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For the first time, new locality of Viola suavis is recorded for the Asian part of Russia, Chloris virgata, × Elyhordeum arcuatum and Persicaria orientalis for Siberia, Thalictrum amurense for Japan, Eritrichium pseudolatifolium and E. pseudostrictum for Kirghizia, Aquilegia jucunda, A. vulgaris and Viola hirta for Baikal Siberia, Astragalus pallescens and A. physodes for the North Caucasus, Astragalus guttatus for the Central Caucasus, Astragalus somcheticus, Lotus frondosus and Vicia bithynica for Dagestan, Medicago × varia and Lappula tuvinica for the Irkutsk region. For each species, the general distribution, habitat, and taxonomy, indicating differences from related species and location are presented.
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Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
DOI: 10.17581/bp.2019.08114
143
©Botanical Garden-Instute FEB RAS. 2019
ABSTRACT
For the rst time, new locality of Viola suavis is recorded for the Asian part of
Rus sia, Chloris virgata, × Elyhordeum arcuatum and Persicaria orientalis for Siberia, Thalic-
trum amurense for Japan, Eritrichium pseudolatifolium and E. pseudostrictum for Kirghizia,
Aquilegia jucunda, A. vulgaris and Viola hirta for Baikal Siberia, Astragalus pallescens
and A. physodes for the North Caucasus, Astragalus guttatus for the Central Caucasus,
Astragalus somcheticus, Lotus frondosus and Vicia bithynica for Dagestan, Medicago × varia
and Lappula tuvinica for the Irkutsk region. For each species, the general distribu-
tion, habitat, and taxonomy, indicating differences from related species and loca-
tion are presented.
Keywords: oristic ndings, taxonomy, Asian Russia, Caucasus, Japan, Kyrgyzia,
Mongolia
РЕЗЮМЕ
Верхозина А.В., Белоус В.Н., Чернышева О.А., Эбель А.Л., Эрст А.С.,
Фри зен Н.В., Южакова М.А., Кузнецов А.А., Луферов А.Н., Му раш
ко В.В., Муртазалиев Р.А., Овчинникова С.В., Ванг В., Завгород
няя О.Ю., Королюк А.Ю., Сенатор С.А., Зибзеев Е.Г., Васюков В.М.,
Кри венко Д.А. Находки во флоре России и сопредельных стран: но
вые национальные и региональные локалитеты сосудистых рас тений,
1. Впервые для Азиатской части России приводится Viola suavis, для Си-
бири Chloris virgata, × Elyhordeum arcuatum, Persicaria orientalis, для Японии
Thalictrum amurense, для Киргизии – Eritrichium pseudolatifolium, E. pseudostrictum,
для Байкальской Сибири – Aquilegia jucunda, A. vulgaris, Viola hirta, для Север-
ного Кавказа – Astragalus pallescens, A. physodes, для Центрального Предкавказья
Astragalus guttatus), для Дагестана Astragalus somcheticus, Lotus frondosus, Vicia
bithynica, для Иркутской области Medicago × varia, Lappula tuvinica. Для каждого
вида представлены общее распространение, местообитания, таксономия с
указанием отличий от близких видов и местонахождения.
Ключевые слова: флористические находки, таксономия, Азиатская Россия,
Кавказ, Киргизия, Япония, Монголия
1 Siberian Institute of Plant Physiology and
Biochemistry SB RAS, Irkutsk, Russia
2 North-Caucasus Federal University, Stav-
ropol, Russia
3 National Research Tomsk State University,
Tomsk, Russia
4 Central Siberian Botanical Garden SB
RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
5 I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical
University, Moscow, Russia
6 Botanical Garden of the Osnabrueck
University, Osnabrueck, Germany
7 National Tomsk Polytechnic University,
Tomsk, Russia
8 Mountain Botanical Garden, DSC RAS,
Makhachkala, Russia
9 Dagestan State Medical University,
Makhachkala, Russia
10 Institute of Botany CAS, Beijing, China
11 Western Baikal Protected Areas, Irkutsk,
Russia
12 Irkutsk State University, Irkutsk, Russia
13 Institute of Ecology of the Volga River
Basin RAS, Tolyatti, Russia
* corresponding author, allaverh@list.ru
Manuscript received: 03.04.2019
Review completed: 02.05.2019
Accepted for publication: 06.05.2019
Published online: 08.05.2019
Alla V. Verkhozina*1, Viktor N. Belous2, Olga A. Chernysheva1,
Alexandr L. Ebel3, Andrey S. Erst4, Nikolai V. Friesen5,6, Mariya A.
Iuzhakova7, Alexander A. Kuznetsov3, Alexander N. Luferov5,
Vladislav V. Murashko1, Ramazan A. Murtazaliev8,9, Svetlana V.
Ovchinnikova4, Wei Wang10, Olga Yu. Zavgorodnyaya11,12, Andrey
Yu. Korolyuk4, Stepan A. Senator13, Evgenii G. Zibzeev4, Vladimir M.
Vasjukov13 & Denis A. Krivenko1,3,11,
Findings to the flora of Russia and
adjacent countries: New national and
regional vascular plant records, 1
With this paper we introduce a new annual series, the
main purpose of which is to make signicant oristic
ndings from Russia and neighboring countries more
visible in Russia and abroad. This paper was prepared by
the team united more by scientic cooperation than the
taxonomy or geography of the species. In total, this paper
presents new records for 18 vascular plant species from 3
Eurasian countries, obtained during eld explorations, as
well as during taxonomic revisions of herbarium materials.
Aquilegia jucunda Fisch. & AvéLall. (Ranunculaceae)
Contributors: Andrey S. Erst & Mariya A. Iuzhakova
Distribution and habitat
A. jucunda is a species naturally distributed in RUSSIA
(Altai Territory, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Zabaikalsky Ter-
ri tory, Irkutsk Province, Altai Republic, Buryatia Re pub-
lic, Tyva Republic, Khakassia Republic, Yakutia Repub lic),
CHINA (Xinjiang), KAZAKHSTAN (Almaty and East
Ka zakh stan Province) (Erst et al. 2016). It resides anywhere
from forest to subalpine and alpine, mainly on mixed grass,
grass-sedge and sedge meadows, often on stony substrate
and ne ground. This paper for the rst time indicates the
dis tri bution of A. jucunda for the most eastern part of its
range in Transbaicalia.
Taxonomic notes
A. jucunda was described by F.E.L. Fischer and R. Avé-
Lal le man in “Index Seminum, quae Hor tus Bo ta ni cus
Imperialis Petropolitanus pro Mutua Commutatione
Offert. Accedunt Animadversiones Botanicae Nonnullae”,
how ever, without indication of its distribution and ha bi tat.
The comparative cha rac teristics of this species with other
closely related taxa were also not given. A. jucunda is often
144 Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
Verkhozina et al.
referred to as a synonym of A. glandulosa Fisch. ex Link.
