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Status, distribution and conservation initiatives of owls in Raghuganga, Myagdi (रघु गं गामा लाटोकोसे रोको स्थिति, तिवरण र सं रक्षण पहल)

Authors:

Abstract

The poster presents the baseline information regarding the owls including the conservation steps in Raghuganga Rural Municipality within Myagdi district, Nepal.
Status, distribution and conservation initiatives of owls in Raghuganga, Myagdi
(  ,    )
-----------------------Anoj Subedi- ---------------------
Institute of Forestry, Pokhara Campus, Pokhara
Summary: Nepal is rich in biodiversity. With about 0.1% of Earth surface, the country has more than 9% of the worlds bird species, among which 23 species are
owls. Human activity has become the greatest threat for owl populations. The conservation and the exploration of owls have thus been an important task in the
recent scenario. Taking this in consideration, this study surveyed the status and distribution of owls for the first time in Raghuganga Rural Municipality of Myagdi
district. The playback owl survey conducted during the dawn and dusk has confirmed the presence of four owl species from the area. In addition, conservation
programs were conducted in the area focused on Owl. Although local community people were involved, the survey part of the study was more focused among the
school children for the conservation programs. The message of conservation has reached to around 1500 people of the study area.
:      .%       %       
                    
                     
                  , 
            ,         
       
INTRODUCTION
Out of 225 species of owls recorded in the world, Nepal is home
to 23 species among which three are critically endangered, one is
endangered, five are vulnerable, nine are least concern, three are
data deficient (Inskipp et al. 2013, Inskipp et al. 2016) and two are
unknown (G. C. et al. 2016) in the national context. But,
internationally, these species are considered least concern.
Raghuganga Gaupalika is inhabited by numerous bird species
including owls. However, various human interventions like habitat
destruction, local hunting and trade have badly affected the
diversity and ecosystem of the entire area. Thus, this study aimed
at protecting owl populations through scientific surveys to assess
conservation status and promote activities to safeguard these
populations in Raghuganga.
At the same time, conservation efforts were targeted among local
populations and school students of higher grades after recognizing
their crucial role in the conservation and preservation of owls.
METHODOLOGY
Details of recorded stations and detected owls
CONCLUSION
This project outlined four important species of owls
in the Raghuganga Gaupalika consisting a
community of 20 owls of four species. Of the 23
species recorded in Nepal, it’s a pleasing outcome
from such a small patch of an area.
This project has helped in initiating the owl
conservation and has raised awareness among the
students and the local people of the study area about
their conservation importance.
Since, this is the first ever research project about
owls in Raghuganga which has, thus, became
baseline source for further study and exploration for
owls and raptor in the region.
RESULT
From the questionnaire, Kalo Khamso and Mauwaphanta of Piple,
Baunchaura, Sajhapani and Risunchautari of Bhagawati, Ajingar bhir
of Dagnam were identified as the location of probable owl habitats.
The Asian barred owlet and Jungle owlet were observed directly
during the field period. Similarly, a killed and domesticated Indian
Eagle Owl were encountered during the field visits.
The playback survey was conducted in 56 call points/stations and the
owls were detected only in 17 stations. Glaucidium cuculoides (Asian
Barred Owl), Glaucidium radiatum (Jungle owlet), Athene brama
(Spotted owlet) and Bubo bengalensis (Indian eagle owl) were
identified in the Raghuganga Gaupalika.
3 Women Groups (Janajagriti Aama Samuha, Nangnagi Aama
Samuha and Bhagawati Aama Samuha) and Bhagawati Youth Club
were familiarized with owls and about their conservation
compulsion.
A total of seven schools from the Raghuganga Gaupalika were
selected for conducting conservation campaigns. Students were first
asked about owls and a discussion was started. Students were made
familiar with the owls of Raghuganga area by showing photos and
broadcasting their calls.
Stat
ion
Place
Asian
Barred
Owlet
Jungle
Owlet
Indian
Eagle
Owl
Spotted
Owlet
Identification
method
1
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call
2
Begkhola 1 1 0 0
Call
3
Begkhola 0 1 0 0
Call
4
Chimkhola
0 0 1 0
Direct sight
(flight)
5
Chimkhola
0 0 1 0
Call
6
Chimkhola
1 0 0 0
Call
7
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call
8
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call
9
Piple 1 0 0
Call
1
Captured
10
Piple 0 1 0 0
Call
11
Dagnam 1 0 0 0
Call
12
Dagnam 0 0 1
Captured by
local
1
Call
13
Piple 0 1 0 0
Direct sight
14
Piple 1 0 0 0
Direct sight
15
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call
16
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call (chicks
also)
17
Bhagawati 1 0 0 0
Call
Total owls = 20
S
N
School name Address
Participated
Students Remarks
1
Shree Amarsingh
Primary School
Around 50
Students &
Teachers
2
Shree Gyanodaya
Secondary School
More than
50
Grade 9 &
10
3
Shree Mahadev
Secondary School
Around 45
Grade 9 &
10
4
Shree Muktidham
Higher Secondary
School
Around 80
Grade 10
5
Shree Raghuganga
Secondary School
Around 40
Grade 9 &
10
6
Shree Siddartha Gyan
Mandir Primary School
Around 100
Students &
Teachers
7
North Star Englsh
Boarding School
Around 30
Grade 7 &
8
Playback survey Conservation campaign Owls documentation
Surveyed points Owls detected points Campaigned schools
Study area:
The study
was
conducted in
Raghuganga
rural
municipality
of Myagdi
district,
extending
from 28022
north to
28042north
latitude and
83026east
to
83038east
longitude
occupying
an area of
379.125
km2.
Questionnaire survey
and direct
observation:
The officials of Rural
Municipalities, local
peoples and school
students were asked to
help identify the
potential owl habitat.
During the field visit
few species were
observed directly and
were identified and
photographed at the
time of opportunity.
Conservation
campaign:
For initiating the
conservation campaign in
Raghuganga Gaupalika,
programs/sessions were
conducted for the
students in the schools
and for locals within the
study area. This program
involved owl information
and a photo presentation,
a question-answer
session and owl calls
broadcasting.
Call Broadcast Surveys:
The survey was carried out
using the call play-back
method by broadcasting calls
(McLeod et al. 2000).
The play-back was carried
out accordingly for different
probable species of owls at
dawn and dusk during spring
season along the lower
altitude and during summer
season along the higher
altitude.
Every surveyed location and
owl detected points were
marked with GPS and the
response call-backs during
the survey were recorded.
Details of school awareness campaign for owl’s conservation
11
5
3
1
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
Asian
Barred
Owlet
Jungle
Owlet Indian
Eagle Owl Spotted
Owlet
POPULATION OF RECORDED SPECIES
Number
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
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