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Content Marketing To d a y OUTSTANDING PAPER – Social Media Marketing PJ Forrest, forrest@alcorn.edu Abstract Content Marketing has become the industry standard. It has been found to be more effective than Traditional marketing. Content Marketing shifts Marketing away from persuasive advertising and selling approaches and instead provides information which creates value for the consumer. This information may be interesting, helpful, informative, problem solving or just entertaining, but the consumer must derive some benefit from it (Chordras 2018, Metrick 2018.) Market segmentation is extremely important to Content Marketing as each piece of content must be tailored to the particular target market the business is trying to reach (Chordras 2018.) Successful Content Marketers create benefits for themselves as well in the form of increased sales, reduced costs, and more loyal consumers (Content Marketing Institute 2017, Metrick 2018.) As traditional marketing decreases in effectiveness Content Marketing effectiveness is increasing (Content Marketing Institute 2016, Patel 2016.) It has progressed from being a practice used to get a competitive edge on the competition to a must use. Companies who do not use Content Marketing get left behind in the industry. This paper is designed to provide a broad overview of Content Marketing to the marketing educator. Existing textbooks have not had time to include substantial information on this fast-growing area, and most educators do not have time to fully research each new area of Marketing as it appears.. A full understanding of Content Marketing can be very helpful in making sure our students graduate with knowledge of all current marketing practices. (PDF) Content Marketing Today. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331345065_Content_Marketing_Today [accessed May 11 2019].
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Content Marketing Today
OUTSTANDING PAPER Social Media Marketing
PJ Forrest, forrest@alcorn.edu
Abstract
Content Marketing has become the industry standard. It has been found to be more effective
than Traditional marketing. Content Marketing shifts Marketing away from persuasive
advertising and selling approaches and instead provides information which creates value for the
consumer. This information may be interesting, helpful, informative, problem solving or just
entertaining, but the consumer must derive some benefit from it (Chordras 2018, Metrick 2018.)
Market segmentation is extremely important to Content Marketing as each piece of content must
be tailored to the particular target market the business is trying to reach (Chordras 2018.)
Successful Content Marketers create benefits for themselves as well in the form of increased
sales, reduced costs, and more loyal consumers (Content Marketing Institute 2017, Metrick
2018.) As traditional marketing decreases in effectiveness Content Marketing effectiveness is
increasing (Content Marketing Institute 2016, Patel 2016.) It has progressed from being a
practice used to get a competitive edge on the competition to a must use. Companies who do not
use Content Marketing get left behind in the industry.
This paper is designed to provide a broad overview of Content Marketing to the marketing
educator. Existing textbooks have not had time to include substantial information on this fast-
growing area, and most educators do not have time to fully research each new area of Marketing
as it appears.. A full understanding of Content Marketing can be very helpful in making sure our
students graduate with knowledge of all current marketing practices.
Introduction
Content Marketing has become the hottest buzzword in Marketing and in the past decade has
become a extensively established practice (Cespedes & Heddleston 2018.) Although not a new
concept, it has been around as long as marketing itself, it was not at first recognized as a separate
concept but incorporated with advertising in general. The term “Content Marketing” was coined
in the late 1990’s but only came into its own in 2008-2009 (i-Scoop 2018.) It is still evolving
(Cespedes & Heddleston 2018.)
Certainly, the advent of Social Media was the driving force in its increasing popularity, although
digital marketing is not its only use (i-Scoop 2018.) Consumers were also a major factor.
Consumers have become tired of intrusive “selling” efforts and especially did not want it on their
Social Media (Dembosky & Bradshaw 2011) which opened the door for the use of Content
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Marketing with its useful and interesting information to replace traditional advertising. And more
and more consumers begin using Social Media every day (Leslie 2018.)
What is Content Marketing
As it is a new term, there is as yet no consensus on a single definition of Content Marketing and
numerous versions abound (i-SCOOP 2018.) Yet the difference is in the wording and they are in
general agreement about the meaning of the concept. Content Marketing is, in short, providing
consumers with information that is interesting, useful, problem-solving, entertaining or in some
way beneficial to the consumer rather than an attempt to sell a product (Content Marketing
Institute 2017, i-SCOOP 2018, Ruffolo 2017.) It is most often used to connect with current
target markets via content but can also be useful to inbound marketing in connecting with
prospects (LeadG2 2018.)