Fur ther C.F. Ledebour (1843) in his fundamental work
“Flo ra of the Russian Empire” pointed out the following
dif fe rences of A. glandulosa from A. jucunda: leaf blades
roun ded (in A. glandulosa pointed); the laments at the
beginning of owering are erect parallel (in A. glandulosa
di ver ging); fruits are ovoid, scarred at the base (A. glandulosa
– pi-shaped, constricted at the base); sepals ovate (in A. glan-
du losaobovate); petals obovate, pale yellow, on each side,
(A. glandulosa – wedge-shaped oblong, obtuse at the top,
acuminate above, violet-blue, rarely white, al most com ple te ly
separated from each other); narrowly oval an thers (linear in
A. glandulosa); pistils 6–10 (in A. glan du losa – 8–15). Seeds lon-
gitudinally almost 5-n (in A. glandu lo sa – ne-grained 3-n).
In later reports, A. jucunda is sy no nymous with A. glan du losa
(Bulavkina 1937, Munz 1946, Va silyeva 1992, Friesen 1993).
Both species are de scribed from Altai and Kazakhstan. Our
data conrm the dis tinct ness of A. glandulosa and A. jucunda
(Erst & Vaulin 2014). We believe that A. ju cun da should be
recognized as an in de pen dent taxon based on the following
characters: bi co loured pe tals (white-blue or whitening at
the end of the limb of the pe tals and blue spur) that are
parallel to each other, not spa tial ly separated, ang led and not
overlapping limb pe tals and longer, curved at the end of
the spur. R. Nold in his mo no graph “Columbines: Aqui legia,
Paraquilegia and Se mi aqui legia also point to the isolation of
these taxa (Nold 2003).
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, № 1210, m. 168, coll. Preo-
bra zhen sky (MW0092978): 1; Irkutsk Province, Nizhnyaya
Sy gyk ty River, 1750 m a.s.l., 09.08.1958, coll. Preobrazhensky
(MW0092982): 2; Buryatia Republic, Stanovoye Nagorye,
Ilbikaichi Ri ver, a tributary of the Tompuda River, gravelly
mountain slope, 1900 m a.s.l., 07.22.1966, coll. L. Malyshev,
E. Titov (IRK): 3; Buryatia Republic, the Ku rum kan sky
District, the Barguzinsky Range, basin of the Alla River,
1825 m, point 5, alpine meadow, 07.19.2014, coll. А.А.
Taran (IRK): 4; Buryatia Republic, Eastern Sayan, Tun-
kinsky Alps, the Tubota River, in the alpine belt, 1800 m
a.s.l., on the stony slope, 23.07.1963, coll. L.I. Malyshev
(NSK): 5; Buryatia Republic, Stanovoe highlands, South
Muisky ridge, upper reaches of the Kindikan river, in the
subalpine belt, on a meadow slope, 25.07.1965, № 280, coll.
Yu. Petrochenko (NSK): 6; Stanovoe highlands, South Mui-
sky ridge, the river to the east of the Akundakan brook, in
the subalpine belt, 1600 m a.s.l., subalpine sedge meadow in
place of newly melted snow, 3.08.1966, № 761, coll. M. Iva-
no va, O. Volchugov (NSK): 7; Buryatia Republic, Sta no voe
highlands, South Muisky ridge, the river to the east of the
Akundakan brook, in the subalpine belt, 1700 m a.s.l., at the
bottom of the crumbling slope of the trough, 03.08.1966,
№ 1539, coll. M. Ivanova, O. Volchugov (NSK): 8; Za bai-
kal sky Territory, Stanovoe highlands, Kodar ridge, upper
reaches of the Apsat river, in the forest belt, height 1300 m
a.s.l., on the river pebbles, 10.07.1964, №. 255, coll. L. Ma-
lyshev, Yu. Petrochenko (NSK): 9; Zabaikalsky Ter ri to-
ry, Sta novoe highlands, Kodar ridge, upper reaches of
the Apsat river, in the subalpine belt, 1550 m a.s.l., on a
grassy meadow, 16.07.1964, № 598, coll. L. Malyshev, Yu.
Petrochenko (NSK): 10.
Aquilegia vulgaris L. (Ranunculaceae)
Contributors: Denis A. Krivenko & Alexander A. Kuznetsov
Distribution and habitat
A. vulgaris (European columbine, Common co lum-
bine, Granny’s nightcap, Granny’s bonnet) is a species with
natural distribution in Central and Northern Europe, Bri-
tish Isles, northern and middle Balkan countries, North of
the Italian and Iberian Peninsulas (Munz 1954). The spe cies
is cultivated as an ornamental plant in numerous count ries
out side Europe, where it has become naturalized, e.g. Mac-
ro nesia, Asores, the Americas, Oceania, Russia. This spe cies
grows in the forest edges, shady places, meadows, road sides,
and banks of rivers and streams; altitudes 50–1200 m. The
spe cies is sporadically distributed in Siberia, where it tends
to concentrate along the valley bottoms near towns and vil la-
ges and grows wherever conditions are suit able, not far from
the places of original cultivation (Nar di 2015). Hybrids mor-
pho lo gically similar to A. vulgaris can be found near natural
populations of A. sibirica Lam.
Taxonomic notes
More than 50 subspecies and related species have been
de scribed from Europe. The plants grow anywhere from
30 to 100 cm or more, with inorescence hairy, sometimes
glandular-hairy above. The basal leaves are biternate, the
lea ets glabrous above and pilose beneath. The owers, in
va rious shades of purple, blue, pink and white, are pendent
or horizontal with hooked spurs. The sepals are spreading,
ovate-lanceolate (Nold 2003). The stamens short and not
ex erted or equal to petal lamina. Aquilegia vulgaris is mor-
pho logically similar to A. ophiolitica Barberis & Nardi in
short exerted staminal column, homogeneous corolla and
isotropic petals; however, it distinctly differs from A. ophio-
litica by the absence of glands in the basal part of the
plant, frondose inorescence, spathulate petal lamina and
0-exserted or exent of 1–2 mm petal lamina (Nardi 2015).
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk city, Akademgorodok,
territory of SIPPB SB RAS, 52°14'21.02"N, 104°16'20.83"E,
Figure 1 Locations of new ndings (see the bolded numbers in the test)
145
Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
New records for the flora of Russia and adjacent states
ar bo retum, 23.06.2017, coll. D.A. Krivenko 48121, 48122
(IRK), 48123 (MW), 48124, 48125 (NS): 11.
Astragalus guttatus Banks & Sol. (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Victor N. Belous
Distribution and habitat
Geographical distribution: Iranian-Turanian. From the
ter ri tory of the former USSR the species (under the name
A. stria tellus Pall. ex M. Bieb.) is found in Transcaucasia,
Middle Asia, Crimea and Eastern Caucasus also: “Dagestan”
(Podlech & Zarre 2013).
It was rst found in the territory of the Central Cis cau-
casia: the Southern Primanychye and the Prikumsk high-
lands (Belous 2006). The ecologo-coenotical optimum of
the species is associated with the subzonal belt of grassland
(Festuca valesiaca) and desert steppes for Ciscaucasia’s plain
and lowland landscapes. This taxon is very rare in the region.
