PresentationPDF Available

Nuclear Azerbaijan: How feasible is it?

Authors:

Abstract

This work illustrates the findings of a comprehensive empirical survey of public opinion towards future energy options for the Azerbaijan, with a particular emphasis on attitudes towards nuclear power when placed in the context of positive and negative effects, limitations and feasibility of atomic energy station in this country. In addition, site characterization for potential area is presented to construct power station in Azerbaijan.
LOGO
Nuclear Azerbaijan:
How feasible is it?
Ayshan Khalafli
Contents
Conclusion
Results
Site characteristics for NPP
Survey Details
Needs for alternative energy
Needs for Alternative Energy
This paper illustrates the findings of a comprehensive empirical survey
of public opinion towards future energy options for the Azerbaijan, with a particular
emphasis on attitudes towards nuclear power when placed in the context of positive
and negative effects, limitations and feasibility of atomic energy station in this
country. In addition, site characterization for potential area is presented to construct
power station in Azerbaijan.
Reduction of natural fuel resources,
Non-stability of prices, economic dependence
Damage to the environment
"Greenhouse effect" (fuel burning)
Azerbaijan’s total power generation is provided by fossil fuel around 86%.
(U.S Energy Information Administration; 2013).
Facts on energy potential
The Azerbaijan's economy is heavily dependent on its energy exports,
with more than 90 percent of total exports accounted for by oil and gas exports (2011).
The Azerbaijan has a large potential for regenerative power energy in the areas of
wind, hydro and biomass.
Total wind power technical potential is estimated to be 1,500 MW.
Biomass and hydro also have substantial potential for power production (The
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2009).
Also OSCE stated that of all the renewable energy technologies, only tidal power
has no significant potential application in Azerbaijan.
Survey details
Overall
100
Age 16
-22
Age 27
-51
Face to face
Gender
Male
63
51
12
63
Female
37
34
3
Online
Status
Student 85
Employer 15
37
Attitudes to energy price, economic
dependence from oil industry, various
options for generating electricity
Attitudes to nuclear power, significance,
perceived risks, benefits, convenient
place for AES, trust in scientific,
technical staff work at the plant
Attitudes to use of nuclear energy in
Azerbaijan, to work there, closeness
of station where they live.
11 questions
3 sections
Site characteristics for NPP
Figure 1a: Yellow color represents lowest
seismic active zone with the Medium (0.8-2.4)
gradient
Figure 1b: Detailed characteristic of 40009latitude and
49023longitude
The primary factors affecting siting included supplies of cooling water, land costs and
availability, transportation of heavy components, links with transmission systems,
population distribution, taxes and labor, together with physical considerations such as
meteorology, geology, possibility of earthquakes, and high winds.
Results
Q1: Findings of survey illustrates that 56% of people dissatisfy with the
price of energy in Azerbaijan, beside it 32% says that price is normal.
Q2: Overall 81% of responds pointed that Azerbaijan have to decrease economic
dependence from petroleum industry.
Figure 2: In your opinion which alternative energy sources
Azerbaijan can use instead of oil and gas? (multiple choice) Figure3. Question4.What is the extent of your
knowledge about nuclear power?
Q5: Sample of people describe the advantages of nuclear energy such as cheapest
energy, more efficient production and role on the controlling of energy crisis.
Results
Figure 4: 5. Which is the most negative side of nuclear energy? (multiple choice)
Q6: In context of
power station
construction site,
40% of people see
the perspective in
the region,
nevertheless 25%
choose the answer
as out of Azerbaijan
borders.
Results
Figure 5: a) 8.Thinking of the nuclear power plant closest to where you live, would you describe
your general impression of this plant and the way it has operated? b) USA ( Bisconti Research 2011)
Q9: The 66% of people stated that we do not have enough human resources with
the requirements of power station.
Q10: 55% of responders would not work on the station.
Results
Figure 6: Q11. a) Overall, do you favor that the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to
provide electricity in the Azerbaijan? b) in USA (Bisconti Research, 2011)
Conclusion
As a conclusion, economic dependence on exhaustible energy source
is forced to think about nuclear power. However, as can be seen from the results of
an investigation, nation does not support the use of nuclear energy. At the same
time take into account that Azerbaijan is seismic active zone and at war, in
accordance, construction of a nuclear power plant may be considered a threat for
the current period and does not seem possible. On the other hand, human
resources are not satisfactory to meet needs of the nuclear power plant. As an
alternative energy source, beside hydroelectric, solar and wind power can be used
instead of nuclear energy as well. However, in the next 10-20 years, it can be taken
steps to educate people, make increase of human resources, ensure peace and
create a foundation for nuclear energy.
References
1. U.S. Energy Information Administration, Azerbaijan, 2013. Available at
[http://www.eia.gov/countries/cab.cfm?fips=AJ](accessed on 16.11.2013)
2. Jalalov, M. Alternative regenerative energy systems, Baku: NPM<< Education>>, 2009.Available at
[http://www.anl.az/el/c/cm_ares.pdf] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
3. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, “Azerbaijan: Country Profile”, 2009
Available at [http://www.caspianinfo.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Azerbaijan-Alternative-and-
Renewable-Energy.pdf] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
4. OSCE, Context for Azerbaijan. Available at [http://www.osce.org/baku/41375] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
Community Science Action Guides (2013).
5. The Benefits of Nuclear Energy. Available at [http://www.fi.edu/guide/wester/benefits.html](accessed on
17.11.2013)
6. Ask, What Are the Positive and Negative Effects of Use of Nuclear Energy on Human Lives?2013.
Available at [http://www.ask.com/question/what-are-the-positive-and-negative-effects-of-use-of-nuclear-
energy-on-human-lives] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
7. International Atomic Energy Agency, Symposium (1969). Where should be nuclear power stations built?
Available at [http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull093/09302102930.pdf](accessed on
17.11.2013)
8. Trend, Azerbaijan conducts research related to nuclear energy use (2011). Available at:
[http://en.trend.az/news/society/1894178.html] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
9. Trend, Azerbaijan should have its own nuclear program (2013). Available at:
[http://en.trend.az/news/society/2170961.html] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
10. Bisconti Research, National Questionnaire for Nuclear Plant Neighbor Survey (2011). Available:
[http://www.nei.org/corporatesite/media/filefolder/National_2011_Plant_Neighbor_TRENDS_Web_Posted_
Questionnaire.pdf] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
LOGO
Ayshan Khalafli
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Alternative regenerative energy systems
  • M Jalalov
Jalalov, M. Alternative regenerative energy systems, Baku: NPM<< Education>>, 2009.Available at [http://www.anl.az/el/c/cm_ares.pdf] (accessed on 16.11.2013)
Context for Azerbaijan
OSCE, Context for Azerbaijan. Available at [http://www.osce.org/baku/41375] (accessed on 16.11.2013) Community Science Action Guides (2013).
Where should be nuclear power stations built? Available at
International Atomic Energy Agency, Symposium (1969). Where should be nuclear power stations built? Available at [http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull093/09302102930.pdf](accessed on 17.11.2013)
Azerbaijan should have its own nuclear program
  • Trend
Trend, Azerbaijan should have its own nuclear program (2013). Available at: [http://en.trend.az/news/society/2170961.html] (accessed on 17.11.2013)
National Questionnaire for Nuclear Plant Neighbor Survey
  • Bisconti Research
Bisconti Research, National Questionnaire for Nuclear Plant Neighbor Survey (2011). Available: [http://www.nei.org/corporatesite/media/filefolder/National_2011_Plant_Neighbor_TRENDS_Web_Posted_ Questionnaire.pdf] (accessed on 17.11.2013)