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The Science of Getting Rich

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"The Science of Getting Rich" is a scientific book that teach the principles like Self-Esteem, Thankfulness that operated daily that give riches to the reader.
The Science
Wallace D. Wattles
Updated and composed by
Giovanni A. Orlando
Forgotten Science and New Age
2013 – Future Technologies
Summer 2013
The Science of Getting Rich
All Material available here is NOT Copyright.
ISBN-10: 8888768955
ISBN-13: 978-8888768953
Orlando, Giovanni A. 1963-. The Science of Getting Rich
Library of Congress Control Number: 2012939671
Spirituality/Personal Growth.
All the published material released by Future Technologies Inc is copyright, in United States of America, Europe and
the rest of the world.
This book had been published in United States and Europe.
The Science of Getting Rich is a classic, written by Wallace D. Wattles, and published in
1910. Wattles died in 1911 shortly after publishing this book. Forgotten for decades, it was
recently rediscovered. The timeless principles in this classic will transform your financial
A primary principal in The Science of Getting Rich is to always five more in "use value"
than you receive in "cash value" for your products or services. As Wattles states in his book,
if you practice and apply this science, you will get rich!
Preface to 2013 Edition by Giovanni A. Orlando........................7
Chapter 1. The Right To Be Rich...........................................11
Chapter 2. There is A Science of Getting Rich.........................15
Chapter 3. Is Opportunity Monopolized?................................19
This book is pragmatical, not philosophical: a practical manual, not
a treatise upon theories. It is intended for the men and women
whose most pressing need is for money: who wish to get rich first,
and philosophize afterward. It is for those who have, so far, found
neither the tune, the means, nor the opportunity to go deeply into
the study of metaphysics, but who want results and who are willing
to take the conclusions of science as a basis for action, without
going into all the processes by which those conclusions were
It is expected that the reader will take the fundamental statements
upon faith, just as he would take statements concerning a law of
electrical action if they were promulgated by a Marconi or an
Edison: and taking the statements upon faith, that he will prove
their truth by acting upon them without fear or hesitation. Every
man or woman who does this will certainly get rich: for the science
herein applied is an exact science, and failure is impossible. For
the benefit, however, of those who wish to investigate
philosophical theories and so secure a logical basis for faith. I will
here cite certain authorities.
The monistic theory of the universe the theory that One is All. and
that All is One: That one Substance manifests itself as the seeming
many elements of the material world -is of Hindu origin, and has
been gradually winning its way into the thought of the western
world for two hundred years. It is the foundation of all the Oriental
philosophies, and of those of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz.
Schopenhauer, Hegel, and Emerson. The reader who would dig to
the philosophical foundations of this is advised to read Hegel and
Emerson for himself.
In writing this book I have sacrificed all other considerations to
plainness and simplicity of style, so that all might understand. The
plan of action laid down herein was deduced from the conclusions
of philosophy: it has been thoroughly tested, and bears the supreme
test of practical experiment: it works. If you wish to know how the
conclusions were arrived at read the writings of the authors
mentioned above: and if you wish to reap the fruits of their
philosophies in actual practice, read this book and do exactly as it
tells you to do.
The Author
Preface to 2013 Edition by Giovanni A. Orlando
Blessed is the Lord … and in my … wish to help, which is
also a cause of troubles, because Poor cannot help poor, and if you
are a King, like the King that lose its fortune giving away to his
people, and then die with dishonor, returning like Napoleon and
again was titled like Tyrant … the necessity to help others lies on
the fact to be in a position to.
Honestly the Art of Life, is the Art to help Itself, before
help others and when you are in a Highest Position, well, in that
position you can help others.
How arrive this book to me? Humm this is a good
question. In the Movie ‘The Secret’ appears a book which is
Elizabeth Towne - The Life Power and How to Use It’, and she
Elizabeth offers thanks to Wallace D. Wattles.
Therefore, I create space in my Book Collection, ‘Forgotten
Science and New Age’ to include both titles moving down in
some delay other announced books.
This book is about Money, and while my study and book
about the Metaphysical approach to Wealth still delay, because my
discomfort … I want to push this book.