Taxonomic notes
A. guttatus is strongly isolated from other mem bers of
the genus which constituted grounds for its seg re ga tion in
the monotypic section of Aulacolobus Bunge. It is an an-
nu al plant, furnished with basixed hairs. Ra cemes have a
short peduncle, remotely 1–4 owers. Calyx cam pa nu late,
with very unequal teeth, the lower three (abaxial) su bu-
late, longer than tube, the upper (adaxial) distinctly shor ter.
Wings distinctly shorter than keel. Legumes sti pi tate, nod-
ding, curved, incompletely bilocular, glabrous. The shape of
fruits and bare stem branching from the dis tin gui shes A. gut-
ta tus from other annual small species of the genus.
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Stavropol Territory, Ipatovo District, near the
vil lage of Bolshaja Jalga, 19.05.1989, coll. V.N. Belous (SPI):
12; Kras nodar Territory, Taman peninsula, to the South
from the Taman city, the mountain Zelenskaya, 45°14'47"N
36°69'06"E, 132 m a.s.l., steppe, clay, 29.04.2007, coll.
V.N. Be lo us (SPI): 13; Stavropol Territory, Arz gyr District,
north east spurs of the Stavropol height, the right indigenous
bank of the Chogray river, 45°22'41"N 44°14'33"E, 100 m
a.s.l., hilly-beam relief elements, semi de sert-steppe slope
with ephemeretum, alluvial clay and loamy soils, 2.05.2015,
coll. V.N. Belous (SPI): 14.
Astragalus pallescens M. Bieb. (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Victor N. Belous
Distribution and habitat
The distribution is Nomadic, the geoelement is Pontic.
Black Sea endemic.
For the oras of adjacent areas, there are indications
about the location of A. pallescens in the territory of the
Lo wer Volga (Laktionov 2009) and the right bank of the
Lo wer Don (Zozulin 1984). The species was dis co vered by
us in the territory of the Kumo-Manych de pres sion (valley-
lake landscapes of Western and Eastern Ma nych) (Belous
2011). Our latest nding in the North Cau casus mark the
southern boundary of its range in Rus sia. This signicantly
expands the understanding of the cho ro logical features of
the A. pallescens.
Taxonomic notes
A. pallescens (section Dissitiori DC., subgenus Cerci do thrix
Bunge) belongs to the group of perennial herbs with lig ni-
ed stems and loose tassels. From close related A. mac ro pus
Bun ge, the species differs by a set of the fol lowing cha rac-
te ris tics: thin, densely and white-uffy pe ren nial stems and
yel lowish-white corolla.
Examined specimens (new record)
RUSSIA: Rostov Province, Orlovsky District, near the
Ma nych village, the right bank of the West Manych river,
ele va ted parts of the lower oodplain terrace of Manych-
Gu di lo, 46°42'93"N 42°73'27"E, dry-steppe (se mi shrub
shrub by – Herbae stepposae with ephemers) slope of
Gruz skoe Lake, clay, 11.06.2008, coll. V.N. Belous (SPI):
15; Stavropol Territory, Arzgyr District, northeast spurs of
the Stavropol height, 45°38'35"N 44°24'12"E, hil ly plain,
the right indigenous bank of the Chogray river, car bo nate
dry-steppe slope, steppe (Festuca valesiaca + Stipa ucrainica
Herbae stepposae with ephemers), clay, rock debris of
limestone, 2.05.2015, coll. V.N. Belous (SPI): 16.
Astragalus physodes L. (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Victor N. Belous
Distribution and habitat
A. physodes Turanian species of the desert-steppe
comp lex, Caspian-East Black Sea’s endemic. It is cha rac te-
rized by a fragmented range in Eastern Black Sea-Vol ga’s
landscapes. Occurs on the Ergeni hill, the Lower Don and
the Lower Volga (Goncharov et al. 1946, Zozulin 1984,
Yakov lev et al. 1996, Baktasheva 2000, Lak ti o nov 2009).
Two close locations were cites for the North Caucasus.
They are localized on the territory of the Te rek-Sulak low-
land in the North-Western Pre-Caspian (Gross geim 1952,
Murtazaliyev 2009). However, herbarium spe ci mens con r-
ming these data were not found during ta xo no mi cal re vi sion
of the genus Astragalus (Podlech & Zarre 2013) and our own
searches at the local Caucasian her baria (LENUD, DAG).
Thus, we present the rst reliable ndings of A. physodes
for the territory of the North Caucasus. Our ndings are
lo cated 270 km to north-west from previous location,
which are disputable.
Taxonomic notes
A. physodes belongs to section Cystium Bunge, subgenus
Cercidothrix Bunge. It differs from other species the section
by bare leaves, ovaries and fruits. Spherical swollen fruits
are collected in dense brushes. The species is characterized
by real physocarp.
Examined specimens (new record)
RUSSIA: Stavropol Territory, Arzgyr District, South
Pre-Ma nych, northeast spurs of the Stavropol height, the
right indigenous bank of the Chogray river, 45°22'40"N
44°16'30"E, 161 m a.s.l., dry-steppe slope, steppe grass
and com munities of Festuca valesiaca, Koeleria cristata, clay,
2.05.2015, coll. V.N. Belous (SPI): 17.
Astragalus somcheticus K. Koch (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Ramazan A. Murtazaliev
Distribution and habitat
The species is spread in the Greater and Lesser Caucasus,
as well as in northeastern Turkey (Podlech & Zarre 2013).
Within the Greater Caucasus, it is more often observed in Ka-
rachay-Cherkessia Republic and Kabardino-Bal ka ria Re pub-
lic, as well as in the region of the Caucasian Mi ne ral Waters.
The main nds of the species in Armenia and Azerbaijan are
conned to the southern borders (Grossheim 1952).
New locations were found for the rst time in the Eas-
tern Caucasus, namely in South Dagestan.
In the new location, the species is found on rocky and
gravelly slopes of shale rocks in the middle and upper
mountain belts.
Taxonomic notes
This species belongs to the section Incani DC., re pre-
sen ted mainly by stemless perennials. In the Caucasus,
this section includes about 30 species, most of which are
endemic. This species combines two taxa that were pre-
vious ly taken as independent species: A. demetrii Charadze
(Wes tern and Central Greater Caucasus) and A. polygala Pall.
(Central and Southern Transcaucasia, Turkey).
146 Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
Verkhozina et al.
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Republic of Dagestan, Kurakhsky District, in
vi cinities of the village Aschar, 41°37'51.1"N 47°39'08.3"E,
south east slope, gravelly places, 1600 m a.s.l., 7.07.2010,
coll. R.A. Murtazaliev s. n. (DAG): 18; Republic of Da ges-
tan, Akhtynsky District, in vicinities of the village Lutkun,
41°29'06.4"N 47°42'47.7"E, south-western slope, 1200–
1500 m a.s.l., 5.06.2012, coll. R.A. Murtazaliev s. n. (DAG,
LE): 19; Republic of Dagestan, Dokuzparinsky District,
the north east slope of the mount Nesindag, 41°15'10.9"N
47°48'10.9"E, 2700 m a.s.l., 5.08.2017, coll. R.A. Mur ta za-
liev s. n. (LE): 20.
