This chapter explores the ethical issues with posthumous assisted reproduction for individuals who already have frozen gametes or embryos and for individuals requiring postmortem gamete retrieval. Relying on the core ethical principles of justice, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and autonomy, I analyze some of the key ethical issues raised by posthumous assisted reproduction. I then examine who (e.g., surviving partner, surviving parents, third party, etc.) should be permitted to request PAR. I draw heavily on the guidelines issued by the ethics committees of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) and the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE).