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Contextualising sustainable Product-Service design methods for Distributed Economies of India


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This paper presents a strategic analysis tools that can help a designer in Sustainable Product-Service System Design with an intervention focus on Socio-Economic Ecosystems (SEE) that seem typical of multi-cultural and diverse communities engaged in distributed economic activities. The research questions for this paper are: 1. To what extent the MSDS (Methodology for System Design for Sustainability) is applicable for design of S.PSS for SEE? 2. What could be a possible sustainability-orienting design approach for S.PSS in the context of SEE, which caters to its unique nature? Using Design Science Research Methodology, we redesigned the strategic analysis part of MSDS. The rede- signed strategic analysis consists of various tools suited for design of S.PSS in the context of SEE. The proposed tools are for identifying the actors and their activities in the ecosystem; understanding the infrastructure and needs of the actors; clarifying the goal, problem statement definition, design brief and unit of satisfaction using participa- tory method; and, finally for competitor analysis.
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... Downloadable files of each tool can be found in Banerjee et al. [1] with the following information on resources and time needed to carry out design processes using each tool. ...
... :[1] the stage-by-stage DM and PSS connection diagram (1);[2] the DM features diagram (2); and[3] the PSS implementation barriers diagram(3). These diagrams are made to facilitate relevant scenario cards' selection. ...
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Assuming S.PSS applied to DE is an opportunity for a locally based sustainability for all, as introduced in this volume, we envision a new role for designers: Designing Sustainable Product-Service Systems applied to Distributed Economies, or shortly System Design for Sustainability for All (SD4SA).
... MSDS also does not cover the aspects of SL for low-income contexts. Hence, there is a need for contextualization of the strategic analysis stage of the MSDS for the other stages to succeed (Banerjee et al. 2019b). Thus, the DS should aid the designer in ...
Designing for the (economic) top of the pyramid and the bottom is different. In the latter case, designing products must be looked at in conjunction with poverty alleviation and business (livelihood) development. The sustainable livelihoods approach, centred around the development of people by building their strengths and bringing in relevant aspects of their lives and livelihoods into the development process, can be a potentially strong lens for designers to get inspired. In conjunction with design for sustainability approaches, the sustainable livelihoods approach can be used to develop design supports to aid designers in designing. In this paper, we discuss our experience of developing, evaluating, and validating design supports for three different problem typologies: (1) ‘design for sustainable livelihoods’ wherein the community’s economic activities are deeply rooted in their social and cultural ways of living, (2) ‘design for marginal contexts’ (sustainable agricultural mechanization of small farms of developing countries) and (3) ‘frugal design’ for the lower-income strata to improve their livelihoods’. The critical insights from the support building process is that: (1) the ‘designerly ways’ help us to navigate through real-world, ill-defined problems, approach them through a solution-focused lens, think constructively and translate abstract requirements into concrete solutions; (2) design thinking involves adopting systems approach wherein designing the interplay between abstract parameters and their relationships can result into social innovations; (3) a designer is trained in effectively bringing together a plethora of stakeholders and helping them in performing participatory design for social innovation, (4) designing for social innovations is the key to creating sustainable livelihoods; (5) the sustainable livelihoods framework helps to map the vulnerability context, livelihoods assets, policies–institutions–processes, livelihoods strategies and livelihoods outcomes; (6) it helps to map the system as a function of human, natural, financial, physical and social capital, and (7) a designer can bring together the two worlds creatively and facilitate the system stakeholders to collaboratively design for sustainable livelihoods.
... This section presents the experience of the team at IIT Guwahati in teaching Design undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. students the principles of Design for Sustainability (DfS) for Socio-Economic Ecosystems (SEE) of India [2,3]. According to Banerjee et al. [2], "A SEE is a context where the economic activities of the community are deeply ingrained in the socio-cultural ways of living." ...
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Contemporary challenges related to sustainability are shared across the globe. Their materializations, prioritizations and emphases, however, vary from one region to another. This chapter shares the experiences from LeNSin project seminars and pilot courses and discusses the potential of design education as a transdisciplinary matchmaker between various actors and networks.
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Sankaradeva's primary identity, no doubt, is as a religious preacher (guru). And this identity has been prevailing till now among the masses through the works of a variety of institutions like "satras" (Vaishnavite monasteries and other organizations. But in the intellectual level, in the third stage of Sankaradeva studies, attempts have been made to throw lights on his philosophy over and above acclamations of his enormous literary and cultural contributions.
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The paper explores the evolution of Design for Sustainability (DfS). Following a quasi-chronological pattern, our exploration provides an overview of the DfS field, categorising the design approaches developed in the past decades under four innovation levels: Product, Product-Service System, Spatio-Social and Socio-Technical System. As a result, we propose an evolutionary framework and map the reviewed DfS approaches onto this framework. The proposed framework synthesizes the evolution of the DfS field, showing how it has progressively expanded from a technical and product-centric focus towards large scale system level changes in which sustainability is understood as a socio-technical challenge. The framework also shows how the various DfS approaches contribute to particular sustainability aspects and visualises linkages, overlaps and complementarities between these approaches.
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