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the Orleans Parish District Attorney’s Office never needed Ms. Sin-
gleton to testify against him.
Renata Singleton was not the only victim of gender violence
subjected to arrest and incarceration as a result of a material wit-
ness warrant in Orleans Parish. The Orleans Parish District Attor-
ney’s Office requested and received material witness arrest
warrants for a victim of child sex trafficking, who was held for 89
days, and a rape victim, held for 12 days.
In some cases, these
victims were held in the same prisons as those arrested for crimes
Orleans Parish District Attorney Leon A. Cannizzaro, Jr. de-
fended his office’s use of what some would call extreme tactics to
compel witness cooperation. When asked about jailing victims of
rape as material witnesses, Cannizzaro responded, “If I have to put
a victim of a crime in jail, for eight days, in order to . . . keep the
rapist off of the street, for a period of years and to prevent him
from raping or harming someone else, I’m going to do that.”
nizzaro described the use of arrest as an “inconvenience.”
spokesman for his office maintained that in some cases, the only
alternative to making an arrest is dismissal of the case, which the
office will not do.
Cannizzaro specifically justified the request for
an arrest warrant in one domestic violence case on the grounds that
the victim was no longer cooperating with prosecutors.
Orleans Parish Assistant District Attorney Chris Bowman de-
scribed the use of fraudulent subpoenas as office “policy,” explain-
ing that “[m]aybe in some places if you send a letter on the DA’s
22. Id. at 37.
23. Gender violence refers to harm that is inflicted as a result of a person’s
gender, gender identity, or gender expression, or is created or exacerbated by gen-
der hierarchy or gender-related privilege or oppression. Leigh Goodmark, CON-
VERGEing Around the Study of Gender Violence: The Gender Violence Clinic at
the University of Maryland Carey School of Law, 5
. 661, 662–63 (2015).
24. Complaint & Jury Demand, supra note 1, at 29–30. The victim of child
sex trafficking lost her housing and custody of her child as a result of being incar-
cerated. See id.
25. See Joel Gunter, Why Are Crime Victims Being Jailed
, BBC News (May
6, 2017), https://bbc.in/2ScEX0a [https://perma.cc/SF8A-MBHG].
26. Jenavieve Hatch, District Attorney Defends Jailing Rape Victims Who
(Apr. 29, 2017), https://bit.ly/2DOoXd3 [https://perma.cc/
27. Gunter, supra note 25.
28. Stillman, supra note 5.
29. Charles Maldonado, Orleans Parish Prosecutors Are Using Fake Subpoe-
nas to Pressure Witnesses to Talk to Them,
(Apr. 26, 2017), https://bit.ly/