fSk; vz;nzhj; jpUg;gpd;
rkdpiyr; rpe;jhk; xd;wpd; kw; nwhd;WrPh;
kpFepiy ahapd; tpadpiyr; rpe;jhk;
mirapia nghg;gd fhtbr; rpe;Nj
7
Nkw;fz;l ghly; thpfs; E}w;ghthf ,Ue;jhYk; GhpAk; tifapy; rpe;Jg;ghTf;fhd
,yf;fzj;ij njhLj;Js;shh; j. rutzj; jkpod;.
k.uh. G+gjp
rpe;Jg;ghTf;nfd;W Kjd;Kjy; xU jdpE}yhf ahg;gpyf;fzk; nra;jth;
k.uh.G+gjp Mthh;. ,th; fiykzp g+gjpahk; vd;w jk; E}ypy; nghJr;rpe;J>
chpr;rpe;J vd;W ghFghL nra;J nfhz;L ,yf;fzk; $Wfpd;whh;>
ehyb Ie;jbr; rpe;Jfs;> <ub Nky;itg;Gr; rpe;J> rkepiyr; rpe;J>
tpadpiyr; rpe;J> tpuTepiyr; rpe;J> ,aw;rpe;J> re;jr; rpe;J> tz;zr; rpe;J>
,ay; re;jr; rpe;J> jsh; tz;zr; rpe;J> tpUj;jr;rpe;J> jdpepiyr; rpe;J
cWg;G rpe;J
vd rpe;Jg;ghit gythwhf gphpj;J> tifg;gLj;jp mjw;fhd ,yf;fzj;ijAk;
nfhLj;Js;shh;.
ahg;gpyf;fz Kiwfspd; tsh;r;rpAk;> rpe;Jg;ghTk;
,aw;ghf;fs;> tz;zg;ghf;fs;> re;jg;ghf;fs;> rpe;Jg;ghf;fs; Mfpatw;wpy; xd;wpd;
,yf;fzKiw kw;nwhd;Wf;F njhlh;GilajhFk;. ,aw;ghf;fSf;fhd ,yf;fzg;gh>
ntz;gh> Mrphpag;gh> tQ;rpg;gh MFk;. ,irg;ghf;fSf;FhpaJ fypg;gh> ghpg;ghlyhFk;>
tpUj;jq;fSila tsh;r;rpNa tz;zg;gh> re;jg;gh vd ,Uepiyg; ghthFk;. ,t;thW
,ay;> ,irg;ghf;F Vw;wthW rpe;Jit gphpj;J mjpy; ahg;gpyf;fz Kiw itj;J
rpe;Jit tsh;r;rpailar; nra;jdh; jkpowpQh;fs;.
rpe;J vd;w nrhy;Yf;Fr; rpe;Jjy; vd;w tpidg;nghUSk;> mstbapy; rw;Wf;
FWfpaJk;> VO> vl;L> xd;gJ vOj;Jf;fisg; ngw;w mbfSk;> Kr;rPh; mbfSk;>
%d;wbg; ghly;fisAk; nfhz;L rpe;J vd;w ngauhfp> njhy;fhg;gpaph; fhyk; Kjy;
jw;fhyk; tiu rpe;JthdJ tsh;r;rpaile;Js;sJ. rpe;Jg; ghlyhdJ ngUk;ghYk;
ehl;Lg;Gw ghly;fspYk;> rpj;jh; ghly;fspYk; Njthug; ghly;fspYk;>
Ik;ngUq;fhg;gpaq;fshd rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpYk;> rPtfrpe;jhkzpapYk;> mw ,yf;fpa
E}y;fshd jpUf;Fws;> ehybahh;> nfhd;iwNte;jd;> ey;top> %JiuapYk;>
vl;Lj;njhif E}y;fshd GwehD}W> ghpg;ghly;> fypj;njhif Nghd;w E}y;fspYk;
NkYk; ghujpahh;> ghujpjhrd;> ehkf;fy; ftpQh;> thzpjhrd; Nghd;Nwhh;fspd;
ghly;fspy; rpe;Jg;ghlyhdJ ghlg;ngw;W cs;sJ. mJ kl;Lky;yhJ
jpirapirg;ghly;fspYk;> mjpfkhd fz;zjhrd; thpfspYk; rpe;Jg;ghtpdhy;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 12
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ghlg;gl;lNjahFk;. ,t;thW Nkw;fz;l Ma;tpd; %yk;> rpe;Jg;ghit ahtUk; ghb
mjpy; ahg;gpyf;fzj;ij ifahz;L fhye;NjhWk; tsh;r;rp milar; nra;jdh; vd;gjpy;
ngUkpjkhFk;.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. njh.nra;. Nguh. 37
2. ah. fyk;. 24 ciu Nkw;Nfs;
3. tPuNrhopak; 3-13
4. tPu Nrhopak; 3-33
5. gQ;rkuG 89
6. fiyf; fsQ;rpak; - 3
7. ahg;G E}y; 134-136
Jiz E}w;gl;bay;
1. njhy;fhg;gpak;>njhy;fhg;gpah; nghUsjpfhuk;> Nguhrphpak;. rp. fNzirah;.
ahg;gUq;fyk;> mkpjrhfuh;> fofg;gjpT> nrd;id> 1973.
2. tPuNrhopak;> Gj;jkpj;judhh;> ghghde;jh; fofg;gjpg;G> nrd;id> 1942.
3. gQ;rkuG> mwptdhh;> nja;trpfhkzpf;fTz;lh; gjpg;G> Ntyhk;ghisak;> 1975.
4. Foe;ij> ahg;gjpfhuk;> ghhp epiyak;> nrd;id.
5. ftpkzp> kyUk; khiyAk;> ghhp epiyak;> nrd;id> 1967.
6. [fehjd; fp.th. fiyf;fsQ;rpak; - 3> jkpo; tsh;r;rpf;fofk;> nrd;id> 1956.
7. j. rutzj; jkpod;> ahg;G E}y;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 13
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
it. K. Nfhijehafpapd; gilg;Gfspy; ngz;zpar; rpe;jidfs;
jpUkjp. Nkh. fpUj;jpfh>
Kidth; gl;l Ma;thsh; kw;Wk; tphpTiuahsh;>
kd;dh; jpUkiy ehaf;fh; fy;Y}hp>
kJiu.
kq;ifauha;g; gpwg;gjw;F kz;zpy;
ey; khjtk; nra;jply; Ntz;Lk;kh - mth;
gq;faf;if eyk; ghh;j;jy;Nyh - ,e;jg;
ghhpy; mwq;fs; tsUk; mk;kh
1
vd;whh; ftpkzp. ngz;fs; ehl;bd; fz;fs; vd;W czh;e;jdh; gpw;fhy
,yf;fpathjpfs;. ek; ,e;jpar; r%fj;jpy; ngz; jdpj;J tho ,ayhJ. VNjDk; xU
FLk;g cwTld; kl;LNk ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w #oy; cs;sJ. jw;fhyj;jpy;
ngz;zpak; cyfk; KOtJk; giwrhw;wg;gl;L tUk; Rakhpahij kw;Wk; Rachpik
fofkhFk;. ngz;zpak; rhh;e;j gilg;gfs; msg;ghpa khw;wq;fis rkjhaj;jpy;
cUthf;fp tUfpd;wd. jkpo; ,yf;fpaj;jpYk; ngz;zpak; rhh;e;j vz;zpylq;fh
gilg;Gfs; cs;sd. mtw;Ws; it.K. Nfhijehafp mk;khs; ehty;fspy;
mike;Js;s fjhghj;jpuq;fspd; top mf;fhy ngz;fspd; epiyfisAk; mth;jk;
czh;TfisAk; Muha;tNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
ngz;zpak;
ngz;zpak;> ngz;Zhpik> kfsph; epiy vd;w epiyfspy; ngz;Zf;fhd
Rje;jpuk; xt;nthU fhyf;fl;lj;jpYk; tphpthfg; Ngrg;gLfpwJ. ngz;zpak; vd;Dk;
fUj;JUthf;fk; ngz; fy;tp> nrhj;Jhpik> KbntLf;Fk; jd;ik> tpUk;gpa Mltiuj;
jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;Sjy;> xj;Jtuhj epiyapy; kz KwpT nra;J nfhs;Sjy;>
gyjhu kzj;ij vjph;j;jy;> ,staJ jpUkzj;ij vjph;j;jy;> rkNtiyf;F rk
Cjpak;> Ra njhopy; vd;w tifapy; ngz;Zhpikf;fhdr; rpe;jidfis gy;Nehf;F
Kiwapy; tifg;gLj;Jfpd;wJ. ngz;zpak; gw;wpa rpe;jidfis Vw;Wf;nfhs;s
,ayhj fhyfl;lj;jpy; vOe;j it.K.Nfhijehafapd; ehty;fs; mtUila
fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;j ngz;fspd; epiyia gjpT nra;fpd;wJ. it.K.Nfhtpd;
ehty;fspy; fhzg;gLk; ngz; fjhghj;jpuq;fs; mf;fhyfl;lj;jpy; ngz;fspd; Rje;jpuk;
ek; ,e;jpag; gz;ghl;il rhh;e;Nj mike;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epiy mth; jk;
ehty;fspy; ntspg;gLfpd;wJ. ngz; fy;tp> ngz; Rje;jpuk;> Njtjhrp xopg;G>
tujl;riz xopg;G> Foe;ijj; jpUkzk;> fyg;G kzk;> rpdpkh Nkhfk;> nghUe;jh
kzk;> Nghd;w r%fr;rpf;fy;fisj; jd; gilg;Gfs; %ykhf Kd; itf;fpd;whh;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 14
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ngz; fy;tp
it.K.Nfhijehafpapd; ehty;fspy; tUk; ,sk; fijj; jiytpah;>
ngUk;ghYk; ed;F fy;tp fw;wth;fshf fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sdh;. ngz;Zf;F
tpjpf;fg;gl;bUe;j r%ff; fl;Lg;ghLfSs; xd;W fy;tp kWg;G> Mizg;Nghy fy;tp
fw;W cau> ngz;Zf;F tha;g;Gj;juTk;> nghUs; nrytopf;fTk;> ngw;Nwhh;
KdtUtjpy;iy. Mdhy; mf;fhyf; fl;lj;jpy; ngz; fy;tpf;F jiltpjpf;fg;gl;ljhf
njhpatpy;iy. ,tUila gy ehty;fs; ngz; fy;tpapd; mtrpaj;ij
czh;j;Jfpd;wJ. ,th; vOjpa rhe;jpapd; rpfuk; vd;w ehtypy; Njtjhrpf; Fyj;jpy;
gpwe;jts; jd;Dila ngz; kf;fs; ehy;tiuAk; Njtjhrpfshf khw;whky; gbj;j
ngz;fshf tsh;f;fpd;whs;.
ahNuh Njtjhrp Gjpjhff; Fbte;jpUf;fpwhs;. mtUf;F ehd;F ngz;fs;.
me;jj;jhrp kpfTk; gbj;jts;. xU ngz;iz guj ehl;baf; fiyapYk;> xU ngz;iz
`hpfjh fhyl;Nrg fiyapYk;> xU ngz;iz cah;e;j cghj;jpahapdpahfTk;> xU
ngz;iz lhf;luhfTk; gbf;f itj;jpUf;fpwhs;
2 vd;W $Wtjd; %yk;
ngz;zbikj;jdj;jpw;F tpj;jhtJ ngz;fy;tpapd;ikNa vd;W czh;j;Jfpwhh;.
ngz;fSf;Ff; fy;tp ed;khh;f;fj;ijg; gug;gTk;> mwpT tsuTk;> cah;jukhd
E}y;fisg; gbj;J njhpe;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; cjt Ntz;Lk;. ngz;fSf;F Kf;fpak;
FL;k;g eph;thfj;jpw;fhd gbg;Gk;> FLk;gj;ijr; rPuhfTk;> rpf;fdkhfTk; elj;Jk;
Kiwf;fhd tPl;Lg;gbg;Gk; vd;W $Wfpd;whh;.
ngz;fs; mbikj;jdk; jPu fy;tp fw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W NgRk; it.K.Nfh
mth;fs; ngz;zpd; fTutk; vd;gJ nkd;ikahf NgRtJ> Jd;gq;fisj; jhq;fpf;
nfhs;tJ> gpwh; VrpdhYk;> ghuhl;bdhYk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ> ngz; vg;gb ,Uf;f
Ntz;Lk; vd;w mthpd; fijapy; ngz;fs; nkd;ikia ifahs Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhh;.
jpUkzk;
rKjha mikg;gpy; jpUkzj;jpd; NghJ ngz;Zf;F kl;LNk jFjpfs;
tFf;fg;gLfpd;wd. mjd; mbg;gilapy; jhd; ngz;zpd; kzk; epr;rpaf;fg;gLfpwJ.
ngz;zpd; kdij ahUk; mwpa tpUk;Gtjpy;iy. jahepjp vd;w rpWfijapy;
ngz;izzf; Nfhyj;jpy; fhZk; fhyk; tiuapYk;> epk;kjpaw;W my;yhLk;
je;ijiaf; fhl;bAs;shh; it.K.Nfh. 16 taJ kfSf;F 45 taJ tud; te;jJ.
je;ijahd jpU %h;j;jpf;F nfhQ;rk; jpUg;jpaha; ,Ue;jJ3 vd;W Vo;ikf; fhuzkha;
ngz;fs; jpUkzr; Nrw;wpy; Gijg;gLtij ,tuJ ehty;fs; fhl;Lfpd;wd. NkYk;>
tujl;riz nfhLf;f Kbahjjhy; tajhdtiuj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;ba
fl;lhak; ,Ug;gij ,e;ehtypy; tUk; ngz; fjhghj;jpuk; %yk; mwpa KbfpwJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 15
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
tujl;riz r%feilKiwfspy; xd;whfTk;> tujl;riz ,y;iynad;why; jpUkzk;
,y;iy vd;w epiy ,d;W tiu cs;sJ. ,jid>
ey;ytpiy nfhz;L ehiatpw;ghh; - me;j
ehaplk; Nahrid Nfl;gJz;Nlh
nfhy;yj; Jzptpd;wp ek;ikAk; - me;epiy
$l;b itj;jhh;> gop $l;btpl;lhh
; 4
vd;W ghujpahh; ghbdhh;.
NkYk;> fw;G epiy Fwpj;Jk; jd; ehty;fspy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. fw;G
vd;gJ ngz;zpd; elj;ij KiwNfLfSs; xd;whf r%fj;jhy; tiuaWf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
fw;G vd;gjw;F
kzkhfhj ngz; vdpy;> jpUkzkhFk; fztd; xUtDf;Nf
cz;ik cilatshjy;> fztd; jPatdhapDk;? gpw ngz;fSld; njhlh;G
nfhs;gtdhapDk; mtd; gpiofisg; nghWj;Jj;jhq;fp mtDf;F Neh;ik
cilatshf ,Ug;gNjhL> mtidNa nja;tk; vd njhOjy
;5 vd tpsf;fk;
jug;gLfpwJ.
r%fj;jpy; fw;G gw;wpa ,t;tpsf;fq;fs; r%fj;jpy; epytptUk; xU rhh;G
fz;Nzhl;lkhFk;. fw;G gw;wpa xUjiyf; fz;Nzhl;lj;ij gpw;fhyr;rPh;jpUj;jthjpfs;
,UghyUf;Fk; chpaJ vd;wdh;. fhe;jpabfs;> ghujpahh;> nghpahh; Nghd;Nwhh; fw;G
epiyia kW rpe;jidf;Fk; cl;gLj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdh;.
fw;G epiynad;W nrhy;y te;jhh; ,U
fl;rpf;F m. .;J nghJtpy; itg;Nghk
;6
vd;W ghujp fw;G epiyia Mz;> ngz; ,UtUf;Fk; nghJ thf;FNthk; vd;whh;.
fw;G vd;gJ vy;yhg; ngz;fSf;Fk; chpaJ> Fyg;ngz;fSf;Fj;jhd; chpaJ
vd;W tiuaWg;gJ NghypahdJ vd;gJ it.K.Nfhtpd; fUj;jhFk;. jhrp Fyj;Jg;
ngz;zhf ,Ue;jhy; mg;ngz;fSf;F fw;G fpilahJ vd;W ,r;r%fk; tiuaWg;gJ
nfhLik vd;fpwhh;.
N`hkk; nra;Ak; mf;fpdpAk; xNu neUg;Gj;jhd;. gpzj;ij vhpf;Fk; neUg;Gk;
xNu neUg;Gj;jhd;. ,uz;bYk; ififa itj;jtd; Rl;Lj;jhd; vhpf;fg;gLthd;. jhrpg;
ngz;zhapDk; N`hkj; jPapYk; nfhba jPiag; Nghd;wJ jhd; mtSila fw;Gk;
7
vd;w nghUj;jkhd ctik %yk; jhrpf;Fyg; ngz;fSf;Fk; fw;G cz;L vd;W
vLj;Jiuf;fpwhh;.
KbTiu
jpUkjp. it.K.Nfhijehafp mk;khspd; ehty;fspy; fjhghj;jpuq;fspd; %yk;
mf;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j ngz;fspd; epiyia mwpe;J nfhs;s KbfpwJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 16
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ngz;zpak; vd;gJ gw;wp mwpag;glhj fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; vOe;j ehthyhjyhy;
ngz;fspd; Rje;jpuk; xU Fwpg;gpl;l tiuaiwf;Fs; mlf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
ngz; fy;tpapd; mtrpaj;ij jd; ehty;fs; midj;jpYk; vLj;Jiuj;Js;shh;.
ngz;zbikj; jdj;jpw;F Kf;fpa fhuzk; fy;tpawptpd;ikNa vd;gJ it.K.fhtpd;
fUj;jhf ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,staJ jpUkzk; rKjhaj;jpd; rPh;NfL vd;gij ,tUila
ehty;fs; rpj;jhpf;fpd;wd.
trjp gilj;jth;fs; Viog; ngz;fisj; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;L FLk;g
mikg;G Kiwf;F topfhl;l Ntz;Lk; vd;w fUj;Jk; fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.
fw;G vd;gJ Mz;> ngz; ,UtUf;Fk; nghJthdJ vd;fpwhh;. Mz;fSf;Fk;>
jhrpFyj;Jg; ngz;fSf;Fk; fw;G chpaJ vd;gij Rl;bf;fhl;bAs;shh;. ,t;thW jd;
ehty;fspy; ngz; kf;fis ey;topg;gLj;Jk; gzpia it.K. Nfhijehafp mk;khs;
njhlh;e;Js;sij mwpe;J nfhs;s KbfpwJ.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. ftpkzp Njrpf tpehafk;gps;is> g.66
2. it.K.Nfh. rhe;jpapd; rpfuk;> g.21
3. it.K.Nfh. jahepjp> g.203
4. ghujpahh; ftpijfs;
5. vk;.V.Rrpyh> jkpopyf;fpa ntspapy; ngz; nkhopAk; ngz;Zk;> gf;.290>291
6. ghujpahh; ftpijfs;
7. it.K.Nfh. gtpj;jpug; GJik> g.96
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. it.K.Nfhijehafpapd; fijfs;> 244> ,uhkfpURzh klk; rhiy> kapyhg;G+h;>
nrd;id-4.
2. ftpkzp Njrpf tpehafk;gps;is> MrpaN[hjp> ghhpepiyak;> 59-gpuhl;Nt> nrd;id-1.
3. ghujpahh;>ghujpahh; ftpijfs;> ghujpahh; gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id.
4. vk;.V.Rrpyh> jkpopyf;fpa ntspapy; ngz; nkhopAk; ngz;Zk;> kPdhl;rp Gj;jf
epiyak;> kJiu.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 17
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
gPLilahh; Fbnra;thh;
Kidth; e.nr.fp.rq;fPj;uhjh>
cjtpg; Nguhrphpah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
jpahfuhrh; fy;Yhhp>
kJiu.
gPLilahh; Fb nra;thh; vd;gjpy; Fb vd;gjid FLk;gk; (,y;ywk;)> Fyk;
(Fbg;gpwg;G)> murd; (Fb nra;gtd;)> kf;fs; (Fbfs;) vd;w fUg;nghUs;fspy;
vLj;Jf;nfhz;L ,tw;Ws; ngUikAilath;fs; ahth; mjhtJ ngUikAila
FLk;gk;> ngUikAila Fyk;> ngUikAila murd;> ngUikAila kf;fs; ahth;
vd;gij jf;f rhd;WfNshL ts;Stj;jpd; top Ma;tNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
gPLila NgW
,t;Tyfpy; xU kdpjDf;F ngUik Njbj; juf;$ba cah;e;j gjtp>
epiwe;j nry;tk;> ngUk; Gfo;> cahpa tpUJfs; vd gy epfo;Tfs; cs;sd. Mdhy;
,it vy;yhtw;iwAk; tpl vtndhUtd; ,ay;ghf ,y;ywf; flikfspypUe;J
tOthJ gzpahw;WfpwhNdh mjidg;Nghy ngUikAila ngah; Ntwpy;iy.
mjidg; Nghd;W ngUk;NgW ngWtjw;fpy;iy. ,jidj;jhd;>
fUkk; nraxUtd; ifJhNtd; vd;Dk;
ngUikapd; gPLilaJ ,y;(Fws; - 1021)
vd;whh; ts;Sth;. ,y;ywf; flikfspy; tOthjpUj;jy; ngUk;NgwhFk;. mjdhy;
jhd; ,y;ywj;jpy ,Ue;J nfhz;L ,iwtid tzq;Fk; Ngw;wpid ek;Kila ,e;J
jh;kk; vLj;J ,ak;GfpwJ. ,iwnewpAk; ,jidg; gpd;gw;wpNa tzq;fg;gl;lJ.
,y;tho;f;ifia xU mwkhff; fUjpajhy; jhd; jkpod; mjid ,y;ywk; 1
vd;whd;.
,j;jifa ,y;ywj;jhd; jhd; vy;NyhiuAk; tpl rpwe;jtdhff; fUjg;gl;lhd;.
mjdhy;jhd;>
,ay;gpdhhd; ,y;tho;f;if tho;gtd; vd;ghd;
Kay;thUs; vy;yhk; jiy (Fws; - 47)
vd;whd; ts;Stg; ngUe;jif.
,dpa ,y;ywk;
,j;jifa ,y;ywj;jpd; ,dpa fhl;rpapid Iq;FWEhw;Wg; ghly; thapyhff;
fhzyhk;. jiytDk; jiytpAk; jk; Gjy;tid eLtpy; fplj;jp ,UkUq;fpYk;
mth;fs; gLj;jpUf;fpd;wdh;. ,e;jf; fhl;rpia nrtpypj;jha; ghh;j;J ew;whaplk;
$Wfpd;whs;. mth;fs; gLj;jpUe;j epiy> khd; jz; gpizNahL Fl;bia eLtpy;
Nghl;L fplj;jpapUe;jJ Nghy; ,Ue;jJ. ,e;j ,d;gk; epyTyfpYk; fpl;lhJ.
thDyfpYk; fpl;lhJ vd nrtpypj;jha; mf;fhl;rpiaf; fz;L mf kfpo;e;J $Wfpwhs;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 18
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
kwp,ilg;gLj;j khd;gpiz Nghy
Gjy;td; eLtzd;Mf> ed;Wk;
,dpJkd;w mth; fplf;if> KdpT,d;wp
ePyepw tpayfk; fit,a
<Dk; ck;gUq; ngwyUq;Fiuj;Nj 2
Fiwia epiwthff; fhzy;
jpUkzkhfp jiytd; ,y;yk; nrd;W kPz;l jiytpiag; ghh;j;J mtsJ Njhop
eyk; tprhhpf;fpwhs;. mg;NghJ jiytd; ehl;L jz;zPh; vj;jifaJ vd tpdTfpwhs;.
mjw;Fj; jiytp> xUKiw ehDk; jiytDk; ,ilr;Ruk; nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;jNghJ
vdf;F jz;zPh; jhfk; Vw;gl;lJ. mq;Nf xU Fsk; njd;gl;lJ. Mjpy; mOfpa
,iyfs; cjph;e;J fhzg;gl;ld. NkYk; khd; cz;L fyq;fpa vQ;rpa ePNw ,Ue;jJ.
mjid vLj;Jg; gUfpa vdf;F me;j ePh; ekJ tPl;L Njd; fye;j ghiyf; fhl;bYk;
,dpikahf ,Ue;jJ vd;whs;. jiytd; mUfpypUf;Fk; NghJ fodpj;jz;zPh; $l
jiytpf;F fUk;Gr; rhwhf ,dpf;fpd;wJ. jiytd;ghy; jiytp nfhz;l md;G
vj;jifa FiwiaAk; epiwthfNt Ngr itf;fpd;wJ. ,jid>
Njd;kaq;F ghypDk; ,dpa mth;ehl;L
ctiyf; $tw; fPo
khd; cz;L vQ;rpa fYop ePNu
3
vd;w Iq;FWE}W ghlt; thpfspy; fhzyhk;. mjdhy;jhd;>
xd;whd; $whil cLg;gtNu MapDk;
xd;wpdhh; tho;f;ifNa tho;f;if
4
vd;fpwJ fypj;njhif. vt;tsT tWikahf ,Ue;jhYk;> md;G ,Ug;gth;fsplk;
tWik njhpahJ ,dpikahd tho;f;ifNa njhpAk; vd;W giw rhw;WfpwJ.
nkdf;fpLjy;
jiytDf;fhfj; jiytp czT rikf;fpwhs;. ,Jtiu rikay;
mwpe;jplhjts;. Vg;gbahtJ czT rikj;jplNtz;Lk; vd;w vz;zk;> mtDf;Fg;
gpbj;jjhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w ghpjtpg;G> mtd; tUtjw;Fs; rPf;fpuk; Kbf;f
Ntz;Lk; vd;w Ntfk; ,it vy;yhk; xd;W Nrh;e;J jiytpiag; Jhpjg;gLj;Jfpd;wd.