Please consider a question of Karma, if you prefer the
reason for my delay, as well consider my guilty that delay because
it is my world which I am healing, from a financial point of view,
and while Alice A. Bailey in her book, The Destiny of Nations,
exclaim: ‘The World is one world and its suffering are one;
humanity is in truth a unity, but many are still unaware of this …’
Now once Humanity and the Nations get healing, such
healing will be Global and no one country will remain without
The same is the still unsolved puzzle between Communist
and Capitalism, also in these days of August 2013, in the divergent
directions between the President of United States and the President
of Modern Mother Russia,
In fact, Saint Germain speaks … and say:
240 The law of perversion by misqualification of the original
Principle in the practice of the black arts by adepts of the left-
handed path, 241 we see, is all confused and mixed up with the
adaptation of the Hegelian synthesis to the Communist world view.
242 In order for their theory to come out, 243 they must insert
seeds of corruption in every thesis they desire to swallow up by the
creation of a synthetic (trumped up) antithesis.
244 If Christ Truth be the premise of the abundant Life on earth,
245 the lie of anti-Christ as opposition to all that Christ Truth is
and stands for will be set up as antithesis to tear down, break up,
compromise, and destroy.
246 And the devil's delight is to hold up his red pajamas and say:
247 See me! See my way of merry mediocrity, 248 see my synthesis
of two opposing systems that won't work without my intercession
and expertise!
249 But oil and water do not mix, 250 nor bond and free, nor the
ways of heaven and hell. 251 There is no human solution or
dissolution to the Divine Thesis. 252 The cosmic honor flame
stands alone, 253 all-one, as the flaming two-edged sword to keep
the way of every man's tree of life. (Gen 3:24)
254 Its purity all consuming is its only response to every synthetic,
255 antithetical assailant of its Divinity untouchable.
--Saint Germain on Alchemy: Love:240-255.
Purity and the Way to the Tree of Life, lies on the ‘
91 The greatest angels who keep the way of the Tree of Life cannot deny
those who have reunited with the wholly innocent mind of God access to
Eden. 92 How can they, then, deny it to the Divine Alchemist in man, 93
who in honor reaches forth to take the fruit of the Tree of Life that he
may indeed live forever?
94 The meaning of the allegory is quite simple. 95 So long as man lives
according to the "earth, earthy," according to the concepts of "flesh and
blood," he cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven, (I Cor 15:47-50) 96 he
cannot sustain the heavenly consciousness.
97 But when in childlike innocence he enters into the divine domain, 98
he finds that all of the universe is his 99 for now he belongs to all of the
100 This sweet surrender to the mighty currents of cosmic law and purity
shows him 101 the need to transfer from the higher octaves of light into
the lower ramifications of self 102 the power and the glory, 103 the
victory and the overcoming, 104 the transmittal and the transmutation.
105 He must shed the glitter and the glamour; 106 he must replace it by
light and purity and do all things well.
-- Saint Germain on Alchemy:
Nature Yields to the Childlike Mind:91-106.
Without purity, without the Understanding of the Cosmic Laws,
still Prayers have no sense.
The World is going to a direction to discard Capitalism, because
for few people is Rich and to finally reject Communism because a
Paradox of Economy, impossible to be solved.
Therefore this book, offers an Introduction to a New Social-
Economical Order, an New Order to the full realization of the
American Dream, for everyone on planet Earth.
May this book, give you some insights about The Science of
Getting Rich’.
Giovanni A. Orlando
August 2013.
Chapter 1. The Right To Be Rich
WHATEVER may be said in praise of poverty, the fact remains
that it is not possible to live a really complete or successful life
unless one is rich. No man can rise to his greatest possible height
in talent or soul development unless he has plenty of money: for to
unfold the soul and to develop talent he must have many things to
use, and he cannot have these things unless he has money to buy
them with.
A man develops in mind, soul, and body by making use of things,
and society is so organized that man must have money in order to
become the possessor of things: therefore, the basis of all
advancement for man must be the science of getting rich.
The object of all life is development: and everything that lives has
an inalienable right to all the development it is capable of attaining.
Man's right to life means his right to have the free and unrestricted
use of all the things winch may be necessary to his fullest mental,
spiritual, and physical unfoldment: or, in other words, his right to
be rich.
In this book. I shall not speak of riches in a figurative way; to be
really rich does not mean to be satisfied or contented with a little.
No man ought to be satisfied with a little if he is capable of using
and enjoying more. The purpose of Nature is the advancement and
unfoldment of life: and even man should have all that can
contribute to the power: elegance, beauty, and richness of life: to
be content with less is sinful.
The man who owns all he wants for the living of all the life he is
capable of living is rich: and no man who has not plenty of money
can have all he wants.
Life has advanced so far. and become so complex, that even the
most ordinary man or woman requires a great amount of wealth in
order to live in a manner that even approaches completeness.
Every person naturally wants to become all that they are capable of
becoming: this desire to realize innate possibilities is inherent in
human nature: we cannot help wanting to be all that we can be.
Success in life is becoming what you want to be: you can become
what you want to be only by making use of things, and you can
have the free use of things only as you become rich enough to buy
them. To understand the science of getting rich is therefore the
most essential of all knowledge.
There is nothing wrong in wanting to get rich. The desire for riches
is really the desire for a richer, fuller, and more abundant life: and
that desire is praise worthy.
The man who does not desire to live more abundantly is abnormal,
and so the man who does not desire to have money enough to buy
all he wants is abnormal.
There are three motives for which we live; we live for the body, we
live for the mind, we live for the soul. No one of these is better or
holier than the other: all are alike desirable, and no one of the three
—body, mind, or soul— can live fully if either of the others is cut
short of full life and expression. It is not right or noble to live only
for the soul and deny mind or body; and it is wrong to live for the
intellect and deny body or soul.
We are all acquainted with the loathsome consequences of living
for the body and denying both mind and soul; and we see that real
life means the complete expression of all that man can give forth
through body, mind, and soul.
Whatever he can say, no man can be really happy or satisfied
unless his body is living fully in every function, and unless the
same is true of his mind and his soul. Wherever there is
unexpressed possibility, or function not performed, there is
unsatisfied desire. Desire is possibility seeking expression, or
function seeking performance.
Man cannot live fully in body without good food, comfortable
clothing, and warm shelter; and without freedom from excessive
toil. Rest and recreation are also necessary to his physical life.
He cannot live fully in mind without books and time to study them,
without opportunity for travel and observation, or without
intellectual companionship.
To live fully in mind he must have intellectual recreations, and
must surround himself with all the objects of art and beauty he is
capable of using and appreciating.
To live fully in soul, man must have love; and love is denied
expression by poverty.
A man's highest happiness is found in the bestowal of benefits on
those he loves; love finds its most natural and spontaneous
expression in giving. The man who has nothing to give cannot fill
his place as a husband or father, as a citizen, or as a man. It is in
the use of material things that a man finds full life for his body,
develops his mind, and unfolds his soul. It is therefore of supreme
importance to him that he should be rich.
It is perfectly right that you should desire to be rich; if you are a
normal man or woman you cannot help doing so. It is perfectly
right that you should give your best attention to the Science of
Getting Rich, for it is the noblest and most necessary of all studies.
If you neglect this study, you are derelict in your duty to yourself,
to God and humanity; for you can render to God and humanity no
greater service than to make the most of yourself
Chapter 2. There is A Science of Getting Rich
THERE is a Science of getting rich, and it is an exact science, like
algebra or arithmetic. There are certain laws which govern the
process of acquiring riches; once these laws are learned and
obeyed by any man, he will get rich with mathematical certainty.
The ownership of money and property comes as a result of doing
things in a certain way; those who do things in this Certain Way,
whether on purpose or accidentally, get rich; while those who do
not do things in this Certain Way, no matter how hard they work or
how able they are, remain poor.
It is a natural law that like causes always produce like effects; and,
therefore, any man or woman who learns to do things in this
certain way will infallibly get rich.
That the above statement is true is shown by the following facts:
Getting rich is not a matter of environment, for, if it were, all the
people in certain neighborhoods would become wealthy; the
people of one city would all be rich, while those of other towns
would all be poor; or the inhabitants of one state would roll in
wealth, while those of an adjoining state would be in poverty.1
But everywhere we see rich and poor living side by side, in the
same environment, and often engaged in the same vocations. When
two men are in the same locality, and in the same business, and one
gets rich while the other remains poor, it shows that getting rich is
not, primarily, a matter of environment. Some environments maybe
more favorable than others, but when two men in the same
business are in the same neighborhood, and one gets rich while the
other fails, it indicates that getting rich is the result of doing things
in a Certain Way.
Getting rich is not the result of saving, or "thrift"; many very
penurious people are poor, while free spenders often get rich.
1 Honestly is a matter of environment, because only when
someone change its mind, is attracted to another place, another
house more big and live the people the poor people.
Therefore is a matter of the environment until you change.
Nor is getting rich due to doing things which others fail to do; for
two men in the same business often do almost exactly the same
things, and one gets rich while the other remains poor or becomes
From all these things, we must come to the conclusion that getting
rich is the result of doing things in a Certain Way.
If getting rich is the result of doing things in a Certain Way, and if
like causes always produce like effects, then any man or woman
who can do things in that way can become rich, and the whole
matter is brought within the domain of exact science.