Chloris virgata Sw. (Poaceae)
Contributors: Alexander L. Ebel & Alla V. Verkhozina
Distribution and habitat
C. virgata is widespread predominantly in warm tem pe rate
to tropical areas, but extending well into tem pe rate re gi ons
with hot summer (Anderson 1974, Sun & Phil lips 2006). It is
distributed in Asia (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bhu tan, China,
India, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar, Mon go lia, Nepal,
Pakistan, Russia (Far East), Saudi Arabia, Ta ji kis tan), North,
South and Central America, Africa, Aust ra lia, Pa ci c Islands
(Rozhevitz 1934, Anderson 1974, Pro ba to va 1985, Sun &
Phillips 2006). The species is included in the “Hand book
of Alien Species in Europe” (Hulme 2009), and al so was
recorded in the Caucasus (Rozhevitz 1934, Tzvelev 2006).
In the Asian part of Russia, C. virgata was recorded as
alien species in the Primorsky Territory, Khabarovsk Ter-
ri to ry and the Amur Province (Probatova 1985, Antonova
2009, 2018, Starchenko & Darman 2011). However, there
is an assumption that the basin of the Razdolnaya River in
Pri mor sky Territory is a part of its natural range (Probatova
2007).
C. virgata grows in many types of habitats, including cul-
ti va ted farmland and such disturbed areas as roadsides and
railroad tracks and (for example, in China) it is common
on stony slopes, steppe, sandy riversides, roadsides, elds,
plan ta tions, frequent on walls and roofs; up to 3700 m a.s.l.
(Sun & Phillips 2006).
Taxonomical notes
The genus Chloris Sw. is represented by 63 species in
tropical and warm-temperate regions throughout the world
(The Plant List 2013).
C. virgata is the only species of the genus that grows in
Rus sia in the wild. Other species of the genus C. gayana
Kunth (Rhodes Grass) is cultivated in Russia (Medvedev &
Sme tan nikova 1981).
C. virgata is considered the most variable of the all
annual species in the genus. It varies in height, leaf size,
tomentum and spikelet character. Only two attributes
are given as con stant ly correlated and the species can be
recognized by them: the conspicuous tufts of spreading,
silky hairs on the up per lemma margins together with a
digitate inorescence of erect racemes (Anderson 1974).
C. vir gata closely resembles Ch. gayana in spikelet charac ters,
but can be easily separated from it being an annual, ha ving
lon ger awns and lowest lemma with spreading longer hairs
on upper margins (Anderson 1974, Sun & Phillips 2006).
C. virgata is a new alien species to Siberia. A large num-
ber of specimens of Ch. virgata were found in Baikal Siberia
during a eld trip in 2017.
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Zabaykalsky Territory, Zabaykalsk, 49°39'29.71"N
117°19'14.04"E, railway deadlock, waste land, 15.08.2017, coll.
A.L. Ebel, A.A. Verkhozina, et al. 49796, 49480, 49481, 49483
(IRK, TK): 21; 49°38'27.21"N 117°19'57.69"E, roadside near
the railway station, 15.08.2017, A.L. Ebel, A.A. Verkhozina, et
al.. 49482, 49484, 49485 (IRK, TK): 22.
× Elyhordeum arcuatum W.W. Mitch. & H.J. Hodgs. –
Elymus sibiricus L. × Hordeum jubatum L. (Poaceae)
Contributors: Alla V. Verkhozina, Alexander L. Ebel. &
Vladislav V. Murashko
Distribution and habitat
× E. arcuatum was described from disturbed sites around
Pal mer, Alaska, USA, from which it has been eli mi nated
since it was sterile (Mitchell & Hodgson 1968, Bark worth
2006).
This hybrid is relatively common in the Russian Far East
(in Vladivostok and Khabarovsk), where it can be partially
fer tile (Probatova 1985).
× E. arcuatum grows on disturbed areas.
Taxonomical notes
× Elyhordeum Mansf. ex Tsitsin & K.A. Petrova is the
name given to hybrids between Elymus L. and Hordeum L.,
which are fairly common. All appears to be sterile, i.e. they
do not produce viable pollen or set seed (Barkworth 2006)
× Ely hordeum represented by about 19 species in the world
(The Plant List 2013). Most of them has Hordeum jubatum
L. as one of their parent species. H. jubatum hybridizes in its
native and non-native areas with a number of species of the
genus Elymus.
Besides Elyhordeum × arcuatum, 2 other hybrids of Hor de-
um jubatum with species of the genus Elymus are known in the
Asian part of Russia (mostly in the Far East): × Ely hor deum
cha tan gen se (Roshev.) Tzvel. (Hordeum jubatum × Ely mus mac ro-
urus (Turcz.) Tzvel.), × Elyhordeum koly men se Prob. (Hor deum
ju ba tum × Elymus pubiorus (Roshev.) Peschkova (Pro batova
1985, Peschkova 1990). Additionally, four new hyb rids were
re vealed by D. Lysenko (2010) and named by him as × Ely-
hor deum detrinense Lysenko (Elymus jacutensis (Drob.) Tzvel.
× Hordeum jubatum), × Elyhordeum khokhrjakovii Lysenko (Ely-
mus kronokensis (Kom.) Tzvel. × Hordeum jubatum), × Ely hor de-
um olaense Lysenko (Elymus boreoochotensis Khokhr. × Hor deum
jubatum), × Elyhordeum sinegoricum Lysenko (Elymus sub b ro sus
(Tzvel.) Tzvel. × Hordeum jubatum). Unfortunately, none of
binomials supposed by Ly sen ko were accompanied by a Latin
diagnosis, so they can not be used in taxonomical practice.
Previously only one species of the nothogenus was known
in Siberia, namely × Elyhordeum chatangense. It was de scri bed
from Taymyr and is also found in Yakutia (Pesch ko va 1990).
× E. arcuatum was found in Irkutsk in 2015 and it is
a new species to Siberia. It is distinguished from Hordeum
jubatum by barely deecting thin spines of lemmas, 2–3
times shorter than that of H. jubatum. The hybrid differs
from Elymus sibiricus by slightly arcuate and very brittle thick
spikes (Probatova 1985).
Examined specimens (new record)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk city, University mic ro-
district, near the building 109, 52°15'09.42"N 104°14'36.23"E,
meadow between houses, 05.09.2015, A.A. Ver kho zina.
44251-44257 (IRK): 23.
Eritrichium pseudolatifolium Popov (Boraginaceae)
Contributor: Svetlana V. Ovchinnikova
Distribution and habitat
E. pseudolatifolium was described from Kashgaria (Chi-
na) and later was found in Eastern Pamir and Central and
Eas tern Tien Shan from the territory of Tadjikistan and
Sin kiang in China (Popov 1953, Chukavina 1984, Ov chin-
ni ko va 2011), and was not found from the territory of
Kyrgyzstan. E. pseudolatifolium grows in shaded crevices and
foot hill rocks in zone of high-mountain deserts and cryo-
phil steppes at the altitudes 3700–4000 m a.s.l.