Nkhh;f;Fok;G nra;fpwhs;. nfl;bahf cs;s japiug; gpire;Jnfhs;fpwhs;. japh;
gpire;j ifapid fOthky; mg;gbNa fl;bapUe;j gl;Lg;Glitapy;
jltpf;nfhs;fpwhs;. mLg;gpy; jhspf;Fk;NghJ Gif tUtjhy; fz;fs;
rpte;JtpLfpd;wd. Gifahy; gbAk; fhpAk; Kfj;jpy; Mq;fhq;Nf gbe;Js;sd.
,t;tsT ghLgl;L nra;j cztpid fztd; te;jTld; ghpkhWfpwhs;. mtd;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 19
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ed;whf cs;sJ vd;wTld; mtsJ Kfk; Kd;idf;fhl;bYk; mjpfk; nghypTld;
fhzg;gl;lJ. ,jid>
Kspjaph; gpire;j fhe;js; nky;tpuy;
fOcW fypq;fk; fohmJ cB,f;
Ftis cd;fz; Fa;g;Gif fkoj;
jhd; Joe;jl;l jPk;Gspg; ghfh;
,dpJ
vd fztd; cz;lypd;
Ez;zpjpd; kfpo;e;jd;W xz;Zjy; KfNd5
mjdhy; jhd;>
kidkhl;rp ,y;yhs;fz; ,y;yhapd; tho;f;if
vidkhl;rp jhapDk; ,y; (Fws;- 52)
vd;whh; ts;Sth;. ,y;ywj;jpw;F tpsf;F ,y;yhs; vd;gjid>kle;ij ,y;yh kid
ghNo! Vd;ghh; xsitahh;. ,t;thW jiytDf;fhf jiytp nkdf;fpLjy; vLj;Jf;
fhl;lg;gl;Ls;sJ.
ed;kf;fl;NgW
xU FLk;gj;jpy; kf;fl;NgW rpwe;jjhf ,Ue;jhy; mij tplg; NgW Ntwpy;iy.
kidf;F tpsf;fk; klths;: klths; jdf;F tpsf;fk; ed;kf;fs
; 6vd;W
ehd;kzpf;fbifAk;>
kq;fyk; vd;g kidkhl;rp kw;wjd; ed;fyk;
ed; kf;fl; NgW (Fws; - 60)
vd;W jpUf;FwSk; ,ak;Gfpd;wd. mg;G+jpabfspd; kfd; nghpa jpUehTf;fuR mutk;
jPz;bAk; jk; gzpia ,iltplhJ Kbj;Jtpl;L (jhaplk; thioapiyia
nfhLj;Jtpl;L); tPo;e;jhNdh mJNghy> vt;thW rpWj;njhz;l ehadhhpd; kfd; rPuhsd;
mtuJ fUj;jpw;Nfw;whw;Nghy kd kfpo;Tld; je;ijapd; Nritapy; jd;id jpahfk;
nra;jhNdh mJNghy ngw;Nwhh;fSf;F Gjy;th;fs; mike;jhy; mijtplg; Ngwpy;iy.
mjdhy;jhd; Vth kf;fs; %th kUe;J vd;whh;fs; nghpNahh;fs;.
jk;kpd;jk; kf;fs; mwpTilik khepyj;J
kz;Zaph;f;; nfy;yhk; ,dpJ (Fws; - 68)
vd;whh; ts;Stg; ngUe;jif. xUKiw Gyth; gprpuhe;ijahhplk; cq;fs; eiu
,y;yhky; ,Uj;jYf;F vd;d fhuzk;? vd;W Nfhl;lhh;fshk;. mjw;F mth; ey;y
kidtpAk; mwpthh;e;j gps;isfisAk; ngw;Ws;sjhNy vdf;F eiuapy;iy vd;whuhk;.
mjid>
ahz;L gyMfpDk; eiu,y MFjy;
khz;l vd; kidtpNahL kf;fSk; epuk;gpdh;;(Gwk;.191)
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 20
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
vd;w GwehD}w;W ghly;thpfs; nka;g;gpf;fpd;wd.
tpUe;Njhk;gy;
,y;ywf; flikfspNy jiyahaJ tpUe;Njhk;gy;. jkpodpd; jdpr;rpwg;G
tpUe;Njhk;gy; gz;ghL. mt;thW vtndhUtd; tpUe;jpdh;fis cgrhpj;J
kfpo;fpwhNdh mtd; ngUikAilatd;.
nry;tpUe; Njhk;gp tUtpUe;J ghh;j;jpUg;ghd;
ey;tpUe;J thdj; jth;f;F(Fws; - 86)
vd;fpwJ ts;Stk;. khjtpia gphpe;J fz;zfpaplk; te;j Nfhtyd; jdJ nraYf;F
tUj;jk; njhptpj;jhd;. ,oe;j nry;tj;ijAk; epidj;J tUe;jpdhd;. mjw;F> fz;zfp;
tpUe;jpdh;fSf;Fk; JwtpfSf;Fk; me;jzh;fSf;Fk; cgrhpj;J cztspf;Fk;
Ngw;wpid Nfhtyid gphpe;jpUe;j fhyj;jpy; jhd; ,oe;jjhf Fwpg;gpLfpwhs; vd;W
tpUe;Njhk;gypd; rpwg;ig>
mwNthh;f; fspj;jYk; me;jzh; Xk;gYk;
JwNthh;f; nffph;jYk;> njhy;Nyhh; rpwg;gpd;
tpUe;njjph; NfhlYk; ,oe;j vd;id7
vd;W rpyg;gjpfhuk; gjpTnra;Js;sJ.,uhkhazj;jpy; tpUe;Njhk;gypd; rpwg;G rPijapd;
thapyhf tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rPijiaj; Njb te;j mDkdplk; rPij ,uhkid
epidj;J ftiyg;gLfpwhs;. ,uhkDf;F ahh ,iy Nghl;L cztpl;L ghpkhWthh;fs;?
vdj; jtpf;fpwhs;. tpUe;jpdh;fs; te;jhy; ,uhkd; vd;d nra;thd; vd kdk;
fyq;Ffpwhs;? ,jid>
mUe;Jk; nky;mlF Mh;,l mUe;Jk; vd;W mOq;Fk;
tpUe;J fz;lNghJ vd; cWk;? vd;W tpk;Kk;! 8
mt;thW tpUe;jpdh;fis cgrhpj;Jk;> ,dpa kidtp> mwpthh;e;j gps;isfisg; ngw;w
xUtd; jdJ FLk;gj;ij cah;j;JNtd; vdg; ghLgLk;NghJ mtDf;Fj; nja;tk;
thpe;J fl;bf; nfhz;L cjTtjw;F Kd; te;J epw;Fk; vd;gjid>
Fbnra;ty; vDk; xUtw;F nja;tk;
kbjw;We; jhd; Ke;JWk; (Fws; - 1023)
vd;Wk; jpUf;Fwsbfs; vLj;J ,ak;Gfpd;wd.
Fyk; (Fbg;gpwg;G)
xUtid kw;wth;fSf;F milahsg;gLj;JtJ mtdJ gjtp> gbg;G> gzk;
vdyhk;. mjidAk; jhz;b Nkhid Nghy; Kd; epw;gJ mtdJ Fbg;gpwg;ghFk;.
md;Gilik Md;w Fbg;gpwj;jy; ,t;tpuz;Lk;
gz;Gilik vd;Dk; tof;F s(Fws; - 992)
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 21
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
nghJthf xUtd; jtW nra;Jtpl;lhy;> mtidg; gpwh;; Nfl;Fk; Nfs;tp ,Jthfj;jhd;
,Uf;Fk;. ,e;j tPl;Lg; gps;is eP ,g;gb nra;ayhkh? mtNuhl igad; jtW
nra;ayhkh? mtuJ Ngud; jtW nra;ayhkh? ,e;j ,lj;jpy; mtdJ gjtp> gbg;G
vy;yhk; Ngha; mtdJ Fbg;gpwg;Gjhd; cyfj;jhh; ghh;itapy; Kjypy; Njhd;Wk;.
mjdhy;jhd;>
mLf;fpa Nfhb ngwpDk; Fbg;gpwg;ghh;
Fd;Wt nra;jy; ,yh;
(Fws; - 992)
,uhkhazj;jpy; ,uhtzd; rPjhg;gpuhl;bia rpiwnaLj;J te;jNghJ> mtis
tpLtpf;FkhW Fk;gfh;zd; ,uhtzDf;F mwpTiu $wpdhd;. mtdJ jtw;iwf;
$Wk;NghJ mtdJ tPuNkh> fy;tpNah> fiyNah> ngw;w tuNkh> rptgf;jpNah ,it
vijAk; Kjypy; $wtpy;iy. mtdJ Fbg;gpwg;ig Kjypy; $wp> gpuk;kdJ Fyj;jpy;
cjpj;j eP ,g;gb jfhj nraiy nra;jy; $lhJ vd;fpwhd;.
eP mad; Kjw;Fyk; ,jw;F xUtd; vd epd;wha;
Mapuk; kiwnghUs; czh;e;J mwpT mikj;jha;
jPapid eag;GWjy; nra;if njhpe;jha;!
9
rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy;> fz;zfp jd;id ahiuNah eP klf;nfhb? Vdf; Nfl;l ghz;badplk;
jhd; ahh; vd;W Neubahf nrhy;yhky;> jkJ Fyg;ngUikia Kjypy; $wp gpd;dh;
jd; fztidg; gw;wpAk; jd;idg;gw;wpAk; $Wfpwhs;.
vs;sW rpwg;gpd; ,ikath; tpag;g
Gs;SW Gd;fz; jPh;e;Njhd; md;wpAk;
thapd; filkzp eLeh eLq;f
Mtpd; filkzp cFePh; neQ;Rl jhd;jk;
mUk;ngWk; Gjy;tid Mopapy; kbj;Njhd;
ngUk;ngah; Gfhh; vd; gjpNa! mt;T+h;
Vrhr; rpwg;gpd; ,ir tpsq;F ngUq;Fb
khrhj;J thzpfd; kfNd Mfp
10
jdJ fztd; gRTf;F ePjp toq;fpa kDePjpr;Nrhod;> Gwhtpw;fhf jdJ jiria
mWj;Jf; nfhLj;j rpgpr;rf;futh;j;jp MfNpahuJ ePjp tOth kugpy; te;jtd; vdf;
$Wfpwhs;.
murd; (Fb nra;gtd;)
xU ehL vg;gb ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij> grp> gpzp> gif> mwpahik
,y;yhjpUj;jNy rpwe;j ehL vd;W ts;Sth; Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;. mj;jifa ehl;il
Ms;gtNd rpwe;j murd; vd;Wk; Nghw;wg;gLfpd;whd;.
cWgrpAk; Xthg; gpzpAk; nrWgifAk;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 22
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Nruh jpay;tJ ehL
(Fws; - 734)
GwehDw;wpy;> FWq;NfhopA+h;fpohh; vd;Dk; Gyth;; ahidf;fz; Nra; khe;juy; Nruy;
,Uk;nghiw vd;w Nrukd;ddpd; Fbr;rpwg;ig mtdJ Ml;rpj;jpwid kpf
mUikahfg; gjpT nra;Js;shh;. Nrudpd; ehl;L kf;fs; ntk;ikia mwpe;jjpy;iy.
gif ,Ue;jhy;jhNd ntk;ik tUtjw;F. mth;fs; NrhW rikg;gjw;fhd ntk;ik
(neUg;G)Ak; Qhapw;wpd; ntk;ik kl;LNk mwpe;jth;fs;. Nru ehl;L kf;fs;
MAjq;fSs; xd;whd tpy;iy mwpahjth;fs;. Vnddpy; NruDf;F gif murNd
,y;iy. mth;fs; mwpe;jJ thdpy; Njhd;Wk; thdtpy; kl;LNk. mNjNghy; gilf;
fUtpfs; mwpe;jpyh;. Mth;fs; mwpe;j xNu fUtp cOgil vd;Dk; fyg;ig
kl;Lk;jhd;. Nrud; kw;w ehl;L kz;iz cz;ghd; (nty;Yjy;). ,td; ehl;L
kz;iz ahUk; cz;z KbahJ. xUrpyuhy; kl;LNk cz;z KbAk;. Mth;fs;
ahh; njhpAkh? Nru ehl;bypUf;Fk; fh;g;gKw;w ngz;fs; kl;LNk mtdJ kz;iz
cz;z KbAk;. mtdJ Ml;rpapy; mwk; ftiyapd;wp fl;bypy; cwq;Fk;.
Fbkf;fis jd; Foe;ijfshff; fUjp Ml;rp nrYj;jpdhd; murd; vdpDk; kf;fs;
kdjpy; mr;rk; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. Vd; njhpAkh? ekf;F ve;jtpj Jd;gKk; Neuhky;
vy;yh nry;tq;fisAk; ey;fp vjphpfsplkpUe;J fhj;J tho;fpwhNd ek; murd;
mtDf;F vd;d Neh;e;JtpLNkh? Vd;W mr;rk; nfhs;fpd;wdh;. ,j;jifa Nrudpd;
Ml;rpj;jpwidAk; mwpTj; jpwidAk; <ifj;jpwidAk; xg;gpl;Lg; ghh;f;fpwhh;. tphpe;j
epyTyifAk; mfd;w Mfhaj;ijAk; Mo;e;j fliyAk; tPRk; fhw;wpd; Ntfj;ijAk;
vt;thW mse;jwpa KbahNjh mJNghy Nrudpd; md;igAk; mwpitAk; mse;jwpa
KbahJ vd;fpwhh;. gpd;dh; VNjh neUbaJ Nghy; ,tw;iw vy;yhk; $l mse;Jtpl
KbAk;. Mdhy;> Nrudpd; Mw;wiy> kjp El;gj;ij nfhilj;jd;ikia mse;jwpa
KbahJ vd;fpwhh;. xg;Gik $wte;jij Kjypy; xg;Gtpj;J gpd;dh; mjid kWj;J
NruDf;F epfh; NruNd vd;W $Wfpwhh;.
,UKe;ePh;f; Fl;lKk;
tpad;Qhyj;J mfyKk;
tsptoq;F jpirAk;
twpJ epiy,a fhaKk;> vd;whq;F
mit mse;J mwpapDk; msj;jw;F mhpait.
mwpTk; <uKk; ngUq;fz; Nzhl;lKk;:
NrhWgLf;Fk; jPnahL
nrQ;Qhapw;Wj; njwy; my;yJ
gpwpJ njwy; mwpahh; epd; epoy;tho; NthNu:
jpUtpy; my;yJ nfhiytpy; mwpahh;:
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 23
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ehQ;rpy; my;yJ gilAk; mwpahh;:
jpwd; mwp tatnuhL njt;th; Nja mg;
gpwh;kz; cz;Zk; nrk;ky;! epd; ehl;L
taTW kfsph; Ntl;Ltdpd; my;yJ
gifth; cz;z mUkz; zpidNa:
mk;GJQ;Rk; fb muzhy;
mwk; JQ;Rk; nrq;NfhiyNa
GJg;Gs; thpDk; gok;Gs; NghfpDk;
tpJg;GwT mwpah Vkf; fhg;gpid
midia Mfy; khNw:
kd;Daph; vy;yhk; epd; mQ;Rk;Nk
> (Gwk;.20)
,ijj;jhd;>
FbjoP,f; NfhNyhr;Rk; khepy kd;dd;
mbjoP, epw;Fk; cyF
(Fws; - 544)
vd;whd; ts;Std;.
Fbkf;fs;
xU ehl;bYs;s kf;fisg; nghWj;Nj me;ehl;bd; midj;J epiyfSk; tsk;
ngUFk;. kf;fs; ey;yth;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. mjdhy;jhd;>
ehlh nfhd;Nwh fhlh nfhd;Nwh
mtyh nfhd;Nwh kpirah nfhd;Nwh
vt;top ey;yth; Mlth; mt;top
ey;iy thopa epyNd
vd;whh; xsitahh;. ,q;F Mlth; vd;gJ kf;fisf; Fwpf;Fk;. kf;fs; vq;F
ey;yth;fshf ,Uf;fpwhh;fNsh mq;F vy;yhNk ey;yitahfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk;.
kd;dh; caph;j;Nj kyh;jiy cyfk; vd;gJ khwp kf;fs; caph;j;Nj kyh;jiy
cyfk; vd;gNj rpwg;ghFk;.
epiwTiu
,q;qdk;> vtndhUtd; ,y;ywf; flikfspypUe;J tOthJ mwnewpapy;
tho;fpwhNdh> ahnuhUth; jkJ Fbg;gpwg;Gf;F fyq;fk; cz;lhf;Fk; nraiyj;
jtph;j;J ew;ngaiu <l;LfpwhNuh> ahnuhUtd; jdJ Fbkf;fSf;F ve;jtpj jPq;Fk;
NeuhJ Ml;rp nra;fpwhNdh> ve;j kf;fs; Nfhgk;> nghwhik> nfhy;yhik> faik>
mwpahik> td;ik> jpUlhik> Nghd;w ikfis xopj;J gz;GilikNahL
tho;fpwhh;fNsh ,j;jifath;fNs cyfk; Nghw;Wk; ngUik ngw;w Ngw;wpidg;
ngw;wth;fs;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 24
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
mbf;Fwpg;Gfs;
1.Nguh.,uh.Nkhfd;> rq;f ,yf;fpar; nrt;tp> gf;.140
2.NkyJ> gf;>157
3.NkyJ> gf;.168
4.NkyJ> gf;.168
5.NkyJ> gf;.110
6.vk;.ehuhaz NtYg;gps;is> gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;F Ehy;fs;> gf;.106
7.t.j.,uhkRg;gpukzpak;>(c.M.) rpyg;gjpfhuk;> gf;.332
8. gp.[p.fUj;jpUkd;> fk;gh; ftpAk; fUj;Jk;> gf;.361
9. t.j.,uhkRg;gpukzpak;>(c.M.) rpyg;gjpfhuk;> gf;.379
10. gp.[p.fUj;jpUkd;> fk;gh; ftpAk; fUj;Jk;> gf;.419
JizEhw; gl;bay;
1. ,uh.Nkhfd; rq;f ,yf;fpar; nrt;tp
thdjp gjpg;gfk;>
23> jPdjahS njU>
jp.efh;. nrd;id-17.
2. fp.th.[fe;ehjd; mwg;Nghh;
mKjk; epiyak;>
Njdhk;Ngl;il> nrd;id-18
3. gp.[p.fUj;jpUkd; fk;gh; ftpAk; fUj;Jk;
jkpo;;g; Gj;jfhyak;>
jpUty;ypf;Nfzp> nrd;id-05.
4. t.j.,uhkRg;gpukzpak; (c.M>) rpyg;gjpfhuk;>
jpUkfs; epiyak;>
jp.efh;> nrd;id-17.
5. vk;.ehuhazNtYg;gps;is gjpndz; fPo;f;fzf;f Ehy;fs;>
eh;kjh gjpg;gfk;> jp.efh;> nrd;id-1
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 25
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ngz;tpLjiy Nehf;fpy;
kNdhd;kzPak;
Kidtu; eh. RNyhrdh>
cjtpg;Nguhrpupau;>
jkpo;nkhop (k) nkhopapay;Gyk>;
cyfj; jkpohuha;r;rp epWtdk>;
jukzp> nrd;id.
ng. Re;juk; gps;is mtu;fshy; 1891-,y; vOjg;gl;lJ
kNdhd;kzPak
; vd;Dk;
ehlf E}y;. ,J ypl;ld; gpuG nra;Ashf ,aw;wpapUe;j
,ufrpa top
(The Secret
Way) vd;Dk; Mq;fpyf; fijia Kjy; E}yhff; nfhz;L gilf;fg;gl;lJ. jkpopy;
ntspte;j Kjy; ehlf E}y; kNdhd;kzPakhFk;. Nguhrphpah; ,ij Xu; ,d;gtpay;
ehlfkhfg; gilj;Js;shu;. ehlf ,yf;fpaj;jpy; ,e;E}y; Kjd;ikahfg;
Nghw;wg;gLfpwJ. ,J jkpopd; kWkyu;r;rpf;F tpj;jhf mikfpd;wJ. Kd;idg;
goikf;Fk; gpd;idg; GJikf;Fk; xU ghykhf mikfpd;wJ. ghapuj;JlDk;> flTs;
tzf;fj;JlDk; ,e;j ehlfk; njhlq;FtNj goikNahL cs;s njhlh;igf;
fhl;LfpwJ. gj;njhd;gjhk; E}w;whz;by; ghujpf;F Kd;Njhd;wpa ngz;ikg; Gul;rpahsu;
Re;judhu; Mthu;. mtUila ehlfj;jpy; fijj; jiytpapd; Njhopahf thzpiag;
gilj;Js;shu;. thzpapd; ngz;ik fye;j Gul;rpf; fUj;Jf;fis Muha;tNj
,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
ehlf epfo;Tf; fsq;fshfj; jpUney;NtypAk;> jpUtde;jGuKk; mike;Js;sd.
fhg;gpaq;fspy; fhz;lk;> glyk;> fhij Nghd;W ehlfj;jpDs;Sk; mq;fk; (Act)>
fsk; (Scene) vdg; gFf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. nkhj;jk; Ie;J mq;fKk; ,UgJ fsKk;
mike;Js;sd. Kjy; mq;fj;jpy; Ie;J fsKk;> ,uz;lhtJ mq;fj;jpy; %d;W
fsKk;> %d;whtJ mq;fj;jpy; ehd;F fsKk;> ehd;fhtJ mq;fj;jpy; Ie;J fsKk;>
Ie;jhtJ mq;fj;jpy; %d;W fsKk; Mf ,UgJ fsq;fs; ehlfj;jpd; tsu;r;rpf;Fj;
Jiz nra;fpd;wd.
ftpij ehlf tbtpy; mike;j kNdhd;kzPak; 4>500 mbfisf; nfhz;lJ.
mjpy;
ePuhUq; flYLj;j
vdj; njhlq;Fk; ghliyj; jkpo;j;jha; tho;j;Jg; ghlyhfj;
jkpof murhy; 1970-,y; mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ.
,e;ehlfk; R+o;r;rpAk;> fhjYkhfg; gpd;dpg; gpizf;fg; gl;Ls;sJ. kd;dd;
rPtfd; gFj;jwpitg; gad;gLj;jj; njhupahjtdhf cs;shd;. rPtfdpd; kfshd
kNdhd;kzpapd; ngaiuNa Mrpupau; ehlfj;jpd; jiyg;ghf;fpg; ngz;ikia Kjd;ikg;
gLj;jpAs;shu;. ngz;Zf;F Kf;fpaj;JtKk; Kjd;ikg;gLj;jYk; ,y;yhj
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 26
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
fhyfl;lj;jpy; Mrpupau; fijj; jiytpapd; ngaiuNa ehlfj;jpd; ngauhf
itj;jpUg;gjpy; Mrpupaupd; ghq;F ntspg;gLfpwJ.
ngz; tpLjiyNa r%fj;jpd; tpLjiy
vd;fpwhu; mz;zy; mk;Ngj;fu;. ngz;
Rakhfr; rpe;jpg;gJk;> jdf;fhd cupikiag; ngWtJk;> r%fj;jpy; ngz; jhd; xU
mq;fk; vd;w epiyg;ghl;ilg; ngWtJnkd ,it vy;yhk; ngz;Zf;Ff;
fpilf;Fnkd;why; mr;r%fk; tsu;r;rpale;j r%fkhff; fUjg;gLk;.
cldbik nahopaNtz;Lk;-ngz;fs;
cupikaila Ntz;Lk;-
Ntnwd;d Ntz;Lk;.
([Pthtpd; ghly;fs;> g.120)
ngz;Zupik ngw;why; jhd; ehL cupik ngw;w gaid mile;jjhf mikAk;.
