ArticlePDF Available

FINANCIAL ASPECTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY BY USING THE SPINNER JET SYSTEM

Authors:
Article

FINANCIAL ASPECTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY BY USING THE SPINNER JET SYSTEM

Abstract and Figures

The objective of the research is to study in comparing of financial sector between Ring Spinning and Jet Spinner with assumption that the spinning factory is established to meet the standard completely, large size and construction are ideal, and the factory areal is feasible for the instalation of the mechinery with full running. The research was conducted at PT. Argopantes in Spinning factory unit III. Method used in this research is descriptive, the technique of collecting data are observation and IJSER interview. The result of the investigations show that the financial aspects get a profit in Jet Spinning sistem as follows : (1) The Jet Spinner process is more simple than ring spinning, (2) The production is going up, (3) there is the productivity addition and cost down, and (4) the reduction of production cost. Based on the study findings it could be concluded that the Jet Spinner processing improve the efficiency in yarn quality and cost down than the Ring Spinning. Key Word : Finansial, Industy, Jet Spinner.
Content may be subject to copyright.
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
117
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
!
FINANCIAL ASPECTS IN THE
TEXTILE INDUSTRY BY USING
THE SPINNER JET SYSTEM
!
!
!
!
RESEARCH
AR
T
I
CLE
!
!
!
First Author :
Dr. Ir. Raden Achmad Harianto,
MM
NIDN : 0418045804
Faculty of Economic & Business
UNIVERSITAS BHAYANGKARA JAKARTA RAYA
BEKASI
2019
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
118
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
Financial Aspects in the Textile Industry by Using
the Spinner Jet System
Dr. Ir. Raden Achmad Harianto, M.M. Associate
Professor at Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya Email :
raden.achmad@dsn.ubharajaya.ac.id
Abstract
The objective of the research are to study in comparing of financial sector between
Ring Spinning and Jet Spinner with assumption that the spinning factory is established to
meet the standard completely, large size and construction are ideal, and the factory areal
is feasible for the instalation of the mechinery with full running.
The research was conducted at PT. Argopantes in Spinning factory unit III. Method
used in this research is descriptive, the technique of collecting data are observation and
IJSER
interview.
The result of the investigations show that the financial aspects get a profit in Jet
Spinning sistem as follows :(1) The Jet Spinner process is more simple than ring spinning,
(2) The production is going up, (3) there is the productivity addition and cost down, and
(4) the reduction of production cost.
Based on the study findings it could be concluded that the Jet Spinner processing
improve the efficiency in yarn quality and cost down than the Ring Spinning.
Key Word : Finansial, Industy, Jet Spinner.
A..Introduction
Judging from the factors that influence the spinning process of Jet Spinner
machines from an economic aspect. There are many factors that are related to the cost of
production in making threads using the Jet Spinner system yarn from one country to
another is very different, and this is depends on the conditions climate of each country.
Apart from this problem, the author will examine this paper in a limited context in terms of
data. Studied based on a comparative study between the Jet Spinner spinning system and
Ring Spinning, so this study will provide a fairly valid and reliable picture.
To conduct this comparative study, it is first assumed that the things that need to be
considered are:
1. The spinning mill built is quite complete to meet the standards.
2. The size and shape of the building is quite ideal.
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
119
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
Properties of Yarn
Compared to Ring Spinning (Spun Yarn)
Average of Production
Great Rolls
Number Variation
Appearance
Bulkiness
Surface Fur
Cleanliness
Nep
Thread error
Stability
Hold rub
Handle
Mixing Fiber
Dyeing results
Thread Disconnect
3 - 3.5 times
20 times
Better
More uniform
10% greater than the specific volume
More smooth and slippery
20 - 40% less
Better
Less
80% can be reduced
Better
20 - 30% better
More rough
Better
Good (more alive)
75% can be reduced
3. The area of the factory is quite feasible so that there is a continuity of the engine
installed with a full (large) workload in several ways.
The results of the "Shirley Institute" study show that the layout of the machine
factories must be able to produce around 455 kg per hour, and this for 50 Tex threads.
The Lay Out Plant in the spinning III factory of PT. Argopantes, it appears that the process
that does not change is the engine unit from the bale store to the drawing frame, while the
others change. If there are 4 Roving Frames, 25 Ring Frames and Mach Coner can be
eliminated only by 24 sets of Jet Spinner machines.
The Jet Spinner system, especially in the case of a lot of bribery, takes place mostly
compared to the ring frame system, because here uses cans, but when looking at the
balance about eliminating Speed Frame and Winder, the things associated with taking
more places are not problem, especially if it is associated with a high amount of
production. In order to be clearer about the information regarding this matter, it can be
seen in table 1 and table 2 below.