Content marketing is about creating customer value (i-SCOOP 2018, Ruffolo 2017) and
sharing information (Ruffolo 2017.) Useful content should be at the core of your marketing
strategy (Content Marketing Institute 2017.) Using Content Marketing means to provide
relevant information to the target market. This requires understanding your target marketing and
their interests. It is a key element in Content Marketing that target markets are clearly identified
and thoroughly understood. Then material about a specific interest or which solves a particular
problem, etc. can be developed and posted, either on the company’s Social Media, blog or
website, or on groups which already exist on Social Media or other digital venues. It is
important when joining an existing Social Media group to become a participant, not a company
trying to make themselves important (Metrick 2018.) It is vital to develop credibility and a trust
relationship with the target market, which occurs when consumers feel the marketer’s
contributions are real and trustworthy (i-Scoop 2018, Ruffolo 2017.)
Relevance to the consumer is key in using Content Marketing to provide customer value.
Customer value can be created by sharing information, information which may sometimes, but is
not usually, about the company or its products. Although Content should be generally related to
your product, business or industry (Chordas 2018,) information about the company or its
products should be used only when of relevance to the consumer should they be used. Consumer
engagement is the goal and selling efforts do not engage.. Companies use many techniques to
provide relevant and engaging content to consumers including offering information of interest,
advice, humor, problem solutions, videos and storytelling (Content Marketing Institute 2018,
Forrest & Piper 2018, Liu et al. 2018, Ruffolo 2017,)
Why Content Marketing is Rising in Popularity
With the emergence of Social Media and other technology, traditional marketing has
become less and less effective. The major reason business is turning to Content Marketing is that
it nets them increased sales, reduced costs, and more loyal consumers (Content Marketing
Institute 2017, Metrick 2018.) The ROI in using Content Marketing is phenomenal (Ruffolo
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2017.) Content Marketing, with its added consumer value concept, is proving more effective
than traditional marketing (Content Marketing Institute 2016, Patel 2016.) There are no
marketing goals which cannot be achieved using Content Marketing (i-SCOOP 2018.)
While Content Marketing is all about providing benefits to consumers, there are tangible
and intangible benefits to a company which uses Content Marketing. Intangible benefits include
increased brand awareness, increased respect and esteem in the industry, gaining new customers
because they like your Content and decide to try your brand, and more team coordination
(Pulizzi 2016.) Among the tangible benefits are increased site traffic, improved Search Engine
Optimization (SEO) and direct customer conversion (MOZ 2018.)
SEO, or Search Engine Optimization, is strongly impacted by Content Marketing
(Content Marketing Institute 2017.) Content Marketing provides the content that SEO demands
(Patel 2015.) Content marketing tells Google that you are important and authoritative in your
industry (MOZ 2018) and moves you higher in the search result standing. Google actively seeks
high quality content with the most relevant information for the search enquiries of their users
(Ruffolo 2017.) All major search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo want their primary
search results to show all results ranked based on what the search engine considers most relevant
to consumers (Search Engine Land 2018.) In general search engines reward those who publish
high quality, consistent content (Content Marketing Institute 2017.)
Effective SEO consists of high quality, relevant content which uses the keywords you are
targeting (Patel 2015.) Search Engine Optimization include consistent use of keywords (Content
Marketing Institute 2017) and the strategic employment of key words (Patel 2015.) However,
poor quality content infused with keywords will not work (Patel 2015.) In 2010 Google noticed
the quality of their search result were falling, and that a number of companies were basically
“content farms.” Google developed Google Panda, an algorithm which weeds out poor quality,
thin content and rewards the use of unique, compelling content (Dholakiya 2017.) Quality
defeats quantity and its content that helps people find a business (MOZ 2018.)
Modern, forward-thinking marketers believe that Content Marketing is a better way to
market (Content Marketing Institute 2017.) Social Media websites are considered one of the
most beneficial resources a business can have. Content marketing has gone from a technique
which would get a business ahead to one that merely keeps it equal. A business who does not
use Content Marketing gets left behind. Content Marketing is now the industry standard
(Ruffolo 2017.)
Successful Content Marketing
Not all Content Marketing is successful. To get outstanding results requires exceptional
skill and expertise (Ruffolo 2017.) The objective is to attract and retain target markets (Content
Marketing Institute 2017, Ruffolo 2017.) This is done by providing truly relevant and useful
content (information) to prospects and customers to help them solve their problems, etc. (Content
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Marketing Institute 2017) while showing what your company does better than the competition
(Chordas 2018.) Content marketing is all about information. It is the marketing of a business or
brand through the sharing of educational, entertaining, or insightful information that will help
consumers enrich their lives. This may be in the form of a personal change or, hopefully, be in
the form of a purchase decision. It is not about forcing a sales pitch on consumers but about
helping them move towards the best option for themselves (which may or may not be buying the
marketers brand) (Ruffolo 2017.)