MZk; ngz;Zk; tpLjiyf; fhw;iwr; Rthrpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;fpwhu; nghJTilikj;
Njhou; gh.[Pthde;jk;. ngz;iz
khag; gprhR
vdg; gpjw;wpatu;fspd; tha;fSf;Fk;
kdj;jpw;Fk; Gul;rpg; G+f;fisf; nfhz;L G+l;Lg; Nghl;ltu; ghNte;ju; ghujpjhrd;;.
ghujpiaj;jhd; ngz; tpLjiyf; ftpQu; vd;W mwpe;jpUf;fpNwhk;. mjw;F Kd;dNk
Re;judhu; thzp vd;Dk; fjhghj;jpuj;jpd; top ngz; tpLjiyia vLj;Jf;
fhl;bAs;shu;.
ngz;Zf;Fr; Rakhfr; rpe;jpf;Fk; mwpT Ntz;Lk;
vd;w je;ij
nghupahu;>
khjuha;g; gpwg;gjw;Nf ey;khjtQ; nra;jply; Ntz;Lkk;kh!
vd;w ftpkzp>
,tu;fSf;F Kd;dNk ngz; jdf;fhd cupikiag; ngw;W> jdf;F Jd;gk; tUk;
NghJ vjpu;j;Jg; Nghuhl Ntz;Lk; vd;w kd typikiag; ngz; ghj;jpuj;jpw;F
cilikahf;fpath; Re;judhu;.
thzpAk;> kNdhd;kzpAk; khiyg; nghOjpNy foy; tpisahLfpd;wdu;.
rptngUkhd; kd;kjid vupj;j fij tpisahl;bd; nghUshf mikfpd;wJ.
rptngUkhd;> kd;kjd; ,Utupy; ntw;wp ngw;wtu; rptngUkhNd vDk; NghJ
kNdhd;kzpapd; fhjy; ,y;yhj cs;sj;ijAk; kd;kjNd ntw;wp ngw;wtd; vDk;
NghJ thzpapd; fhjYs;sk; ntspg;gLfpwJ.
vupe;jds;Mapnyd;vd;nwd;We;jk;Kly;
fupe;jJghjpnad;whlha;foy;.
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;> gh.4)
foy; tpisahl;bd; top thzp> jd; fhjy; nghq;Fk; cs;sj;ij ntspg;gLj;j tpUk;gp>
cUtq;fue;jhnyd;? Xu;kyuk;gpdhy;
miuAUthdh nud;whlha; foy;>
me; eluh[ndd; whlha;foy;.
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;)
vd;W ghLfpwhs;. ,jd; top ,iwtidf; $WtJ Nghy; jd; capu;f; fhjydhd
eluh[idg; gw;wpf; $Wfpwhs;. ,t;tpisahl;by; thzp kiwKfkhfj; jd;
fhjYzu;r;rpia ntspg;gLj;Jk; tpjj;ijf; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 27
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ehl;lk; ,uz;Lk; mwpTlk; gLj;jw;Ff;
$l;b ciuf;Fk; Fwpg;Giu MFk;. (njhy;. fstpay;.93)
vd;Wk;
fhkj; jpizapy; fz;epd;W t&ck;
ehZk; klDk; ngz;ika Mfypd;
Fwpg;gpDk; ,lj;jpDk; my;yJ Ntl;if
newpg;gl thuh mts; tapd; Md. (
njhy;. fstpay;.106)
vd;Wk; njhy;fhg;gpak; $WfpwJ. jiytp jd; Ntl;ifia ehzj;jpd; fhuzkhff;
Fwpg;ghf czu;j;Jths;. mijg; Nghy thzpAk; foy; MLk; NghJ jd; fhjydpd;
ngaiuf; Fwpg;gpLfpwhs;. ,jd; top fhjypd; tsu;r;rp if $LfpwJ. mt;tpisahl;bd;
top thzpapd; fhjYs;sj;ij mwpe;J nfhz;l kNdhd;kzp>
Vjbthzp! Xjpaghl;by;
xUngau; xspj;jid ngU%r;nrwpe;J?
ed;W! ed;W! epd;ehzk;
kd;wYk; MdJ NghYk; thu;FoNy!
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk; gh.1-4)
vd;W ghLfpwhs;. xU ngz;zpd; cs;sj;ij ,d;NdhU ngz; mwpe;J nfhz;L
kiwKfkhfr; nrhd;d fhjYs;sj;ijg; Nghl;L cilf;fpwhs;. ,jw;Nf ngz;Zf;F
kdtypik Ntz;LNk. ,d;iwa R+oNyh NtW.
thzpapd; je;ij rfld; nghUs; Mir nfhz;L thzpapd; fhjyd; eluh[d;
xU gpj;jd;> mwptw;wtd; vd;W $wp> Fbydpd; kfdhfpa gyNjtDf;F thzpia
kzQ; nra;tpf;f tpUk;gpdhd;. mjd; %yk; jdf;Fr; nry;tj;ijAk;> r%f kjpg;igAk;
Njbf; nfhs;s tpUk;gpdhd;. fhjypy; ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;j thzp ,r;nra;jpiaf;
Nfl;lTld; kdk; eLq;Ffpwhs;. ngz;zpd; jiytpjpia vz;zp tUe;Jfpwhs;.
je;ijAk;nfhbad;;jhAk;nfhbas;!
rpe;jpahu;rpwpJk;ahd;gLk;,Lk;ig>
vd;Dapu;f;Fcapuhk;vd;fhjyu;f;Fk;
,d;dy;,ioj;jdu;vz;zpavz;zk;
Kjiyapd;gpbNghy;Kbf;fj;Jzpe;jdu;>
ahnuhLNehNtd;?ahu;f;FvLj;Jiug;Ngd;?
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;> gh.34-42)
vd;W thzpapd; kdkhdJ fhjiy vz;zpg; Gyk;GfpwJ. jd; kdk; ehbatidf; if
gpbg;gJ vd;gJ ngz;Zf;Fr; r%fj;Jld; fhye;NjhWk; njhlUk; Nghuhl;lkhfj;jhd;
mikfpwJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 28
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ghujpapd;
Fapy; ghl;L
$Wk;
fhjy;; fhjy;; fhjy;; fhjy; Nghapd; rhjy;; rhjy;;
rhjy;;
vDk; nfhs;ifapy; cWjp nfhz;ltshf ,Ue;jhs; thzp. ,we;jhYk;
,wg;NgNd jtpu xU ehSk; gyNjtid kzf;f ,ira khl;Nld; vd;W jd;
fUj;ijj; jplkhff; $Wfpwhs;.
tJitAk;Ntz;byu;; tho;f;ifAk;Ntz;byu;;
xUnkhopNtz;bdu;; ciuj;jpNyd;ghtp!
er;rpNdd;vDnkhopf;Nfmtu;f;fpr;ir.
ghr;rpahd;> XNfh! NgrpNdd;,iyNa!
,dpnad;nra;Ntd;?
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;> gh.123-124)
vd;gjpd; top> thzpapd; fhjYzu;r;rpAk;> kd cWjpAk;> xOf;f cau;Tk; xUq;Nf
Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ.
xU ngz; xUtid kdjhu Nerpg;gJ cz;ikahdhy; mtidf; filrp tiu
kwf;f khl;lhs;> mtidj; Jwf;fTk; khl;lhs; vd;gjw;F thzpapd; fhjy; rhd;whf
mikfpd;wJ. kdj;jpy; epiyj;jtd; xUtd;> ifg;gpbg;gJ xUtd; vd;w tho;f;if
ngz;zpd; csg; Nghuhl;lkhf mikfpwJ. ngw;Nwhu; ghu;j;J kzKbf;Fk; fhyj;jpy;
ngz;Nz jdf;Fupa fhjyidj; Nju;e;njLg;gJ Gul;rpahFk;.
khju; cupik kWg;gJ khz;gh?
khju; Kd;Ndw;wj;jhy; kfpo;tJ khz;gh?
Nkjpdp Jau;gl tpUk;Gjy; ,jkh?
tpjitf;F kWkzk; cjTjy; ,jkh?
Nfhijapd; fhjy; kzk; nfhs;tJ ePNuh?
(gh.ftp. g.144)
Mltu;f;F cs;s cupik midj;Jk; kfspu;f;F Ntz;Lk;> cupik midtUf;Fk;
nghJ vd;fpwhu; ghNte;ju;.
thzpia gyNjtDf;F kzk; Kbf;f epidj;jTld; thzp jd; fhjyid
kwe;J
jd;Dapu; jhq;FtJ vt;tpjk;? kd;dtd; fl;lis kWg;gJ vt;tpjNkh?
vdg;
Gyk;Gfpwhs;. eluh[idj; jtpu;j;J kw;w Mltiuj; jdJ cs;sk; ehlhJ. mJ
eQ;ir tplf; nfhbajhFk; vd;gij@
eQ;Rk;mQ;rpNyd;; epd;nrhy;mQ;rpNdd;>
,wf;fpDk;,irNad;> jhNkJwf;fpDk;
kwg;gNdhvd;Ds;sk;kd;dpaxUtiu?
Mltuhfkw;nwtiuAk;
ehLNkhehd;cstsTk;vd;Ds;sNk!
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;> gh.48-52)
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 29
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
vLg;ghw;ifg; gps;isahd kd;dd; rPtfd;> thzpaplk; eluh[d; xU
gpj;jd
; vd
,fo;e;Jiuf;fpwhd;. mg;NghJ thzp kd jplj;NjhL ,Uf;fpwhs;. rPtfd; gyNjtDf;F
cld;gLtJ cd;flik vd;W nrhy;Yk; NghJ thzp murd; vd;Wk; ghuhky; jdpg;
ngz;zhf> tPuj;NjhL murDila thu;j;ijf;Ff; fl;Lg;glhky; jd; fhjy; cupikia
epiy ehl;Lfpwhs;.
kd;dd; $wpajw;F ,zq;fhky; gyNjtid kzf;fhtpl;lhy; NeUtJ vd;d?
vd;gJ Nghy; Jzpr;ryhf tpdh vOg;Gfpwhs;. ngz;fspd; epahakhd thu;j;ijf;F
,lq;nfhLf;fhj fhyj;jpYk;> ngz;fis mlf;fpahSk; r%fj;jpYk; xU ngz;
murid vjpu;j;Jf; Nfs;tp Nfl;Fk; mstpw;Fj; Jzpr;ry; fhupahfg; Nguhrpupau;
thzpiag; gilj;Js;shu;.
murd; gyNjtid kzf;fhtpby; fd;dpaha;j;jhd; ,Ug;gha; vd;W rpdj;NjhL
$Wk; NghJ mjw;Fr; rk;kjk; vd;fpwhs;.
rPtfd;; fd;dpaha; ,Uf;ifapy; vd;moF vd;dhk;?
miuf;fpy; md;Nwh re;jdk; fkOk;?
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ,uz;lhk; fsk;> gh.116-117)
ngz;fs; gilf;fg;gl;bUg;gNj Mz;fSf;fhfj; jhd; vdr; r%fk; fl;likj;jpUf;fpwJ.
mJ jhd; FLk;g mikg;ghfTk; jpfo;fpwJ.. ngz;fspd; fUj;Jf;F khWghlhfj;
jpUkzj;ij KbT nra;Ak; fhyj;jpy; ngz;fs; kd cWjpAlDk;> kjp El;gj;JlDk;
nray;gl;lhy; ntw;wp ngWtJ jpz;zkhFk;.
fhjy; miljy; capupaw;if
vd;fpwhu;
ghNte;ju;.
fhjy; vd;gJ Kaw;rpahk; topapy; mau;r;rp Nehupby;
Cd;WNfhyha; mtu; Cf;fk; cau;j;jpAk;>
,t;tpjk; ahiuAk; nrt;tpjw;gLj;jp>
,fj;Js;s mfj;jpw;F msTNfhyhfp
guj;Js mfj;ij tupj;j rpj;jpukha;>
,y;ywk; vd;gjd; ey;YapNu aha;
epd;w fhjypd; epiyik
(Kjy; mq;fk;> ehd;fhk; fsk;> gh.94-100)
vd cWjpg;gl;l fhjyhdJ ,y;ywj;jpy;; ,izAk; vd;gjhy; ,Uk;Gk; fhe;jKk; Nghy;
,y;yw tho;T vd;whfp xUtuhy; Mf;fg;gLk; nghUNs fhjy; vd;W fhjYf;F
tpsf;fk; nrhy;tjhf cs;sJ.
thzpia Xu; mwpTg; ghj;jpukhfg; gilj;Js;shu;. thzpapd; czu;r;rp tag;gl;l
nrhw;fs; mtisg; Gul;rpg; ngz;zhff; fhl;bAs;sJ. thzpapd; Gul;rp Fzk; jd;
fhjiy ntspg;gLj;Jk; tpjj;ij Mrpupau; Kjy; mq;fj;jpNyNa foy; tpisahl;bd;
top vLj;Jf; fhl;bAs;shu;. thzp jd;Dila fhjiy epiyg;gLj;Jtjw;F murdplk;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 30
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
thjhb tof;Fiuj;J> jd; fhjy; Nehf;fj;ij epiw Ntw;wpf; nfhs;Sk; thzpapd;
ngz;ik Nghw;wj;jf;fjhFk;. foy; tpisahl;by; kd;kjDf;F ntw;wp vd;gjd; top
kuGfis cilf;Fk; Gul;rpg; ngz;zhff; fhl;bAs;shu;. fijj; jiytpahd
kNdhd;kzpapd; fhjy;> jd; je;ijapd; md;gpdhy; je;ijapd; tpUg;gj;jpw;Ff;
fl;Lg;gl;Lj; jd;Dila fhjiy ntspg;gLj;j Kbahj rhjhuzg; ngz;zhfg;
gilj;Jf; fhl;bAs;shu;.
kNdhd;kzp Re;juKdptuplk; thjpl;L jtj;jpw;Fupa tpsf;fkspf;Fk; mwpTg;
ngz;zhths;. GUNrhj;jkd; kPJ nfhz;l fhjiy ntspg;gLj;jj; njupahjtshf>
gf;jp epiwe;jtshf> czu;r;rpfis mlf;fpahSk; Mw;wiyg; ngw;wtshff; fhl;rp
jUfpwhs;. ,t;tpU ngz;fspYk; thzp Gul;rpapy; cau;e;J fhzg;gLfpwhs;.
kNdhd;kzpNah jd; Fzj;jhy; Nghw;wg;gLfpwhs;. ,t;tpUtUila gq;Fk; Kjy;
mq;fj;jpNyNa mjpfkhfg; Ngrg;gl;Ls;sJ.
,t;tpU ngz;fisAk; mwpTg; ngz;fshfg; gilj;jpUg;gJ ngz;zpd;
ngaiuNa ehlfj;jpw;F cw;w jiyg;ghfj; njupT nra;jJ> ehlfj;jpd;
njhlf;fj;jpNyNa ,t;tpUtiuAk; mwpKfg;gLj;JtJ vdg; ngz;ikf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk;
mspj;J Kjy; ngz; tpLjiythjpahfg; Nguhrpupau; Re;judhu; jpfo;fpwhu; vd;W
jpz;zkhfpd;wJ.
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1.
kNdhd;kzPak
;> ng. kPdhl;rp Re;juk;gps;is> 1891.
2.
njhy;fhg;gpak
;> ,sk;G+uzhh; (njh.M)> jkpo;;g; Gj;jfhyak;> jpUty;ypf;Nfzp>
nrd;id-05.
3.
ghujpjhrd; ftpijfs
;> jpUkfs; epiyak;> jp.efh;> nrd;id-17.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 31
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
rq;f ,yf;fpag; Nghh;g;gjpTfs;
Kidth; ng.Rthjp>
cjtpg;Nguhrphpah;>
jkpo;j;Jiw (Raepjpg;gphpT)>
eh.k.r.r.nts;isr;rhkp ehlhh; fy;Y}hp>
ehfkiy> kJiu.
khdplj;jpd; r%f tsh;r;rp vd;gJ Kjypy; Ntl;ilahLjy;> czT Nrfhpj;jy;
gpd;G gaphpLjy; vdg; gbg;gbahf tsh;r;rp ngw;wJ. lhh;tpdpd; ghpzhkf;
nfhs;ifapd;gb Fuq;fpypUe;J tsh;r;rp ngw;w kdpjd; vg;nghOJ xU FOthf
,ize;J> rKjhakhf tho Kw;gl;lhNdh md;Nw ,lk;gpbf;Fk; my;yJ ehL gpbf;Fk;
MirAk;> nghwhikAk; mjd; fhuzkhfg; NghUk; G+rYk; Jtq;fptpl;ld. epyj;jpy;
jd; ,Ug;igj; jf;fitj;Jf; nfhs;s midj;J caphpdq;fSk; NghuhLk;NghJ
mt;tplj;jpNy Nghh; ,d;wpaikahjjhfp tpLfpd;wJ. kdpjdpd; ,lk; kw;Wk; czTj;
Njitf;fhf Muk;gpj;j rpW NkhjyhdJ gpd;dhspy; Nghh; vd;Dk; ghpzhk
tsh;r;rpiag; ngw;wJ. ,t;thW Muk;gpj;j Nghhpy; xU Gwk; ntw;wpAk;> kWGwk;
Njhy;tpAk; Vw;gl;lhYk; ,U Gwq;fspYk; caphpog;Gk;> nghUspog;Gk; kpFjpahfNt
,Uf;fpd;wd.
Nghh; - Xh; mwpKfk;
Nghh; vd;gJ kdpjr; rKjhaj;jpd; Muk;gj;jpy; ,Ue;Nj Njhd;wptpl;lJ.
fhl;Lkpuhz;bahfTk;> ehNlhbahfTk; tho;e;j kdpjd; jd; czTj; Njitf;fhf xU
tpyq;iff; fy;iy tpl;nlwpe;J vd;W mjid vjph;j;Jg; Nghuhl Muk;gpj;jhNdh md;Nw
Nghh; vd;Dk; caph; nfhy;Yk; epfo;r;rp kiwKfkhfj; Njhd;wptpl;lJ. jd;Dila
Ntl;ilahLk; vy;iyia tphpTgLj;jpj; jd; FOtpidg; ghJfhf;f Ntz;b kw;nwhU
FOTld; Nghuhl Kide;jNghJ Nghh; Neubahfj; Njhd;wpaJ. mjd; ePl;rpahfj;
jd;id xU FOTf;F kl;Lk; jiytdhf ,y;yhky; xl;Lnkhj;jf; FOTf;Fk;
jiytdhf Kide;jNghJ mJNt Nghh; ntwpahf khwpaJ. ,ijf; fh.Nfhtpe;jd;
Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ Nghh; tpUk;gj; jfhj xd;W. Ntz;lhjJk;$l vd;whYk;> Nghh; epfohj
ehL cz;lh? ,y;iy. mJ epfohj fhyj;ijf; fhzKbAkh? ,ayhJ. Nghh; Ghpahj
caphpdk; VNjDk; cz;lh? ,y;iy. gdp jtOk; cyfpd; NfhbapYk; Nghh;> ,Us;
jtOk; ngUq;fhl;L epykhk; cyfpd; ,ilg;gFjpapYk; Nghh;> cyfk; Njhd;wpa ehs;
njhl;Lg; Nghh; njhlh;e;Nj tUfpd;wJ. fhl;Lf; nfhLtpyq;FfSk; Nghh; Ghpfpd;wd.
ehl;by; thOk; ehfhpf newp fw;w kf;fs; ,dKk; Nghh; Ghpfpd;wdh;. ,d;W ehk; fhZk;
,t;TyfNk kf;fs;,dk; kw;w ,aw;iffNshL XahJ elj;jpa Nghuhl;lj;jpd; cWgad;
MFk;1 vd;W Nghuhl;lj;ij epahag;gLj;Jfpwhh;. Mdhy; [hd; hpr;rh;L fphPd; vd;gth;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 32
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Nghhpid mwptPdkhd gLnfhiy vd;W $wpdhYk; xU kdpjdpd; jdpj;jd;ik my;yJ
mtd; rKjhaj;jpw;F Mw;wpa njhz;Lk; mjpy; kiwe;Js;sJ vd;gij
kWj;jw;fpayhJ. gilj;Jiwj; jj;Jt Qhdpahd fhh;y;thd; fpsh];tpl;r; vd;gth;
Nghh; gw;wp(On War) vDk; E}iyg; gilj;jhh;. me;E}ypy; mth; gpw toptiffSld;
fye;j murpay; cwtpd; njhlh;r;rpNa Nghh; vd;W Fwpg;gpl;lhh;.2 Nghh; vd;Dk; epfo;T
fhyq;fhykhf kdpjdpd; ehfhpf Kjph;r;rpaw;w ,ay;Gfis vLj;Jf; fhl;LfpwNjad;wp
gz;ghL kpFe;j ehfhpfKs;s rKjhaj;jpd; eltbf;iffis vLj;Jf;fhl;ltpy;iy
vd;gNj cz;ik.
NghUf;fhd fhuzq;fs;
NghUf;nfdg; gy fhuzq;fis mwpQh;fs; ciuf;fpd;wdh;.
1. msT fle;j kz;zhirahy; Nghh; epfo;tJz;L.
2. jd;dhl;by; thOk; Fbfs; tho;tjw;Fg; Nghjpa ,lkpy;yhjjdhy; ,lk;
rpwpnjdpDk; Cf;f NkyPl;lhy; Nghh; epfo;tJz;L.
3. cyfk; gpw murUf;Fk; nghJthdnjd;Dk; nrhy;iyg; nghWf;fkhl;lhky; jd;
ehL rpwpnjd;Dk; Nehf;fpy; Nghh; epfo;tJz;L.
4. jhNk murh;f;F muruhfj; jpfo Ntz;Lnkd;w cl;Nfhspd; fhuzkhfTk; Nghh;
epfo;tJz;L.
5. muRhpikf;Fj; jil Vw;gLk;nghOJ Nghh; epfOk;.
6. murhpd; Gjy;th; jkf;F tUk; muRhpikiaj; je;ijah; mur gjtpiaj;
Jwf;FKd;Ng ngWtjw;Fj; je;ijaUld; Nghh; epfo;tJz;L.
7. nrhy;ypy; my;yJ nraypy; kdf;FiwT Vw;gl;lhYk; Nghh; epfOk;.
8. kfs; kWj;jy; fhuzkhfTk; Nghh; epfo;tJz;L.
,it Nghd;w fhuzq;fshNyNa ngUk;ghYk; Nghh;fs; Vw;gLfpd;wd.
rq;fg; ghly;fspy; Nghh;
cyf nkhopfs; midj;Jk; jk; ,yf;fpaq;fisg; Nghhpy; ,Ue;Jjhd; gjpT
nra;aj; Jtq;Ffpd;wd. rq;ffhyj;jpd; gy ghly;fs; Nghiu ikakpl;Nl vOe;Js;sd.
,g;ghly;fs;; jq;fs; jiytDk; tPuh;fSk; gifth; ehl;bd; tsq;fisnay;yhk;
vt;thW mopj;jdh; vd;gij tpsf;Ftjhf ,t;tpay; mikfpd;wJ.
ike;J nghUshf te;j Nte;jidr;
nrd;Wjiy mspf;FQ; rpwg;gpw; nwd;g
3
vd;fpwhh; njhy;fhg;gpah;. jdJ typikiag; nghUshff; fUjp te;j murid
vjph;j;Jr; nrd;W mtid mopf;FQ; rpwg;GilaJ vd;gNj ,jd; nghUs;. ,t;thW
nrUf;NfhL te;j Xh; murdpd; Mztj;ij mopg;gJ mf;fhyj;jpy; kpfg;nghpa
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 33
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
mwkhff; fUjg;gl;lJ. Mdhy; mtd; Mztj;ij mopf;Fk; nghUl;L ,UGwKk;
Vw;gLfpd;w ,og;G vd;gJ me;je;j ehl;bd; kpf Kf;fpa kdpjtsq;fshFk;. ,ijf;
fh.Nfhtpe;jd; ,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpa mg;goq;fhyj;jpy; tho;tpYk;>
tsj;jpYk;> mwptpYk;> Mz;ikapYk; jkpopdj;ij kpQ;rpa ,dk; NtW ,y;iy.
MfNt jk; tWikAk; gpwh; tsikAk; fhuzkhf vOk; fho;g;Gzh;T nfhz;L gpwh;kPJ
Nghhpl;L voNtz;ba epiy goe;jkpoh;f;F cz;lhftpy;iy. khwhfj; jhk; ngw;wpUe;j
tskhd tho;T ngw;wplhj gpwh;> jk; tsk; fz;L nfhz;l fho;g;Gzh;T fhuzkhfj;
jk;kPJ Nghh; njhLj;J te;jfhiy> mt;thW te;jhiu ntd;W Xl;Ltjw;Nf mth;fs;
Nghh; Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;bapUe;jJ. Mfg; goe;jkpoh; nfhz;l Nghnuy;yhk; epd;W
jq;fpa NghNu my;yhJ nrd;W jhf;fpa Nghh; md;W.4 vd;W jdJ Kd;Diuapy;
$Wfpwhh;. Mdhy; rq;f ,yf;fpaj;jpy; epfo;e;j Nghh;fs; midj;Jk; jkpoh;fs;
jkpoh;fNshL elj;jpa Nghh;jhNd jtpu mth; kw;w ,dj;jhUld; Nghh; elj;jpajhf
vq;Fk; ,y;iy. Nrud; NrhoDld; Nghh;@ ghz;bad; Nru NrhoDld; Nghh;@ Nrhod;
NrhoDlNdNa Nghh; vd;W midj;Jk; jk; ,dj;jhUld; elj;jpa Nghh;fshfNt
cs;sd.
