collection and analysis process may also reduce the
likelihood of researcher bias.
This study identified stages and processes associated
with recovery in BPD through the perspectives of
individuals with lived experience. The findings extend
existing knowledge by contrasting the experiences of
individuals at either ends of the recovery continuum.
The inclusion of individuals in the recovered group,
provides a stronger indication of what the full recovery
spectrum may constitute. The findings however, repre-
sents recovery in the context of treatment. Therefore, it
is difficult to extend these findings to individuals who
seek support for BPD outside of traditional treatment
services. To incorporate a more holistic approach to
recovery in clinical practice, it is recommended that a
greater focus on individual motivation, treatment
engagement, relationships and hope is needed.
Additional file 1: Interview Schedule. (DOCX 15 kb)
The authors would like to acknowledge the individuals with lived experience
who took part in the study.
FYYN was supported by an Australian Government Research Training
Scholarship. BFSG receives funding from the NSW Ministry of Health for
Project Air Strategy. The funders had no role in the design, recruitment,
collection, interpretation or writing of the manuscript.
Availability of data and materials
Data from the current study will not be made available, as participants did
not consent for their transcripts to be publically released. Extracts of
participant responses have been made available within the manuscript.
FYYN designed the study, recruited participants, conducted all interview
participants, conducted the formal data analysis, and wrote the first draft of
the manuscript. MLT contributed to the interpretation of the results. CM was
the secondary coder for qualitative data analysis. MJ contributed to the
interpretation of the results. BFSG contributed to the design of the study
and interpretation of the results. All authors read and approved the final
version of the manuscript.
Ethics approval and consent to participate
This study received ethics approval prior to the start of the study from the
University of Wollongong Social Sciences Human Research Ethics Committee
(HE16/215). All participants were informed of the aims and risks of the study
and provided informed consent.
Consent for publication
The authors have no competing interests to declare.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in
published maps and institutional affiliations.
School of Health Sciences, Institute of Mental Health, University of
Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
School of Psychology, University of
Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
Illawarra Health and Medical Research
Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.
Strategy Consumer and Carer Advisory Committee, Wollongong, Australia.
Received: 25 February 2019 Accepted: 14 May 2019
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