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Zusammenfassung Nicht nur die komplexer werdenden Arbeitsprozesse in der Forschung, sondern auch Vorgaben von Geldgebern machen ein professionelles Datenmanagement erforderlich. Die ETH Zürich unterstützt ihre Forschenden auf vielfältige Weise. Der Artikel beschreibt konkrete technische Lösungen, die im Einsatz sind, sowie das Beratungs- und Kursangebot der ETH Zürich. Statistiken zeigen, welche Kundengruppen erreicht werden und wo noch Handlungsbedarf besteht.

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Research as a digital enterprise has created new, often poorly addressed challenges for the management and curation of research to ensure continuity, transparency, and accountability. There is a common misunderstanding that curation can be considered at a later point in the research cycle or delegated or that it is too burdensome or too expensive due to a lack of efficient tools. This creates a curation gap between research practice and curation needs. We argue that this gap can be narrowed if curators provide attractive support that befits research needs and if researchers consistently manage their work according to generic concepts consistently from the beginning. A rather uniquely long-term case study demonstrates how such concepts have helped to pragmatically implement a research practice intentionally using only minimalist tools for sustained, self-contained archiving since 1989. The paper sketches the concepts underlying three core research activities. (i) handling of research data, (ii) reference management as part of scholarly publishing, and (iii) advancing theories through modelling and simulation. These concepts represent a universally transferable best research practice, while technical details are obviously prone to continuous change. We hope it stimulates researchers to manage research similarly and that curators gain a better understanding of the curation challenges research practice actually faces.
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Many studies in information science have looked at the growth of science. In this study, we re-examine the question of the growth of science. To do this we (i) use current data up to publication year 2012 and (ii) analyse it across all disciplines and also separately for the natural sciences and for the medical and health sciences. Furthermore, the data are analysed with an advanced statistical technique - segmented regression analysis - which can identify specific segments with similar growth rates in the history of science. The study is based on two different sets of bibliometric data: (1) The number of publications held as source items in the Web of Science (WoS, Thomson Reuters) per publication year and (2) the number of cited references in the publications of the source items per cited reference year. We have looked at the rate at which science has grown since the mid-1600s. In our analysis of cited references we identified three growth phases in the development of science, which each led to growth rates tripling in comparison with the previous phase: from less than 1% up to the middle of the 18th century, to 2 to 3% up to the period between the two world wars and 8 to 9% to 2012.
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Research on practices to share and reuse data will inform the design of infrastructure to support data collection, management, and discovery in the long tail of science and technology. These are research domains in which data tend to be local in character, minimally structured, and minimally documented. We report on a ten-year study of the Center for Embedded Network Sensing (CENS), a National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center. We found that CENS researchers are willing to share their data, but few are asked to do so, and in only a few domain areas do their funders or journals require them to deposit data. Few repositories exist to accept data in CENS research areas.. Data sharing tends to occur only through interpersonal exchanges. CENS researchers obtain data from repositories, and occasionally from registries and individuals, to provide context, calibration, or other forms of background for their studies. Neither CENS researchers nor those who request access to CENS data appear to use external data for primary research questions or for replication of studies. CENS researchers are willing to share data if they receive credit and retain first rights to publish their results. Practices of releasing, sharing, and reusing of data in CENS reaffirm the gift culture of scholarship, in which goods are bartered between trusted colleagues rather than treated as commodities.
Zusammenfassung Im Sommer 2017 lancierte die ETH-Bibliothek nach rund dreijähriger Projektphase die Research Collection, eine neue Publikationsplattform für die Forschenden an der ETH Zürich. Die Plattform vereint die Funktionen einer Hochschulbibliographie, eines Open-Access-Repository und eines Forschungsdaten-Repository unter einem Dach. Sie wurde auf Basis der Open-Source-Software DSpace implementiert und löste zugleich zwei Vorgängersysteme ab. Heute ist die Research Collection ein zentraler Baustein innerhalb der hochschulweiten Informationsinfrastruktur der ETH Zürich.
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  • Ana Sesartic Petrus
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