The question arises here, whether this Certain Way may not be so
difficult that only a few may follow it. This cannot be true, as we
have seen, so far as natural ability is concerned. Talented people
get rich, and blockheads get rich; intellectually brilliant people get
rich, and very stupid people get rich; physically strong people get
rich, and weak and sickly people get rich.
Some degree of ability to think and understand is, of course,
essential; but in so far natural ability is concerned, any man or
woman who has sense enough to read and understand these words
can certainly get rich.
Also, we have seen that it is not a matter of environment. Location
counts for something; one would not go to the heart of the Sahara
and expect to do successful business.
Getting rich involves the necessity of dealing with men, and of
being where there are people to deal with; and if these people are
inclined to deal in the way you want to deal, so much the better.
But that is about as far as environment goes.
If anybody else in your town can get rich, so can you; and if
anybody else in your state can get rich, so can you.
Again, it is not a matter of choosing some particular business or
profession. People get rich in every business, and in every
profession; while their next-door neighbors in the same vocation
remain in poverty.
It is true that you will do best in a business which you like, and
which is congenial to you; and if you have certain talents which are
well developed, you will do best in a business which calls for the
exercise of those talents.
Also, you will do best in a business which is suited to your
locality; an ice-cream parlor would do better in a warm climate
than in Greenland, and a salmon fishery will succeed better in the
Northwest than in Florida, where there are no salmon.
But, aside from these general limitations, getting rich is not
dependent upon your engaging in some particular business, but
upon your learning to do things in a Certain Way. If you are now in
business, and anybody else in your locality is getting rich in the
same business, while you are not getting rich, it is because you are
not doing things in the same Way that the other person is doing
No one is prevented from getting rich by lack of capital. True, as
you get capital the increase becomes more easy and rapid; but one
who has capital is already rich, and does not need to consider how
to become so. No matter how poor you may be, if you begin to do
things in the Certain Way you will begin to get rich; and you will
begin to have capital. The getting of capital is a part of the process
of getting rich; and it is a part of the result which invariably
follows the doing of things in the Certain Way.
You may be the poorest man on the continent, and be deeply in
debt; you may have neither friends, influence, nor resources; but if
you begin to do things in this way, you must infallibly begin to get
rich, for like causes must produce like effects.
If you have no capital, you can get capital; if you are in the wrong
business, you can get into the right business; if you are in the
wrong location, you can go to the right location; and you can do so
by beginning in your present business and in your present
location to do things in the Certain Way which causes success.
Chapter 3. Is Opportunity Monopolized?
NO man is kept poor because opportunity has been taken away
from him; because other people have monopolized the wealth, and
haw put a fence around it.
You may be shut off from engaging in business in certain lines, but
there are other channels open to you. Probably it would be hard for
you to get control of any of the great railroad systems; that field is
pretty well monopolized.
But the electric railway business is still in its infancy, and offers
plenty of scope for enterprise; and it will be but a very few years
until traffic and transportation through the air will become a great
industry, and in all its branches will give employment to hundreds
of thousands, and perhaps to millions, of people, why not turn your
attention to the development of aerial transportation, instead of
competing with J.J. Hill and others for a chance in the steam
railway world?
It is quite true that if you are a workman in the employ of tile steel
trust you have very little chance of becoming the owner of the
plant in which you work; but it is also true that if you will
commence to act in a Certain Way, you can soon leave the employ
of the steel trust; you can buy a farm of from ten to forty acres, and
engage in business as a producer of foodstuffs.
There is great opportunity at this time for men who will live upon
small tracts of land and cultivate the same intensively; such men
will certainly get rich. You may say that it is impossible for you to
get the land, but I am going to prove to you that it is not
impossible, and that you can certainly get a farm if you will go to
work in a Certain Way.
At different periods the tide of opportunity sets in different
directions, according to the needs of the whole, and the particular
stage of social evolution which has been reached. At present, in
America, it is setting toward agriculture and the allied industries
and professions.
Today, opportunity is open before the factory worker in his line. It
is open before the business man who supplies the farmer more than
before the one who supplies the factory worker; and before the
professional man who waits upon the farmer more than before the
one who serves the working class.
There is abundance of opportunity for the man who will go with
the tide, instead of trying to swim against it.
So the factory workers, either as individuals or as a class, are not
deprived of opportunity. The workers are not being "kept down" by
their masters; they are not being "ground" by the trusts and
combinations of capital.
As a class, they are where they are because they do not do things in
a Certain Way. If the workers of America chose to do so, they
could follow the example of their brothers in Belgium and other
countries, and establish great department stores and co-operative
industries; they could elect men of their own class to office, and
pass laws favoring the development of such co-operative
industries; and in a few years they could take peaceable possession
of the industrial field.
The working class may become the master class whenever they
will begin to do things in a Certain Way; the law of wealth is the
same for them as it is for all others. This they must learn; and they
will remain where they are as long as they continue to do as they
do. The individual worker, however, is not held down by the
ignorance or the mental slothfulness of his class; he can follow the
tide of opportunity to riches, and this book will tell him how.
No one is kept in poverty by a shortness in the supply of riches;
there is more than enough for all.
A palace as large as the capitol at Washington might be built for
every family on earth from the building material in the United
States alone; and under intensive cultivation, this country would
produce wool, cotton, linen, and silk enough to cloth each person
in the world finer than Solomon was arrayed in all his glory,
together with food enough to feed them all luxuriously.
The visible supply is practically inexhaustible; and the invisible
supply really IS inexhaustible.
Everything you see on earth is made from one original substance,
out of which all things proceed.
New Forms are constantly being made, and older ones are
dissolving; but all are shapes assumed by One Thing.
There is no limit to the supply of Formless Stuff, or Original
Substance. The universe is made out of it; but it was not all used in
making the universe. The spaces in, through, and between the
forms of the visible universe are permeated and filled with the
Original Substance; with the formless Stuff; with the raw material
of all things. Ten thousand times as much as has been made might
still be made, and even then we should not haw exhausted the
supply of universal raw material.
No man, therefore, is poor because nature is poor, or because there
is not enough to go around.
Nature is an inexhaustible storehouse of riches; the supply will
never run short. Original Substance is alive with creative energy,
and is constantly producing more forms. When the supply of
building material is exhausted, more will be produced; when the
soil is exhausted so that foodstuffs and materials for clothing will
no longer grow upon it, it will be renewed or more soil will be
made, when all the gold and silver has been dug from the earth, if
man is still in such a stage of social development that he needs
gold and silver, more will produced from the Formless. The
Formless Stuff responds to the needs of man; it will not let him be
without any good thing.
This is true of man collectively; the race as a whole is always
abundantly rich, and if individuals are poor, it is because they do
not follow the Certain Way of doing things which makes the
individual man rich.
The Formless Stuff is intelligent; it is stuff which thinks. It is alive,
and is always impelled toward more life.
It is the natural and inherent impulse of life to seek to live more; it
is the nature of intelligence to enlarge itself, and of consciousness
to seek to extend its boundaries and find fuller expression. The
universe of forms has been made by Formless Living Substance,
throwing itself into form in order to express itself more fully.
The universe is a great Living Presence, always moving inherently
toward more life and fuller functioning.
Nature is formed for the advancement of life; its impelling motive
is the increase of life.
For this cause, everything which can possibly minister to life is
bountifully provided; there can be no lack unless God is to
contradict himself and nullify his own works.
You are not kept poor by lack in the supply of riches; it is a fact
which I shall demonstrate a little farther on that even the resources
of the Formless Supply are at the command of the man or woman
will act and think in a Certain Way.
Chapter 4. The First Principle in The Science of
Getting Rich
THOUGHT is the only power which can produce tangible riches
from the Formless Substance. The stuff from which all things are
made is a substance which thinks, and a thought of form in this
substance produces the form.
Original Substance moves according to its thoughts; every form
and process you see in nature is the visible expression of a thought
in Original Substance.
As the Formless Stuff thinks of a form, it takes that form; as it
thinks of a motion, it makes that motion.
That is the way all things were created. We live in a thought world,
which is part of a thought universe.
The thought of a moving universe extended throughout Formless
Substance, and the Thinking Stuff moving according to that
thought, took the form of systems of planets, and maintains that
Thinking Substance takes the form of its thought, and moves
according to the thought.
Holding the idea of a circling system of suns and worlds, it takes
the form of these bodies, and moves them as it thinks. Thinking the
form of a slow-growing oak tree, it moves accordingly, and
produces the tree, though centuries may be required to do the
In creating, the Formless seems to move according to the lines of
motion it has established; the thought of an oak tree does not cause
the instant formation of a full-grown tree, but it does start in
motion the forces which will produce the tree, along established
lines of growth.
Every thought of form, held in thinking Substance, causes the
creation of the form, but always, or at least generally, along lines
of growth and action already established.
