Book

Right to Stay - Right to Move

Book

Right to Stay - Right to Move

Abstract

from the forward by Lorena Ossio: ... In the first part, with greater emphasis on economics but always keeping faithful to what is known in Germany as Grundlagenforschung. He follows in many respects the thought and academic legacy of Hans F. Zacher whom the author has personally known and who unites in his human warmth, sensitivity an attempt to understand that there is a "black hole" and to find interdisciplinary research questions regarding the relationship between inequality in the Global and the poverty chains. Peter Herrmann has the comparative advantage of being a global researcher - he does not seek to benefit from his competitive or cooperative advantage of coming from the scientific community of the North - trying to paraphrase his lucid explanations in these concepts, Peter Herrmann knows and is able to adapt to the viscitudes that many scientists of the global South must face day by day and in his words that are also taking place in Europe. The work deals with one of the most relevant and current topics: Migration and Mobility. In the second part dedicated to human rights, the reading demands a level of abstraction that can reveal that a naked reader in his capacity of magination of certain realities or on the contrary as Löwenstein would compare in his constitutions and forms of government policies that there are different „Kleidungsstücke“ or suits to understand certain realities and the scope of interpretation will depend on each reader.v
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Over the last decade, concerns have been raised about increases in the electricity used by information technologies, other consumer electronic devices, data centres, and to a much lesser degree, Internet distribution networks. At the same time, ‘smart’ innovations are widely anticipated to help reduce energy demand across diverse sectors of society. Yet such potential savings, as well as the increasing use of other digital services, are predicated upon continued expansion of digital infrastructures. This paper focuses on the phenomenal growth in Internet traffic, as a trend with important implications for energy demand. It outlines an agenda to better understand how data demand is changing. Drawing on findings from our own research in combination with secondary data analysis, we examine the alignment of peak demand for electricity and data. Peaks in data appear to fall later in the evening, reflecting the use of online entertainment, but this is far from fixed. Overall, the paper argues that a better understanding of how everyday practices are shifting, in concert with the provision and design of online services, could provide a basis for the policies and initiatives needed to mitigate the most problematic projections of Internet energy use.
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce the global value chain (GVC) approach to understand the relationship between multinational enterprises (MNEs) and the changing patterns of global trade, investment and production, and its impact on economic and social upgrading. It aims to illuminate how GVCs can advance our understanding about MNEs and rising power (RP) firms and their impact on economic and social upgrading in fragmented and dispersed global production systems. Design/methodology/approach – The paper reviews the GVC literature focusing on two conceptual elements of the GVC approach, governance and upgrading, and highlights three key recent developments in GVCs: concentration, regionalization and synergistic governance. Findings – The paper underscores the complicated role of GVCs in shaping economic and social upgrading for emerging economies, RP firms and developing country firms in general. Rising geographic and organizational concentration in GVCs leads to the uneven distribution of upgrading opportunities in favor of RP firms, and yet economic upgrading may be elusive even for the most established suppliers because of power asymmetry with global buyers. Shifting end markets and the regionalization of value chains can benefit RP firms by presenting alternative markets for upgrading. Yet, without further upgrading, such benefits may be achieved at the expense of social downgrading. Finally, the ineffectiveness of private standards to achieve social upgrading has led to calls for synergistic governance through the cooperation of private, public and social actors, both global and local. Originality/value – The paper illuminates how the GVC approach and its key concepts can contribute to the critical international business and RP firms literature by examining the latest dynamics in GVCs and their impacts on economic and social development in developing countries.
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Marxist theory has by now largely abandoned the (seriously flawed) notion of the ‘mode of production’, but doing so has only encouraged a trend to abandon much of what was radical about it and naturalize capitalist categories. This article argues a better conceived notion of a mode of production - one that recognizes the primacy of human production, and hence a more sophisticated notion of materialism - might still have something to show us: notably, that capitalism, or at least industrial capitalism, has far more in common with, and is historically more closely linked with, chattel slavery than most of us had ever imagined.
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The article introduces the concept of the ‘imperial mode of living’, which is sustained by capital and the capitalist state, in order to understand the persistence of resource- and energy-intensive everyday practices and their socio-ecological consequences. The imperial mode of living is principally based on an unlimited appropriation of resources and labour power and on a disproportionate claim to global sinks. In the constellation of the ‘multiple crises’, it contributes to safeguarding social stability in the global North and provides a hegemonic orientation in many societies of the global South. At the same time it has plunged global environmental politics into a severe crisis, fostering (neo-)imperialist strategies with respect to natural resources and sinks. In this sense, the imperial mode of living makes the crisis both more acute and able to be processed in a socially and spatially limited dimension. The concept thus helps to understand the simultaneous persistence and crisis of the neoliberal–imperial constellation and to identify starting points for counter-hegemonic struggles. Este artículo introduce el concepto del ‘modo de vida imperial’, el cual se sustenta por el capital y el estado capitalista, para entender la persistencia de las intensas prácticas diarias y sus consecuencias socioecológicas del recurso- y energía-. El modo de vida imperial se basa principalmente en una apropiación ilimitada de recursos y poder laboral y en una demanda desproporcionada de sumideros globales. En la constelación de las ‘múltiples crisis’, contribuye a salvaguardar la estabilidad social en el norte global y provee una orientación hegemónica en muchas sociedades del sur global. Al mismo tiempo, ha precipitado a las políticas globales del medioambiente a una crisis severa, fomentando estrategias (neo-)imperialistas con respecto a recursos naturales y sumideros. En este sentido, el modo de vida imperial hace que la crisis sea más aguda y capaz de ser procesada en una dimensión social y espacialmente limitada. El concepto por lo tanto, nos ayuda a comprender la simultánea persistencia y crisis de la constelación neoliberal-imperial y a identificar puntos de partida para las luchas antihegemónicas. 本文引入了“帝国生活方式”概念,它是由资本和资本主义国家维系的,以便理解资源和能源密集的日常实践的持续及其社会-生态后果。帝国生活方式主要建基于资源和劳动力的无限分配以及不成比例地宣称全球吸附。在“多重危机”情意丛中,它为维护全球北方的社会稳定作了贡献,而在全球南方的许多社会中提供了一种霸权倾向。与此同时,它已陷全球环境政治于一场严重危机,促进了有关自然资源和吸附的(新)帝国主义战略。在这一意义上,帝国生活方式使这场危机既更为尖锐,也能在社会和空间有限的维度上得到处理。这一概念因而帮助人们理解同时存在的新自由主义-帝国情意丛的持续和危机,确定反对霸权斗争的出发点。 이 글은 자원과 에너지 집약적인 일상생활의 지속과 그것의 사회적-생태적 결과를 이해하기 위해 ‘제국주의적 생활양식’ 개념을 소개한다. 제국주의적 생활양식은 자본과 자본주의 국가에 의해서 유지된다. 제국주의적 생활양식은 원칙적으로 무제한적인 자원과 노동력의 전유와 지구적 산업폐기물 처리 대한 불균형적인 요구에 기초하고 있다. ‘다중 위기’ 속에서 제국주의적 생활양식은 북반구의 사회적 안정을 유지시키는데 기여하고 지구적 남반구의 여러 사회에서 헤게모니적 지향을 제공한다. 동시에 그것은 자연 자원과 산업 폐기물과 관련하여 (신)제국주의 전략을 촉진시켜, 지구적 환경정치를 위기로 몰아 넣었다. 이러한 점에서 제국주의적 생활양식은 위기를 더욱 첨예하게 만들고 사회적으로 또한 공간적으로 제한된 차원에서 만 다뤄질 수 있게 만든다. 그러므로 그 개념은 신자유주의적-제국주의적 질서의 유지와 위기를 이해하고 반헤게모니적 투쟁의 출발 지점을 찾아내게 도와준다.
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The past ten years have seen an avalanche of literature on the rule of law, but little agreement on a definition of the concept – if it is defined at all. The present article offers a conceptual framework to deal with this situation. Departing from the two main functions the rule of law intends to serve – protecting citizens against the state and against one another – it dissects the various definitions in use into elements. These elements are discussed one by one and arranged in three categories: procedural elements, substantive elements and control mechanisms. The result may not only be helpful in structuring debates about the rule of law, but also in evaluating claims about the success or failure of ‘rule of law development’. Finally, the article contains suggestions on how to use this framework as a starting point for interdisciplinary research into the rule of law.
