How feasible is it?
Site characteristics for NPP
Needs for alternative energy
Needs for Alternative Energy
This paper illustrates the findings of a comprehensive empirical survey
of public opinion towards future energy options for the Azerbaijan, with a particular
emphasis on attitudes towards nuclear power when placed in the context of positive
and negative effects, limitations and feasibility of atomic energy station in this
country. In addition, site characterization for potential area is presented to construct
power station in Azerbaijan.
Reduction of natural fuel resources,
Non-stability of prices, economic dependence
Damage to the environment
"Greenhouse effect" (fuel burning)
Azerbaijan’s total power generation is provided by fossil fuel around 86%.
(U.S Energy Information Administration; 2013).
Facts on energy potential
The Azerbaijan's economy is heavily dependent on its energy exports,
with more than 90 percent of total exports accounted for by oil and gas exports (2011).
The Azerbaijan has a large potential for regenerative power energy in the areas of
wind, hydro and biomass.
Total wind power technical potential is estimated to be 1,500 MW.
Biomass and hydro also have substantial potential for power production (The
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2009).
Also OSCE stated that of all the renewable energy technologies, only tidal power
has no significant potential application in Azerbaijan.
Face to face
Attitudes to energy price, economic
dependence from oil industry, various
options for generating electricity
Attitudes to nuclear power, significance,
perceived risks, benefits, convenient
place for AES, trust in scientific,
technical staff work at the plant
Attitudes to use of nuclear energy in
Azerbaijan, to work there, closeness
of station where they live.
Site characteristics for NPP
Figure 1a: Yellow color represents lowest
seismic active zone with the Medium (0.8-2.4)
Figure 1b: Detailed characteristic of 40009’latitude and
The primary factors affecting siting included supplies of cooling water, land costs and
availability, transportation of heavy components, links with transmission systems,
population distribution, taxes and labor, together with physical considerations such as
meteorology, geology, possibility of earthquakes, and high winds.
Q1: Findings of survey illustrates that 56% of people dissatisfy with the
price of energy in Azerbaijan, beside it 32% says that price is normal.
Q2: Overall 81% of responds pointed that Azerbaijan have to decrease economic
dependence from petroleum industry.
Figure 2: In your opinion which alternative energy sources
Azerbaijan can use instead of oil and gas? (multiple choice) Figure3. Question4.What is the extent of your
knowledge about nuclear power?
Q5: Sample of people describe the advantages of nuclear energy such as cheapest
energy, more efficient production and role on the controlling of energy crisis.
Figure 4: 5. Which is the most negative side of nuclear energy? (multiple choice)
Q6: In context of
40% of people see
the perspective in
choose the answer
as out of Azerbaijan
Figure 5: a) 8.Thinking of the nuclear power plant closest to where you live, would you describe
your general impression of this plant and the way it has operated? b) USA ( Bisconti Research 2011)
Q9: The 66% of people stated that we do not have enough human resources with
the requirements of power station.
Q10: 55% of responders would not work on the station.
Figure 6: Q11. a) Overall, do you favor that the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to
provide electricity in the Azerbaijan? b) in USA (Bisconti Research, 2011)
As a conclusion, economic dependence on exhaustible energy source
is forced to think about nuclear power. However, as can be seen from the results of
an investigation, nation does not support the use of nuclear energy. At the same
time take into account that Azerbaijan is seismic active zone and at war, in
accordance, construction of a nuclear power plant may be considered a threat for
the current period and does not seem possible. On the other hand, human
resources are not satisfactory to meet needs of the nuclear power plant. As an
alternative energy source, beside hydroelectric, solar and wind power can be used
instead of nuclear energy as well. However, in the next 10-20 years, it can be taken
steps to educate people, make increase of human resources, ensure peace and
create a foundation for nuclear energy.
1. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Azerbaijan, 2013. Available at
[http://www.eia.gov/countries/cab.cfm?fips=AJ](accessed on 16.11.2013)
2. Jalalov, M. Alternative regenerative energy systems, Baku: NPM<< Education>>, 2009.Available at
[http://www.anl.az/el/c/cm_ares.pdf] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
3. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, “Azerbaijan: Country Profile”, 2009
Available at [http://www.caspianinfo.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Azerbaijan-Alternative-and-
Renewable-Energy.pdf] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
4. OSCE, Context for Azerbaijan. Available at [http://www.osce.org/baku/41375] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
Community Science Action Guides (2013).
5. The Benefits of Nuclear Energy. Available at [http://www.fi.edu/guide/wester/benefits.html](accessed on
6. Ask, What Are the Positive and Negative Effects of Use of Nuclear Energy on Human Lives?2013.
Available at [http://www.ask.com/question/what-are-the-positive-and-negative-effects-of-use-of-nuclear-
energy-on-human-lives] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
7. International Atomic Energy Agency, Symposium (1969). Where should be nuclear power stations built?
Available at [http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull093/09302102930.pdf](accessed on
8. Trend, Azerbaijan conducts research related to nuclear energy use (2011). Available at:
[http://en.trend.az/news/society/1894178.html] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
9. Trend, Azerbaijan should have its own nuclear program (2013). Available at:
[http://en.trend.az/news/society/2170961.html] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
10. Bisconti Research, National Questionnaire for Nuclear Plant Neighbor Survey (2011). Available:
Questionnaire.pdf] (accessed on 17.11.2013)