There are many ways customer value can be created. Companies use a wide variety of
methods to share content. Sometimes it is a contribution to a subject in which the target market
is interested (Ruffolo 2017.) It could be a question and answer session. Humor that is
appropriate and relevant to your target marketing can be extremely effective (Ruffolo 2017.)
Storytelling is considered one of the most powerful ways to get information across. Telling a
story that exemplifies personal challenges creates an experience which resonates with consumers
(i-SCOOP 2016.) Presenting solutions to consumer problems is always a welcome type of
content for consumers (i-SCOOP 2018, Ruffolo 2017.)
For example, Ties.com developed a comprehensive guide for tying ties. It was a high
quality publication which contained step-by-step instructions for tying every kind of tie from
classical necktie knots to the flamboyant and adventurous. The production quality of the guide
was also quite high, and they provided YouTube videos as well. The result was that if you
Google “how to tie a tie,” Ties.com will always be the first result on the list (Feldman 2018.)
Building trust is an important part of Content Marketing (Pavlika 2018.) When a
marketer freely shares content in and open and honest way it builds trust (Ruffolo 2017.) A goal
of Content Marketing is to engage customers in a trustworthy and valuable way (Patel 2016.)
Customers should trust the company brand as an authority (Chordras 2018, Ruffolo 2017.)
Trust, more than ever, is significantly related to sales, profits, turnover and a source of
competitive advantage (Ebersole 2018.) Customers know when businesses are honest and direct
with them (Gensler 2015.)
Firms can post Content Marketing on their own websites, blogs or Social Media, or join
existing sites. The same message can be sent to different target markets, just in a different
manner and venue (i-SCOOP 2018.) Timely and popular topics already exist in active
conversations. Sharing content around these topics keeps brands relevant and helps them
establish a reputation as the go to source for information (Ruffolo 2017.)
One of the key elements in a successfully using Content Marketing is to have a Content
Marketing Strategy. Knowing what goals the company wants to accomplish is essential to
making a Content Marketing strategy work (Content Marketing Institute 2017, Linn 2015.) The
strategy also makes possible another of the other crucial elements of successful Content
Marketing – measurement. All Content Marketing needs to be subjected to measurement to see if
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it met its stated objectives (i-SCOOP 2018.) Top performers in Content Marketing focus on
measurement (Pulizzi 2016.)
Another item successful marketers include in their Content marketing is Evergreen
content. Evergreen content provides value today and into the far future. It is any content that
provides a basic overview of a topic or provides information which will still be true in a decade
(Ruffolo 2017.) Evergreen content takes less time and entails less maintenance and may
function as a great industry reference (MOZ 2018.) An excellent example of this is Ties.com
(Feldman 2018) as described on page 8.
Above all, Content Marketing requires commitment. 91% of top performers report they
are extremely or very committed. You cannot “kind of” do Content Marketing and be successful
(Pulizzi 2016.) It takes a lot of time and effort to get started in Content Marketing, and it takes
time to see real results. Also, it is common to see some success, then enter a slump. Many
companies quit when they hit the slump which is a mistake. This is a common pattern and
committed companies who stick with it see strong, long term success (MOZ 2018.)
Unsuccessful Content Marketing
Many companies try, but do not succeed, in using Content Marketing. The reasons are
numerous and varied. They range from poor content to poor grammar and are usually a result of
a lack of expertise, skill, and commitment to Content Marketing by the marketer (Ruffolo 2017.)
One of the worst and most obvious mistakes is not knowing the target market which is
essential in all types of marketing. Knowing and understanding the target market is vital to
producing quality Content (Ruffolo 2017.) A company needs to know on which venues the
target market spend their time, and what conversations they participate in and consider relevant
(Ruffolo 2017.) Content needs to be optimized for each of targets’ social channels. This
comprises tailoring your Content to the needs and preferences of the target for each channel and
including the relevant keywords (i-SCOOP 2018, Patel 2016.) Quality content tailored to the
target market, presented on the right venue, and containing the appropriate and relevant
keywords (without overusing them) is necessary for successful Content Marketing (Chordras
2018, Patel 2016.) Failure to do this leads to failure of the Content Marketing.
Many businesses make the mistake of thinking grammar and spelling are unimportant.
Grammar is such a simple thing, but poor grammar detracts from the credibility of the business
and distract the reader from the Content (Ruffolo 2017.) Readers are more likely to focus on the
grammatical errors instead of the message and are unlikely to subscribe to your services or buy
your products (Patel 2016.)