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In recent years, regulation has emerged as one of the most distinct and important fields of study in the social sciences, both for policy-makers and for scholars who require a theoretical framework that can be applied to any social sector. This timely textbook provides a conceptual map of the field and an accessible and critical introduction to the subject. Morgan and Yeung set out a diverse and stimulating selection of materials, primarily extracts from books or journal articles, and give them context with a comprehensive and critical commentary. The book adopts an interdisciplinary approach but emphasises throughout the role of law in its broader social and political context. This clearly structured, academically rigorous title, with a contextualised perspective, is intended primarily as a teaching resource for the student coming to regulation for the first time, but should also be of interest to those more familiar with the subject. The table of contents is attached.
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This paper examines the purported links between transparency, citizens’ participation and empowerment through a focus on the governance of spatial information in Indian cities. It suggests that the data transparency paradigm need to be critically examined as the effects of data visibility and mobility differ according to the nature of information disclosed and conflicts surrounding it. Both information and technology that supports it visibility are embedded in power relations. Three themes are eloborated in the paper namely, the continued difficulty with retreiving information on land and territory; the complexities involved in capturing and representing accurately the dynamics of territory use and ownership claims and the emerging governmentality relating to spatial governance that renders power opaque.
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The Talmud tells us how once during a heated halachic discussion, when no agreement could be reached, Rabbi Eliezer, whose detailed, elegantly justified legal opinion was not shared by the majority, said that if he were right, a carob tree outside would move to prove it. When it did move, the other rabbis remained unimpressed. Eliezer claimed that if he were right, a nearby stream would flow backwards - and it did; he claimed that the schoolhouse walls would bend - and they did. But the rabbis were not impressed by these wonders either. Finally he said heaven itself would prove him right. Thereupon a Heavenly Voice confirmed Eliezer's position. Yet the rabbis disagreed even with this voice, saying: “We pay no attention to a Heavenly Voice, because Thou hast long since written in the Torah at Mount Sinai, after the majority must one incline”. And God laughed, saying “My sons have defeated Me, My sons have defeated Me.”
Book
'Imagined Communities' examines the creation & function of the 'imagined communities' of nationality & the way these communities were in part created by the growth of the nation-state, the interaction between capitalism & printing & the birth of vernacular languages in early modern Europe.
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We cannot hope to formulate adequate development theory and policy for the majority of the world's population who suffer from underdevelopment without first learning how their past economic and social history gave rise to their present underdevelopment. Yet most historians study only the developed metropolitan countries and pay scant attention to the colonial and underdeveloped lands. For this reason most of our theoretical categories and guides to development policy have been distilled exclusively from the historical experience of the European and North American advanced capitalist nations. This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website, where most recent articles are published in full. Click here to purchase a PDF version of this article at the Monthly Review website.
Chapter
Over the years, many analysts have despaired of the effects of structural adjustment on the economies of sub-Saharan Africa: the ability of these economies to respond positively to exposure to market liberalisation has been weak and faltering. The weakness of the African supply response has been particularly marked in manufacturing industry and manufactured export performance. Even the World Bank, the main architect of adjustment programmes, has at times shown disappointment with the failure of its recipes, though it has remained doggedly optimistic. However, its latest report on adjustment in Africa (World Bank, 1994) comes to rather optimistic conclusions on the impact of adjustment, especially on industry. Thus, Adjustment in Africa starts as follows, ‘In the African countries that have undertaken and sustained major policy reform, adjustment is working.’2 It finds that the countries that had the most improvements in policies had the strongest increases in GDP growth and that the ‘increase in their industrial and export growth rates was even more striking’. In view of the past debate on the effects of structural adjustment in Africa3 (following the established convention, the discussion of Africa covers sub-Saharan Africa excluding South Africa) these findings are important and deserve scrutiny.