The thought of a house of a certain construction, if it were
impressed upon Formless Substance, might not cause the instant
formation, of the house; but it would cause the turning of creative
energies already working in trade and commerce into such
channels as to result in the speedy building of the house. And if
there were no existing channels through which the creative energy
could work, then the house would be formed directly from primal
substance, without waiting for the slow processes of the organic
and inorganic world.
No thought of form can be impressed upon Original Substance
without causing the creation of the form.
Man is a thinking center, and can originate thought. All the forms
that man fashions with his hands must first exist in his thought; he
cannot shape a tiling until he has thought that thing.
And so far man has confined his efforts wholly to the work of his
hands; he has applied manual labor to the world of forms, seeking
to change or modify those already existing. He has never thought
of trying to cause the creation of new forms by impressing his
thoughts upon Formless Substance.
When man has a thought-form, he takes material from the forms of
nature, and makes an image of the form which is in his mind. He
has, so far, made little or no effort to co-operate with Formless
Intelligence; to work "with the Father."
He has not dreamed that he can "do what he seeth the Father
doing." Man reshapes and modifies existing forms by manual
labor; he has given no attention to the question whether he may not
produce things from Formless Substance by communicating his
thoughts to it.
We propose to prove that he may do so; to prove that any man or
woman may do so, and to show how. As our first step, we must lay
down three fundamental propositions.
First, we assert that there is one original formless stuff, or
substance, from which all things are made. All the seemingly many
elements are but different presentations of one element; all the
many forms found in organic and inorganic nature are but different
shapes, made from the same stuff.
And this stuff is thinking stuff; a thought held in it produces the
form of the thought. Thought, in thinking substance, produces
shapes. Man is a thinking center, capable of original thought; if
man can communicate his thought to original thinking substance,
he can cause the creation, or formation, of the thing he thinks
about. To summarize this:
1. There is a thinking stuff from which all things are made,
and which, in its original state, permeates, penetrates,
and fills the interspaces of the universe.
2. A thought, in this substance, produces the thing that is
imaged by the thought.
3. Man can form things in his thought, and. by impressing
his thought upon formless substance, can cause the thing
he thinks about to be created.
It may be asked if I can prove these statements; and without going
into details, I answer that I can do so, both by logic and experience.
... It was a common practice in the olden days of feudalism to find careers becoming a family affair where for example the son of a blacksmith was destined to become a blacksmith and the individual born into the ruling family being regarded as born a leader (Kochung & Migunde, 2011). However, industrialization and post industrialization experiences have made it possible for common or poor persons to become rich as long as they have due skills and knowledge (Wattles, 2009). Currently, one has not only to make due career planning but also do exhaustive career research before making a career choice so as to adjust to the ever-evolving socio-economic conditions (Wattles, 2009). ...
... However, industrialization and post industrialization experiences have made it possible for common or poor persons to become rich as long as they have due skills and knowledge (Wattles, 2009). Currently, one has not only to make due career planning but also do exhaustive career research before making a career choice so as to adjust to the ever-evolving socio-economic conditions (Wattles, 2009). ...
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This study investigated the relationship between peer group influence and occupational choice of students in some selected senior secondary schools in Sokoto Metropolis. A descriptive correlational research of the correlational type was adopted in this study. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select 8 out of the 21 Senior Secondary Schools in Sokoto Metropolis. 346 students were selected using Research Advisor table of determining sample size in a given population. Two instruments were used for data collection in this study namely: Researchers' designed Occupational Peer Influence Questionnaire (OPIQ) to measure students' occupational peer influence and Adopted version of Bakare Motivation for Occupation Preference Scale (MOPS) to measure students' career aspirations. The data was analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation 'r' Analysis with the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20.0. The result showed that there was a significant relationship between peer group influence and occupational choice of respondents. Based on this finding, it was recommended that school counsellors and teachers should try and encourage students to seek information on occupational choice rather than parading peer advice and also sufficient information on occupation should be made available to students.
... Career choice can influence how much education the individual will have and also determine the amount of money or income the individual will earn. Students have to make due career planning and also do exhaustive career research before making a career choice so as to adjust with the evolving socio-economic conditions in society (Wattles, [5]). This implies that information is highly important in career choice. ...
... Therefore, this conclusion ties in with several previous empirical studies. 5. The influence of peers on career aspirations of students does not vary on the basis of age. ...
