Farm forestry is the strategic integration of commercial trees into existing farming enterprises to provide direct and indirect, economic, environmental and social benefits. Over the years it is evident that the potential financial returns from farm forestry are considerable. However, with the increasing trend of raw material requirement by wood based industries it is essential to plan, design ... [Show full abstract] and develop plantations with genetically improved pulp wood species. This is necessary to derive higher productivity from farm forestry plantations. Research and Development plays a key role for introduction of good planting stock there by ensuring quality raw material for industry. For wood based industries, industrial plantations are the only answer to overcome constraints This demands availability of wastelands for taking up farm forestry plantations Research programmes should also address long term wasteland development programmes. On the other hand there is a trend towards increased use of heterogeneous mix of hardwood species due to less availability of a single raw material species. Availability of different pulp wood species suitable to different agroclimatic zones ensuring higher yield per unit area are very much essential. Biologically there needs to be development of genotypes which have benefits of high productivity and desirable end uses The Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills has envisaged an integrated pulpwood based farm forestry project for more than two decades. Targeting marginal and wastelands, the mill has introduced low cost planting technique, particularly development of high quality seedlings and clonal Casuarina at the minimum affordable cost. It has proven to be a revolutionary step in introducing quality material in the field. Simultaneously steps were taken by tree improvement programme for producing genetically improved seeds in adequate quantities through development of Clonal Seed Orchards (CSO) involving highly productive clones. Thus, the farm forestry has offered initial minimal investment and higher yield within short rotation cycle, ensuring quality raw material to mills. It has improved farmers socio-economic conditions by diversifying farm income by an array of products.