Nghh; mwq;fs;
Nghhpd; NghJ kf;fs; kbtJ jtph;f;f KbahjJ Mjyhy; ahUkw;w xU nghJ
,lj;jpy; Nghiu elj;j Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ kuG. mjdhy; jhd; NghUf;fhd Maj;jk;
vd;gJ Nghh; Muk;gpg;gjw;F Kd;Ng jPh;khdpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Aj;jj;jpw;fhd tPuh;fisj;
Njh;e;njLg;gJ@ mth;fspd; jpwikf;Nfw;gg; gjtpfs; nfhLg;gJ@ ve;j tPuid ve;j
,lj;jpy; ,Uf;fr; nra;a Ntz;Lk; Nghd;w midj;Jk; NghUf;fhd Muk;gj;jpy;
jPh;khdpf;fg;glNtz;Lk;. rq;f fhy murh;fs; epfo;j;jpa Nghh;fs; midj;Jk;
mwtopapy; epfo;e;jd vd;gjw;F>
MT khdpaw; ghh;g;gd khf;fSk;
ngz;bUk; gpzpAil aPUk; Ngzpj;
njd;Gy tho;eh;f; fUq;fl dpWf;Fk;
nghd;Nghw; Gjy;thg; ngwhm jPUk;
vk;kk;G fbtpLJ Ek;kuz; Nrh;kpd; (Gwk;.9: 1-5)
vd;Dk; nel;bikahhpd; ghliy ,d;wsTk; rhd;whff; $Wfpd;wdh;. kf;fisg;
ghJfhg;ghd ,lq;fSf;Fr; nry;y mwpTWj;jp tpl;Lg; Nghh; nra;Ak; jkpohpd; kuigg;
gw;wp ,g;ghly; tpsf;Ffpd;wJ. ntw;wp kl;LNk gilnaLf;Fk; kd;ddpd; Nehf;fkhf
,Uf;ff;$lhJ vd;Dk; cahpa Nehf;fk; ,f;ftpijapy; ntspg;gLfpwJ. Mdhy;
,g;ghly; njhFf;fg;gl;Ls;s ,Nj GwehD}w;wpy; NtW rpy ghly;fspy; cs;s
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 34
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
nra;jpfs; ,f;fUj;Jf;F muz; Nrh;g;gjhf ,y;iy. ,g;ghly; gy;ahfrhiy
KJFLkpg;ngUtOjpiag; gw;wpaJ. ,g;ghlypd; mLj;j mbahdJ>
mwj;jhW EtYk; G+l;if kwj;jpd; (Gwk;.9: 6)
vd;W ,k;kd;dd; mwnewpiar; nrhy;gtDk;> tPuj;jpidAilatDk; vdf;
Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;. ,t;thnwy;yhk; ,k;kd;didg; Gfo;e;Jiuj;j nel;bikahNu
,k;kd;ddpd; nfhLQ;nray;fisf;>
fLe;Njh; Fopj;j nQs;s yhq;fz;
nts;tha;f; fOijg; Gy;ypdk; G+l;bg;
gho;nra; jidath; ede;jiy ey;ntapy;
Gs;spd kpkpOk; Gfo;rhy; tpistay;
nts;Sisf; fypkhd; ftpFsk; Gfsj;
Njh;toq; fpidepd; nwt;th; Njvj;Jj;
Jsq;fpayhw; giznaUj;jpw;
ghtbahw; nrwNdhf;fpd; (Gwk;.15: 1-8)
vd;W GwehD}w;Wg; ghlypy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;. NkYk;> ,g;ghlypy; kd;dNd>
giftUila mfd;w ,lj;ijAila ey;y muz;fis mopj;J mt;tplj;jpy;
fOijNah; G+l;b cOJ gho;nra;jha;. mtUila tpisepyq;fspy; Njh;fisr;
nrYj;jp mopj;jha;. mth;fspd; fhty; kpFe;j ePh;j;Jiwfspy; cd; fspWfis
ePuhl;bf; fyf;fp mopj;jha; vd;W ntd;w kd;dd; Njhw;w kd;ddpd; ehl;ilAk;>
ehl;Lkf;fisAk;> ,aw;if tsq;fisAk; mopj;j nra;jpiaf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;. Nghhpd;
%yk; mk;kf;fspd; tho;thjhuj;ij mopj;J ntd;w kd;dh;fs; jkJ Nghh; ntw;wpiaf;
nfhz;lhLfpd;wdh;. ,jdhy; ,e;ehl;bd; ,aw;if kw;Wk; nraw;if tsq;fs;
midj;Jk; kpff; fLikahfg; ghjpf;fg;gLfpd;wd vd;gij mwpaKbfpwJ. ,Nj
Nghd;w nfhLikapid ,uhr#ak; Ntl;l ngUew;fps;spiag; ghba GwehD}w;wpd;
16Mk; ghlYk;> jiyahyq;fhdj;Jr; nrUntd;w ghz;ba neLQ;nropaidg; gw;wpa 6
kw;Wk; 23Mk; ghly;fSk; czh;j;Jfpd;wd. ,j;jifa mopTfisr; rq;ffhy
murh;fs; kl;Lk; epfo;j;jtpy;iy. Nghhpy; ntw;wp ngw;w midj;Jj; jiyth;fSNk
epfo;j;jpAs;sdh;. ,r;nra;jpfspd; topahf kd;dh;fspd; Nghh; Nehf;fq;fs; midj;Jk;
gifehl;L kf;fspd; nghUshjhu mbg;gilfshf tpsq;Fk; tpistay;fis
mopg;gJk;> ghJfhg;gpw;fhd muz;fis mopg;gjhfTk;> ehl;bw;Fj; jPapLtjhfTk;>
ePh;epiyfisg; gho;gLj;JtjhfTk; ,Ue;Js;sd vd;gJ njspthfpd;wJ.
vidg;gy; ahidA kk;nghL Jsq;fp
tpisf;Fk; tpidapd;wpg; gilnahope; jdNt
tpww;Gfo; khz;l Gutp nay;yhk;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 35
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
kwj;jif ike;jnuh lhz;Lg;gl; ldNt
Njh;ju te;j rhd;Nwh nuy;yhk;
Njhy;fz; kiwg;g nthUq;Fkha;e; jdNu
...........................................................
Nte;jUk; nghUJfsj; njhope;jd hpdpNa
vd;dh tJnfh whNd (Gwk;.63: 1-6> 10>11)
vd;Dk; guzhpd; ghlyhdJ Nrukhd; Flf;Nfh neLQ;Nruyhjd; kw;Wk; Nrhod;
Ntw;g/wlf;ifg; ngUtpww;fps;sp vDk; ,UngU Nte;jh;fSk; Nghhpl;ljhy; Vw;gl;l
,og;Gfisr; Rl;Lfpd;wJ. ,th;fsplk; vj;jidNah ahidg; gilfs; ,Ue;jd. Mdhy;
mit midj;Jk; mk;ghy; tpid nra;af;$ba tPuh;fs; my;yhjjhy; mope;jd.
FjpiufNsh kpf;f Gfo; gilj;jd vdpDk; jk;ikr; nrYj;Jk; kwj;jif ike;jNuhL
gl;nlhope;jd. NjNuwp te;j tPuh; midtUk; Nflfk; jhq;fpa iffNshNl
tPo;e;jope;jdh;. neLNty; khh;gpy; gha;e;jjhy; Nte;jh;fSk; tPo;e;Jgl;ldh;. ,th;jk;
mfd;w ehLfs; ,dp vd;dthFk; vd;w Gythpd; Nfs;tpapy; ghjp kdpjh;fs; Nghhpy;
mope;Jtpl;ljhy; me;j ehl;bd; rkr;rPh;ik nfl;LtpLNk vd;Dk; fUj;Jk; ,g;ghlypy;
cs;slq;fpAs;sJ.
gfYk; ,uTk; ve;NeuKk; xU ehl;by; Nghh; ele;Jnfhz;Nl ,Ue;jhy;
me;ehl;by; vt;thW kf;fs; epk;kjpahf thoKbAk;. mg;gb Xh; mtyf;fhl;rpia
fUq;Foyhjdhh; ntspg;gLj;Jfpwhh;;.
vy;iyA kpuT nkz;zha; gifth;
Cu;RL tpsf;fj; jOtpdpf; fk;giyf;
nfhs;is Nktiy ahfypd; ey;y
,y;yth Fgth ypay;Njh; tst
jz;Gdy; gue;j G+rd; kz;kWj;J
kPdpw; nrWf;Fk; ahzh;g;
gad;wpfo; itg;gpw;gpw ufd;wiy ehNl (Gwk;.7: 7-13)
vd;Dk; ghlybfspy; ePNah ,uTk; gfYk; me;ehl;L murh;fshd gifth;fisg;
Nghhpl;L mopf;ff;fUjp mthpd; Ch;fisr; Rl;nlhpj;jjhy; me;ehl;Lkf;fs; jdJ
midj;J eyd;fisAk; ,oe;J nfl;ldh; fhz; vd;W xU ehl;ilNa jPapl;Lf;
nfhSj;Jtij tPuk; vd;Dk; ngahpy; nfhz;lhb kfpo;e;Js;sdh;.
xU Nghh; gy kdpj tsq;fis mopf;Fk; jpwDilaJ vd;gij xsitahhpd;
,g;ghly; Gyg;gLj;JfpwJ.
fly;fpsh;e; jd;d fl;^h; ehg;gz;
nte;Jtha; tbj;j Ntwiyg; ngahpj;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 36
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
NjhLifj; njOj&cj; Jue;njwp Qhl;gpd;
tUgil Ngho;e;J tha;g;gl tpyq;fp
,ilg;gil aOtj;Jr; rpije;JNt whfpa
rpwg;Gil ahsd; khz;Gfz; lUsp
thLKiy A+wpr; Rue;jd
Xlhg; G+l;if tpliy jha;f;Nf (Gwk;.295)
vd;w ,g;ghlypy; Nghhpd; Kbtpy; ,Uth; jpwj;Jk; tPuh; gyh; tPo;e;J fple;jdh;. tPo;e;j
tPuh;fs; gyUk; giftuhy; NtWNtwhfj; Jzpf;fg;gl;ldh;. mth;fspilapy; taJ
Kjph;e;j xU jhapd; kfDk; fple;jhd;. mtidf; fhz mj;jha; Nghh;f;fsk; nrd;W
tPo;e;J fplf;Fk; tPuh;fSf;fpilapy; mts; kfd; rpwg;ghf vjphpAld; nghUjjd;
gadhf cly; rpijf;fg;gl;Lf; fple;jijf; fz;lhs; vd;fpwhh;. ,q;F xU jha;
kl;LNk Rl;lg;gLfpwhs;. Mdhy; tPo;e;J fplf;Fk; tPuh;fs; midtUk; je;ijahfTk;>
mz;zdhfTk;> fztdhfTk;> kfdhfTk; gy;NtW nghWg;Gfspy; ,Ug;gth;fs;.
mth;fs; ,d;wp me;jf; FLk;gk; vd;dthFk; vd;gjw;Fr; rhd;whfg; gpd;tUk; ghly;
mikfpd;wJ.
mw;iwj; jpq;f st;ntz; zpytpd;
ve;;ijA KilNankq; Fd;Wk; gpwh;nfhshh;
,w;iwj; jpqf spt;ntz; zpytpd;
ntd;nwwp Kurpd; Nte;jnuk;
Fd;Wq; nfhz;lhh;ah nke;ijA kpyNk (Gwk;.112)
vDk; ghhp kfsphpd; ghlyhdJ jk; je;ij kw;w Nte;jh;fSld; Nghhpl;L ,we;jjhy;
je;ijAk; ,y;yhky; nrhe;j tPLk; ,y;yhky; mehijfshfj; jdpj;J tplg;gl;lij
tpsf;FfpwJ. kfsphpd; tPuj;ijg; NgRk; xf;$h; khrhj;jpahhpd; ghlypy; Kjy; ehs;
Nghhpy; je;ijiaAk;> mLj;j ehs; Nghhpy; jd; fztidAk; gwpnfhLj;j ngz;>
,d;Wk; NghUf;F miof;Fk; giwnahyp Nfl;L> jd; xNu kfidg; NghUf;F
mDg;gpajhf tUk; ghly; ,J.
nfLf rpe;ij fbjpt LzpNt
%jpd; kfsp uhj wFNk
Nkdh Sw;w nrUtpw; fptld;id
.........................................................
xUkf dy;y jpy;Nyhs;
nrUKf Nehf;fpr; nry;nfd tpLNk (Gwk;.279)
,g;ghlypy; New;W fztid ,oe;jts;> mjw;F Kjy;ehs; jd; je;ijiag;
gwpnfhLj;jts; ,e;jr; Nrhfk; Kw;whf MWtjw;F Kd;ghf ,d;W jd; rpWgps;isapd;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 37
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ifapy; thspidf; nfhLj;J mDg;Gfpwhs;. ,q;F ,e;jg; ngz;zpd; ,og;gpd; Ntjid
tPuk; vDk; ngauhy; kiwf;fg;gLfpwJ. Nghh;r;#oy; vd;gJ mf;fhyj;jpy; kf;fspd;
md;whl tho;tpay; epfo;Tfs;. NghUf;Fr; nry;tJk; NghUf;F mDg;gg;gLtJk; mq;F
,ay;ghd eilKiw> Mdhy; me;j eilKiwf;Fs; mr;r%fg; ngz;fspd; Jf;fj;ij
ntspf;fhl;Ltjhf mLj;j ghly; cs;sJ.
khth uhNj khth uhNj
vy;yhh; khTk; te;jd ntk;kpw;
Gy;Yisf; FLkpg; Gjy;tw; we;j
nry;t D}U khth uhNj
,UNgh; ahw;w nthUngUq; $ly;
tpyq;fpL ngUkuk; Nghy
cye;jd;W nfhy;ytd; kiye;j khNt (Gwk;.273)
vd;Dk; ghlyhdJ NghUf;Fr; nrd;w midj;Jf; FjpiufSk; jpUk;gptpl;ld. Mdhy;
mq;F nrd;w jd; fztdpd; Fjpiu kl;Lk; tuhjjhy; jd; Gjy;tNdhL epd;W xU
jha; mtid vjph;ghh;j;Jf; fhj;jpUe;J ,Wjptiu tuhky; NghfNt jd; fztd;
,we;jhd; vd;gij czh;e;J tUj;jg;gLfpwhs;.
Nghh; ntwpapd; cr;rk;
Nghhpy; vjphpy; epd;wtiuf; nfhy;tJ tPuk; vd;why; mtid mopj;jgpd;
NghUf;Nf tuhj mk;kd;ddpd; cwtpdiuAk;> Foe;ijiaAk; Njbg;gpbj;Jf; nfhy;tJ
Nghd;wit Nghh;ntwpapd; cr;rj;ijf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. Nrhod; FsKw;wj;Jj; JQ;rpa
fps;sptstd; jd; giftdhd kiyakhidg; Nghhpy; ntd;wgpd; mtdpd; rpW
gps;isfisf; nfhzh;e;J ahidapd; fhypy; Nghl;Lf; nfhy;yj;Jzpe;j mtdpd;
ntwpr;nraiyf; fz;L NfhT+h;fpohh; ghbajhf tUk; ghly; ,J.
fspW fz; l*c kohmd; kwe;j
Gd;wiyr; rpwhmh; kd;WkUz;L Nehf;fp
tpUe;jpw; Gd;fNzh Tilah;
Nfl;lid ahapdP Ntl;lJ nra;k;Nk (Gwk;.46)
Nkw;Rl;ba ePNah Gwhtpd; nghUl;Lj; jd;idNa toq;fpa Nrhod; kugpy; gpwe;Js;sha;.
,th;fNsh Gyth;fl;Fg; ngUq;nfhil ey;fp thOk; kiyakhd; kugpdh;. ,th;
,g;nghOJ fspw;iwf; fz;L mQ;Rfpd;w rpW gps;isfs;. ehd; $wpaijf;
Nfl;lhahapd; eP tpUk;gpaijr; nra;thahf‚ vd;fpwhh;.
rpWth;fisf;$l tpl;Litf;fhky; mth;fis mopf;fj; Jzpe;jJk;> gifehl;L
kd;ddpd; muritapypUe;J te;jth; vd;gjw;fhfNt te;j Gytiu xw;Wf;fhf te;jth;
vd;W mtiuf; nfhy;yj; Jzpe;jJk;Mfpa nra;iffs; goe;jkpo; ehl;by; Nghh;ntwp
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 38
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
mstpy;yhky; ngUfp ,Ue;jij GwehD}W Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. gjpw;Wg;gj;jpd; gy
ghly;fs; ntw;wpf; nfhz;lhl;lk; vd;Dk; ngauhy; ntd;w murh;fs; elj;jpa moptpd;
Mtzq;fsha; tpsq;Ffpd;wd. ,ijNa>,iu NjLjypd; nghUl;Lg; gad;gl;l
cly;typik> vt;tpjg; gaDk; Nehf;fKk; ,y;yhj ntw;W ,uj;jf;fswpapy;
,df;FOf;fspd; moptpy; xope;jpUf;ff;$ba epiyapypUe;J khwp tPuk; vd;W Nghh;r;
r%fj;jpd; cah; kjpg;gPlhf tsh;r;rp ngw;wJ 5 vd;ghh; uh[;nfsjkd;.
KbTiu
kf;fs; ,dk; ,aw;ifNahL epfo;j;jpa Nghuhl;lj;jpd; tpisT jhd; ,t;Tyfk;.
Mjpfhyj;jpy; NghuhdJ czTj; Njitf;fhf kl;LNk Vw;gl;lJ. czTj;Njit
jilapy;yhky; epiwNtwpa gpd;G kdpjd; kw;wtDld; Nghuhl Muk;gpj;jhd;. ,g;Nghhpy;
ntw;wp ngw;wtd; jiytd; vd;Dk; epiyf;F cah;j;jg;gl;lhd;. ntw;wp ngw;w ngUkpj
czh;thy; mtd; kPz;Lk; Nghh; nra;Ak; kdepiyf;Fj; js;sg;gl;lhd;. kf;fspdk;
kf;fspdj;NjhNlNa NghuhLtJ vd;gJ mopTf;F toptFj;jJ vd;whYk; mg;Nghh;
,d;W tiu Xatpy;iy. rq;fr; r%fj;jpy; Nghh; vd;gJ kpf ,ay;ghd eilKiwahf
cs;sJ. Mz;fs; jq;fspd; cly;typikapd; ntspg;ghlhfTk;> czh;tpd;
vy;iyahfTk; Nghiu tFj;Js;sdh;. czT NjLjYf;fhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l
cly;typik ,Wjpahf khdk;> tPuk; vd;w ,Wjp epiyfspd; mbg;gilahf
rq;ffhyj;jpy; ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,df;FOf;fSf;fpilapy; ngUk; mopT Njhd;Wtjw;F
vl;L fhuzpfs; mwpQh;fshy; tFf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. kf;fspdk; kf;fspdj;NjhNl
NghuhLtJ vd;gJ mopTf;F toptFj;jJ vd;whYk; mg;Nghh; ,d;Wtiu Xatpy;iy.
Gwg;ghly;fs; midj;Jk; ntd;w kd;ddpd; ntw;wpr; rpwg;ig kl;Lky;yhky; Njhw;w
kd;ddpd; ehL gLk; mtyq;fisAk; vLj;Jf;$Wfpd;wd. GwehD}w;wpd; gpw;gFjpg;
ghly;fs; Nghhpdhy; kdpjh;fs; gLk; Jd;gq;fis vLj;Jf;$Wfpd;wd. Gutyid ,oe;j
Gyth;> fztid ,oe;j kidtp> je;ijia ,oe;j gps;isfs;> kfid ,oe;j jha;
vd;W mth;fspd; Ntjid njhlh;fpd;wJ. Nghhpy; <LgLk; ,U ehLfspy; xU ehl;Lf;F
ntw;wpAk; kw;nwhU ehl;Lf;Fj; Njhy;tpAk; Vw;gl;lhYk; caphpog;G vd;gJ ,U
ehLfSf;Fk; nghJthdjhFk;. Nghhpd; %yk; xU ehl;bd; kdpjtsk; vd;gJ nghpJk;
Fiwe;JtpLfpd;wJ. Nghhpd; tpisTfs; FLk;gq;fis epiyFiyar; nra;jdthf
,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gijr; rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspd; thapyhf mwpaKbfpwJ.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. fh.Nfhtpe;jd;> gz;ilj; jkpoh; Nghh;newp> g.7
2. tho;tpaw;fsQ;rpak;
3. R.tpj;jpahde;jd;> jkpoh; rhy;G> gf;.83-85
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 39
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
4. njhy;. Gwj;.12
5. fh.Nfhtpe;jd;> NkyJ> Kd;Diu
6. uh[;nfsjkd;> ghl;Lk; njhifAk;- njhy;fhg;gpaKk; jkpo;r; r%f cUthf;fKk;>
gf;.100-101
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. ,sk;G+uzh; (c.M)> njhy;fhg;gpak; nghUsjpfhuk;> fof ntspaPL> nrd;id> 1970.
2. fh.Nfhtpe;jd;> gz;ilj; jkpoh; Nghh;newp> ts;Sth;gz;iz> nrd;id>1984.
3. R.tpj;jpahde;jd;> jkpoh; rhy;G> ghhp Gj;jfg;gz;iz> nrd;id>1971.
4. uh[;nfsjkd;> ghl;Lk; njhifAk;- njhy;fhg;gpaKk; jkpo;r; r%f cUthf;fKk;>
jkpopdp gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id> 2016.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 40
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
gl;bdg;ghiyapy; Rw;Wr;#oypay; rpe;jidfs;
Kidth; jp.ghpksh>
cjtpg; Nguhrphpah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
kd;dh; jpUkiy ehaf;fh; fy;Y}hp>
kJiu.
caphpdq;fs; mbg;gil Mjhukhd ,t;caph;f;Nfhsk; jdpj;jd;ik tha;e;jJ.
kdpjh;fs;> tpyq;Ffs;> gwitfs; jhtuq;fs; kl;Lky;yhky; fz;fSf;Fj; njhpahj
gy Ez;Zaph;fs; thOk; jd;ik nfhz;lJ. #hpaf; FLk;gj;jpy; cs;s Nfhs;fspy;
G+kpiaj; jtpu NtW ve;j NfhspYk; caphpdq;fs; ,Ug;gjhfj; njhpatpy;iy. mjd;
fhuzkhfNt ,e;j G+Tyfpid caph;f;Nfhsk;(Biosphere) vd;W miof;fpd;Nwhk;.
epyk;> ePh;> fhw;W> Mfhak;> jP vd;Dk; Ik;G+jq;fSk; tsh;r;rpahYk; ,it khrile;J
cyfpy; vq;fhtJ Xhplj;jpy; Nguopit Vw;gLj;Jfpd;wd. ,g;NguopTfs; kdpjh;fshy;
cUthf;fg;gl;lit. midj;Jk; xU nghUl;ly;y vd;gij czh;j;jp tpl;lJ.
cah;thd G+kpiag; ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w tpopg;Gzh;T Vw;gl;Ls;sJ.
Rw;Wr;#oiyg; ghJfhf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy; cyf ehLfs; Kd;ndr;rhpf;if
eltbf;iffis vLj;J tUfpd;wd. ghlg;gphptpd; xU mq;fkhf Rw;Wr;#oy; cs;sJ.
[Pd; 5 cyfr; Rw;Wr;#oy; jpdkhf nfhz;lhlg;gl;L tUfpwJ. Rw;Wr;#oy; vd;gJ
,d;W Gjpjhf kdpjFyk; fz;Lgpbj;j xd;wy;y. caphpdq;fspd; Njhw;wNk
Rw;Wr;#oypd; mbg;gilapy;jhd; cUthdJ.
njhy;fhg;gpahpd; jpizf; Nfhl;ghL
njhy;fhg;gpah; fhyj;jpy; mtUf;F Kw;gl;lf; fhyj;jpYk; jpiz vd;Dk;
jdpnewp filgpbf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. jpiz vd;Dk; nrhy; xOf;fj;ijAk; caphpdq;fs;
thOk; epyj;ijAk; Nrh;j;J Fwpg;gpLfpwJ. ,yf;fpaj;jpd; gpd; fhl;rpg;Gydhf
,aw;ifNa ,Ue;jJ vd;gjw;F rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fNs rhd;whFk;.
khNahd; Nka fhLiw cyfKk;
NrNahd; Nka iktiu cyfKk;
Nte;jd; Nka jPk;Gdy; cyfKk;
tUzd; Nka ngUkzy; cyfKk;
Ky;iy FwpQ;rp kUjk; nea;jy; vdr;
nrhy;ypa Kiwahy; nrhy;yTk; gLNk
1
vDk; njhy;fhg;gpa E}w;ghNt Rw;Wr;#oy; ghFghl;bw;fhd rhd;whFk;. njhy;fhg;gpah;
$Wk; fUg;nghUs; ghFghLk; xg;G Nehf;fj;jf;fjhFk;. Vnddpy; ,lj;jhYk;
fhyj;jhYk; Njhd;WtJ fUg;nghUs;. czT> tpyq;F> kuq;fs;> gwitfs;> njhopy;>
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 41
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
G+f;fs;> ePh;epiyfs;> ,ir kw;Wk; ,irf;fUtpfs; ,it me;epyj;jpid
mbg;gilahff; nfhz;lJ.