Taxonomic notes
The genus Eritrichium Schrad. ex Gaudin comprises 75
spe cies of pubescent, sericeous or villous perennial cushion-
147
Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
New records for the flora of Russia and adjacent states
for ming herbs with distribution in the mountains of the
Asia and Northern America, with 1–2 species in Europe
(Ov chin nikova 2003). The 35 species of the subgenus Pseu-
do hackelia (Popov) Ovczinnikova come across in the alpine
zone of Southern and Central Asia (Ovchinnikova 2011).
Three Eritrichium species were reported for Kyrgyzstan (Fi-
la tova & Aidarova 1962, Ovchinnikova 2011).
E. pseudolatifolium belongs to series Albiora Popov of
sec tion Pseudohackelia Popov with drooping pedicels, white
co rolla, dorsiventrally compressed, short pubescent nutlets
with triangular to lanceolate horizontally deecting marginal
glo chids. From the related species of series Albiora it is dis-
tin gui shed by an ovate to elliptic form of leaf blade and
pres sed pubescent pedicels (Ovchinnikova 2003, 2011).
E. pseudolatifolium is a new species from the territory of
Kyrgyzstan.
Examined specimens (new records)
KYRGYZSTAN: Eastern Tien Shan, basin of the Sary-
dzhaz Ri ver, Uchat Stream to the south from Tasch ko roo
village, on rocks, 14.08.1988, coll. M.G Pimenov, E.V. Kljui-
kov (MW0876566): 24.
Eritrichium pseudostrictum Popov (Boraginaceae)
Contributor: Svetlana V. Ovchinnikova
Distribution and habitat
E. pseudostrictum was described from Pamir (Tadzhikistan)
and later was found in Kashgaria (China) (Popov 1953,
Chu kavina 1984, Ovchinnikova 2011), and was not found
from the territory of Kyrgyzstan.
E. pseudostrictum grows on rocks and scree of high-
moun tains at the altitudes 3500–4200 m a.s.l.
Taxonomic notes
The 11 species of the section Himalaica (Popov) Ov czin-
nikova subgenus Pseudohackelia (Popov) Ovczinnikova come
across in alpine zone (2700–5600 m a.s.l.l) of Himalaya, Ti-
bet, Pamir-Alay in Tadzhikistan, Afganistan, Pakistan, In dia,
Nepal (Ovchinnikova 2003, 2011). Three Eritrichium species
were reported for Kyrgyzstan: E. tianschanicum Iljin ex Ov-
czin nikova (sect. Eritrichium), E. turkestanicum Franch. (sect.
Himalaica), E. fetissovii Regel (sect. Pseudohackelia) (Filatova &
Aidarova 1962, Ovchinnikova 2003, 2011).
E. pseudostrictum belongs to series Pamiralaica Ovczin-
ni ko va of section Himalaica (Popov) Ovczinnikova with
up ward protruding pedicels, blue corolla, turbinate, short
pu bes cent nutlets with short upward protruding marginal
glo chids or almost fusing at base. From the related species
E. canum (Benth.) Kitamura and E. dubium O. Fedtsch. it
is dis tin guished by soddy growth and liform leaves and
ori gi nal stellate prickly pericarpia of erems (Popov 1953,
Ov chin ni kova 2007, 2011).
E. pseudostrictum is a new species from the territory of
Kyrgyzstan.
Examined specimens (new records)
KYRGYZSTAN: Alaiskii mountain range, basin of the
Sha khi mardan River, in headwater of Dugova River, alt.
3000 m a.s.l., on rocks, 4.08.1977, coll. O. Politova, S. Alek-
se ev (MW0876106): 25.
Lappula tuvinica Ovczinnikova (Boraginaceae)
Contributors: Svetlana V. Ovchinnikova &
Olga A. Chernysheva
Distribution and habitat
L. tuvinica was described from Siberia (Tyva Republic)
and was found from the territory of W and C Siberia, E
Ka zakh stan, W Mongolia (Ovchinnikova 1997, 2009). Re-
cent ly, it was reported from Eastern Siberia: Republic of
Bu ryatia and Zabaykalsky Territory (Ovchinnikova & Niki-
fo ro va 2016). L. tuvinica grows in desertied steppes and
step pi ed meadows on rubbly and rocky slopes of mounds
and foothills.
Taxonomic notes
The genus Lappula Moench comprises over 70 species
of his pid small to medium-sized annual or perennial herbs
with distribution in the northern Hemisphere and has se-
ve ral representatives in Africa and Australia (Ovchin ni ko va
2005). It belongs to series Lappula of section Lappula with
subulate gynobase, ovate glochidiate nutlets with 1–3 rows
of spinules. From the related species L. consanguinea (Fisch.
et C.A. Mey.) Guerke it is distinguished by very small nut-
lets with minute spinules and tubercules along disc and all
anks (Ovchinnikova 2005, 2009).
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Ust-Orda Buryat Okrug,
Ekhi rit-Bulagatsky District, vicinity of Gushit village, Or-
dyn skoe lake, 51°52'50"N, 104°58'11"E, 548 m a.s.l., bank of
the lake, 24.06.2010, coll. O.A. Chernysheva 52365 (IRK): 26.
Lotus frondosus Freyn (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Ramazan A. Murtazaliev
Distribution and habitat
Most often, the species is noted in Central Asia, but is
found both to the west and east of the main part of the range,
some times quite far, forming isolated locations (Yakovlev et
al. 1996). In the Caucasus, the species was previously cited
for Azerbaijan (Grossheim 1952). New locations are given
for Dagestan on the old herbarium collections found in the
Herbarium of the Komarov Botanical Institute RAS (LE).
Accor ding to these collections, 4 localities of the species
were identied, of which 3 are found in the coastal part
of Dagestan, and one in the middle mountain zone, in the
Su lak river basin. In these locations, the species is noted
along the outskirts of rivers and lakes, in shrubs, and in the
middle mountain zone, on gravelly slopes along the road.
Taxonomic notes
The species belongs to the section Eulotus Ser., to which
most Caucasian species of this genus belong. L. frondosus
differs from other species of section with a reddening co-
rolla during owering and drying.
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: North Caucasus, a salt lake near Petrovsk,
19.06.1894, coll. О.А. & B.A. Fedtschenko s. n. (LE): 27;
Dagestan, Distr. Kajtag.-Tabass., prope st. Kajakent. In pra-
tis et inter frutices, 19.06.1899, coll. [F.N.] Alexeenko s. n.
(LE): 28; Dagestan, Distr. Kurinsky. In ripa glareosa . Sa-
mur, pr. st. Jalominskaja, 400 m, 20.06.1899, coll. [F.N.] Ale-
xeenko s. n. (LE): 29; Prov. Dagestan, Distr. Kajtag.-Ta bass.,
pr. st. Kaja kent. In fruticetis, 17.07.1900, coll. [F.N.] Ale-
xeenko s. n. (LE): 30; Dagestan, Avar District, valley of Avar
Koisu, below the village Gergebil, gravelly slope near the
road, 28.08.1927, coll. A. Poretsky, G. Schulz s. n. (LE): 31.
Medicago × varia Martyn (Fabaceae)
(≡ M. sativa subsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang., M. sativa subsp.
varia (Martyn) O. Bolos & Vigo [isonim], M. sativa var.
varia (Martyn) Urb.; = M. hemicycla Grossh., M. lavrenkoi
Vassilcz., M. media Pers., M. ochroleuca Kult., M. rivularis
Vassilcz., M. sylvestris Fr., M. tianschanica Vassilcz.)
Contributors: Denis A. Krivenko, Olga A. Chernysheva
& Olga Yu. Zavgorodnyaya
Distribution and habitat
The world’s most important forage crop, alfalfa, be longs
to the genus Medicago L. The species cultivated in the North
Tem perate Zone is usually M. × varia (Lesins & Le sins
1979). It was found feral in Eastern Europe: Belarus, Esto-
nia, Russia (European part), Ukraine, Caucasus: Armenia,
148 Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
Verkhozina et al.
Azer baijan, Georgia, Russia (Caucasian part) and Asia: Chi-
na, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan (Yakov-
lev et al. 1996, Shu 2010).
In Siberia, M. × varia was found feral in 2001 in the Altai
Territory (Silantieva et al. 2003).
Recently, this species has widely spread eastward in the
ter ri tory of the southern regions of Siberia to the Republic
of Buryatia (Abramova et al. 2014, Ebel et al. 2017, Gamova
2018). In 2015, M. × varia was also found in the Russian Far
East in the Khabarovsk Territory (Probatova et al. 2017). It
was also indicated for the Irkutsk Province (Abramova et al.
2014), however, without a specic location and reference to
the herbarium specimen. Thus, the locations in this ar ticle
for the species are the only reliable in the Irkutsk Pro vince
at the present moment. This species is probably ac ti vely
spreading on the disturbed habitats at the along of road-
sides and in the vicinities of settlements and in the very
near future we can expect new nds of it in Asian Russia.
Taxonomic notes
M. × varia is an amphiploid hybrid with 2n = 32 (tetra-
ploid (4x), with x = 8). Its progenitors are diploid (2x) with
2n = 16 species M. falcata L. and M. sativa L. Both of them
be long to the section Falcago Rchb. (Lesins & Lesins 1964,
1979). Dif ferent plants and a population of M. × varia show
owers co lor ranging from violet to yellowish with all varia-
tions bet ween these, and have legumes with less than one
to two circles. These characters are possessed by M. falcata
with yellow owers and legumes straight or sickle-shaped
at one ex treme and by M. sativa with violet owers and
legumes coiled from one and a half circle to three circles at
the other. The variegated color of the owers of M. × varia
in the herbarium are not always preserved, however, we
noted that they often turn brown when desiccated. Below is
the key that will permit one to more or less reliably identify
M. × varia and re la ted species from the section Falcago inha-
biting Asian Russia.
Key to the Medicago L. of section Falcago Rchb.
species conrmed for Asian Russia
1. Stems strong, owers yellow or yellow and blue variegated,
legumes from sickle-shaped to two circles ........................... 2
+ Stem procumbent, owers bluish-purple or bluish-violet,
le gumes coiled from one and a half circle to three circles .....
................................................................................ M. sativa L.
2. Flowers in varying degrees of intensity yellow and blue
va ri egated, often when desiccated turn brown ........................
.................................................................... M. × varia Martyn
+ Flowers yellow, legumes straight or sickle-shaped, coiled
in not more than one half-circle, leaets of lower leaves re-
verse ovoid-lanceolate, and of upper reverse lanceolate .......
.......................................................... M. falcata L. var. falcata
++ Leaets of lower leaves reverse lanceolate, and of up-
per reverse linearly-lanceolate ...................................................
......................... M. falcata var. romanica (Prodan) Hayek
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Zalarinsky District, before
of Tyret Pervaya urban-type settlement, bridge over Unga
river, 53°39'43.69"N, 102°21'09.60"E, red carbonate slope,
17.08.2009, coll. O.A. Chernysheva 52903, 52905 (IRK): 32;
Ir kutsk Province, Ust-Kut town, right bank of Kuta River,
Ust-Kut sanatorium 56°47'22.47"N, 105°36'59.04"E, on a
mea dow by the salt lake, 20.07.2010, coll. O.A. Chernysheva
46055, 46056 (IRK): 33; Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk city, Aka-
dem go rodok, 461 m a.s.l., 52°14'25"N 104°16'22"E, weed-
ru de ral communities, 22.06.2017, coll. D.A. Krivenko 52981,
52982 (IRK), 52983 (MW): 34; Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk city,
Akademgorodok, 52°14'14.09"N, 104°16'17.01"E, on edge
of the pedestrian path, 23.06.2017, D.A. Krivenko 49970,
49971 (IRK), 49972 (MW): 35; Irkutsk Province, Ir kut sky
District, Listvyanka urban-type settlement, SW shore of
Baikal Lake, 466 m a.s.l., 52°22'02"N, 104°49'57"E, road side,
3.07.2017, coll. D.A. Krivenko 52916, 52917 (IRK), 52918
(MW), 52919 (LE): 36; Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk city, right
bank of Angara river, Solnechnyi microdistrict, 473 m a.s.l.,
52°15'30.2"N 104°20'51.0"E, roadside, 22.08.2018, coll.
D.A. Krivenko 51114 (IRK): 37; Irkutsk Province, Irkutsky
Dist rict, SW shore of Baikal Lake, estuary of Pylovka, 94th
km of Circum-Baikal Railway, 456 m a.s.l., 51°48'01"N,
104°34'11"E, lake shore, 15.09.2018, coll. O.Yu. Zav go rod-
nyaya 52984 (IRK): 38.
Persicaria orientalis (L.) Spach (Polygonaceae)
Contributor: V.V. Murashko
Distribution and habitat
P. orientalis was described from SE Asia (Tzvelev 1989).
It is native to SE Asia and mostly northern Australia (Gross-
heim 1945, Walsh & Entwisle 1994). The secondary areal
is wide enough, and covers rest of Asia, Europe, North
and South America, Australia and Oceania (Komarov 1936,
Walsh & Entwisle 1994, Li et al. 2003, Hinds & Freeman
2005, Kantachot et al. 2010). P. orientalis is often cultivated
and occasionally persisting in abandoned gardens. In most
cases it is adventive, due to the rather frequent use as in-
tro duced plant. So, for example, there is an assumption
that col lection made in 1853 by F.V. Hayden at Fort Pierre,
South Dakota (MO) to have come from a cultivated plant
(Hinds & Freeman 2005).