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Aim: The study examined the influence of Peers, Teachers and Parents in the career aspiration of students in public Senior High Schools. Three research questions and three hypotheses framed the study. Study Design: Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. One Hundred and Ninety Six (196) students, 30 teachers, and 50 parents were selected to respond to self designed questionnaires using stratified and simple random sampling techniques. Data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The findings indicated that: Teachers do not significantly influence the career aspirations of students, Parental influence is a major determinant in the career aspirations of students, Peers influence the career aspirations of male and female students differently, the influence of peers on career aspirations of students does not vary on the basis of age and programme of study. Original Research Article Owusu et al.; JESBS, 34(2): 67-79, 2021; Article no.JESBS.67509 68 Conclusion: Peers and parents determine to a large extent the decisions that students make concerning the careers they may want to pursue, as such, it is recommended that: School heads should collaborate with counselling unit in schools to organise career workshops for students to help minimise the influence of stakeholders on students' career aspirations.
... It was a common practice in the olden days of feudalism to find careers becoming a family affair where, for example, the son of a blacksmith was destined to become a blacksmith and the individual born into the ruling family being regarded as born a leader (Kochung & Migunde, 2011). Industrialization and post-industrialization experiences have made it possible for common or poor persons to become rich as long as they have due skills and knowledge (Wattles, 2009). ...
... As a result of the ever evolving nature of the world of work, individuals constantly face challenges that impact their career. Today, one has not only to make due career planning but also do exhaustive career research before making a career choice so as to adjust to the everevolving socio-economic conditions (Wattles, 2009). ...
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Making a career choice is a major turning point in the lives of adolescents in senior high schools. For it is in the senior high schools that students are advised or counselled on future worthwhile occupations. The study set to establish the relationship among self-knowledge, family influence, career knowledge level and senior high school students’ aspirations for entrepreneurial careers. Four hypotheses were tested, whilst 1,004 Form 3 senior high school students were selected from 27 senior high schools nationwide using the multi-stage sampling approach. A 71-item questionnaire with an overall reliability of 0.79 was used to collect data. The three dependent variables were found to be significantly related to students’ aspirations for entrepreneurial careers. Again, a positive relationship was found between self-knowledge and aspirations for entrepreneurial careers. It was, therefore, concluded that senior high school students in Ghana rank high regarding their self-knowledge, family influence and career knowledge levels in their aspirations to entrepreneurial careers. It was recommended that students should be equipped with skills or assisted to know and understand themselves well with respect to making career choices, and also entrepreneurship education should be introduced in senior high school curriculum in Ghana. Implications of the study for counsellor education include taking the variables (personal and contextual) into consideration in counselling students on careers..
... Career choice is one of the important decisions students have to make in determining their future plans, but it has become a complex one with the dawn of information technology, as well as the emergence of post-industrial revolution and the competition of jobs (Altbach, Reisberg, & Rumbley 2019). According to Wattles (2009), industrialization and post industrialization have made it possible for some individuals to be rich so long as they have the required skills and knowledge that will help them throughout their lives. In today's world of competitive knowledge and continuous economic hardships, one does not only have to make due planning of career, but also exhaustive career research before making a good choice of career. ...
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The study explored the relationship between career choice and students' personality traits among university students. The study employed quantitative research approach and correlational research design to test the hypotheses. Questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents. Three hundred and fifty-four (354) students were selected through multi-stage sampling approach. The study was limited to final year students in three universities. The data were analysed using Pearson correlation coefficient and independent sample t-test. It was found that there is statistically significant relationship between career choice and personality trait. It was further observed that career choice of females and males do not differ. It was recommended that the institutions formulate a policy to ensure that counselors continue to educate students on the essence of career choice and personality traits. Again, it was recommended that workshops and seminars be organized to encourage the University students to venture into careers of their choice.
... Career choice has been recorded as a complex task faced by many students which in one way or the other affected their future career (Eremie, 2014). Most student lack the exact information relating to occupational opportunities for making a suitable career choice as result of some factors (Wattles, 2009). AJOPASE July, 2022 Vol 20, No 1 pp 37 -46 Adetola, L.B, Ohwofasa, O & Ikatule, I. ...
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The study was carried out to determine the factors influencing career choice in Technical education among Colleges of Education students in Lagos State. The study involved a sample of 100 students drawn from two College of Education within the state. The instruments used for data collection was a structured questionnaire titled: "Career Choice in Technical Education Profession Questionnaire (CCTEPQ)" Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data in line with the level of environmental, guardian's and students' personality influences on career choice in Technical Education. Findings of the study indicated that Technical Education students agree that environmental factors in research question 1 with a grand mean value of 3.023, and parents/guardians related factors in research question 2 having a grand mean value of 2.764, while Students personality related factors; peer group related factors and career guidance officer in research question 3 had a grand mean value of 2.27. Based on these findings, the study recommended that students should not be forced by parents or guardians to choose any career but be guided according to their ability. Students should be encouraged to liaise and interact among themselves and their teachers based on individual personality differences.
... In SWB it is stated that happiness is obtained when several conditions such as needs and goals can be achieved. One of the postulates put forward by Wilson (1967) is that satisfaction on needs causes happiness and vice versa, if needs are not sufficed, it will cause unhappiness [30]. ...
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This essay connects the mass-produced books of the Stratemeyer Syndicate, The Nancy Drew Mystery Stories since 1930 and the Hardy Boys Adventures since 1927, with the discourses of self-help and self-improvement and argues that the effects these books have on their young readers instigate the formation of a very specific (white, middle class) subjectivity. This modern mode of relating to oneself includes an adjustable, self-assertive, self-monitoring personality, which can be understood as an answer to the challenges of the Second Industrialization and the contingencies connected to the acceleration, fragmentation, de-familiarizations, and individualization of modernity. At the same time, the essay argues, the novels also include a very specific position in terms of gender, race, and class, which, in spite of the figure of Nancy Drew, remains fundamentally linked to the values of patriarchy, the middle class and whiteness.
The purpose of the study was to investigate factors influencing the career choice among secondary school students and implications for school library development. The study design adopted was ex-post-facto. The study was guided by four research questions and four null hypotheses. A sample of 65 students was selected using the multi-stage sampling technique. Data were collected with a self-structured questionnaire structured on a 4-point rating scale. The research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.5 level of significance using independent t-test. The major findings showed that there is no significant difference in mean ratings regarding the influence of parental factors on choice of career between male and female students; there is no significant difference in mean ratings regarding the influence of societal culture on the choice of career between male and female students; there is no significant difference in mean ratings regarding the influence of peer groups on the choice of career between male and female students; there is no significant difference in mean ratings regarding the influence of school environment on choice of career. The educational implications of the findings were highlighted such as introducing and strengthening guidance services in schools where they do exist through which first-hand information from organizations will be gotten for students' consumption. Moreover, the study highlighted the implication of the findings to school library development. The major limitations of this study were outlined; recommendations and suggestions for further studies were made.
Yaklaşık son elli yıldır batı dünyasında özellikle Amerika’da maneviyata karşı bir yönelim vardır. Bu yönelim hayatın her bir alanına yansımakta ve bakış açılarını etkilemektedir. Bilimsel çalışmalarda bu eğilimden etkilenmekte ve yapılan akademik çalışmaların seyrini değiştirebilmektedir. Anne Harrington, bazı çalışmalarında Amerika’da son yıllarda artan manevi eğilimleri ön plana çıkarmaktadır. Özellikle sağlık alanında maneviyatla ilgili yapılan makale, kitap vb. çalışmalarla birlikte bu alandaki akademik kuruluşlara dikkatleri çekmektedir. Harrington, din, maneviyat ve sağlıkla ilgili gelişmiş sonuçlar arasındaki bağlantı konusunda, insanların bir kısmının savunmacı bir kısmının muhalif yaklaştıklarını söyleyerek bu yaklaşımların doğru olmadığını, bunların araştırılması gerektiğini de ifade etmektedir. Bu makalede, kiliseye gitmenin yaşam süresini ve hastalığa karşı direnci artırdığı, meditasyon gibi manevi uygulamaların stresi azaltıp sağlığı güçlendirdiği, Tanrı’ya iman etmenin ciddi hastalıkların iyileşmesini kolaylaştırdığı ve bir başkası için dua etmenin hastalığın sonucuna etki ettiği iddiaları gündeme getirilmektedir. Ayrıca bu iddialarla ilgili yapılan araştırmalar ve sonuçları sunulmakta ve bunlarla ilgili değerlendirmeler yapılmaktadır.
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Ovaj rad predstavlja autoricu Rondu Bern i njezina djela u kontekstu ulo-ge čovjekovih misli u njegovome svakodnevnome životu. Posebna pažnja je usmjerena na njezino djelo Tajna budući da ono predstavlja temelj iz kojega je moguće konstruisati njezino učenje. Također, kroz ovaj rad je istražena recepcija Tajne u zemljama bivše Jugoslavije. Ključne riječi: nova misao, Ronda Bern, Tajna, zakon privlačnosti
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