,ir rhh;e;j nja;t topghl;L kuGfSk; epyk; rhh;e;jNj. ,j;jifar; rpwg;G
tha;e;j caphpdj; Njhw;wj;jpw;F Kjd;ikahfpa ,aw;ifia mopj;J tpl;L vJTk;
G+kpapy; epiyj;J epw;f KbahJ. ,aw;if mopg;G vd;gJ ,d;W clNd epfOk;
epfo;r;rpay;y. kdpj ,dk; vd;W mwpT tsh;r;rp mile;J Gjpa fz;Lgpbg;Gfspy;
Mh;tk; fhl;lj; njhlq;fpaNjh me;j Kjy; kdpjdpy; ,Ue;J njhlq;FfpwJ cyfpd;
mopT.
gl;bdg;ghiyapy; Rw;Wr; #oypay; rpe;jidfs;
,yf;fpaq;fs; jkpo; kf;fspd; fhjiyAk;> mwj;ijAk;> tPuj;ijAk;
Nghw;Wfpd;wJ. murh;fspd; gilnaLg;igAk;> kwthpd; tPuj;ijAk; ngUkpjkhff;
Fwpg;gpLtjw;F mit $Wk; fhl;rpfs; gif ehl;bd; mopT> gifehLk; kdpjh;fSk;
gpw caphpdq;fSk; thOk; G+kp vd;gij kwe;J mtw;wpd; mopit ekf;Ff; fhl;LfpwJ.
,d;Wk; cyfpy; vq;fhtJ ehLfs; jq;fSf;Fs; Nghhpl;L moptijf; fhz KbfpwJ.
,jdhy; epyk;> ePh;> fhw;W> Mfhak; vd;W midj;Jk; khRghL milfpwJ. me;j
tifapy; gl;bdg;ghiyapd; thpfspy; Rw;Wr;#oy; khRghl;il mwpaKbfpwJ.
1. kz; khRghL
2. fhw;W khRghL
3. xyp khRghL
4. ,aw;if mopg;G
5. Nghhpdhy; Vw;gLk; mopg;G
6. efukakhjy;
vd;W gphpj;Jf; fhzyhk;.
kz; khRghL
Nrho ehL NrhWilj;J vd;gJ Gyth; $w;W. mr;Nrhoehl;by; ml;bw; rhiyfs;
epiwe;J fplf;Fk;. mt;tl;bw; rhiyfspdhy; Vw;gLk; Rw;Wr;#oy; khRghl;il ,g;gFjp
$WfpwJ. Gypg;nghwp nghwpj;j fjTfis cila> thOk; fhyj;jpy; GfOk;>
kWikf;F Mf;fKk; juf;$ba ml;bw; rhiyfs; Nrho ehl;by; epiwe;J fple;jd.
,t;tl;bw; rhiyfspy; NrhWtbj;J nfhl;lg;gl;l nfhOtpa fQ;rp njUf;fspy; MWfs;
Nghd;W Xbd. mf;fQ;rpapidg; gUf te;j fhisfs; jq;fSf;Fs;
Nkhjpf;nfhz;ljdhy; Nrwhfp mr;Nrw;wpd; kPJ gy Njh;fSk; XLtjhy; mr;NrW
Jfs;fsha;f; fhw;wpy; gutp njUf;fspy; ntz;ik epwk; G+rg;gl;l muz; kidapd; kPJ
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 42
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
gutpaJ. mt;tuz; kidfs; ghh;g;gjw;Fg; GOjpia NkNy G+rpf;nfhz;l fspWNghy;
mOf;NfhL fhl;rpaspj;jJ. vd;gjid
Gypg;nghwpg; Nghh;f;fjtpd;
jpUj;JQ;Re; jpz;fhg;gpw;
Gfo;epiy,a nkhoptsu
mwepiy,a mfdl;bw;
NrhWthf;fpa nfhOq;fQ;rp
ahWNghyg; gue;njhOfp
VWNghur; Nrwhfpj;
NjNuhlj; Jfs;njOkp
ePwhba fspWNghy
2
vd;W ml;bw;rhiyfshy; njUf;fspYk; tPLfSk; ,Ue;j epiyiaf; Fwpf;fpwJ.
fhw;W khRghL
Nrhoehl;by; fhtphpg; G+k;gl;bdj;jpy; jtk; nra;Nthh; gyh; jtg;gs;spfspy;
tho;e;J te;jdh;. mth;fs; jP tsh;j;J mj;jPapy; nea; Kjypatw;iwapl;L tsh;j;jdh;.
mjdhy; vOk; Gif mq;fpUe;j G+k;nghopiy epiwj;jJ. mq;F thOk; Fapy;fs;
mg;Gifia ntWj;J jk; NgilfSld; mt;tplj;ij tpl;L ePq;fp> jPNahh;fs;
tUtjw;F mQ;Rk;> G+jk; fhf;Fk; mr;rKila ,lj;jpy; mq;F thOk; Gwhf;fSld;
nrd;W jq;Fk;.
jtg;gs;spj; jho;fhtpd;
mtph;ril Kdpth; mq;fp Ntl;Lk;
MTjp eWk;Gif Kid,f; Fapy;jk;
khapWk; ngilNah bhpay; Nghfpg;
G+jq; fhf;Fk; GfyUq; fbefh;j;
J}Jzk; GwnthL Jr;rpw; Nrf;Fk;
3
vd;W $WfpwJ. Gwhf;fs; Nfhtpy; kw;Wk; nghpa muz;kidfspd; khlq;fspy;
thof;$lhJ. Fapy;fs; mlh;e;j kuq;fs; ,Uf;Fk; ,lq;fspy; thof;$baJ. jhgjh;fs;
vOg;gpa Nts;tpg;Gifapy; jq;fs; ,Ug;gplj;ijNa ,g;gwitfs; khw;wpf; nfhs;fpd;wd.
,d;iwa fhyj;jpYk; fly;fle;J gy gwitfs; ,dg; ngUf;fj;jpw;fhf jkpofk;
tUfpd;wd. ,g;gwitfspd; tUifahy; rpwg;Gg; ngw;w Ch;fSk; cz;L. ePh;epiyfs;
twz;L NghFk; nghOJ fhyepiy rhpapy;yhj nghOJk; mit ,lkhwp tpLk;
vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;.
xyp khRghL
tpQ;Qhd tsh;r;rpapy; cUthd Miyfspd; rq;nfhyp> Nghf;Ftuj;J
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 43
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
thfdq;fspy; Vw;gLk; Xir ehk; md;whlk; gad;gLj;Jk; nghUl;fspy; Vw;gLk; Xir
Fwpg;gpl;l mstpy; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. ,jid mwptpayhh; nlrpgy; vd;w mstpy;
Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdh;. ,it msTf;F kPWk; nghOJ fhJ Nfshik> ,jaf; NfhshWfs;
Vw;gLfpd;wd. ,t;xyp msT $Lk;nghOJ Jd;gk; Vw;gLtJ kdpjh;fSf;F kl;Lky;y
gwitfSf;Fk; Vw;gLk;. ,d;Wk; gwitfs; trpf;Fk; ,lq;fSf;F mUfpy; Xiria
Vw;gLj;jpdhy; mit gae;J gwe;J nry;tijf; fhzyhk;.
kyh;jiy kd;wj;Jg; gyUld; FoP,f;
ifapDq; fyj;jpD nka;Awj; jPz;bg;>
ngUQ;rpdj;jhw; Gwf;nfhlhmJ
,UQ;nrUtpd; ,fy; nkha;k;gpNdhh;
fy; vwpAk; ftz; nthP,g;
Gs; ,hpAk; Gfh;g; Nghe;ij
4
vDk; ghly; G+k;Gfhhpd; kzw; gug;gpy; gioa kuk; fhzg;gLfpwJ. Nghh;g;gapw;rp
Nkw;nfhs;Sk; kwtuJ fsk; cz;L. mq;F nrUf;Fila gujth; Fyj;jpy; Njhd;wpa
rpWth;fs; nghOJ Nghf;f> tpisahl;bid Nkw;nfhs;Sk; NghJ> jq;fSf;Fs; Vw;gl;l
khWghL fhuzkhf mt;tpisahl;bd; fhuzj;jhy; gifj;j tPuh;fs;> GwKJfpl;L
Xlhky;> ifahy; Fj;jpAk;> gilf; fUtpfshy; ntl;bAk;> xUth; clYld; xUth;
cly; nghUe;jpAk; Nghh; Ghpth;. ftzpy; fy; itj;J gid kuq;fs; kPJ vwpth;.
,jdhy; gidkuq;fs; tLf;fsha;f; fhl;rpaspf;Fk;. gid kuq;fspy; Vw;gLk; mjph;T
fhuzkhf mq;F thOk; gwitfs; mQ;rp NtW ,lk; nry;Yk; vd;W $WfpwJ.
Mdhy;> ,d;iwa gugug;ghd #oypy; kdpjh;fNshL gwitfSk; thog;gofpf;
nfhz;ld.
Nghhpdhy; Vw;gLk; ,aw;if mopg;G
cyfpd; vq;fhtJ Xhplj;jpy; Nghhpdhy; mopT Vw;gl;Lf; nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwJ.
Nghh; Vw;gLk; nghOJ me;ehl;by; cs;s ,aw;if tsk; Kjyhf mopf;fg;gLfpwJ.
mq;F thOk; kf;fs; cwTfis ,oe;J jtpf;fpd;wdh;. gpw ehLfspy; mfjpfshf
thoNtz;bAs;sJ. etPd MAjq;fshy; ,d;W ek;ik ehNk mopj;Jf;
nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk;. ,it ,y;yhj fhyj;jpy; fw;fhyf; fUtpfshy; Nghhpl;L mopj;Jf;
nfhs;Nthk; vd;gjw;F jpUkhtstdpd; copiQg;Nghh; rhd;whFk;.
jpUkhtstdpd; gilfs; gifth;fspd; ehl;il mopj;J tpLk; jd;ik
nfhz;lJ. jpUkhtstdpd; gilfs; gifth; ehL nrd;wjhy; fUk;GfSk;>
nre;ney;Yk; tsh;e;J> Ftis kyh;fSk; nea;jYk; kyh;e;J Kjiyfs; jphpAk;
mfd;w ngha;iffisf; nfhz;l kUjepykhFk;. me;epyj;jpy; cs;s kf;fisj;
jpUkhtstd; Fbngah;e;J XLk;gbr; nra;jhd;. mg;gFjpfspy; tay;fSk;>
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 44
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ngha;iffSk; ePuw;W twz;L fple;jd. mg;gFjpfspy; rpWG+is> ngUk;G+is G+f;fSk;
nfhOj;j jz;Lfisf; nfhz;l mWfk; Gy;Yk;> NfhiufSk; tsh;e;jd. gfLfs;
Nka;e;j ,lq;fspy; ngz; khd;fSk;> Mz; khd;fSk; Js;sp tpisahbd.
jpUkhtstdhy; rpiwgpbf;fg;gl;l gif kd;dh;fspd; chpik kidtpah; gyUk;
ePh; cz;Zk; Jiwfspy; ePuhb mk;gyq;fis nkOfpl;Lj; J}a;ikg;gLj;Jth;. khiy
Neuq;fspy; mk;gyq;fspy; cs;s tpsf;Ffis Vw;wp> nja;tk; ciwAk; jwpfSf;F
#l;b topghL nra;th;. ,t;thW> ngz;fs; Nghhpdhy; ifjpfshf;fg;gl;L rpiw
gpbf;fg;gl;lijf; $WfpwJ.
jpUkhtstd; Nghh; Ghpe;j gifth; ehLfspy; cs;s mk;gyq;fspy; nja;tk;
ciwAk; neba J}z;fspy; nghpa fspWfSk; gpbfSk; fl;lg;gl;L mit J}z;fspy;
curpajhy; rha;e;jd. mjhtJ Ntiyg;ghlike;j gifth; mk;gyq;fs; ,be;jd.
gifth; ehl;by; $j;jhpd; KoNthirf;F Vw;g ,dpa ahopd; ,iriaf; Nfl;L
kfpOk; jpUehs; eilngWtjpy;iy. mjd; fhuzkhf rpwpa G+f;fisAila
neUQ;rpAk; mWfk; Gy;Yk; kpFjpahf tsh;e;jpUe;jd. nfhba ehpfs; CisapLk;
,lkhdJ $iffSk; jd; ,dj;ijf; $tp miof;Fk; ,lkhapd. gpzj;ijj; jpd;Dk;
Mz; Nga;fSk;> ngz; Nga;fSk; mt;tplj;jpidr; #o;e;jd. tpUe;jpdh;fs;
FOkpapUe;j nghpa tPLfspy; jpz;izfSk; nghpa mLf;fisfisAk; nfhz;l
CuhJ jpUkhtstd; NghUf;Fg; gpd;dh; nrUg;G mzpe;j fhy;fisAk;> tpy;ypidAk;
cila Ntlh;fs; new;$Lfisf; nfhs;isapl;Lr; nry;Yk; epiyf;F MshdJ. ney;
,y;yhj ntWq;$Lfspy; $iffs; gfypYk; jq;fp jd; ,dj;ij miof;Fk;
flj;jw;fhpa fhtiyAila kjpy;fisf; nfhz;l gifth;fspd; giltPLfs;> moF
mopaTk;> mth;fs; Fyk; mopaTk;> nghpa mopit cz;lhf;fpa NghjpYk; fhpfhydpd;
nrw;wk; mlq;ftpy;iy vd;gij>
nrWTk; kfsph; cz;Jiw %o;fp>
me;jp khl;ba ee;jh tpsf;fpd;>
kyh;mzp nkOf;fk;> Vwpg; gyh;njho>
tk;gyh; Nrf;Fk; fe;Jilg; nghjpapy;
gUepiy neLe;J}z; xy;fj; jPz;b
ngUey; ahidnahL gpbAzh;e;J ciwaTk;
..moy;tha; Xhp mQ;Rtuf; fjph;g;gTk;
mOFFuy; $ifNahL Mz;liy tpspg;gTk;
fzk;nfhs; $spnahL fJg;G ,Fj;J mir,
gpzk;jpd; ahf;ifg; Nga;kfs; Jtd;wTk;
..nfhLtpy; vapdh; nfhs;is cz;l
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 45
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
czT,y; tWq;$l;L cs;sfj;J ,Ue;J
tistha;f; $it ez;gfy; FowTk;
mUq;fb tiug;gpd; Ch; ftpd; mopa
ngUk;gho; nra;Jk; mikahd;
5
vd;W jpUkhtstdJ Nghhpdhy; gifth; ehL mopf;fg;gl;lijf; $WfpwJ.
,aw;if mopg;G
,aw;if tsq;fs; ,uz;L tiffspy; mopf;fg;gLfpwJ. xd;W kdpjdhy;>
,uz;lhtJ ,aw;ifahy;> ,aw;ifaha; Vw;gLk; jP tpgj;jpdhy; fhLfs; moptJ.
,aw;ifahy; Vw;gLk; mopTfs; FiwT. kdpjh;fs; jq;fs; tsh;r;rpf;F ,aw;ifia
mopg;gNj mjpfk;. njhopw;rhiyfs;> epWtdq;fs; FbapUg;Gfs; kw;Wk; gpw
NjitfSf;fhf fhLfSk; tpisepyq;fSk; mopf;fg;gLfpd;wd. xU ehL ,d;ndhU
ehl;il Mf;fpukpg;G nra;Ak;nghOJ mq;F jdJ kf;fis Fbngaur; nra;Ak;.
jpUkhtstDk; Nrho kz;lyj;jpy;> fhlhf cs;s ,lq;fis mopj;Jg; gz;L Nghyf;
Fbkf;fs; jq;Fk; gFjpfshf;fpdhd;. J}h;e;j Fsq;fisj; Njhz;b> ehl;bd; nry;t
tsj;ijg; ngUf;fpdhd;. Nghpa epiyfisAila khlq;fisf; nfhz;l cwe;ij
vd;Dk; jd; Ciuj; jiyefuhf;fpdhd;. Nfhapy;fisAk;> gioa FbfisAk; gz;L
Nghy; epiy epWj;jpdhd;.
fhL nfhd;W ehL Mf;fp>
Fzk; njhl;L tsk; ngUf;fp>
gpwq;F epiy khlj;J cwe;ij Nghf;fp
NfhapnyhL FbepwP,
thapnyhL Gio mikj;J
Qhapy; njhWk; Gij epwP,
nghUNtk; vdg; ngah; nfhLj;J
xUNtk; vdg; Gwq; nfhlhJ>
jpU epiy ,a ngUkd; vapy;
6
vd;W jpUkhtstd; fhLfis mopj;J ehlhf;fpaij gl;bdg;ghiy $WfpwJ.
kdpjFyk; ,aw;ifNahL ,ize;J tho;e;jij KUfpay; czh;NthL $WtJ
rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fs;. ,aw;if ,y;iy vdpy; cyfpy; caphpdq;fs; jdpj;J tho
KbahJ vd;Dk; Rw;Wr;#oy; czh;it ,d;W midth; kdjpYk; tpijj;Js;sJ
,aw;if.
gl;bdg;ghiyapd; ghl;Lilj; jiytdpd; tPuj;ijg; Gfote;j Gyth; fbaY}h;
cUj;jpuq; fz;zdhh; Rw;Wr;#oy; rpe;jidfisAk; ek;Kd; tpijj;Jr; nry;Yfpwhh;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 46
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Rw;Wr;#oiyg; ghJfhg;gjd; mtrpaj;ij ehk; rq;f ,yf;fpaj;jpidf; fw;gjd;
%yk; cs;shh;e;j rpe;jidfisg; ngw KbAk;.
mbf;Fwpg;Gfs;
1. njhy;. nghUs;. E}.951
2. gl;b. 40-50 thp
3. gl;b. 53-59
4. gl;b. 69-74
5. gl;b. 239-270
6. gl;b. 283-291
ghh;it E}y;fs;
1. gl;bdg;ghiy. jpUney;Ntyp irt rpj;jhe;j E}w;gjpg;Gf; fofk;>79> gpufhrk; rhiy>
nrd;id 600 001.
2. kiwkiyabfs;. gl;bdg;ghiy Muha;r;rpAiu> kWgjpg;G 1966. jpUney;Ntyp
njd;dpe;jpa irt rpj;jhe;j E}w;gjpg;Gf; fofk;> jpUney;Ntyp 6. nrd;id 1.
3. jh;kuh[;> N[. Rw;Wr;#oy; ,ay;> K.g. 2004. nld;rp gg;spNf\d;];> nld;rp
tpy;yh 6229> mz;zhkiyahh; fhydp>
4. jkpoz;zy;. njhy;fhg;gpa ciu> K.g. Vg;uy; 2008.kPdhl;rp Gj;jf epiyak;>
kA+uh tshfk;> 48> jhdg;g KjypnjU> kJiu 625 001.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 47
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
rpyk;gpy; gs;S ,yf;fpaj;jpd; tpj;J
Kidth;.nt.gpughtjp>
cjtpg;Nguhrpupah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
Nt.t.td;dpag; ngUkhs; ngz;fs; fy;Y}hp>
tpUJefh;.
rq;ffhye;njhl;L ,Ugjhk; E}w;whz;lsTk; vOe;J tho;e;J tUk; midj;J
,yf;fpa Ehy;fSNk kf;fs; ,yf;fpaq;fs; vd;Dk; rpwg;gpw;Fhpad. ,k;Kiwapy;
rq;f,yf;fpaq;fs; rq;ffhyj;J kf;fs; ,yf;fpaq;fshfTk;, ,ilf;fhy
,yf;fpaq;fs; mf;fhy kf;fs; ,yf;fpaq;fshfTk; rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs; gpw;fhyj;J
kf;fs; ,yf;fpaq;fshfTk; jpfo;fpd;wd. mjdhy; midj;J ,yf;fpaq;fSk; kf;fs;
,yf;fpaq;fNs MFk;. fp.gp 16k; E}w;whz;L Kjy; vOe;j kf;fs; ,yf;fpaq;fspy;
gs;S ,yf;fpaq;fSk; Xh; tifahFk;. me;jf; fhyj;Jf;Fhpa nkhopaikg;Gf;fisAk;
tho;tpay; gz;ghLfisAk; rKjha newpKiwfisAk; jhq;fpadthf ,g;gs;S
,yf;fpaq;fs; tpsq;Ffpd;wd. ,g;gs;S ,yf;fpaj;jpd; tpj;jpid ehk;
njhy;fhg;gpaj;jpNy ghh;f;fKbfpwJ. ,Ug;gpDk; mjw;F gpd; Njhd;wpa rpyk;gpy;
gs;Stpd; ,yf;fpaf; $Wfis mjpfk; ghh;f;f KbfpwJ. Kj;jkpo;f;fhg;gpakhd
rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; fhzg;gLk; rpw;wpyf;fpa E}yhd gs;S ,yf;fpaj;jpd; $Wfis
vLj;jpak;GtNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
rpyk;G - gs;S mwpKfk;
Kj;jkpo;g; GyikAk;> tpj;jff; ftpj;jpwDk; tha;e;j ,sq;Nfhtbfshy;
,aw;wg;gl;lNj rpyg;gjpfhuk;. Kj;jkpo;, %d;W ehL> %d;W efuk;> %d;W fhz;lk;>
%d;W cz;ikfs;> Kg;gJ fhijfs; vd;W ,sq;Nfh %d;Wf;F Kf;fpaj;Jtk;
nfhLj;Jg; ghbapUg;gJ ,jd; jdpr;rpwg;ghFk;. rpyk;gpy; mf;fhyj;jpa coT>
thzpfq;fspy; Nkk;ghL> njhopy; ngUf;fk;> Fbfspd; xOf;fk;> murpay; Fwpj;j gy
nra;jpfisf; fhzKbfpwJ. NkYk; gs;S vDk; rpw;wpyf;fpak; gpd;dhspy; cUthf
mjw;fhd tpj;J rpyk;gpy; Cd;wpapUf;Fk; ghd;ikia gytplq;fspy; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
gs; vd;gJ coth;fspy; xU rhjpapdiuf; Fwpf;fpwJ. mth; jk; tho;tpay;
gw;wp tpsf;Fk; ,yf;fpaj;jpw;F ,g;ngauhapw;W. ,ay;> ,ir> ehlfk; vd;Dk;
Kg;ngUk; gpuptpy; gs;S ,yf;fpaq;fs; ehlf ,yf;fpaq;fshff; Fwpg;gplg;gLk;
rpwg;Gilait. gbf;fTk;> ebf;fTk; tha;g;ghf mike;jikahy; ,e;E}y;fs; ehlf
,yf;fpaq;fshff; $wg;gl;Ls;sd. gs;S ,yf;fpaq;fSf;F coth; ngUkf;fspd;
tho;tpay; epfo;r;rpfs; fUg;nghUshapd. gaph;j;njhopy; nra;Ak; cotUk;> coj;jpaUk;
fisg;G Vw;glhjpUf;f ghbAk;> MbAk; jk; tho;f;ifia urkhf mDgtpj;J te;jdh;.
mit tha;nkhop ghly;fshfNt ,Ue;jd. GJE}y;fs; nra;tjpy; Cf;fk; nfhz;bUe;j
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 48
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ftpQh;fs; ,g;ghly;fisj; jhKk; mDgtpf;fj; njhlq;fp jq;fspd; njspe;j jkpopy;
,itfis ,yf;fpakhf;fp tpl;lhh;fs;. Muha;e;J Nehf;fpd; gs;S Kjypa
rpw;wpyf;fpaq;fs; cUg;ngw;wikf;Fhpa fhuzq;fs; ,itNa MFk;.
coTg;ghly;fs;
jkpofj;jpy; njhd;ikf;fhyk; Kjy; eilngw;W tUk; njhopy;
coTj;njhopy;.,j;njhopypy; jiyaha njhopy; gaph;r; rhFgb. cOJz;L tho;thNu
tho;thh; vd;w Fwpf;Nfhs; nfhz;lJ gz;ila rKjhak;. coTj;njhopypy; <Lgl;l
tpuh;fis ks;sh;fs;, fskh;fs;, coth;fs; vd;Dk; ngauhy; ,yf;fpaq;fs;
,ak;Gfpd;wJ. rpyg;gjpfhuk; gzp nra;Ak; coth; ngUkf;fs; ghb kfpo;e;j rpy
tif FOg;ghly;fisg; gw;wpa Fwpg;Gf;fisj; jhq;fpapUg;gij ,tz; Nehf;fyhk;.
tpUe;jpw;ghzp
coj;jpah; fodpfspy; ,wq;fp ehw;W eLq;fhiy kJTz;l
kaf;fj;NjhL gz;NzhL Nrh;e;J ghly;fisg; ghb kfpo;th;. ,r;nra;jpia,
fb kyh; fise;J KbehwOj;jp
njhbtisj; NjhSk; MfOk; Njha;e;J
NrwhL NfhynkhL tPW ngWj; Njhd;wpr;
nrq;fa ndLq;fl; rpd;nkhopf; filrpah;
ntq;fl;nlhiyr;rpa tpUe;jpw;ghzpAk;
1
vDk; rpyg;gjpfhu mbfs; tpsf;fp epw;fpd;wd. coj;jpah; ghLk; ,g;ghly;
tpUe;jpw;ghzp vd;Dk; ngauJ.tpUe;jpw;ghzp vd;gjw;Fg; gz; epwj;jpw; Nrh;e;J gofpg;
Nghfhj ghl;L vd;W mbahh;f;F ey;yhh; ciu tiuth;. NkYk; jk; ,irapy;
GJikAz;lhfg; ghLk; ghl;nldpDk; mikAk; vd;W $wp ,jidg; ngUKis
vd;ghUk; csh; vd;Wk; tpsf;Fth;. ,jid mbnahw;wp Kf;$lw;gs;Stpy;
coth;fSs; xU gs;sd; kJTz;l kaf;fj;jhy; elT taypNy epiyjLkhwpg; Nghf
mjidf; fz;L,
tbf;Fk; kJitf; Fbf;Fk; Mir
kaf;fKk; ngUe;jpaf;fKk;
tuk;gpw; gha;e;J guk;gpw; rha;e;j
thl;lKk; Kff; Nfhl;lKk;
2
vd gs;sp xUj;jp kw;wth;fsplk; nrhy;yp eifahLtijf; fhzKbfpwJ.
Vh;kq;fyk;
taypy; Kjd;Kjyhf Vh;G+l;Ltijg; nghd;Ndh; G+l;Ljy; my;yJ ehNshply;
vd;Dk; fiyr;nrhw;fshy; Fwpg;gh;. nre;ney; fjpUk; mWfk;Gy;Yk; FtiskyUk;
fye;J njhLf;fg;gl;l khiyiag; nghd;Ndh; G+l;b epw;Fk; coth; jq;fs; NkopapNy
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 49
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
#l;b kfpo;th;.Viug; Nghw;wpj; Jjpf;Fk; ghliyg; ghLth;. ,q;qdk; nghd;Ndh; G+l;Lk;
coth; Viug; Nghw;wpg; ghLk; ghly; Vh;kq;fyk; vdg;gLk;. ,g;ngUq; fUj;ij,
nfhOq;nfhb mWifAk; FtisAk; fye;J
tpsq;F fjph;j; njhLj;j tphpay; #l;bg;
VnuhL epd;Nwhh; Vh;kq;fyKk;3
vd tUk; mbfs; czh;j;Jfpd;wd.,ij NghyNt Kf;$lw;gs;StpYk; NrupapNyAs;s
gs;sh; vy;yhk; $bf; Fuitapl;L Vh;kq;fyk; ghb ehNsh; G+l;b coitj;
njhlq;Ftij>
$j;jd; KjyhAs;s
gs;sh; vy;yhk;
Fuitapl;Nliug; G+l;bf;
$bAOjhh;4
vd;gjd; top czh;e;J nfhs;sKbfpwJ.
Kfitg;ghl;L
coth;fs; ney;iy mhpe;J Nghl;l gpd;dh; khLfisg; gpizay; G+l;b mhpe;J
Nghl;l new;fjph;fshfpa #l;bd; kPJ flh tpLth;. ,g;nghOjpy; coth;fs; ghLk; ghl;L
Kfitg;ghl;;L vd;Dk; ngaUf;FhpaJ. coth;fs; ghLk; ,k;Kfitg;ghl;;ilg; gw;wp
mhpe;J fhy; Ftpj;Njhh; mhpflhTWj;j
ngUQ; nra;e;ney;ypd; Kfitg;ghl;;Lk
; 5
vd tUk; rpyg;gjpf;fhug; gFjp tpsf;fp epw;Fk;. ,k; Kfitg;ghl;Lf;Fg; nghypg;ghl;L
vd;Wk; NtW ngah; cz;L;.,ijNa,
nghbitf;Nfhiyj; jtph;g;ghh; nghypiaf; Ftpg;ghh;
nghypJ}w;wp Mw;wpg;nghyp nghypnad;wsg;ghh
; 6
vd;w gs;S ghlYk; nghypg;ghl;bd; nra;jpiar; Rl;b epw;fpwJ.
thpf;$j;Jf;fs;
rpyg;gjpfhu ciuahrphpauhfpa mbahh;f;F ey;yhh; muq;Nfw;Wfhij ciuapy;
gz;ilf;fhyj;J epytpa gy;NtW thpf; $j;Jf;fisf; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shh;. thpf;$j;J
vd;gJ mtuth; gpwe;j epyj;jd;ikAk; gpwg;gpw;Nfw;w njhopy; jd;ikAk; Njhd;w
ebf;Fk; xU tiff; $j;J. ,jid,
thp nadg;gLtJ tFf;Fk; fhiyg;
gpwe;j epyDk; rpwe;j njhopYk;
mwpaf; $wp Mw;Wop toq;fy
; 7
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 50
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
vd tUk; mbfs; czh;j;Jk;. FbngUikia tpsf;Fk; ghly;fs; gs;S
,yf;fpaj;jpy; Kjd;ikahf ,lk; ngWfpwJ. gs;spah; ,UtUk; jj;jk;
FbngUikiaf; $w Kw;gLtij>
fs;sg;Gs; tha;fpopj;j fhuofh; Kf;$ly;
nfhs;sj; jkJ Fbj;juq;fs; $wpdNu
8
vd;w mbfs; top czh;e;J nfhs;sKbfpwJ.
thpf;$j;Jf;fs; gw;wp $Wifapy; mbahh;f;F ey;yhh; gok;ghlypy;
moFilags;sp, MLk;gLgs;sp vd tUk; ,U thpf;$j;Jf;fs; Rl;lg;gLjiyf;
vLj;Jf;fhl;b tpsf;Ffpwhh;.thpf;$j;Jfspd; ,ay;Gfs; rhp tu Gyg;gltpy;iy vdpDk;
,t;tpU tiff;$j;Jf;fSk; gs;sh; gs;spah; tho;NthL njhlh;GiladthapUj;jy;
Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ntspg;gil. ,tw;Ws; moFila gs;sp vd;gJ ,isag;gs;spapd;
moifg; gs;sd; tpae;J ghbahLk; xU tiff; $j;jhfTk; MLk; gLgs;sp vd;gJ
%j;jgs;spapd; ,ay;Gfis tpsf;fpg; ghbahLk; xU tiff;$j;jhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;
vd;W Cfpj;Jiug;gJ xUthW nghUe;Jk; vd e.tp.n[auhkd; $Wfpwhh;.MLk;gLgs;sp
vd;gJ gs;spaUk; gs;sUk; Nrh;e;J MLk; $j;njdTk; rpyh; $Wth;.,tw;iw itj;Jg;
ghh;f;fpd; gs;sh; gs;spah; tho;NthL njhlh;Gila gy;NtW thpf;$j;Jf;fs; Kd;G
toq;fp te;jd vd;gijAk; gpw;fhyj;jpy; gs;S ,yf;fpak; jdpnahU rpw;wpyf;fpakhf
cUg;ngw ,j;jifa thpf;$j;Jf;fSk; Jizahf tpsq;fpd vd;gijAk; mwpa
KbfpwJ.
njhFg;Giu
coth;fspd; tho;tpaiyf; fUg;nghUshff; nfhz;L ghlg;gl;lJ
gs;S vDk; ,yf;fpakhFk;.
gs;S ,yf;fpaj;jpd; tpj;jpid gok; ,yf;fpakhd rpyg;gjpfhuk; top
czh;e;J nfhs;s Kbfpd;wJ.
gs;S ,yf;fpaq;fspy; gs;spah; eltpd; NghJ eLifg;ghl;L ghbdh;.
,r;nra;jpapidr; rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; ,lk; ngWk; tpUe;jpw;ghzp Kyk; mwpe;J
nfhs;sKbfpd;wJ.
NkYk; Vh;kq;fyk;> Kfitg;ghl;L Kjypa Ntshz;ghly;fs; gpw;fhyg;
gs;S ,yf;fpaq;fspd; tpj;Jfshf tpsq;Fkhw;iw czu Kbfpd;wJ.
rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy; gy;NtW tifahd $j;Jf;fs;
,lk;ngWfpd;wd.mjpy; ,lk;ngWk; thpf;$j;J gs;S ,yf;fpaj;jpy; fhzg;ngWk;
$j;jhFk; vd;gijAk; ,tz; mwpa KbfpwJ;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 51
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
rpyk;gpy; fhzg;gLk; gs;Stpd; tpj;jpid Kf;$lw;gs;S ,yf;fpar;
rhd;Wfs; tpsf;fp epw;gijf; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
Mf ,tw;iw Nehf;Fkplj;J gs;S vDk; jdpngUk; rpw;wpyf;fpak;
cUntLf;f ngUk; fhuzkhf mike;jJ ,g; Nghpyf;fpak; vdpy; mJ
kpifahfhJ
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. rpyk;G.ehL fhz;.127-131
2. Kf;.$.g.130
3. rpyk;G.ehL fhz;.132-135
4. Kf;.$.g.115
5. rpyk;G.ehL fhz;.136-137
6. Kf;.$.g.139
7. rpyk;G.muq;.fhij.24
8. Kf;.$.g.13
Jiz E}y;fs;
1. t.j.,uhkRg;gpukzpak; (c.M>) rpyg;gjpfhuk;> jpUkfs; epiyak;> jp.efh;>
nrd;id-17.
2. rpw;wpyf;fpar;nry;tq;fs;-e.tP.nrauhkd;
3. Kf;$lw;gs;S-GypA+h; Nfrpfd; ciu>rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 52
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
jt;it nrhy;yhl;rpAk; tof;FKiwAk;
tp.tpky;>
cjtpg;Nguhrphpah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
kJiuf;fy;Y}hp>
kJiu-11.
jkpo; ,yf;fpag; gug;G kpf ePz;l tuyhw;iw cilaJ. fhyk; NjhWk;
jd;idj;jhNd GJg;gpj;Jf;nfhs;Sk; Mw;wy; ngw;w nkhop jkpo;nkhop. ,JNt jkpopd;
epiyj;j jd;ikf;fhd fhuzk;. ,e;j nefpo;Tj;jd;ik ey;yNj vd;whYk;>
fhyg;Nghf;fpy; rpy nrhw;fs; tof;fpypUe;J mope;Jk; tpLfpwJ. NkYk;>
,ay;ghdnghUspy; ,Ue;J NtWnghUshf khw;wKk; mile;J tpLfpwJ.
rpynrhw;fspd; khw;wk;; gz;ghl;Lf; $wpd; mbg;giliaNa mirj;J tpLfpwJ. mt;thW
mike;j nrhw;fspy; xd;whd jt;itvDk; nrhy;yhl;rpapd; nghUisAk;> jw;NghJ
mr;nrhy;ypd; epiyFwpj;Jk; Ma;tNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
jt;itapd; NtWngah;fs;
N[];lh> Nrl;lh> Nrl;il> khKfb> Kfb> Nkhb> %j;jNjtp> gioNahs;>
Jhkhtjp> fhf;ifnfhbNahs;> Jhk;utuhfp> Jhk;ufhsp> khia> k`hepj;jpiu> VfNtzp
,itnay;yhk; jt;itapd; ngah;fshff; $wg;gLfpwJ. N[];lh vd;Dk;
tlnkhopr;nrhy;Yf;F tPl;by; gpwe;j Kjy; Foe;ijia Mzhf ,Ue;jhy;
N[];lGj;jpud; vd;Wk;> ngz;zhf ,Ue;jhy; N[];lGj;jphp vd;Wk; ngah; #l;b
miof;Fk; tof;fk; ,d;wsTk; ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. kiyahsj;jpy; Nrl;lh> Nrl;ld;
Mfpanrhw;fs; Mz;fis miof;Fk; nrhy;yhf ,Ue;J tUfpwJ. rq;f
,yf;fpaq;fspy; jt;it nrhy; khKfb> Kfb> Nkhb> fhpaNrl;il> %Njtp>
fhf;ifnfhbNahs;> gioNahs; cl;gl gjpdhd;F ngah;fspy; miof;fg;gLfpwJ.
mlhj nray;fisr; nra;Ak; Foe;ijfis Jhkufhsp vd;W jpl;LtJk; tof;fj;jpy;
,Ue;J tUfpwJ. jiytphp Nfhyk; mkq;fykhf fUjg;gLtJNghy xw;iw rilAk;
r%f tof;fj;jpy; Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;glhjjhf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;. rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspy;
Ik;ghy; $e;jy; mzpe;jjhf tUfpwJ. ,jw;F Ie;Jtifahd
(nfhz;il>Foy;>gdpr;ir>fhy;>Fsfk;) nfhz;ilfs; vd;Wk; nghUs; $wg;gLfpwJ.
Guhzf;fUj;J
jt;it rdP];tudpd; kidtp vd;Wk; ,th;fSf;F khe;jd; vd;w kfDk;> khe;jp
vd;w kfSk; cs;sjhfTk;> khe;jid Fspif vd;Dk; fhyj;jpw;F mjpgjpahf
Nrhjplk; $WfpwJ. %Njtp tUzdpd; kidtp vd;W rpy njhd;kf; Fwpg;Gfs;
Fwpg;gpLfpd;wd. Njth;fSk;> mRuh;fSk; ghw;fliyf; file;jNghJ rPNjtpf;F Kd;
vOe;jts; vd;Wk; $wg;gLfpwJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 53
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
,yf;fpaq;fspy; jt;itnrhy;yhl;rp
jw;NghJ ctd;> cts; Nghd;w Rl;Lr; nrhw;fs; tof;fj;jpy; ,y;iy.
mJNghyNt> Et;it> mt;it> jt;it Nghd;w nrhw;fSk; tof;nfhope;J tpl;ld.
tpisahLMankhLntz;kzy; mOj;jp>
kwe;jdk; Jwe;jfho; Kismifa>
nea; nga; jPk; ghy; nga;J ,dpJtsh;g;g
Ek;kpDk;rpwe;jJ: Et;itMFk;
1
vDk; ew;wpizg; ghlypy; Et;it jq;if vd;Dk; nghUspy; tUfpwJ. mt;it> Ma;>
Iia Kjyhd nrhw;fs; jha; vd;Dk; nghUspNyNa ,yf;fpaq;fspy; Msg;gl;L
tUfpwJ. ,JNghd;W jpUf;Fwspy;>
mt;tpj;J mOf;fhW cilahidr; nra;ats;
jt;itiaf; fhl;b tpLk
;2
nghwhik cilatdplkpUe;J rPNjtpahdts; kdk; Nfhzp tpyfpj; jd;Dila
mf;fhshfpa %Njtpiaf; iffhl;b tpLths; vd;w nra;jpAk;>
kbAshd; khKfb vd;g kbapyhd;
jhSshs; jhkiu apdhs
;3
nraypy; jsUk; Nrhk;Ngwpaplk; %Njtp FbapUg;ghs;@ jsuhky; ciof;Fk;
Kaw;rpahsdpd; ghjj;jpy; rPNjtp jq;fpapUg;ghs; vd;w nra;jpAk; mike;jpUg;gJ ,q;F
epidT$uj;jf;fJ.
Ntjhsk; NrUNk nts;nsUf;Fg; G+f;FNk
ghjhs %ypglUNk - %Njtp
nrd;wpUe;J tho;tNs Nrld; FbGFNk
kd;Nwhuk; nrhd;dhh; kid
4
vd;w ghlypy; xsitAk; jt;it> khKfb. %Njtp Mfpa nrhw;fis Mf;fkpy;
nghUspy; gad;gLj;jp cs;sikg; Gydhfpd;wJ.
,Ue;jfhy; %Njtp> ele;jfhy;
rPNjtp
vd;w gonkhopAk; tof;fj;jpy; ,Ug;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. NkYk;>
rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpy;>
tpOke; jPh;j;jtpsf;Ff; nfhy;nyd
IiaAe; jt;itAk; tpk;kpjk; va;jpf;
fz;nfhs;shekf; fpth; fhl;rpaPq;nfd
5
vDk; thpfspy; jt;it vd;w nrhy;iy ,sq;Nfhtbfs; Iiaapd; jhiaf; Fwpf;fNt
gad;gLj;Jfpwhh;.
jt;it topghl;Lj; jyq;fSk; topghLk;
jt;it VO fd;dpahpy; xUj;jpahf gyfhyq;fshf topglg;gl;L te;Js;shs;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 54
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
,tis Foe;ijg;NgW toq;Fk; nja;tkhf tzq;Fk; KiwAk; ,Ue;Js;sJ.
rkzj;jpYk;> rhf;jj;jpYk; (rf;jptopghL)> jt;it topghlhfNt ,Ue;Js;sJ. jha;
nja;t topghl;bYk; ,k;Kiw ,Ue;Js;sJ. gy;yth;fspd; Ml;rp fhykhd 8k;
Ehw;whz;by; jkpoh;fspd; nja;tkhd jt;it topglg;gl;Ls;shs;. ee;jpth;k gy;ytd;
jt;itia Fynja;tkhf topghL nra;Js;shd;. gpw;fhy Nrhoh;fspd; fhyj;jpYk;
jt;ittopghL ,Ue;Js;sJ. ,d;Wk; jQ;ir> jpUr;rp khtl;lq;fspy; ntFthff;
fhzg;gLfpwJ. jt;itiag; gazj;jpd;NghJ tpgj;Jf;fs; Vw;glhky; ,Uf;f
topgLfpd;wdh;. Nrhk;giy ePf;fp RWRWg;ghd tho;itj; ju topgLfpd;wdh;. Fwpg;gpl;l
,dj;jth; VfNtzp vd;w ngahpy; topgLfpd;wdh;.
jpUr;rp jpUthidf;fhty; mfpyhz;Nl];thp Nfhapypy; N[];lhNjtpf;F
rpiyAz;L.
Fk;gNfhzk; Fk;Ng];tuh; Nfhapypy; kq;fshk;gpif rd;dpjpf;F tlNkw;NfAk;>
ntlhy; Mz;lth; jpUf;Nfhapy; njd; Gwj;jpYk;> N[];lhNjtpapd; jpUTUtk;
ey;y fl;likg;Gld; $ba ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ.
jpUr;rp khtl;lk; ca;af;nfhz;lhd; kiy c[;[Ptehjh; (khh;f;fz;NlaUf;F
kPz;Lk; [Ptd; mspj;jjhy; rptngUkhDf;F ,g;ngah;) Nfhtpypy;
N[];lhNjtpapd; rpiy tpj;jpahrkhd tbtikg;gpy; cs;sJ.
jpUf;nfhz;B];;tuk; gRgjP];tuh; Nfhtpypy; N[];lhNjtp mDf;fpuf Njtij.
XiuA+h; rptd; NfhtpYk;> N[];lhNjtpf;F rpiy cz;L.
flYhh; Fspj;jiy flk;gtdehjh; Nfhapy; jpUr;Rw;wpy; cs;sJ>
NkhfDhh; mryjPNgRtuh; Nfhapy; Rw;Wr;Rthpy; Njtp rpiy gjpag;gl;Ls;sJ.
jpUKf;$ly; mfj;jPRtuh; Nfhtpy; jpUr;Rw;wpy; rpiy cs;sJ.
nguzky;Yhh; jpUf;fNuRtuh; NfhapypYk; rpiyAs;sJ.
jt;ittopghl;bd; vr;rq;fs;
jt;it fhf;if nfhbapidAk;> fOij thfdj;ijAk; cilats;. iffspy;
Jilg;gk; nfhz;Ls;shs;. jha; nja;ttopghL gpd;dhspy; kUtp %jhijah; topghlhf
khw;wk; ngw;wpUf;fyhk;. mjd; njhlh;r;rpNa ,d;Wk; fhf;iff;F cztpLk; gof;fk;
NghYk;. mJkl;Lky;yhJ fOijapd; glj;NjhL cs;svd;idg; ghh; Nahfk;
tUk;’‘Jilg;gj;ij nyl;Rk; vd;W nrhy;Yk; tof;fKk; cs;sJ. jt;it Jujp];l
Njtijahf ,Ug;gpd; fhf;iff;Fk;> fOijf;Fk; r%fj;jpy; cs;s Kf;fpaj;Jtk;
rpe;jpf;fjf;fJ.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 55
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
epiwTiu
mOf;F> ehw;wk;> Jd;gk;> Gyk;gy;> mbf;fb nfhl;lhtptpLjy;> jiyia
tphpj;Jg;NghLjy;> myq;Nfhykhf ,Uj;jy;> vjph;kiwahd vz;zq;fs;> jPuhj kd
f\;lk; ,itnay;yhk; %Njtpapd; milahsq;fshff; $wg;gLfpwJ. <rid mopf;Fk;
nja;tkhf Vw;Wf; nfhz;lJ Nghy jPatw;iw mopf;Fk; nja;tkhf jt;itiag;
Nghw;WtNj rpwg;G. fhyg;Nghf;fpy; gykhw;wq;fs; Vw;gl;lNghjpYk; jt;it topghL
KOtJk; tof;fj;jpy; mope;Jtpltpy;iy. mtuth; tPl;by; cs;s %j;jgps;isia
N[];lh vd;gjd; %yk; N[];lhNjtpf;F ,Ue;j Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ijAk;XusT
czuKbfpwJ. fd;dpahFkhp khtl;lj;jpy; tay;ntspfspy; jt;it rpiyfs;
fpilf;fg; ngw;wjhff; $Wfpd;wdh;. mg;gbahdhy; tsik nja;tkhf xUfhyj;jpy;
topglg;gl;bUf;fyhk;. vJ vg;gbahdhYk; ek; topghl;bw;Fhpa Kjy;Njtp %NjtpNa
vd;w mhpa nra;jp Gydhfpd;wJ.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. ew; - gh.172
2. Fws; - 167
3. NkyJ - 617
4. xsit> ey;top - gh.23
5. rpyk;G> k.fh - 51
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. xsit R. Jiur;rhkpg;gps;is> Kidth;.fjph;KUF - rq;f ,yf;fpak; %ykk;
ciuAk;> ew;wpiz> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
2. t.Rg. khzpf;fk; (c.M) - jpUf;Fws;> kzpthrfh; gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600108.
3. GypA+h;Nfrpfd; - rpyg;gjpfhuk; %yKk; ciuAk;> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id -
600014.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 56
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
gl;bdg;ghiyapy; tzpfr; nra;jpfs;
jpUkjp.rh.hp];thdh gHtPd;>
cjtpg; NguhrphpaH> jkpo;j;Jiw>
kd;dH jpUkiy ehaf;fH fy;Y}hp>
gRkiy> kJiu-4.
cyfpy; njhd;ikf; fhye;njhl;L thOk; jkpodk; jdf;nfd;W gy
jdpr;rpwg;Gfis nfhz;ljhf tpsq;Ffpd;wJ. fhjYk;> tPuKk; goe;jkpohpd;
gz;ghl;il fhl;LtJ Nghy mtHfs; gy ehLfSld; nfhz;l tzpfj; njhlHGk; Gfo;
tha;e;jjhFk;. ehl;L kf;fspd; ey;tho;Tf;Fk;> ehfhpf tho;f;iff;Fk; tzpfk; Kf;fpa
fhuzkhFk;. ,yf;fpaq;fspy; rq;f ,yf;fpakhdJ rpwe;jnjhU ,lj;ijg;
ngWfpd;wJ. vdNt rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspy; gj;Jg;ghl;by; xd;whd gl;bdg;ghiyapy;
cs;s tzpfH nra;jpfis tifg;gLj;jp $WtNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
tzpfk; - tpsf;fk;
ehfhpfk; tsu tsu kf;fspd; NjitfSk; ngUfp tUfpd;wd. vdNt
mj;Njitfis epiwNtw;Wtjw;F gy tifg; nghUs;fSk;> NritfSk;
Njitg;gLfpd;wd. EfHNthH Mfpa ehk; EfUk; gz;lq;fs; midj;ijAk; jhNk
cz;lhf;Ftjpy;iy. mJNghy gz;lq;fis Mf;FNthH jhk; Mf;Fk; gz;lk;
KOtijAk; ehNk EfHtjpy;iy. vdNt ngUk;ghYk; Mf;FNthH NtW> EfHNthH
NtW.
xU ehl;bd; ed;ikf;F cotH> tzpfH> rhd;NwhH vd;Dk; Kj;jpwj;jhH
Ntz;lg;gLfpd;wdH vd;gJ ts;Sthpd; fUj;jhFk;.
js;shj tpisASk; jf;fhUk; jho;tpyhr;
nry;tUk; NrHtJ ehL
1
,f;Fwspy;> jho;tpyhr; nry;tH vd;Dk; njhlH tzpfiuf; Fwpg;gjhFk;. ehl;by;
Xhplj;jpy; cz;lhFk; nghUs;fis mit cz;lhfhj gpw ,lq;fSf;F mDg;GjYk;>
gy ehl;Lg; gz;lq;fis tUtpj;J tpw;wYk; cs;ehl;L gz;lq;fis tpw;wYk; tzpfH
njhopyhFk;. ,j;njhopyhy; ehl;by; nry;tk; nkd;NkYk; tsUk; vd;gJ cWjp.
vdNt ,tiuj; jho;tpyhr; nry;tH vd;W jpUts;StH Fwpg;gpLfpwhH.
etkzpfis tpw;w tzpfH Kjy; gpl;L> mg;gk; tpw;w tzpfH tiu tzpfk;
Ghpe;J te;j vy;NyhUk; eLTepiy jtwhJ tzpfk; elj;jpdH. jhk; nghUis
thq;fpajw;Ff; nfhLj;j tpiyiaAk; mg;nghUis tpw;gjhy; jkf;F tUk;
,yhgj;ijAk; ntspg;gilahff; $wpNa tzpfk; nra;jdH. ,tHfsJ ,j;jifa
caH gz;igg; gpd;tUk; gl;bdg;ghiyg; ghly; %yk; mwpayhk;.
neL Efj;Jg; gfy; Nghy
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 57
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
eLT epd;w ey;neQ;rpNdhH
tL mQ;rp tha; nkhope;J
jkTk; gpwTk; xg;gehb
nfhs;tJ}ck; kpif nfhshJ
nfhLg;gJ}ck; FiwnfhlhmJ>
gy;gz;lk; gfHe;J tPRk;
njhy;nfhz;bj; Jtd;wpUf;if
2
gl;bdj;jpd; rpwg;G:
gl;bdk;> fhtphpG+k;gl;bdk; ,J Nrhoehl;bd; gok;ngUk; efuk; MFk;. ,jd;
jiyefuk; JiwKfg; gl;bdk; MFk;. ,J nrd;id khfhzj;jpy;> jQ;ir
tl;lhuj;jpd; fPo;f;NfhbapNy fhtphp ejp flNyhL fyf;Fk; ,lj;jpy; cs;sJ.