Table 1: Properties of Yarn Spinning Results of JET SPINNER
Number (Tex)
Antihan / Twist / Twisting
Average Strength
Variation in strength
Extensibility
Work of rupture (WOR)
Regularity
20 - 60 (5 - 600 on the Frame Ring)
10-15% higher
15 - 20% weaker
Less
10% higher
Same
10-20% better
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
120
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
Table 2: Characteristics of Using Fabrics made from Jet Spinner Yarn
Properties of Yarn
Compared to Ring Spinning (Spun Yarn)
Disconnect threads in Reeling
Splicing (after rolling)
Broken heart in weaving
Break the feed at Weaving
Strength (Pull, Tear, Broken)
Appearance
Closing Power
Cleanliness
Heat Insulation
Air Permeability
Water absorption
Shrinkage
Dipping power
Raising
50% reduced
15-17 / kg decreases
70% decreases
25% reduced
Reduced
More uniform
10% better
Better
10 - 5% better
10 - 25% better
Better
Same
Better
Easier and more evenly distributed
From Table 1 and Table 2 it appears that the production produced including other
factors shows a positive level of improvement.
For example, the average production is almost 3.5 times. For certain conditions, the factory
capital costs regarding Jet Spinner machining are 5-10% higher but there will be a very
significant difference when processing finer threads. In addition, the production working
time for Jet Spinner can be up to 168 hours per week, while for the Ring Frame 112.5
hours. This fact resulted in investment in spinning mills with Jet Spinner machines to date
attracting many scientists and entrepreneurs. But until now the textile industry
entrepreneurs still face difficulties in making decisions whether to continue to use the ring
frame machine along with the simplex and winder machines, or to use the super high draft
system through the Jet Spinner engine in terms of its economic aspects. To provide
accurate information for textile industry entrepreneurs in strategic decision making,
research and assessment needs to be carried out through comparative studies on economic
aspects in the Jet Spinner yarn spinning industry.
B. The Problem Formulation
From the background of the above problem, it can be formulated that: What are the
financial aspects of the textile industry in the yarn spinning department, if the production
cost of a Jet Spinner machine is compared to a Ring Frame machine?
C. The Research Purposes
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
121
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
This applied research was conducted with the aim of knowing the ratio of production
costs between the operation of the Jet Spinner machine and the operation of the Ring
Frame machine in terms of financial aspects.
D. Benefits of Research
The benefits of this research are as reference information for the President or Textile
Industry company leaders in strategic decision making, namely whether to buy yarn
products or use Jet Spinner machines or Ring Frame machines in one package with Speed
Frame machines and Mach Coner Winder machines.
E. Research Method
The Quantitative research is carried out using descriptive methods. Comparative
studies between the production costs of Jet Spinner machines and the operating costs of
Ring Frame machines are reviewed from their financial aspects. The method of data
collection is done through field surveys, factory documentation, observation and
interviews. The location of this research is PT. Argopantes in Spinning III Unit, which is
on the Perintis Kemerdekaan Highway in Tangerang, for 2 months in November and
December 2016
F. Result and Discussion
1. The Operation Cost
Depreciation of machinery is proportional when it is associated with capital costs, if
the existing risks (past) are considered non-existent. Depreciation and maintenance of
buildings are also calculated rationally in relation to the location. Machinery and factory
building insurance is also proportionally related to the first investment (origin). As for the
amount (quantitatively from the value of raw materials) in the work process all the same
for depreciation and insurance.
In general, the material fed on the Jet Spinner machine requires product quality that
must be good, so it needs more careful consideration for the process. Unlike the process on
the Ring Frame which only has 3 functions of the work process, namely drafting, twisting,
and winding there are not many problems in the process, such as the Jet Spinner machine
that takes over the tasks of Simplex, Ring Frame, and Winder machines that
In the Ring Frame spinning process, the amount of waste that occurs in the Roving /
Simplex engine is 2%, and 2% in the Ring Frame process, while the process in Jet Spinner
produces 1.5% waste. Realization of profits to 2.5% for the waste of the Jet Spinner
process, in other words there is an emphasis in the amount of waste produced. When
associated with additional money savings, it is clear that there is an addition by reducing
waste by 2.5% during the process with the Jet Spinner system. Emphasis on process costs
is very effective while production itself continues to increase.