P. orientalis is an adventive species for Russia distributed
there in the European part and the Far East (Komarov 1936,
Ma jo rov et al. 2012, Golovanov & Muldashev 2017). It is gro -
wing mainly along roadsides, near houses, on wastelands (Ko -
ma rov 1936). The species previously was not cited for Siberia.
Taxonomical notes
P. orientalis belongs to the section Amblygonon (Meisn.)
Tzve lev (Tzvelev 1988, 1989), which contain 2 species
(P. orientalis and P. pilosa (Roxb.) Kitag.). The main feature of
the section is a greenish and bent out tips of ocreas. Species
be lon ging to this section have larger owers than those of
sect. Persicaria (Tzvelev 1988).
P. orientalis have less abundant downiness of stem and
leaf (with more pressed trichomes) than P. pilosa. The in o-
res cence length of P. orientalis is 5–10 cm, while P. pillosa has
2.5–6 cm. The perianth P. orientalis has a brighter color (hot
pink or almost red) and some larger. Both species have two
stigmas, but the stylodium of P. orientalis is much shorter,
only 0.2–0.6 mm (P. pilosa has 0.8–1.5 mm) (Tzvelev 1989).
Examined specimens (new record)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Irkutsk City, Novo-Lenino
mic rodistrict, crossing of 6th Soviet Lane and Telman street,
52°20'18.70"N 104°11'44.68"E, an abandoned waste land,
two meters from the road, 08.25.2018, coll. V.V. Murashko.
52910-52913 (IRK): 39.
alictrum amurense Maxim. (Ranunculaceae)
Contributors: Alexander N. Luferov & Nikolai V. Friesen
Distribution and habitat
Thalictrum amurense Ma xim. is not listed in the re ports on
the ora of Japan (Ohwi 1965, Emura 1972, Ta mu ra 1972,
Kadota 2006). This species was considered to grow only on
the mainland: in the Russian Far East – Primorsky Ter ritory
and Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Province, Jewish Auto no-
mous Province, and in Northeast China and the Ko re an
Peninsula (Luferov 1992, 2004, 2015, 2016). It grows in up-
land and oodplain meadows, forest edges and along road-
sides (Luferov 1995).
Taxonomic notes
The species independence of T. amurense was not pre-
vious ly recognized by some botanists: this species was con-
si de red as a synonym for T. simplex L. (Komarov 1903),
149
Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
New records for the flora of Russia and adjacent states
T. simp lex var. afne (Ledeb.) Regel (Regel 1861, Kitagawa
1979) or T. avum L. (Nevski 1937, Emura 1972). At pre-
sent, taxonomic isolation of T. amurense is conrmed by
mor pho lo gical, anatomical, ecological-geographical, phe-
no lo gical and biochemical features (Woroshilov 1961, 1982,
Ponomarchuk & Ulanova 1977; Luferov 1992, 1995). Views
towards relationships of the T. amurense family are different:
V.N. Woroshilov (1961) noted that this species is close
to T. simplex, T. avum and T. angustifolium Jacq. (primarily
called T. lucidum L.). According to Ponomarchuk & Ulanova
(1977), only T. simplex is the closest species to T. amurense.
T. amurense is a plant up to 220 cm tall, with short under-
ground rhizomes and bunches of numerous lemon-yellow
ad ventitious roots; sometimes with thin stoloniferous rhi-
zomes up to 30 cm long. Stems straight, ribbed, branched
at the top and slightly wavy. Leaves 5–20 cm long, 3–12 cm
wide, oblong-triangular, bipinnate or tripinnate, biternate
or triternate, appressed to the stem; 1–4 basal leaves, wide-
trian gu lar, reclinated from the stem. Leaets 2–7 cm long,
0.5–1.5 cm wide, oblong-obovate, lanceolate, oblong-
rhombic, 3–5-dentate, base cuneate; blades dark green and
shiny on the upper surface, light green and dull beneath, with
sharply pro truding veins. Inorescence a narrow pyramidal
panicle. Pe dicels 2–4(6) together, straight or slightly curved,
0.4–1.2 cm long. Tepals and anther laments light yellow.
Sta mens 3–5 mm long. Anthers linear, 1–2 mm long. Pistils
5–12 in number, style oblong-triangular. Achenes 3–3.5 mm
long, 1–1.5 mm wide, ovoid or elliptical.
Examined specimens (new records)
The study of herbarium collections stored at the
V.L. Ko ma rov Botanical Institute (St. Petersburg) allowed
iden ti cation of samples of T. amurense for the rst time
for Ja pan. Their labels are listed below: “Japonia, Nagasaki,
in ter Idzinohari et Kundsho-san, 23 Septem. / 5 Okt. 1863,
coll. Ma xi mowicz” (LE): 40; “Hondo, Koshigaya in Kot su-
ke, 28 Jul. 1951, №. 321, coll. J. Ohwi” (LE): 41.
Vicia bithynica (L.) L. (Fabaceae)
Contributor: Ramazan A. Murtazaliev
Distribution and habitat
The common range of the species covers the Me di ter-
ranean countries, in many of which it is invasive. In the
Caucasus, the species is distributed in Azerbaijan and Geor-
gia (Grossheim 1952). Within the Russian Federation, it
is known in the Krasnodar Territory (along the Black Sea
coast), and the species is also found in the Crimea (Yena
2012). Previously, the species was not presented for the
ora of Dagestan (Murtazaliev 2009). New locations iden-
ti ed for the territory of Dagestan on charges stored in
the Herbarium of the Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS
(LE). Three localities were identied in South Dagestan:
two points in the vicinity of Derbent and one in the valley
of the Samur River.
Taxonomic notes
Annual plant with few-owered brush, which is longer
than leaves. It differs from other species by large up to
10 mm or more, sharply toothed-notched stipules.
Examined specimens (new record)
RUSSIA: [Republic of Dagestan, Akhtynsky District]
in rivulorum littore pr. pagum Zrych, 16.06.1830, coll.
C.A. Meyer s. n. (LE): 42; Prov. Dagestan, Derbent, in her-
bo sis angus tia rum Sary-Kaja, 22.04.1902, coll. [F.N.] Ale-
xeen ko s.n. (LE): 43; Prov. Dagestan, Derbent, ad viam ver-
sus p. Sabnova, 30.04.1902, [F.N.] Alexeenko s. n. (LE): 44.
Viola hirta L. (Violaceae)
Contributors: Denis A. Krivenko & Alla V. Verkhozina
Distribution and habitat
V. hirta is found in Caucasus, irregularly throughout
Europe (mainly in the southern part), including European
Rus sia, in southern Siberia (Valentine et al. 1968, Nikitin
1996, Nikitin & Silantieva 2006) and is also known isolated
from a location in the Chinese province of Xinjiang (Shu
2007). The eastern boundary of the species range is in Re-
pub lic of Khakassia and Krasnoyarsk Territory (Vyltsan
1977). Earlier, the species was also indicated for the territory
of the Irkutsk Province by M.G. Popov (1957), however, it
was not cited in later oristic works on the ora of Siberia
(Iva no va 1979, Zuev 1996, 2012).
The rst reliable nding of V. hirta in the Irkutsk Pro-
vince was made by us in 2009 on the border of the Irkutsk
Pro vince and the Krasnoyarsk Territory, in the vicinity of
the vil lage of Shelaevo on a railway embankment. In 2015,
the spe cies was collected at this location again, but in a
birch fo rest. Probably in the west of the Irkutsk Province
passes the eastern boundary of the range of this species.
V. hirta grows in sparse forests, in thicket of shrubs,
on edge of forests and grass of slopes as well as like most
species of violets in disturbed habitats.
Taxonomic notes
V. hirta is a close relative of V. collina Besser and V. tho-
ma sia na Songeon & E.P. Perrier. All of them belong to the
sec tion Viola. These taxa differ mainly in the character
of leaf blades: round heart-shaped, maximum width near
the middle in V. collina vs. oblong-triangular heart-sha-
ped, maximum width is in its lower third in V. hirta and
V. thomasiana, and in stipules: long fringed, ciliated V. col li na
vs. whole or short-fringed, not ciliated. In turn, V. tho ma-
siana are more miniature plants than V. hirta (Nikitin & Si-
lan tieva 2006).
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Irkutsk Province, Tayshetsky District, NE vi-
cinity of Shelaevo village, 56°55'53.6"N 97°41'08.8"E, rail-
way mound, 21.06.2009, coll. A.V. Verkhozina 47509, 52946
(IRK): 45; Irkutsk Province, Tayshetsky District, behind of
She laevo village, Solonechnoye Lake, left bank of Biryusa
River, 56°55'57.41"N 97°40'52.79"E, tall grass of birch fo-
rest, 26.07.2015, coll. D.A. Krivenko 41871 (MW), 41872
(VLA), 41873 (IRK): 46.
Viola suavis M. Bieb. (Violaceae)
Contributor: Denis A. Krivenko
Distribution and habitat
V. suavis s. l. is a species native in forests, forest edges
and other shady places in S Europe, Caucasus, Asia: N West
and W Middle (Yuzepchuk 1949, Valentine et al. 1968).
In Rus sia, the species is found in south of European and
Caucasian parts. The eastern boundary of its range passes
in Saratov Province (Nikitin 1996, 2014). Earlier this species
for Asian Russia was not known, as well as other species of
violets with stolons belonging to the section Viola (Zuev
2012). Only in 2015, an endemic species for Altai Territory
V. taynensis T. Elisafenko & Ovczinnikova from a typical
sec tion was described (Elisafenko 2015, Elisafenko & Ov-
chin nikova 2015). The last taxon, however, is doubtful, and
in need of further study.
V. suavis has the potential for secondary distribution, so
it was discovered as adventive species in northern European
count ries of Norway (Marcussen & Nordal 1998) and Po-
land (Nobis et al. 2015). The location of V. suavis we dis-
covered in Siberia is clearly secondary, since it was her ba-
rized in forest plantations of Pinus sylvestris L. The nal
conclusion about the origin of this species in Siberia can be
made, probably, after a detailed examination the ribbon-like
pine forest on Kasmala River adjacent to forest plantations
of P. sylvestris.
Taxonomic notes
Viola suavis is most similar to V. taynensis and V. odorata L.
The three species can be easily confused. These taxa differ
150 Botanica Pacica. A journal of plant science and conservaon. 2019. 8(1): 143–154
Verkhozina et al.
mainly in the character of stipules, in stolons and in color
of owers (Yuzepchuk 1949, Nikitin 2014, Elisafenko
2015). Stipules of long fringed-ciliated, owers of half
purple and white, stolons of short and stout in V. suavis vs.
stipules short fringed or whole, owers purple, stolons of
long, procumbent and rooting in V. taynensis and V. odorata.
Examined specimens (new records)
RUSSIA: Altai Territory, Rebrikhinsky District, bet-
ween Voronikha and Rozhnev Log villages, 52°47'47"N
82°20'33"E, forest plantations of Pinus sylvestris, 27.09.2018,
coll. D.A. Krivenko 52924, 52925 (IRK), 52926 (MW): 47.
ymus gobi-altaicus (N. Ulziykh.) Kamelin
& A.L. Budantzev (Labiatae)
(≡ Th. gobicus subsp. gobi-altaicus N. Ulziykh.)
Contributors: Andrey Yu. Korolyuk, Stepan A. Senator,
Evgenii G. Zibzeev & Vladimir M. Vasjukov
Distribution and habitat
Th. gobi-altaicus is a rare and endemic species of South-
West Mongolia. Until recently it was known only by type
spe ci men “P.R.M. Gobi-Altai, jugum Arcz-Bogdo, mon-
ta na Bag-Bajan, montana-steppa, in schistosis unacum
Juniperus pseudosabina, 10 August 1967, coll. N. Ulzijchutag,
P. Aygangonor” (UBA).
Taxonomic notes
The dwarf shrub with stems ending with a lying ve ge-
ta tive shoot. The stems are smoothly tetrahedral, even ly
pubescent along the entire length with short hairs. Ge ne ra-
tive shoots are unbranched. Leaves are elliptical-lanceolate,
up to 2 mm wide, with entire edges, petiolate, densely pu-
bes cent with long hairs above and below. Inorescence is
compact. The calyx reaches a length of 4.5–5 mm in o-
we ring time.
Th. gobi-altaicus is mostly close to Th. gobicus Tscherneva
s. str. (leaves are 2–3 mm wide, pubescent above and naked
below). According to Kamelin & Budantsev (1990), Th.
gobi-altaicus belongs to the series Praeserpylla Klokov, which
includes mostly Far Eastern species with pubescent leaves,
and differs from other species of this series by sparser and
shor ter pubescence of stalks, narrower leaves coated only
by long hairs vs. both long and short hairs in other species.
Th. gobi-altaicus is possibly similar to the South Altai species
Th. narymensis Serg., from which it differs by a larger calyx.
Examined specimens (new records)
MONGOLIA: Taishir, 1637 m a.s.l., 46°42'18.4"N
96°34'51.2"E, 21.07.2018, coll. A.Yu. Korolyuk, S.A. Sena-
tor, E.G. Zibzeev (MW, PVB): 48.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
The reported study was funded by RFBR (grants 17-
44-388084, 18-04-00653, 18-34-20056, 19-04-00658)
RSF (grant 16-16-00080, on Medicago species, Programme
АААА-А17-117012610055-3 of the Cent ral Siberian Bo-
ta ni cal Garden SB RAS, Tomsk State Uni versity com pe ti-
tive ness improvement programme, Go vern ment of Ir kutsk
Province grant and Supported by the Rus sian Aca de mic
Excellence Project 5-100 (Sechenov Uni ver si ty). Spe cial
gratitude to Eric DeChaine (Western Wa shing ton Uni ver-
sity, Bellingham, USA), Matt Berger (Ca li for nia, USA) and
Vanessa Robinson (Thompson Rivers University, Kam-
loops, British Columbia, Canada) for linguistic editing.
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