Several socioeconomic factors can impact student
Socioeconomic status (SES)
Previous research has demonstrated the connection
between academic performance and the above factors.
There is a relationship between paramedic student
academic performance and county-level SES.
Student academic performance data, as measured by
Fisdap, were combined with data from the Robert Wood
Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings for 2017
and the U.S. Census Bureau for all counties in California,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas and Virginia.
Records from counties with fewer than 5 reported Fisdap
Paramedic Readiness Exam (versions 3 and 4) (PRE3 and
PRE4) scores were excluded.
Multiple linear regression modeling was performed to
determine the relationship between income, high school
graduation rate, poverty, and food insecurity with first-
attempt scores on PRE3 and PRE4.
Income, graduation rate and poverty were predictors in
the PRE3 model.
Income was statistically significant in the PRE4 model.
Parent education level was associated with entrance exam
(EE) score (higher education = higher EE score).
DOES YOUR ADDRESS
MAKE THE GRADE?
There are many SES indicators.
The following were examined for this study:
3,697 student records were accessed across
151 counties (PRE3).
1,293 student records were accessed across
60 counties (PRE4).
3,607 student records were accessed across
The study was limited to data obtained retrospectively
from self-reported demographics, and first attempts at
entrance exams, PRE3 and PRE4 submitted to Fisdap.
Not all paramedic programs in the United States
use the Fisdap database and testing products.
There are some associations between county-level SES
and paramedic student academic performance. However,
it remains unclear what type of relationship exists between
individual SES and individual paramedic student
There is an association
and paramedic student
UCLA Center for Prehospital Care
Santa Fe Community College
Central Piedmont Community Collgee
Oklahoma State University
Lydia Hamel, Justin Hunter, Christopher Goenner, Kathleen O’Connor,
Tom Fentress, Adisack Nhouyvanisvong, Donna Gridley,
Ashley Procum, Sahaj Khalsa, Alan M. Batt
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