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
122
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
Linear Density ( Tex )
Yarn Number ( Ne )
60
10’s
35
16’s
25
24’s
15
36’s
Fixed Cost :
- Room
- Insurance
- Material
1,3
-0,3
0
2,4
-1,2
0
4,1
-4,2
0
6,4
-8,1
0
Operation Cost :
- Waste
- Power (Energy)
- Operator (labour)
13,7
16,7
32,4
13,7
14,5
45,1
13,7
10,6
63,1
13,7
-3,1
94,3
63,8
74,5
87,3
-103,2
+ Capital Cost
-4,8
-23,2
-83,4
-161,2
++ Annual Net Savings with Jet Spinner
59,0
51,3
3,9
-58,0
IJSER
2. The Energy Use
Research that the author did at PT. Argo Pantes points out, with the energy that has
been used in running the Jet Spinner engine is dissipated in the form of empty loads; the
following equation is an empirical approach, namely:
The energy to run the Rotor-rotor is:
(D) = (3.5 x 10 - 12) N 2.5 DR 3.8 W, where DR is the outer diameter of the rotor in units
of inches and N is the rotor speed (RPM).
Table 3 : Annual Spinning Savings of Jet Spinner System (£’ 000)
The transmission efficiency is very low (about the same as the Ring Frame), then the
equation above becomes:
D = (8.2 x 10 - 12) N 2.5 DR 3.8 W Where the transmission value is calculated.
From this equation, it shows the direct effects on the magnitude of the rotor diameter and
speed. For Example:
If the rotor diameter is reduced to 50% of its origin, and the speed is increased by almost
three times, then the energy spent remains the same as the original condition.
3..Engine Efficiency
Since spinning Jet Spinner is a new process, all machines from the form of modern
design and stop motion equipment are further enhanced, such as doffing time equipment
and others - related to efforts to increase efficiency.
Because the rolls of the product are large, the doffing time is increasingly rare,
which means the engine rarely stops (efficiency can be improved).
Disconnect threads rarely and less than threads produced on the Ring Frame, and when the
thread breaks, the process automatically stops. So there is no missing machine load. The
breaking time in the machine is used to clean up the dirt found in the roto-rotor groove.
When the engine is stopped, the risk of breaking the thread is very small, especially
when the engine is restarted after being stopped. This happens because of the automatic
equipment that holds the threads during the process. Due to the large form of yarn
produced, there is a reduction in duty / work handling in doffing (infrequent or extended
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
123
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
IJSER
doffing) and this is a labor saving where this free working time can be used for cleaning or
other work related to the scope of Jet Spinning machines.
Capital savings can be further enhanced by the elimination of drawing, speed frames and
winding processes and for other businessmen / investors who are not less interesting is the
state of their employees' salaries (of course salary at Spinning of the Ring Frame is
different from salary in the Spinning of Jet Spinner).
4..Cost Balance
From studies that have been carried out, the Jet Spinner spinning system has 2
economic perspectives, namely those that are advantageous and those that are not
profitable if this is all compared to spinning ordinary spinner jets.
In table 3 below, we can see an illustration of the cost balance between spinning Jet
Spinner and Ring Frame systems.
+ Average cost (expense) = 20% of the engine cost.
++ Without detailed calculations (rough calculations) of possible savings
reserved is in the Winding process like Mach Coner.
Note:
The average production of 1,000 lbs per hour (455 kg / hour) the machine works 3 shifts.
From the illustration above, it can be seen that the Jet Spinner spinning system will be very
good for making coarse to medium threads (type of Jet spin with Splicer at a speed of
40,000 - 80,000) and BEP (Break Even Point) values will be obtained in making 24 tex
threads (25's Ne). In practice, every day BEP will be more likely to be pressed again at the
level of making 37 tex threads.
5. The Advantages of a Jet Spinner Spinning System
If you see the results of the production of the Jet Spinner machine that is the shape of
a large Cones and this shape is almost the same as the product of the Winding machine. In
fact, it is clear that the Jet Spinner engine will shorten a series of processes, even at
present, there are many preparation processes for weaving machines whose threads are
supplied by thread cones from the production of Jet Spinner machines.
As is known, in terms of product efficiency, in the Winding machine, it is larger than
the roll, and it is also higher than the productivity value, and for this, from the Jet Spinner
engine whose large roll can neutralize the situation, so it can match the results of Winding
engine products.
In other words, the production of the Jet Spinner engine is really able to increase
production both in terms of quality and quantity, also shorten the work process by not
eliminating the quality aspects of the product desired by consumers.
6. Conclusion
Financial aspects that are beneficial in the Textile Industry with Jet Spinner system, it
can be concluded, that:
1. A long series of spinning processes can be simplified.
2. Yarn production capacity can be increased
3. Increased work productivity can save costs.
4. Production costs can be saved
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
124
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
IJSER
7. Recommandation
From the results of the research described above, it can be recommended that: both
the Entrepreneurs / Stake Holders and the President Director / CEO can choose the Jet
Spinner machine if you want to make a thread under 25 tex, and if you want to make fine
yarn above 25 tex > Ne1 40 can choose the Ring Frame engine simultaneously with the
Flyer / Simplex engine and the Mach Coner machine.
8. Reference Book
. Eddy Herjanto. (2009), Manajemen Produksi & Operasi, Penerbit: PT. Gramedia
Widiasarana Indonesia, Jakarta
Elliot B. Grover and D.S. Hamby, (1969). Handbook of Testing and Quality Control,
John Wiley & Sons, New York.
. Husein Umar (2009). Studi Kelayakan Bisnis, Manajemen, Metode & Kasus.
Penerbit: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.
Moeliono, M. (1998). Arena Tekstil No. 7. Penerbit : Balai Besar Tekstil, Bandung.
Murata (1990). Hand Book of Jet Spinning System, Murata Co. Ltd. Japan.
. Nield R (1995)., Open End Spinning, The Textile Institute Manchester, Textile
Institute Monograph Series.
. Trijono B (2.000)., Study Kecepatan Rotor dan Rol Penyisir terhadap Mutu Benang
BD 200 BS TOYODA.
..Vaclav Rohlena, et. al.(1995).,Open End Spinning, Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co,
Amsterdam
Shigeru Watanabe (2004). Textile Technology, Published and Printed by Dainippon.
. Sofyan Assauri, (2016). Manajemen Operasi Produksi, Penerbit: PT. Raja Grafindo
Persada, Jakarta
International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 10, Issue 5, May-2019
ISSN 2229-5518
125
IJSER © 2019
http://www.ijser.org
IJSER
Bio Data Author
Dr. Ir. Raden Achmad Harianto, MM is the first son of the Real Admiral. TNI R.A. Basit
(late) and as a grandson of Marshcal TNI Prof. Dr. dr. Abdurachman Saleh. And he was
born in Jakarta on April 18 and took his final education at the State University of Jakarta
(UNJ) in the Industrial Environmental Management Study Program and graduated in 2009,
and received an award from the UNIS Chancellor of Tangerang for his achievements in his
doctorate . In 1993, he received an award as the 3rd Winner at the National Lecturer level
in the field of Science and Technology with the theme: The Application of Linear
Programming with the Graphical Method on Textile Industry, with TIFICO Japan
organizers. Since 2004 he was trusted as Chair of the Research Team at UPN "Veteran"
Jakarta for the field of Textile Technology. In 2007 he participated in education and
training in Type A and Type C AMDAL assessors at Fisheries University, Jakarta. Then in
the same year he received an award in the deepening study of Research Methodology and
Statistics from the Postgraduate Program at the Jakarta State University. In 2013 - 2017, he
worked as an Associate Professor at the Postgraduate Program and served as Dean of the
Faculty of Engineering in the UNIS Tangerang environment. In addition, he also works at
PT. Nadya Karsa Amerta in the field of Management and Engineering Consultant as an
Expert Advisor and also as a lecturer in undergraduate S1 and Master program S2 at
Business School STIE Gotong Royong, STIE Widya Jayakarta, and STIA Yappan in
Jakarta. And starting in July 2017 Active as a Permanent Associate Professor at the Faculty
of Economics & Business at Bhayangkara University, Greater Jakarta, Campus II Bekasi.
Besides that, in the Professional Organization as a member of the Association of Industrial
Engineering and Management (ISTMI) / BKTMI and also as a member of the Indonesian
Engineers Association (PII) and a member of the Indonesian Economic Scholarship
Association (ISEI).
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Handbook of Testing and Quality Control
  • B Elliot
  • D S Grover
  • Hamby
Elliot B. Grover and D.S. Hamby, (1969). Handbook of Testing and Quality Control, John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Arena Tekstil No. 7. Penerbit : Balai Besar Tekstil
  • M Moeliono
Moeliono, M. (1998). Arena Tekstil No. 7. Penerbit : Balai Besar Tekstil, Bandung.
Hand Book of Jet Spinning System
  • Murata
Murata (1990). Hand Book of Jet Spinning System, Murata Co. Ltd. Japan.
Manajemen Operasi Produksi, Penerbit: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada
  • Sofyan Assauri
Sofyan Assauri, (2016). Manajemen Operasi Produksi, Penerbit: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta