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First records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 for Albania (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae)

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  • Natural History Museum Milan - Italy

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The first records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 in Albania are reported. Additional information on the ecology (habitat preferences, host plants) and the distribution of this species is given.
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Natural History Sciences. Atti Soc. it. Sci. nat. Museo civ. Stor. nat. Milano, 6 (1): 33-36, 2019 DOI: 10.4081/nhs.2019.395
First records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 for Albania
(Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae)
Torsten van der Heyden1*, Paride Dioli2
1 Immenweide 83, 22523 Hamburg, Germany.
2 c/o Museo civico di Storia Naturale, Sezione di Entomologia,
Corso Venezia 55, 20121 Milano, Italia.
E-mail: paridedioli@virgilio.it
* Corresponding author: tmvdh@web.de
© 2018 Torsten van der Heyden, Paride Dioli
Received: 16 March 2018
Accepted for publication: 5 September 2018
Online publication: 29 November 2018
Abstract - The rst records of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 in
Albania are reported. Additional information on the ecology (habitat
preferences, host plants) and the distribution of this species is given.
Key words: Lygaeus simulans, Lygaeidae, Heteroptera, Hexapoda,
Albania, occurrence records, faunistics.
Riassunto - Prime segnalazioni di Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985
per l’Albania (Hemiptera: Eterottera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeinae).
Sono riportate le prime segnalazioni di Lygaeus simulans Deckert,
1985 in Albania. Ulteriori dati sull’ecologia (habitat, piante ospiti) e
sulla distribuzione di questa specie vengono altresì forniti.
Parole chiave: Lygaeus simulans, Lygaeidae, Heteroptera, Hexa-
poda, Albania, nuovi reperti, distribuzione faunistica.
INTRODUCTION
Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985 is morphologically
very similar to the closely related Lygaeus equestris (Lin-
naeus, 1758). Both species occur sympatric and syntopic
in various parts of the Palaearctic Region (Deckert, 1985;
Péricart, 1998; Maschler, 2002).
Lygaeus simulans seems to prefer continental climates
with dry and warm conditions (Deckert, 1985; Péricart,
1998; Rabitsch & Deckert, 2008). The species has been
found on Adonis vernalis L., Digitalis purpurea L. and
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Medik. (Deckert, 1985; Ra-
bitsch & Waitzbauer, 1996; Péricart, 1998; Rabitsch &
Deckert, 2008).
In Europe, L. simulans has been reported from the
following countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the
Czech Republic, France (including the island of Cor-
sica), Germany, Great Britain (including the Channel
Islands), Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan (European
part), Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia
(European part), Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland
and Ukraine (Deckert 1985; Lis, 1987; Kondorosy,
1989; Costas & Vázquez, 1991; Gusev & Tatarnikov,
1991; Josifov, 1990, 1993; Dioli et al., 1994; Rabitsch
& Waitzbauer, 1996; Péricart, 1998, 2001; Aukema,
2013).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
NW-ALBANIA. Theth (Lat: 42.383112, Lon:
19.791355), 21.VI.2014, 1 ex., photograph by Peter La-
Belle (Fig. 1).
Looking among the material collected by the second
author (P.D.) and colleagues in Albania during a scientic
and mountaineering expedition carried out in 1993 (Dioli,
1993), it was possible to nd a specimen of L. simulans
with these label data:
NW-ALBANIA. Okol, scree at the base of Mount Ma-
ja Harapit, 1200 m, 12.VII.1993, 1 ex., male, legit F.Penati
(P.Dioli Collection).
The photograph (LaBelle, Fig. 1) and the specimen
male collected (leg. Penati, Coll. Dioli) in the same area
were subject to a careful evaluation to highlight the parti-
cular characteristics that distinguish this species from L.
equestris:
L. simulans: Bristles of the rst antennal dense; por-
tion of the head to the antennal insertion, protruding later-
ally. Black stripes of the head, close to the eyes, narrow.
Frontal red part, wide. Bristles on the surface of scutellum
of greater length than that of the remaining dorsal regions.
The most visible characteristics, in the photograph, are
the reduced presence of dark stripes on the head, near the
eyes and the portion of the head, near the antennal inser-
tion which is protruding laterally.
L. equestris: Bristles of the rst antennal article sparse;
portion of the head, at the antennal insertion, straight
and slightly protruding. Black stripes of the head, near
the eyes, wide. Frontal red part, narrow. Bristles on the
surface of scutellum approximately equal to that of the
remaining dorsal regions.
We also decided to examine the specimens of L. eque-
stris collected by Livio Tamanini in Albania in 1941
34
(Mancini, 1953). From a verication in Tamanini’s col-
lection at the Museum of Rovereto (Trento), no specimen
of L. simulans emerged.
DISCUSSION
As L. simulans has not been reported from Albania in
scientic publications after the date of description, the
records reported in this paper are the rst ones for this
country.
The villages of Theth (800 m) and Okol (base of
Mount Maja Harapit, 1200 m) are not far from each other
(800 m) (Fig. 2). Their altitude is compatible with most of
the records of L. simulans mentioned in literature. Parti-
cularly in Southern Europe, ndings of this species were
generally made at locations between 700 and 1400-1500
m altitude, with a maximum of 2600 m, which is conside-
red outside the norm (Dioli et al., 1994).
The presence of L. simulans in plains and in large ci-
ties is rare and seems accidental, due to transport of logs
(e.g. Florence, Rome) while, in its range, the presence of
the species is conrmed almost exclusively in mountai-
nous regions (Dioli et al., 1994). Therefore, even taking
into account the ecological needs, the species seems to
Fig. 1 - Specimen of Lygaeus simulans Deckert, 1985, mountains near Theth, Shkodër, Albania, 21.VI.2014. / Esemplare di Lygaeus
simulans Deckert, 1985, montagne vicino a Theth, Shkodër, Albania, 21.VI.2014. (Photo / Foto: Peter LaBelle).
have a Euro-Centroasiatic distribution with a propensity
for the mountains (Dioli et al., 1994).
Recently another species, Lygaeus creticus Lucas,
1854, was reported as new for Albania (van der Heyden,
2017). So, three species of the genus Lygaeus Fabricius,
1794 are currently known from Albania: L. creticus, L.
equestris and L. simulans (Péricart, 2001; Aukema, 2013;
van der Heyden, 2017).
Acknowledgements
We would like to thank Peter LaBelle (Thetford,
Vermont, United States of America) and Giuseppe Popi
Miotti (Sondrio, Italy) for allowing us to use their photo-
graphs to illustrate this paper. Furthermore, we would li-
ke to thank Petr Kment (National Museum, Department
of Entomology, Prague, Czech Republic) for helpful in-
formation. Special thanks to our colleague heteropterist
Filippo Maria Buzzetti (Museum of Rovereto, Trento,
Italy) for the examination of the specimens collected by
Livio Tamanini in Albania previously to the description
of L. simulans. Finally, we would like to thank the ano-
nymous reviewers for their suggestions to improve this
paper.
TORSTEN VAN DER HEYDEN, PARIDE DIOLI
35
Gusev R. V. & Tatarnikov D. P., 1991 On the distin-
guishing characters and distribution of the bugs Lyga-
eus simulans Deckert and L. equestris (Linnaeus) (He-
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70 (2): 404-406. [In Russian].
Josifov M. V., 1990 – Über die Verbreitung mancher He-
teropterenarten auf der Balkanhalbinsel. III (Insecta).
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dobácsfaj előfordulása Magyarországon (Heteropte-
ra: Lygaeidae). Folia entomologica hungarica, 50:
194.
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skwiaki różnoskrzydłe (Heteroptera, Pentatomomor-
pha). Przegląd Zoologiczny, 31 (3): 327-330.
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Lygaeidae) eine gute Art? Entomologica Austriaca,
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TORSTEN VAN DER HEYDEN, PARIDE DIOLI
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, 11 species of the family Lygaeidae and Miridae belonging to the subordo Heteroptera (Hemiptera) recorded from Elazığ, Tunceli and Malatya provinces of Eastern Anatolia, Turkey, are discussed. Among them, belonging to Lygaeidae family Peritrechus meridionalis Puton, 1877, Pezocoris apicimacula (A. Costa, 1853), Tropistethus fasciatus Ferrari, 1874, Horvathiolus superbus (Pollich, 1781) and belonging to Miridae family Globiceps (Globiceps) sphaegiformis (Rossi, 1790), Psallus quercus (Kirschbaum, 1856), Grypocoris melanopygus Horváth, 1906, Acetropis carinata (Herrich-Schäffer, 1842) are reported for the first time from Eastern Anatolia of Turkey. In addition, many species are newly reported to studied provinces.
On Lygaeus simulans spec. nov. and L. equestris (Linneaus, 1758), Two Closely Related Palearctic Lygaeinae (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae) The binomen Lygaeus equestris applies to two distinct but related sympatric species, both of palearctic distribution. L. simulans spec. nov. is described and the differences between the new species and L. equestris s. str. are discussed.
On the distinguishing characters and distribution of the bugs Lygaeus simulans Deckert and L. equestris (Linnaeus) (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie
  • R V Gusev
  • D P Tatarnikov
Gusev R. V. & Tatarnikov D. P., 1991 -On the distinguishing characters and distribution of the bugs Lygaeus simulans Deckert and L. equestris (Linnaeus) (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 70 (2): 404-406. [In Russian].
Über die Verbreitung mancher Heteropterenarten auf der Balkanhalbinsel
  • M V Josifov
Josifov M. V., 1990 -Über die Verbreitung mancher Heteropterenarten auf der Balkanhalbinsel. III (Insecta).
-Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Heteropteren auf der Balkanhalbinsel samt Bemerkungen über die Synonymie mancher Miridenarten (Insecta, Heteroptera)
  • M V Josifov
Josifov M. V., 1993 -Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Heteropteren auf der Balkanhalbinsel samt Bemerkungen über die Synonymie mancher Miridenarten (Insecta, Heteroptera). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica, 46: 50-58.
1989 -A Lygaeus simulans Deckert bodobácsfaj előfordulása Magyarországon (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae). Folia entomologica hungarica
  • E Kondorosy
Kondorosy E., 1989 -A Lygaeus simulans Deckert bodobácsfaj előfordulása Magyarországon (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae). Folia entomologica hungarica, 50: 194.
-Nowe i rzadkie w faunie Polski pluskwiaki różnoskrzydłe (Heteroptera, Pentatomomorpha)
  • J A Lis
Lis J. A., 1987 -Nowe i rzadkie w faunie Polski pluskwiaki różnoskrzydłe (Heteroptera, Pentatomomorpha). Przegląd Zoologiczny, 31 (3): 327-330.
-Contributo alla conoscenza degli Emitteri Eterotteri dell'Albania. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien
  • C Mancini
Mancini C., 1953 -Contributo alla conoscenza degli Emitteri Eterotteri dell'Albania. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 59: 176-196.
2002 -Ist Lygaeus simulans (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae) eine gute Art? Entomologica Austriaca
  • B Maschler
Maschler B., 2002 -Ist Lygaeus simulans (Heteroptera, Lygaeidae) eine gute Art? Entomologica Austriaca, 5: 14.
-Fauna Europaea: Hemiptera, Heteroptera. Fauna Europaea version 2017
  • B Aukema
Aukema B., 2013 -Fauna Europaea: Hemiptera, Heteroptera. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. <https:// www.fauna-eu.org> (last access: 3 March 2018).