Ik;ngUk; fhg;gpaq;fspy; xd;whd kzpNkfiyapy; tpohtiw fhijapy;
fhtphpG+k;gl;bdk; gok;ngUk; efuk; vd;Wk; mt;T+H Nkd;kf;fs; ey;nyhOf;fj;jpypUe;J
tOthH. vdNt> mjd; ngUik NkNyhq;fp caHe;jJ. mjd; rpwg;ig gyehl;lhUk;
Nghw;wpg; Nghw;wpg; Gfo;e;jdH vd;W fPo;f;fz;l ghly; thpfs; czHj;Jfpd;wd.
cyfk; jphpah> Xq;FcaH tpOr;rPHg;
gyHGfo; %J}Hg; gz;GNkk; gB,a
Xq;FcaH kyaj;J mUe;jtd; cug;gj;
3
fhtphpG+k;gl;bdk; nghpa fg;gy;fSf;Fk; rpwe;j JiwKfkhf tpsq;fpaJ.
ruf;FfisAk; ghapidAk; ,wf;fhkNyNa mj;JiwKfj;jpy; fg;gy;fs; Eioa
KbAk;. mg;gbAk; mit epiyahAk; jsuhJk; fhg;GlDk; epd;wd vd GwehD}w;Wg;
ghly; czHj;JfpwJ.
kPg; gha; fisahJ kpirg; guk; Njhz;lhJ>
GfhmHg; GFe;j ngUq; fyk; jfhmH
,ilg; Gyg;ngU topr; nrhhpAk;
flw; gy; jhuj;j ehL fpothNah
4
gujtH thoplq;fSff;F mUfpy; flw;fiuapy; gz;lq;fisr; Nrfhpf;fg;
gz;lfrhiyfs; fl;lg;ngw;wd. mse;J fzf;fpl Kbahj gy gz;lq;fs; vy;iy
fhzKbahjgb te;J epiwe;jd rpwe;j ghJfhg;Gk; mNef fhtw;fhuHfisAk; cila
Rq;fr; rhtbapy; vd;W fbaY}H cUj;jpuq; fz;zdhH gl;bdg; ghiyapy; $WfpwhH.
mse;jwpahg; gy gz;lk;
tuk;gwpahik te;jPz;b
mUk;fbg; ngUk;fhg;gpd;
5
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 58
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
fhtphpapd; ngUik
Nrhoehl;bd; rpwg;gpw;Ff; fhuzk; fhtphp MWjhd;. fhtphp ehL fhz;gNj Nrho
ehl;bw;F xU ngaH MFk;. fhtphp Guf;Fk; ehL vd;gJ GytH Gfo;nkhop.
fhtphpf;Fg; nghd;dp vd;gJ xU ngaH. fhtphpahw;W kzypNy nghd; kpd;Dtij
,d;Dk; fhzyhk;. nghd;dp ghAk; ehl;Lf;Fg; nghd;dp ehL vd;W ngaH.
nghd;dpapd; nry;td;> fhtphp Guf;Fk; ehL fpoNthd;
vd;git Nrhoidf; Fwpf;Fk;
ngaHfs; MFk;.
fhtphp ghahtpl;lhy; Nrhzhl;bw;Fr; rpwg;gpy;iy. NrhzhL NrhWilj;J vd;W
Gfo; ngw KbahJ.
nts;spnad;Dk; el;rj;jpuk; fPo;j;jpirapypUe;J Nkw;F jpirf;F nry;Yk;
,ay;GilaJ. ,J jd; ,ay;G khwp> jpirnfl;L tlf;NfapUe;J njw;Nf
NghFkhdhy; kio nga;ahJ. thdk; twz;L NghFk;. kio nga;ahtpl;lhy;
kioj;Jspia czthff; nfhs;Sk; thdk;ghbf; Gs;Sk; thl;lkilAk;> ghlhJ
xopAk;. ,j;jifa thdk; nghopahj twl;rpf; fhyj;jpYk; fhtphpahW ePH tw;whJ.
Nkw;wpirf; FlF kiyapNy gpwe;J fPo;j;jpirf; flypNy ghAk;. me;jf; fhtphpapd;
ePH Nrho ehnlq;Fk; gutp tay;fspNy gha;e;J mq;Nf nghd;idf; Ftpf;Fk; vd;W
gl;bdg;ghiy $WfpwJ.
tirapy; Gfo; taf;F ntz; kPd;
jpir jphpe;J njw;F VfpDk;
jw; ghba jsp Aztpd;
gs; Njl;gg; gAy; khwp
thd; ngha;g;gpDk;> jhd; ngha;ahd;
kiyj; jiya flw; fhtphp
Gdy; gue;J nghd; nfhopf;Fk;
6
,jdhy; fhtphpahW vd;Wk; tw;whj ePHg;ngUf;Fila [Ptejp vd;gijAk;>
Rf;fpud; vd;Dk; fpufk; jpir khwpdhy; kio ngha;ahJ vd;gJ gz;il thd;E}yhH
nfhs;if vd;gijAk; mwpayhk;. gz;ilj; jkpoHfs; thdE}y; mwpe;jtHfs;
vd;gijAk; ,jd; %yk; mwpa KbfpwJ.
Nrhoehl;bd; nry;t tsk;
Nrho ehl;bNy tpise;J nfhz;bUf;fpd;w gue;j tay;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.
mq;Nf fUg;gQ;rhw;iwf; fha;r;Rtjdhy; thrid tPRfpd;w fUk;ghiyf; fsj;jpy;
cs;s nfhl;by;fspypUe;J tUk; jPapd; #l;bdhy; moF nfl;L ePH epiwe;j
tay;fspy; cs;s ePz;l nea;jy; kyHfs; thLk;. mt;tplj;jpNy tpise;jpUf;Fk;
nre;new;fjpHfis NkAk; nghpa tapw;iwAila vUik> vUikapd; KjpHe;j fd;Wfs;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 59
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
new;$l;bd; epoy;fspy; J}q;fpf; nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk;. Fiyfisf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;
njd;id kuq;fisAk;> jhW Nghl;bUf;Fk; thiofisAk;> fha;e;jpUf;Fk; ghf;F
kuq;fisAk; thrid tPRk; kQ;rl; nrbfisAk;> gy tifahd khkuq;fisAk;>
nfhj;jhff; fha;j;jpUf;Fk; gid kuq;fisAk;> mbapNy fpoq;ifAila Nrg;gQ;
nrbfisAk;> Kisj;jpUf;Fk; ,Q;rpr; nrbfisAk; mq;Nf fhzyhk; vd;W
gl;bdg;ghiy czHj;Jfpd;wJ.
tpisT mwh tpad; fodpf;
fhHf; fUk;gpd; fko; Miyj;
jPj; njWtpy; ftpd; thb
ePHr; nrWtpd; ePs; nea;jy;
G+r; rhk;Gk; Gyj;J Mq;fz;
fha;r; nre;ney; fjpH mUe;Jk;
Nkhl;nlUik KOf; FOtp
$l;L epoy; Japy; tjpAk;
Nfhl;nlq;fpd; Fiy thiof;
fha;f; fKfpd; fko; kQ;rs;
Kjw; Nrk;gpd; Kis apQ;rp
7
nry;tj;jpNy rpwe;J tpsq;fpa gyH flw;fiuNahuj;jpy; nghpa tPLfisf;
fl;bf; nfhz;L tho;fpwhHfs;. ,e;jg; ghf;fq;fs; vy;yhk; fhtphpG+k;gl;bdj;ijr;
NrHe;jit MFk;. ,e;jg; ghf;fspd; ,ay;igAk; mq;F tho;fpd;w kf;fspd; nry;t
rpwg;gpidg; gw;wpAk; gl;bdg;ghiy MrphpaH $WfpwhH.
nghpa tPLfs; me;j tPLfspd; Kw;wq;fspNy ney; Kjypa czTg; nghUs;fs;
fha itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. me;j czTg; nghUs;fisg; gwitfs;> tpyq;Ffs;
Kjypad Nrjg;gLj;jhky; ,sk; ngz;fs; fhty; fhj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wdH. me;jg;
ngz;fs; mofhd new;wpiaAk;> fs;sk; fglkw;w ghHitiaAk; cilatHfs; vd;Wk;
rpwe;j nghd; Mguzq;fisAk; mzpe;jpUf;fpd;wdH vd;Wk; $Wfpwhh;.
Nfhopfs;> fha;e;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; czTg; nghUs;fisf; nfhj;jpj; jpd;d
tUfpd;wd. mJfz;l rpWkpfs; mf;Nfhopfis mjl;b tpul;Lfpd;wdH. mtHfspd;
mjl;lYf;F mitfs; mQ;rhky; czTg; nghUs;fis nfhj;jpj; nfhj;jp
cz;Zfpd;wd. clNd mr;rpWkpfs; jq;fs; fhjpNy mzpe;jpUf;Fk; nfhLq;Fio
vd;Dk; fhjzpfisf; fow;wp mf;Nfhopfspd; Nky; tPrpnawpe;J tpul;Lfpd;wdH.
,t;thW Nfhopfis tpul;Ltjw;fhf tPrpnawpag;gl;l nghw;Fiofs; tPLfspd;
Kw;wq;fspNy Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 60
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
me;j Kw;wq;fspNy rpWtHfs; rpWNjH cUl;b tpisahLfpd;wdH. me;jr; rpW
NjHfs; %d;W rf;fuq;fis cilait. Fjpiu G+l;lg;glhj NjHfs; mit.
,f;fhyj;jpy; rpWtHfs; eil goFtjw;fhfr; nra;J nfhLf;Fk; eil tz;b Nghd;wd.
rpWtHfs; Xl;b tpisahLk; ,e;jr; rpW NjHfis Xltplhky; mq;Nf Ftpe;J
fplf;fpd;wd fhjzpfs; - mjhtJ nghw;Fiofs; jLf;fpd;wd. ,g;gbr; rpWtHfspd;
rpW NjH Xl;lj;ijj; jLf;Fk; gif xd;Wjhd; mq;F cz;L. mq;F tho;fpd;wtH NtW
ve;jg; gifiaAk mwpahjtHfs;. mtHfs; kdq; fyq;Ftjw;fhd jPikfs; vJTNk
mq;fpy;iy. ,j;jifa nry;tk; epiwe;j gy FLk;gj;jpdH tho;fpd;w nropg;Gs;s
ehlhfj; jpfo;fpwJ NrhoehL vd;W $WfpwhH MrphpaH fbaY}H cUj;jpuq;fz;zdhH.
mfdfH tpad; Kw;wj;Jr;
RlHEjy; kl Nehf;fpd;
NeH ,iokfspH> czq;Fczhf; ftUk;
Nfhop nawpe;j nfhLq;fhy; fdf;Fio>
nghw;fhy; Gjy;tH Gutpapd;W cUl;Lk;
Kf;fhy; rpWNjH Kd; top tpyf;Fk;
8
,jdhy; Nrhoehl;bNy gy nry;tf; FbapdH tho;e;jdH vd;gij mwpayhk;.
Rq;fk;
ntspapypUe;J efUf;Fs; tUk; gz;lq;fSf;F thp thq;Fk; tof;fk;
,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Ng jkpo;ehl;by; ,Ue;jJ. jiu topahf tUk;
nghUs;fSf;Fk; thp thq;fpdH. fly; khHf;fkhf te;J ,wf;FkjpahFk;
gz;lq;fSf;Fk; thp thq;fpdhHfs;.
cy;F vd;gJ thp. mjidNa gpd;dhspy; Rq;fk; vd toq;fpdH. murDila
Ml;fNs Rq;fk; thq;FthHfs;. fhtphpG+k;gl;bdj;Jf; fly; JiwapNy ,wq;Fk;
gz;lq;fSf;Fk; Rq;f thpAz;L. Vw;Wkjp nra;ag;gLk; gz;lq;fSf;Fk; Rq;f thpAz;L.
epyj;jpypUe;J te;j gz;lq;fSk;> ePH topahf te;j gz;lq;fSk; Kjypy; Rq;fr;
rhtbf;Fs; mDg;gg;gLk;.
mitfs; Rq;f mjpfhhpfshy; ghpNrhjpf;fg;gLk; ghpNrhjpf;fg;gl;ljw;F
milahskhfr; NrhoDila Gyp Kj;jpiuaplg;gLk;. gz;lj;jpid epiwf;Fk;
msTf;Fk; Vw;g thp thq;fg;gLk;.
gpwehLfspypUe;J fly; khHf;fkhf te;j gz;lq;fis epyj;jpNy ,wf;fTk;>
cs;ehl;bypUe;J jiukhHf;fkhf te;j gz;lq;fisg; gpwehLfSf;F mDg;Gtjw;fhff;
flypy; cs;s fg;gy;fspy; Vw;wTk; mstw;w gz;lq;fs; te;J Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd.
mitfs; vy;iyapy;yhky; te;J epiwe;J fplf;fpd;wd. ey;y ghJfhg;igAk; rpwe;j
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 61
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
fhtiyAk; cila Rq;fr; rhtbapNy mitfspd; Nky; Gyp Kj;jpiu nghwpj;J
ntspapNy mDg;Gfpd;wdH.
typAil ty; mzq;fpNdhd;
Gypnghwpj;jg; Gwk;Nghf;fp
9
,jd;%yk; Rq;fthp tpjpf;fg;gl;L te;jijf; fhzyhk;. gz;lq;fs;
ghoilahkYk;> jpUl;Lg; NghfhkYk; Rq;fr; rhtbapNy ghJfhf;fg;gl;ld.
NkYk;> ,iwahfj; jhd; te;j nghUSk;> thpahf te;j nghUSk; gifaurH
fhl;Lk; jpirg; nghUSk; murDf;Fhpa nghUl;fs; MFk; vd;W ts;StH $WfpwhH.
cWnghUSk; cy;F nghUSWk;jd; xd;dhHj;
njWnghUSk; Nte;jd; nghUs;
10
cz;ik CopaHfs;
Rq;fk; t#ypf;Fk; Ml;fNs cz;ik CopaHfs; vd miof;fg;gl;ldH.
mtHfs; eLepiyapypUe;J Rq;fk; thq;FthHfs;. ifAiw (yQ;rk;) thq;fkhl;lhHfs;.
jq;fSila Ntiyfisr; RWRWg;ghfr; nra;thHfs;. mtHfis ahUk; Vkhw;wptpl
KbahJ.
Rq;fk; thq;FNthH es;sputpNy> fhtphpahw;W nts;sk; Ftpe;jpUf;Fk; kzy;
Nkl;bNy cwq;FthHfs;. gz;lfrhiyapNy gz;lq;fs; Ftpe;jpUf;Fk;
mg;gz;lq;fisg; gpwH ftuhky; ghJfhg;gjpNy mtHfs; ty;ytHfs;> Gfo;
ngw;wtHfs;. me;j CopaHfs; fjputd; Njhpw;G+l;ba Fjpiufs; Nghy mauhJ Rw;wp
tUthHfs;. xU nehb Neuq;$lr; NrhHe;jpUf;fkhl;lhHfs;. risf;fhky; thq;f
Ntz;ba Rq;fq;fis thq;fpf; nfhz;NlapUg;ghHfs; vd;gij gl;bdg;ghiyapd;
,g;ghly; thpfs; czHj;Jfpd;wd.
kh mfhtphp kzk; $l;Lk;
J}c vf;fHj; Japy; kbe;J
thy; ,zH kly; jhio
Nty; Mop tpad; njUtpy;
ey;ypiwtd; nghUs; fhf;Fk;
njhy;ypirj; njhopy; khf;fs;
fha; rpdj;j fjpHr; nry;td;
NjH G+z;l khm Nghy
itfy; njhWk; mirtpd;wp
cy;F nra
……11
Ftpe;jpUf;Fk; gz;lq;fs;
fhtphpG+k;gl;bdj;Jj; njUf;fspNy gy nry;tq;fs; Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd. gy
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 62
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
ehl;bypUe;J te;j gz;lq;fs; epiwe;J fpilf;fpd;wd. Fjpiufs; Vuhskhff;
fl;lg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. mitfs; kpfr; rpwe;j Fjpiufs;> tpiuthf epkpHe;J
Xlf;$bad. ntspehLfspypUe;J fly; topahf te;jit. jiu khHf;fkhf
tz;bfspNy Vw;wpf; nfhz;L te;j kpsF %l;ilfs; Vuhskhff; Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd.
gy jpwg;gl;l ,uj;jpdq;fSk;> nghd; fl;bfSk; NrHj;J itf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd.
,itfs; ,kakiy Nghd;w tlehl;L kiyfspypUe;J nfhz;L tug;gl;lit. FlF
kiyapypUe;J re;jdf; fl;ilfSk; mfpw;fl;ilfSk; nfhz;L te;J
Ftpf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd. ghz;b ehl;Lj; njd; flypNy %o;fp vLj;j rpwe;j Kj;Jf;
Ftpay;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. fPiof; flypNy gpwe;j gtsq;fSk; mq;Nf
fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
fq;if ejp ghAk; tl;lhuq;fspNy tpise;j nry;tq;fSk;> fhtphpahW ghAk;
gFjpfspNy tpise;j nry;tq;fSk; mq;Nf epiwe;J fplf;fpd;wd. ,yq;ifj; jPtpNy
cz;lhd czTg; nghUs;fs; Vuhskhf te;J Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd. fhofj; jPT
vd;W ngaH ngw;w gHkhtpypUe;J gy nry;tg; nghUs;fs; te;J Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd.
mitfs; vy;yhk; ,d;g tho;Tf;Nfw;w rpwe;j nry;tg; nghUs;fs; MFk;.
,itfisj; jtpu ,d;Dk; gy rpwe;j gz;lq;fSk; Ftpe;J fplf;fpd;wd.
,j;jifa gy nry;tq;fSld; rpwe;J tpsq;fpd. fhtphpG+k;gl;bdj;Jj; njUf;fs;
vd;gij fPo;f;fz;l gl;bdg;ghiy ghly; czHj;JfpwJ.
nrOefH tiug;gpd;
nry;yh ey;ypir mkuH fhg;gpd;
ePhpd; te;j epkpHghpg; GutpAk;>
fhypd; te;j fUk;fhp %ilAk;>
tlkiyg; gpwe;j thuKk;> mfpYk;
njd;fly; Kj;Jk;> Fzfly; JfpUk;>
fq;if thhpAk;> fhtphpg; gaDk;>
<oj;J czTk;> fhofj;J Mf;fKk;>
mhpaTk; nghpaTk; nehpa <z;b>
tsk; jiy kaq;fpa edk;jiy kWfpd;
12
tzpf kidfs;
filj; njUTf;F Mtzk; vd;W xU ngaH. mq;fhb vd;gJ kw;nwhU ngaH.
Mtzk; my;yJ mq;fhb vd;gJ gz;lq;fis itj;Jr; rpy;yiwahf tzpfk;
nra;Ak; ,lkhFk;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 63
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
fil tPjpfspNy tzpfHfs; gyH FbapUg;gijAk; mq;NfNa tzpfk;
nra;tijAk; fhz;fpNwhk;. nghpa tpahghhpfs; jhd; FbapUg;Gk; tzpfk; nra;Ak;
filAk; xNu ,lj;jpy; mikj;Jf; nfhs;s KbAk;.
,d;Wk; nghpa efuq;fspy; cs;s fil tPjpfspNy Rw;Wf; fl;like;j nghpa
fl;llq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mf;fl;llq;fs; thDaHe;j khbfshfTk; mike;Js;sd.
,j;jifa khbf; fl;blq;fspNy fPo;f;fl;blq;fis tzpf kidfshfg;
gad;gLj;Jfpd;wdH. NkNy FbapUe;Jk; tUfpd;wdH. ,t;thW fhtphp G+k;gl;bdj;jpd;
filj;njUtpy; tzpfHfs; FbapUe;jdH>
fhtphpG+k; gl;bdj;jpNy nghpa nghpa khspiffs; ,Ue;jd. nry;tk;
gilj;jth;fs; ,Ue;jdH. ngz;fs; mzpfyd;fisAk;> nky;ypa MilfisAk;
mzpe;jpUe;jdH. ,iltplhky; jpUtpohf;fs; eilngw;Wf; nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jd vd;gij
mwpayhk;. ,d;Ws;s nghpa efuq;fspd; filtPjpfis NghyNt ,uz;lhapuk;
Mz;LfSf;F Kd;Nd fhtphpG+k;gl;bdj;Jf; filtPjp fhl;rpaspj;jJ vd;gij
mwpaKbfpwJ.
njhFg;Giu
gl;bdg;ghiyapy; tzpfr; nra;jpfs; vd;w ,f;fl;Liuapy; Nrhoehl;bd;
gok;ngUk; efuhd fhtphpg;G+k; gl;bdj;jpd; rpwg;G gw;wpAk;> Nrhoehl;bd; rpwg;gpw;F
fhuzkhd fhtphpahw;wpd; rpwg;G gw;wpAk;> tzpf kidfs;> cz;ik CopaHfs;>
filtPjpfs;> mq;F Ftpe;jpUf;Fk; gz;lq;fs; Mfpatw;iw ,f;fl;Liu ekf;F
njspTw czHj;Jfpd;wJ.
mbf;Fwpg;Gfs;
1. Fws; 731
2. gl;bdg;ghiy 206-212
3. kzpNkfiy:tpohtiw fhij 1-3
4. GwehD}W 30:12-15
5. gl;bdg;ghiy 131-133
6. NkyJ 1-7
7. NkyJ 8-18
8. NkyJ 20-25
9. NkyJ 134-135
10. Fws; 756
11. gl;bdg;ghiy 116-125
12. NkyJ 183-192
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 64
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. t.Rg. khzpf;fk; (c.M) - jpUf;Fws;> kzpthrfh; gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id> kWgjpg;G-
2000.
2. xsit R. Jiur;rhkpg;gps;is> Kidth;.fjph;KUF - rq;f ,yf;fpak; %ykk;
ciuAk;> gj;Jg;ghl;L-gl;bdg;ghiy> rhujh gjpg;gfk;> nrd;id - 600014.
3. Gyik. Ntq;flhryk; (c.M) - kzpNkfiy> ghit gg;spNfrd;];> nrd;id -
600014> Kjy;gjpg;G - 2017.
4. c.Nt. rhkpehijah; - GwehD}W %yKk; ciuAk;> c.Nt.rh.gjpg;G> nrd;id>
Mwhk; gjpg;G - 1963.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 65
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
md;dp kpQpyp
Kidth; yp. [d;dj;>
cjtpg; Nguhrphpah;> jkpo;j;Jiw>
nre;jhkiu fiy mwptpay; fy;Y}hp>
kJiu.
rq;f ,yf;fpak; goe;jkpohpd; tho;tpaiy vLj;Jf; $WfpwJ. mij mfk;> Gwk;
vdg; gFg;gh;. mf ,yf;fpakhd mfehD}w;wpy; tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;Gfs; ,lk;ngw;Ws;sd.
mjpy; %Nte;jh;fs;> FWepy kd;dh;fs; gw;wpa nra;jpfSk; fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. me;j
tifapy; md;dp kpQpyp vd;Dk; ngz; Nghuhspiag; gw;wpAk; ,ak;GfpwJ. md;dp
kpQpypapd; tPuj;ijf; fhz;gNj ,f;fl;Liuapd; Nehf;fkhFk;.
Nfhrh;fs;
rq;f fhyj;jpy; Nfhrh; vd;Dk; $l;lj;jhh; jkpofj;jpy; Ml;rp nra;jdh;. ePjp
vd;Dk; ngahpy; kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLe; jz;lid tpjpj;J te;jdh;. ,jid>
Nfhrnud;Dk; $l;lj;jhh;
jkpo fj;jpy;
nfhbfl;b Mz;lhh;fs;
xUfh yj;Nj
NgRtjpy; nka;k;ikad;wpg;
gpwpJ Ngrhh;;-
ngUePjpf;F mth;fSf;fd;W
<Nl ,y;iy!
1
vd;Wk;>
fbNjhr;rp kpfnkJNt
vwpf
vd;Dk;
fiyEZf;f murpaiy
mwpahf; Nfhrh;
mbNghl;lhy; rhpahFk;
vy;yhk;
vd;Dk;
mr;rnewp cr;rpkpir
Vwp dhh;fs;
2
vd;Wk; Nfhrh;fspd; nfhLq;Nfhd;ikiag; ghLfpwhh; rhiyahh;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 66
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
md;dpkpQpyp
md;dp kpQpyp vd;Dk; ngz; Mah; Fyj;ijr; Nrh;e;jts;. Nfhrh;fspd;
nfhLikf;F vjpuhfg; Nghuhba ngz; Nghuhspahths;.
md;dp
vd;gJ xU tPud; ngah;@
kpQpyp
vd;gJ kw;nwhU tPudpd; ngah;@ ,t;tpU ngUtPuh;fl;Fhpa ngah;fisj; jhq;fp
epd;whs; md;dp kpQpyp vDk; ngaUil ,e; ey;yhs;. md;dp kpQpypapd; tuyhW
czh;e;jhh; mtNshh; cah;Fzf; Fyf;nfhbahshts; vd;gij czh;th;. jdf;Fj;
jtW nra;jhiuj; jz;bf;fj; jtwhj jWfz;ik Ailahs; md;dp kpQpyp
3vd;W
md;dpkpQpypapd; jl;bf; Nfl;Fk; jpwidf; $Wfpwhh; fh.Nfhtpe;jd;.