Not having a strategy leads to failure in any type of marketing, but businesses often do
not realize they should have a strategy specifically for Content Marketing (Content Marketing
Institute 2017, Linn 2015.) Without knowing what the company was trying to achieve it is
412
impossible to measure whether it succeeded or failed (Patel 2016, Pulizzi 2016, Ruffolo 2017.)
As the old saying goes, if you do not know where you are going you are likely to end up
someplace else.
Failing to provide quality Content is another major reason Content Marketing can fail
(MOZ 2018, Ruffolo 2017.) Poor quality content is recognized and rejected by search engines
(Content Marketing Institute 2017.) Along with quality content the relevant keywords must be
used (MOZ 2018, Patel 2016, Patel 2017) in appropriate ways. Non-relevant keywords do not
optimize for search engines (Patel 2018) and gratuitous use can be identified and rejected by
programs such as Google Panda (Dholakiya 2017, Patel 2018.) A lack of facts backing up
Content contributes to poor quality (Ruffolo 2017.) A lack of commitment by the company can
lead to low quality and Content Marketing failure (Pulizzi 2016.)
One of the worst mistakes a company can make is a failure to be useful. The whole idea
of Content Marketing is to provide Content which is useful to the consumer in some way (Patel
2016.) Content must be relevant and provide value to consumers (i-SCOOP 2018, Search
Engine Land 2018.) The Content can provide value to the target market in many ways such as
being interesting to read, teaching or providing knowledge, presenting solutions to problems, or
just being humorous or entertaining. Just any old copy will not work.
Conclusion
In the last few years Content Marketing has moved from the category of giving a
company an edge over the competition to the category of being left behind if you do not use it.
This follows the trend of more Marketing dollars moved from traditional marketing to Social
Media or other digital mediums as more and more consumers join Social Media every day.
Content Marketing is becoming a dominant force in marketing.
Content Marketing is getting away from the “selling” aspect of marketing and intrusive
advertising to a more customer-centric environment. In general Content Marketing makes
available information to the target market or the public which is interesting, informative,
problem-solving or entertaining. It can bring new customers and increased profitability to those
who have the ability to use it correctly. Content Marketing has now become an industry
standard.
As educator’s, a thorough understanding of Content Marketing is required so it may be
addressed properly in marketing classrooms. Marketing practices, such as Content Marketing,
evolve too quickly to be adequately addressed in text books. It is up to the educator to fill in the
gaps.
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References:
Content Marketing Institute (2017.) What is Content Marketing?
http://contentmarketinginstitute.com/what-is-content-marketing/ Downloaded March 13, 2018
Cespedes, Frank V. and Russ Heddleston (2018.) 4 Ways to Improve Your Content
Marketing. Harvard Business Review Digital Articles 2-5.
Chordas, Lori (2018.) Concentrating on Content: An A.M. Best webinar explores
marketers’ used of insurance-centric content in their advertising and marketing campaigns.
Best’s Review, 119(2), 34-37.
Dembosky, April and Tim Bradshaw (2011.) Consumers Dislike Ads on Social Networks.
https://www.ft.com/content/57d72b8e-0afc-11e1-b62f-00144feabdc0. Downloaded July 14,
2018/
Dholakiya, Pratik. (2017.) A Complete Guide to the Google Panda Update.
https://www.searchenginejournal.com/google-algorithm-history/panda-update/ Downloaded
May 24, 2018
Ebersole, Glenn (2013.) The Strategic Importance of Trust in Business.
http://www.lvb.com/article/20130415/LVB01/304119983/the-strategic-importance-of-trust-in-
business Downloaded May 26, 2018
Feldman, Loren (2018.) 10 Must-Reads for Entrepreneurs: A Content Marketing Case
Study, the Real Reason Toys R Us Failed. Forbes.com 1
Forrest, Pj and William S. Piper (2018.) Increasing Business Dependence on Social
Media. Society for Business, Industry and Economics, April 10—13, 2018. Destin, FL
Gensler, Arthur (2015.) Trust is the Most Powerful Currency in Business.
https://learn.infusionsoft.com/marketing/social-media/best-social-media-marketing-stats-and-
facts Downloaded May 26, 2018
i-SCOOP (2016.) Using Storytelling to Strengthen Your Brand. https://www.i-
scoop.eu/using-storytelling-strengthen-brand/ Downloaded May 24, 2018
i-SCOOP (2018.) Complete Online Guide to Marketing Success. https://www.i-
scoop.eu/content-marketing/# Downloaded March 15, 2018
LeadG2 (2018.) What is Inbound Marketing?
http://leadg2.thecenterforsalesstrategy.com/what-is-inbound-marketing Downloaded May 25th,
2018
Leslie, Jennifer (2018.) 55 Social Media Marketing Facts and Stats for 2018.
https://learn.infusionsoft.com/marketing/social-media/best-social-media-marketing-stats-and-
facts Downloaded March 17, 2018
Linn, Michele (2015.) The One Brief Statement That Will Refine Your Content Marketing.
https://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2015/10/statement-content-marketing/ Downloaded
March 15, 2018
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Liu, Xuan, Savannah Wei Shi, Thales Teixeira, and Michel Wedel (2018.) Video Content
Marketing: The Making of Clips. Journal of Marketing. Vol. 83 (July 2018), 86-101.