Chapter
I examine the system of bourgeois economy in the following order: capital, landed property, wage-labour; the State, foreign trade, world market. The economic conditions of existence of the three great classes into which modern bourgeois society is divided are analysed under the first three headings; the interconnection of the other three headings is self-evident. The first part of the first book, dealing with Capital, comprises the following chapters: (1) The commodity; (2) Money or simple circulation; (3) Capital in general. The present part consists of the first two chapters. The entire material lies before me in the form of monographs, which were written not for publication but for self-clarification at widely separated periods; their remoulding into an integrated whole according to the plan I have indicated will depend upon circumstances.
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From the mercantile monopolies of seventeenth-century empires to the modern-day authority of the WTO, IMF, and World Bank, the nations of the world have struggled to effectively harness globalization's promise. The economic narratives that underpinned these eras-the gold standard, the Bretton Woods regime, the "Washington Consensus"-brought great success and great failure. In this eloquent challenge to the reigning wisdom on globalization, Dani Rodrik offers a new narrative, one that embraces an ineluctable tension: we cannot simultaneously pursue democracy, national self-determination, and economic globalization. When the social arrangements of democracies inevitably clash with the international demands of globalization, national priorities should take precedence. Combining history with insight, humor with good-natured critique, Rodrik's case for a customizable globalization supported by a light frame of international rules shows the way to a balanced prosperity as we confront today's global challenges in trade, finance, and labor markets.
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....................................................................................................................................... The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) was largely influenced by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as a more precise expression of human rights that members of the European Council could support and ratify. All of the members of the European Council have proceeded to sign the Convention. While the Convention has made great strides in bringing awareness to human rights issues, there are still doubts concerning how well religious freedoms are being preserved. The decision to uphold the banning of headscarves in certain universities in Turkey is an example of how religious freedom has been limited by the European Court of Human Rights’ interpretation of Article 9. Article 9 states in paragraph 1: ‘‘Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance’’. This Article proceeds to state in paragraph 2, which has assumed central importance recently, ‘‘Freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interest of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others’’. The European Court of Human Rights adopted its latest interpretation of Article 9 in Leyla S v. Turkey. 1 Leyla S was a fifth-year female medical student at the faculty of medicine of the University of Istanbul. She brought a suit against Turkey for upholding the decision of the University to prohibit her from taking exams or attending lectures while wearing her headscarf. The court first decided whether this interfered with her right to manifest her religious beliefs, concluding that it did. 2 However, paragraph 2, Article 9 of the ECHR called for a more extensive analysis. Paragraph 2 of Article 9 of the ECHR requires more than simply interference with the manifestation of one’s religious beliefs. That paragraph allows for the interference into religious freedoms if: 1) it is prescribed by law, and 2) is necessary for a democratic society. The
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In this paper, the authors use the iPhone as a case to show that even high-tech products invented by United States (US) companies will not increase US exports, but on the contrary exacerbate the US trade deficit. The iPhone contributed US$1.8 billion to the US trade deficit with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Unprecedented globalization, well organized global production networks, repaid development of cross-country production fragmentation, and low transportation costs all contributed to rational firms such as Apple making business decisions that contributed directly to the US trade deficit reduction. Global production networks and highly specialized production processes apparently reverse trade patterns: developing countries such as the PRC export high-tech goods - like the iPhone - while industrialized countries such as the US import the high-tech goods they themselves invented. In addition, conventional trade statistics greatly inflate bilateral trade deficits between a country used as export-platform by multinational firms and its destination countries.
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This paper briefly reviews the distributed communication network concept in which each station is connected to all adjacent stations rather than to a few switching points, as in a centralized system. The payoff for a distributed configuration in terms of survivability in the cases of enemy attack directed against nodes, links or combinations of nodes and links is demonstrated. A comparison is made between diversity of assignment and perfect switching in distributed networks, and the feasibility of using low-cost unreliable communication links, even links so unreliable as to be unusable in present type networks, to form highly reliable networks is discussed. The requirements for a future all-digital data distributed network which provides common user service for a wide range of users having different requirements is considered. The use of a standard format message block permits building relatively simple switching mechanisms using an adaptive store-and-forward routing policy to handle all forms of digital data including digital voice. This network rapidly responds to changes in the network status. Recent history of measured network traffic is used to modify path selection. Simulation results are shown to indicate that highly efficient routing can be performed by local control without the necessity for any central, and therefore vulnerable, control point.