Nfhrh;fs; mspj;j jz;lid
md;dpkpQpypapd; je;ij tsh;j;J te;j khLfs; Nfhrh;fspd; gapiu ehrk;
nra;Jtpl;lJ. ,jdhy; mk;Kjpathpd; fz;fisg; gwpf;f Mizapl;ldh; Nfhrh;fs;.
,jid>
xU rkak; ,ts; je;ijapd; khLfs;> mf;fhyj;jpy; tho;e;j Nfhrh; vd;Dk;
$l;lj;jhUf;Fr; nrhe;jkhd gapw;W tpisapy; GFe;J gapiu mopj;Jtpl;ld. mij
mwpe;j Nfhrh;fs; mtiu mioj;Jf; Nfl;ldh;. mtUk; njhpahky; epfo;e;J tpl;l
me;jj; jtw;iw xg;Gf;nfhz;lhh;. Nfhrh;fs; mtUf;F mguhjkhf ahJk; tpjpf;fhky;>
my;yJ ,og;gPL(el;l <L) jUkhW $whky;> 'eP ghuhky; ,Ue;jjhy; jhNd cd; khL
gapw;iw Nka;e;jJ?" vd;W mtUila fz;fs; ,uz;ilAk; gpLq;fptpl;lhh;fs;!
4
vd;fpd;wdh; rhiyahh; - rhypdpahh;.
jz;lidiaf; Nfl;L mjph;e;j md;dpkpQpyp> ~fz; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk;| vd;W
mth;fs; fhypy; tpOe;J Ntz;bdhs;. Nfhrh;fs; Nfl;fhky; jz;lidia
epiwNtw;wpdh;. mOJ nfhz;Nl> Nfhioaha; NghdPh;;fsh? vd;W jkpo; kf;fsplk;
Nfl;lhs;. jd; je;ijf;F Vw;gl;l ,e;jf; nfhLikf;F tQ;rk; jPh;j;Jf; nfhs;s
vz;zpdhs;. ,t;tuyhw;Wr; nra;jpia>
KijgL gRq;fhl;L mhpy;gth; kaf;fpg;
gfLgy G+z;l coTW nrQ;nra;
,LKiw epuk;gp MFtpidf; fypj;Jg;
ghrpiy mkd;w gaWM Gf;nfd
tha;nkhopj; je;ijiaf; fz;fise; jUshJ
Ch;KJ Nfhrh; eitj;j rpWikapw;
fyj;J Kz;zhs; thypJ Klhms;
rpdj;jpw; nfhz;l gbtk; khwhs;
kwq;nfO jhidf; nfhw;wf; FWk;gpad;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 67
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
nrUtpay; ed;khd; jpjpaw; Fiuj;jth;
,d;Daph; nrFg;gf; fz;Lrpd khwpa md;dp kpQpyp
5
vd;W mfehD}w;Wg; ghlypy; guzh; ghbAs;shh;.
md;dp kpQpypapd; tQ;rpdk;
GwehD}w;Wj; JiwfSs; xd;W tQ;rpdf; fhQ;rpahFk;. gifth; Nghhpl tUk;
nghOJ> mtiu nty;Ntd; vd;W rgjk; nra;tJ Nte;jhpd; kughFk;. jhk;
Nkw;nry;ytpUf;Fk; Nghhpy; gif kd;did nty;ytpy;iynad;why; ehd; ,d;d gpio
nra;jtd; MNtdhf vd;W $WtJ tQ;rpdkhFk;. GwehD}w;wpy; 71-73 tiuapyhd
%d;W ghly;fs; tQ;rpdf; fhQ;rpahFk;. mtw;iw KiwNa xy;iyA+h; je;j
G+jghz;bad;> jiyahyq;fhdj;Jr; nrUntd;w ghz;bad; neLQ;nropad;> Nrhod;
eyq;fps;sp MfpNahh; ghbAs;sdh;. tQ;rpdq; $wpa jiyahyq;fhdj;Jr; nrUntd;w
ghz;bad; neLQ;nropad; Nghhpy; vOtiu ntw;wp nfhz;lijg; GwehD}w;Wg;
ghly;fspy; fhzKbfpd;wJ.
md;dp kpQpyp jd; je;ijf;F ,iof;fg;gl;l jz;lidf;F vjpuhfr;
Nfhrh;fisg; Nghhpy; nty;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W tQ;rpdk; nfhz;lhs;.
fz; ,Uz;l jd;
je;ijiag; ghh;f;Fk;NjhWk; md;dpkpQpypapd; cs;sk; nfhjpj;Jf; FKwpaJ. 'vd;d
MdhYk; rhp> vd; je;ijapd; fz;iz mtpj;j ,th;fis xopj;Nj jPUNtd;" vd;W
tQ;rpdq; $wpf; nfhz;L Gwg;gl;lhs; md;dpkpQpyp
6 vd;W md;dpkpQpypapd;
tQ;rpdj;ijf; $Wfpd;wdh; rhiyahh; - rhypdpahh;.
jpjpad; cjTjy;
md;dpkpQpyp jdpahf epd;W Nfhrh;fisg; Nghhpy; nty;y KbahJ vd;gij
mwpe;jhs;. mjdhy; tPuj;jpy; rpwe;J tpsq;fpa jpjpadpd; cjtpia ehbdhs;.
mtSf;F cjTtjhfTk; thf;fspj;jhd; jpjpad;.
cd;je;ij vd;je;ij
mk;kh@- cq;fSf;F
cw;wJah; vd;Jauha;f;
nfhz;Nld;@ Nkf
kpd;epd;W jaq;FtNj
,y;iy>- vd;wd;
tpidj;jpwDk; mg;gbNa
vd;W nrhd;dhd;
7
vd;W jpjpad; mtSf;F cjt Kd; te;jijf; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh; rhiyahh;.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 68
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
Nfhrh;fis mopf;fg; Nghh; %z;lJ. jpjpaDld; Nghh;f; fsk; nrd;W> jd;
je;ijf;F mePjp ,ioj;j Nfhrh;fisf; fz;lk; Jz;lkhf ntl;b tPo;j;jpdhs;
md;dpkpQpyp. ,jid>
fz;ztpj;j Nfhrkdf;
fw;fnsy;yhk;
fz;lJz;l kha;r;rpjwf;
fz;L epd;whs;@-
fz;nzjpNu mr;rnkd;Dk;
neUg;gpy; Nfhrf;
fhnlhpjy; fz;ld;dp
FKwy; jPh;j;jhs;...
8
vd;fpwhh; rhiyahh;. md;dpkpQpyp Nfhrh;fis mopj;jij>
... je;ij
fz;ftpd; mopj;jjd; jg;gy; njWtu
xd;nkhopf; Nfhrh;f; nfhd;WKuz; Nghfpa
fLe;Njh;j; jpjpad; mOe;ijf; nfhLq;Fio
md;dpkpQpyp...
9
vd;W je;ijapd; fz;fisg; gwpj;j Nfhrh;fisj; jpjpadpd; cjtpAld; nfhd;w
gpd;jhd; mts; rpdk; jzpe;jJ vd;fpwhh; guzh;.
Kjy; jkpo;g; ngz; Nghuhsp
Kjy; jkpo;g; ngz; Nghuhsp md;dpkpQpyp vd;gij>
md;dpkpQpypapd; tQ;rpd
epiwNtw;wk; ve;j murdpd; ntw;wpf;Fk; jho;e;jjhf ,y;iy. xUtifapy;> rhjhuzg;
ngz;zhfpa mtsJ ntw;wp> murg; Nghh; ntw;wpfistpl cah;e;J epw;fpwJ. tPW
nfhz;L tpl;lhy; ngz; ve;jf; fhhpaj;ijAk; rhjpj;JtpLths; vd;gjw;F
md;dpkpQpypapd; tuyhW rpwe;j vLj;Jf; fhl;lhf cs;sJ. tQ;rpdk; $WjYk; mij
epiwNtw;WjYk; Mz;fSf;Nf> mth;fspYk; murh;fSf;Nf chpa jdp chpik my;y
vd;gij epiyehl;ba Kjy; jkpo;g; ngz; md;dpkpQpyp vd;Nw njhpfpwJ
10 vd;fpd;wdh;
rhiyahh; - rhypdpahh;.
md;dpkpQpypiag; gw;wpa ,e;jr; nra;jpjhd;> kdpj Neaj;Jf;F khwhd
td;nfhLikfisj; jkpoh;fs; nghWj;Jf; nfhs;sNt khl;lhh;fs; vd;Dk; cz;ikiag;
nghpa vOj;Jf;fspy; nghwpj;Jf; fhl;LfpwJ. kd;dh;fSk; kwth;fSk; Nfhgk;
nfhs;Sk; jFjp cilath;fs;. fhuzk;> jq;fSf;Fr; rpdk; %l;ba gifth;fisj;
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 69
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
jhf;fp mopf;Fk; Mw;wy; mth;fSf;F cz;L. mg;gbg;gl;l Mw;wNyh jFjpNah vJTk;
,y;yhj rhjhuzg; ngz;zhz md;dpkpQpypapd; Nfhgk; Xh; ,dj;ijNa mopj;Jj;
Jilj;J tpl;lJ vd;why; nghJthfNt jkpoh;fs; kdpjNea xopg;Gr; nray;fis
khngUk; mopTr; nray;fshff; fUjpapUe;jhh;fs; vd;gNj fhuzk;. Nkw;F cyfpd;
gpw;fhyj;J N[hd; Mg; Mh;f; Nghyj; jkpo;kfs; md;dpkpQpyp %thapuk; Mz;LfSf;F
Kd;Ng nray; elj;jpapUf;fpwhs; vd;gJ tuyhw;Wf;Nf jdpj;j Gfo; Kj;jpiuiaj;
jUfpwJ 11 vd;W td;nfhLikf;F vjpuhfj; jkpoh;fs; NghuhLk; Fzj;jpdh; vd;gij
md;dpkpQpypapd; tPuk; fhl;LfpwJ vd;fpwhh; rhypdpahh;.
mjpfhuk; nra;jhy; mopNt Vw;gLk; vd;gjw;F Nfhrh;fs; rpwe;j vLj;Jf;
fhl;lhf cs;sdh;. jkpof Ml;rpahsh;fs; ePjpAld; ele;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;
vd;gjw;fhf>
mjpfhuk; mjpfhu
khfg; Nghdhy;
mf;fhuk; mth;fisNa
mopj;Jg; NghLk;!
Gjpjhd nra;jpay;y>
gioa cz;ik@-
nghy;yhj Nfhrh;fij
vLj;Jf; fhl;L
12
vd;W ,f;fijia vLj;Jf; $Wfpwhh; rhiyahh;.
KbTiu
rq;f ,yf;fpak; fhjy;> tPuk; Nghd;wtw;iwg; gw;wp ghLfpd;wJ. md;dp kpQpyp
tPuj;jpy; MZf;F ,izahf tpsq;fpAs;shs; vd;gij mfehD}w;Wg; ghly;fs;
czh;j;Jfpd;wd. mts; jd; je;ijapd; ghh;itiag; gwpj;j Nfhrh;fisj; jpjpadpd;
JizAld; Nghhpl;L ntd;whs;. ,jd; %yk; jkpoh;fspy; ngz;fSk; nfhLikiaf;
fz;L nghq;fp vOth; vd;gij ,f;fl;Liuapd; %yk; mwpaKbfpd;wJ.
mbFwpg;Gfs;
1. fhyejp jPuj;jpNy> g. 77
2. K.E}.> g.78
3. rq;f fhy murh; thpir> njhFjp - 2> g. 28
4. jkpo; je;j ngz;fs;> g. 150
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 70
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
Vol. 1: Issue 1, July-2018 Available at: www.ijtlls.com
gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
5. mfk;> g. 262
6. jkpo; je;j ngz;fs;> g. 151
7. fhyejp jPuj;jpNy...> g. 95
8. K.E}> g. 97
9. mfk;> g. 196
10. jkpo; je;j ngz;fs;> g. 152
11. rq;fj; jkpohpd; kdpjNea kzpnewpfs;> gf;. 129-130
12. fhyejp jPuj;jpNy...> g. 98
JizE}w;gl;bay;
1. rhiy ,se;jpiuad;> fhyejp jPuj;jpNy> rhiy ntspaPL> nly;yp> gjpg;G-1965.
2. fh.Nfhtpe;jd;> rq;ffhy murh; thpir> njhFjp-2> jpUney;Ntyp njd;dpe;jpa irt
rpj;jhe;j E}w;gjpg;G fofk;> nrd;id-1.
3. rhiy ,se;jpiuad;> rhypdp ,se;jpiuad;> jkpo; je;j ngz;fs;> jkpo;
Gj;jfhyak;> nrd;id. gjpg;G-1968.
4. e.K.Ntq;flrhkp ehl;lhh;> uh.Ntq;flhryk; gps;is> mfehD}W> jpUney;Ntyp
njd;dpe;jpa irt rpj;jhe;j E}w;gjpg;G fofk;> nrd;id-1.
5. rhypdp ,se;jpiuad;> rq;f jkpohpd; kdpjNea kzpnewpfs;> cyf jkpo;
Muha;r;rp epWtdk;> jukzp> nrd;id.
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 71
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
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gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
A Scrutiny on Friendship across Literatures
S. Sabitha Shunmuga Priya,
Assistant Professor of English,
V.H.N.Senthikumara Nadar College,
Virudhunagar 626001.
Criticism at the present time needs to educate itself in the fashion of this poets and
novelist. The critic’s problem today is that too many works glamour for the critic’s notice.
The masses of secondary writings detailed interpretations, biography, background studies are
making tend to fence off ever narrowing fields. The critic should have the tendency of
viewing all literature should have the critical context. Gifford says,
a keen eye for the total and particular; the awareness of historical context;
an active belief that all literature is one and indivisible… The first problem
awaiting him is that of national accent,( 14-15 Gifford)
The critic should recognize the national accent reveals the presence of an inner
tradition. Comparative literature is a comparatively new term at least into technical sense. All
the major Greek critics like Aristotle, Longinus and others made a revealing comparative
study of the structural or rhetorical devices used by the classical poets. It is a study of a
comparison. It starts as a small mode of study and develops into the concept. Comparative
literature covers the following aspects like Influence, Analogy, Thematology, genre studies,
translations, literature and other arts and literature and ideas on philosophy, Sociology,
Psychology, etc. the term ‘Comparative Literature’ is coined by the famous Victorian poet
and literary critic, Mathew Arnold. He used the term to refer to compare literary works across
languages, across culture. According to Weisstein, “the nation of influence must be regarded
as virtually the key concepts in comparative literature studies.
Masterpieces have been produced in all languages. Literary translation thus becomes
indispensable for the study of comparative literature. It is only through translation that many
of the literary masterpieces of one country have found a hearing and become naturalized in
countries.
“Those who have literary sense, which like every other sense is improved by
practice, will soon get familiar with the contours of language, its usual forms
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 72
A Bi-Yearly Peer-Reviewed International Journal
E-ISSN: 2581-7140
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gRik #oy; NgZNthk; ghh;jidf; fhg;Nghk
; Be Eco-Friendly
and tendencies; and so let themselves be guided by it, like one learning a new
dance.” (Comparative Literature 47)
It influences the writers. Montague, the famous French essayist, influenced Francis
Bacon in English to produce his famous Essays. G.U. Pope was influenced by Thirukkural in
Tamil Literature. In this way, this paper wishes to portray a comparative study on Bacon’s
Essays from English Literature and Thirukkural from Tamil Literature. Tamil Literature has a
rich and long literary tradition. It is more than two thousand years. The contributors to Tamil
literature are mainly from Tamil people belongs to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sri Lankan Tamils
from Sri Lanka, and from Tamil diasporas. It covers the history of Tamil Nadu and closely
follows the social, political and cultural trends of various periods. The early Sangam
literature, starting from the period of the second century BC, It includes the various aspects of
life, including love, war social values and religion. From sixth and twelfth century BC, the
Tamil devotional poems written by Nayanmars, and Alvars, it created the ‘Bhakti
Movement’. Kambaramayanam and Perriya Puranam were written in that era. These poets
were patronized by the Chera, Chola and Pandiya. The later medieval period saw many
assorted minor works are also contributed by a few Muslim and Europian authors. Tamil
Literature is unique and it covers Aryan and pre- Aryan periods in Indian culture. A revival
of Tamil Literature takes place from the late 19th century works on religion and philosophical
nature. The modern Tamil literary movement started with Subramaniya Bharathi. With the
growth of literacy, Tamil prose begins to blossom and mature. The available Tamil Literature
has divided into three categories. These are Major Eighteen Anthology Series, Eighteen
Anthologies and the Ten Idylls and Five Great Epics. Tolkappiyam a work on grammar,
phonetics, rhetoric and poetic is dated from this period. Three centuries after the Sangam
witnessed an increase in the mutual interaction of Sanskrit and Tamil. The best known of this
works on ethics is Thirukkural written by Thiruvalluvar. The book is a comprehensive
manual of ethics, politics and love, containing 1,330 kural (couplets) other famous works of
this period are Kalavial, Nalatiyar, Inna Narpathu, Iniyavai Narpathu and Pazhamozhi
Nanuru.
Thiruvalluvar is a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher whose contribution to Tamil
Literature is the Thirukkural, a work on ethics. There is a doubt in his birth. Some say he was
born in Thirumaylai, Chennai and some say Thirunayanarkurchi, a village in Kanyakumari
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
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District of Tamil Nadu. Thiruvalluvar is thought to have lived sometimes between third
century BC or the first century BC. He is also called as Deiva Pulavar, Valluvar, Poyamozhi
Pullavar, Senna Pothar, GanaVettaiyan, or Ayyan. Thirukkural has been translated into
several languages. Thirukkural is divided into three sections as ‘Aram’, ‘Porul’ and ‘Inppam’.
The first section has thirty-eight chapters, the second seventy chapters and third twenty-five
chapters. In each chapter, ten couplets are arranged. Each chapter (adhigaram) talks about a
specialized subject. The couplets (kural) are under a particular concept under the chapter.
‘Thiru’ is an honouring word and ‘kural’ is a form of a poem in English it is like couplet
form. In English, these couplets can be found in Ballads and Sonnets. Canterbury Tales had
written in blank verse with couplet format. The counting of words will differ in any form of
poems in English but in Tamil, kural comes under ‘venba’. These ‘venba’ has the structure
of four words in all the lines expect the last. The last line contains three words. In this
manner, Thirukkural has four words in the first line and three words in the second line. So it
is called as‘Kural Venba’.
Thirukkural has commentaries from the eleventh century. The commanders are
Manakku Devar belongs to the eleventh century; Kaaligar belongs to the twelfth century, and
Parimalalazhagar belongs to the thirteenth century. 1935, V.O.Chidambaranar had written a
commentary on the first part of Thirukkural. Kural had translated into Latin and it was made
by constanzo Bechi in 1730. English translation had done at the years 1886 and it had been
done by George Uglow Pope. Thirukkural does not refer to any religion. G.U.Pope’s
translation has been selected for the comparative study of Thirukkural and Bacon’s Essays,
the title Of Friendship has selected from Bacon’s Essays. Four chapters/ adhigaraingal have
been selected from Thirukkural. They are Nattpu/Friendship, Nattpu Araythal/Investigation
in Forming Friendship, Thee Nattpu/EvilFriendship and Kuda Nattpu/Unreal Friendship.
This paper will compare the unity and the contrast of these topics with Bacon’s Essays with
the help of G.U.Pope’s Translation.
English literature has started from a combination of the writers from England,
Scotland, Wales and the whole of Ireland. Then it developed and covered the former British
Empire, including the United States. Through the influence of the British Empire, the English
language has spread around the world since the 17th century. Following this, English
becomes the common language in all over the world. Due to its reflection, each and every
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
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country has its own English writers to focus on their social issues. At the result, English
Literature has spread as Indian Writing in English, African Literature, Australian Literature,
Canadian Literature, Common Wealth Literature and American Literature and so on.
Francis Bacon was born on 22nd January 1561. Queen Elizabeth called him as her
‘young Lord Keeper’ in reference to his father, Sir Nicholas Bacon. At the age of twelve,
Francis entered Trinity College, Cambridge, and four years later was admitted to Gray’s Inn
to study law, ambition awareness of his abilities, and the reasonable hope that his maternal
relatives the influential Cecils, would be helpful, led him to solicit his uncle, Lord Burleigh
for public office. Originally his awarded gods were of the highest order. When he was
twenty-three he composed, The Greatest Birth Time, or the Great Renewal of the Empire of
men over the universe to announce a new method of scientific discovery which would show
his countrymen how to use nature for the glory of God and the use of man’s estate. Despite
his business as jurist parliamentarian and councilor, he had already managed to publish, The
Colour of Good and Evil, along with the first edition of his Essays in 1597. He published The
Advancement of learning Divine and Humane (1605),De Sapientia Veterum, Of the Wisdom
of the Ancients(1609), and Instauratio Magna(1620), Novum Organum, the New Organon. In
addition, he composed Maxims of the Law (1596).
The art of getting on in the world was the main theme of the ten brief Essays which
Bacon published in 1597. Bacon’s Essays consists the subject of, studies, discourse, Suitors,
Expense, Faction and Negotiating. The expression was terse and aphoristic, each little
division. Being independent of the others structurally the weightiness of these three is often
relieved by pairing or antithesis. Between 1607 and 1612 Bacon added twenty- four essays to
this revision of the earlier ones but did not publish them in that form. Bacon’s Essays are of a
different type, impersonal, brief and descriptive title Essays. The style in the fifty- seven
essays of the final edition (1625) is even less contracted in the history of English Literature
Bacon ranks among the creators of modern prose. Bacon’s Essays are reflective and
philosophical. Essay is a literary composition on any subjects. It gives expression to one’s
own personal ideas or opinions on some topic. An essay must be a unity, developing one
theme with a definite purpose. The subject must be clearly defined in the mind and kept in
view through. The subject may be treated in a variety of ways and from different points of
view. The essay should follow a certain ordered lines of thought and come to a definite
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
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conclusion. A descriptive essay consists of a description of some place or thing. In Bacon’s
Essays, his usual method is to weigh and balance matters in dictating the ideal course of
action and the practical one, pointing out the advantages and disadvantages of each. Bacon’s
Of Friendship is an elaborate discursive on friendship. But Bacon did not value this essay
through books. He understands the value of direct experience and observations. In this Essay
he speaks out the true function or fruit of friendship. Of Friendship was written at the special
request of his friend Toby Mathew in commemoration of an intimacy which had been tried
by adversity and prosperity of both sides, and endued to the end without cloud or interruption
on either.
In Nattpu, Valluvar says, friendship is a rare thing which can enter all the places and it
gives a valuable protection from the foes. The friendship of the wise, waxes like a new moon
but that of the fools wanes like the full moon. Valluvar portraits, “Learned scroll the more
you ponder, Sweeter grows the mental food;” (Thirukkural 783) Like learning the good
books, the cultivated friends give delight. Friendship is to be a practice not for the purpose of
laughing so the friendship should warn and to advice on doing wrong. At the ssame time,
Bacon points out the friendship sharps the mental function too. According to him, there is no
need to share the entire thing with anyone. But if he put a problem to one’s ears, “he waxeth
wiser than himself; and that more by an hour’s discourse, than by a day’s meditation” (Bacon
70). Here Bacon refers thinker with the tool by rubbing it against a rough stone. Here Bacon
refers thinker with the tool and not so- intelligent listener as the rough stone. Both of them
are talking about the value of living friendship.
In Valluvar’s view, there is no need to visit often or to see the charming faces; the
equal thought is enough to unite the both. He feels, “the heart’s rejoicing gladness when the
friend is near.(Thirukkural 786) The love dwells (merely on the smiles of the face are not
friendship, but that which dwells deep in the smiles of the heart is true friendship. Valluvar
points out “Friendship from ruin saves, in the way of virtue keeps;” (Thirukkural 787). The
true friendship’s duty is to prevent his/her friend from the bad way by advising. True
friendship products its friend as, “Utukkai Izhandhavan Kaipola”,(Thirukkural 789) the hand
of one to adjust the garment which is loosened before an assembly. Bacon says the loyal
unselfish friend will take care of his friends’ responsibility even after his death also.
Friendship may be said to be on its throne when it possesses the power of supporting one at
jkpo;nkhop kw;Wk; ,yf;fpa gd;dhl;L Ma;tpjo;
International Journal of Tamil Language and Literary Studies 76
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all times and all circumstances. Valluvar warns, though friends may praise one another by
decorating words, such friendship will vanish. Thus chapter Nattpu explains the importance
of friendship. Bacon visualizes that the society knows how debilitating and fatal heart
ailments can be. Pleasant and intimate conversation with a friend brings back vigour to the
heart. The heart diseases (mentally disturbed) can be cured by a friend’s presence. Bacon and
Thiruvalluvar investigate the friendship and presenting their findings in many ways.
In Nattpu Araythal/ Investigationin Forming Friendship adhigaram, Valluvar
investigates how the friendship should be. He starts his chapter by saying, making friendship
without kn