Book
-- This volume explores overlapping themes in radical political economy. The first section looks at the disciplinary role of capital under neoliberalism through an examination of official development policies of the US government and the World Bank, labour restructuring in Argentina, the tenuous nature of global finance, and cultural dimensions of bourgeois ideology. The second section examines, theoretically, accumulation of capital and finance and, empirically, the relation of values to prices. The third section focuses, both theoretically and biographically, on the legacy of one of the most important Marxists of all time: Rosa Luxemburg.
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During the past two decades, the number of charitable foundations in the United States has doubled while the value of their assets has increased more than 1,100%. As new wealth continues to pour into foundations, the authors take a timely look at the field and conclude that radical change is needed. First, they explain why. Compared with direct giving, foundations are strongly favored through tax preferences whose value increases in rising stock markets. As a nation, then, we make a substantial investment in foundation philanthropy that goes well beyond the original gifts of private donors. We should therefore expect foundations to achieve a social impact disproportionate to their spending. If foundations serve merely as passive conduits for giving, then they not only fall far short of their potential but also fail to meet an important societal obligation. Drawing on Porter's work on competition and strategy, the authors then present a framework for thinking systematically about how foundations create value and how the various approaches to value creation can be deployed within the context of an overarching strategy. Although many foundations talk about "strategic" giving, much current practice is at odds with strategy. Among the common problems, foundations scatter their funding too broadly, they overlook the value-creating potential of longer and closer working relationships with grantees, and they pay insufficient attention to the ultimate results of the work they fund. This article lays out a blueprint for change, challenging foundation leaders to spearhead the evolution of philanthropy from private acts of conscience into a professional field.
Breaking: Rhino Horn Trade to Return in South Africa
  • Rachael Bale
Bale, Rachael, April, 2017: Breaking: Rhino Horn Trade to Return in South Africa;
More Than 1,000 Rhinos Killed by Poachers in South Africa Last Year
  • Rachael Bale
Bale, Rachael, January 2018: More Than 1,000 Rhinos Killed by Poachers in South Africa Last Year; in: National Geographic;
Internet access 'a human right
  • Bbc News
BBC News 2019: Internet access 'a human right'; Published: 2010/03/08 08:52:59 GMT;
Nine Lessons of Systemic Anthroponomy") ; Paris : Éditions Delga Brand, Ulrich/Wissen, Markus, 2012: Global Environmental Politics and the Imperial Mode of Living: Articulations of State -Capital Relations in the Multiple Crisis
  • Paul Boccara
Boccara, Paul, 2017: Neuf Leçons sur l'anthroponomie systémique ("Nine Lessons of Systemic Anthroponomy") ; Paris : Éditions Delga Brand, Ulrich/Wissen, Markus, 2012: Global Environmental Politics and the Imperial Mode of Living: Articulations of State -Capital Relations in the Multiple Crisis; in: Globalizations, 9:4; 547-560;
A Europe for the many, not the few. Time to reverse the course of inequality and poverty in Europe
  • London
London et altera: Sage Cavero, Teresa, 2015: A Europe for the many, not the few. Time to reverse the course of inequality and poverty in Europe; Oxford: Oxfam International;
The Happiness Industry. How the Government and Big Business Sold us Well-Being
  • William Davies
Davies, William, 2015: The Happiness Industry. How the Government and Big Business Sold us Well-Being;
At Thatcher's Funeral, Bury TINA, Too?; in: The Nation
  • Laura Flanders
Flanders, Laura, 4/2013: At Thatcher's Funeral, Bury TINA, Too?; in: The Nation;
Qu'est-ce que la critique? in: Qu'est-ce que la critique? suivi de La culture de soi; Édition établie par Henri-Paul Fruchaud/Daniele Lorenzini
  • Michel Foucault
Foucault, Michel, 1978: Qu'est-ce que la critique? in: Qu'est-ce que la critique? suivi de La culture de soi; Édition établie par Henri-Paul Fruchaud/Daniele Lorenzini; Introduction et apparat critique par Daniele Lorenzini/Arnold I. Davidson;
Age of mega supplier heralds danger for carmakers
  • Henry Foy
Foy, Henry, 2014: Age of mega supplier heralds danger for carmakers, in: Financial Times, available at:; https://www.ft.com/content/50c272c4-dce9-11e3-ba13-00144feabdc0; 21/02/2019
Behemoth. A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World
  • Joshua B Freeman
Freeman, Joshua B., 2018 Behemoth. A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World; New York/London: W.W. Norton&Company
Johann Wolfgang von, 1808: Faust. A Tragedy; translated by Bayard Taylor
  • Goethe
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1808: Faust. A Tragedy; translated by Bayard Taylor; The Pennsylvania State University, 2005
The Sense of Appropriateness: Application Discourses in Morality and Law
  • Klaus Günther
Günther, Klaus, 1993: The Sense of Appropriateness: Application Discourses in Morality and Law; New York: State University of New York Press
World's New Princedoms. Critical Re marks on Claimed Alternatives by New Life
  • Herrmann
  • Oxford
Herrmann, forthcoming b: Uncertainty as the Highest Form of Insecurity Herrmann, Peter, 2010: Prolegomena. Encore Citizenship -Revisiting or Redefining?; in: Herrmann, Peter (ed.): World's New Princedoms. Critical Re marks on Claimed Alternatives by New Life; Amsterdam: Rozenberg Publishers, 2010 and Bremen/Oxford: academicpress, 2012: 17-76/9-80
Social Policy -Production rather than Distribution. A Rights-Based Approach
  • Peter Herrmann
Herrmann, Peter, 2014: Social Policy -Production rather than Distribution. A Rights-Based Approach;
a: About You -Bei Strafe des Frageverbots
  • Peter Herrmann
Herrmann, Peter, 2018 a: About You -Bei Strafe des Frageverbots, ob man überhaupt ist; in: Tarantel. Zeitschrift der Ökologische Plattform bei DER LINKEN, December
b: Poison, Gifts and Intoxication; on: COMMEDIA DELLA VITA OR PÁNTA RÊI'S FIRM GROUND Peter Herrmann's blog, trying to inspire thinking
  • Peter Herrmann
Herrmann, Peter, 2018 b: Poison, Gifts and Intoxication; on: COMMEDIA DELLA VITA OR PÁNTA RÊI'S FIRM GROUND Peter Herrmann's blog, trying to inspire thinking; https://wp.me/p1qrWe-1ss
Changing the Socio-Economic Formation -Revisiting Value and Valuation in a
  • Peter Herrmann
Herrmann, Peter, forthcoming a: Changing the Socio-Economic Formation -Revisiting Value and Valuation in a Globalising Digital World
2012: Finance capitalism and its discontents. interviews and speeches
  • Michael Hudson
Hudson, Michael, 2012: Finance capitalism and its discontents. interviews and speeches, 2003-2012; Dresden: ISLET Verlag
New York; quoted in: Creydt, Meynhard, 08/09/2018: Mythos 'Volksheim' in Sweden; in: scharf links. die 'neue' linke online Zeitung
  • D Jenkins
Jenkins, D. 1968: Sweden and the Price of Progress. New York; quoted in: Creydt, Meynhard, 08/09/2018: Mythos 'Volksheim' in Sweden; in: scharf links. die 'neue' linke online Zeitung; http://www.scharf-links.de/44.0.html?&tx_ttnews %5Btt_news%5D=66623&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=56&cHash=30acea3476;
1877: The Struggle for Law; With an Introduction by Albert Kocourek; Translated from the Fifth German Edition by
  • Rudolph Jhering
  • Von
Jhering, Rudolph von, 1877: The Struggle for Law; With an Introduction by Albert Kocourek; Translated from the Fifth German Edition by John J. Lalor; Chicago: Callaghan and Comp., 1915 2
An Answer to the Question
  • Immanuel Kant
Kant, Immanuel, 1784: 'An Answer to the Question "What is Enlightenment?"', in Kant: Political Writings, ed. Hans Reiss, transl. H. B. Nisbet, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970