Metrick, Jonathan (2018.) 3 Truths – and 1 Big Lie – About Effective Content. Response
(June 2018), 44.
MOZ (2018.) Is Content Marketing Right for My Business? https://moz.com/beginners-
guide-to-content-marketing/is-content-right-for-my-business Downloaded May 18, 2018
Patel, Neil (2016.) 9 Mistakes You Might Be Making with Your Content Marketing
Strategy. https://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2016/07/mistakes-content-marketing-strategy/
Downloaded March 13, 2018
Patel, Neil (2015.) Why SEO is Actually All About Content.
https://blog.kissmetrics.com/seo-is-content-marketing/ Downloaded May 24, 2018
Pavlika, Holly (2018.) How to Spot Un-authentic Influencer Content. Promotional
Marketing 1.
Pulizzi, Joe (2016.) Content Marketing Takes a Turn for the Better: New 2017
Research. https://contentmarketinginstitute.com/2016/09/content-marketing-research-b2b/
Downloaded March 13, 2018
Ruffolo, Bob (2017.) What is Content Marketing?
https://www.impactbnd.com/blog/what-is-content-marketing Downloaded March 16, 2018
Search Engine Land (2018.) What is SEO? https://searchengineland.com/guide/what-is-
seo Downloaded May 16, 2018
Keywords: content marketing, social media marketing, SEO, inbound marketing, segmentation,
storytelling.
Relevance to Marketing Educators, Researchers and Practitioners:
Content Marketing is relevant to educators, researchers and practitioners because at present it
represents the most cutting edge, most powerful, most effective marketing practice available.
This is expected to continue as the use of Social Media and other digital venues is still growing.
However, this papers primary purpose is to give a comprehensive overview of Content
Marketing to educators. At present many of our texts are very light on the subject, and an
educator needs a complete understanding of Content Marketing to take to the classroom and
make sure our graduating students will be current in all marketing practices.
Author Information:
Dr. PJ Forrest is a Marketing Professor at Alcorn State University, Graduate Programs in
Business, where she teaches Social Media Marketing and other marketing courses. Her early
work on business student ethics and social responsibility have been published in the Journal of
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Business Ethics and the Journal of Personal Selling and Sales Management. Her more recent
research interests include sports marketing, content marketing, social media marketing and
Generation Z.
Track: Social Media Marketing
ID#: 1333
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The phenomenon of the covid 19 pandemics has changed consumer behavior, especially Generation Z who are proficient with social media, but there needs to be a trigger to want to shop at the marketplace. The purpose of this research is to find out empirically about the role of online shopping as mediation, the effect of content marketing, and price discounts on loyalty. consumers, as well as testing consumer pleasure as a moderator. This study uses a population of students who have shopped online at least 3 times using a sample of 100. Using the incidental sampling technique, you are ready to fill out the google form link. The results of this study found that online shopping has a positive effect on consumer loyalty, but online shopping needs encouragement from content marketing and price discounts that make consumers interested. The finding from moderation is that consumer pleasure weakens the effect of content marketing on online shopping, although not significantly. Meanwhile, consumer pleasure strengthens the effect of price discounts on online shopping, although it is not significant. Based on this research, it is proven that discounted prices are more attractive to consumers because they can perform efficiently during this pandemic.
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The purpose of this study is to know the description of each variable, and how strong the influence of digital training on marketing and financial reports on online garage sale events at Pre Entrepreneurial Center in Bandung. The sample collection technique was carried out purposively, given the uniqueness and features of this sale. This study examines two variables, namely digital training as the independent variable, and online garage sale as the dependent variable. While the method used in this research is descriptive quantitative method. The data collected is in the form of primary data. Meanwhile, the data collection technique is through library research and field research. The results of this study describe that the public interest and enthusiasm for the implementation of digital training is very high, especially marketing and financial reports, as well as the enthusiasm and passion of respondents for online garage sale events have a high perception, the digital training variable has a significant and significant effect on the garage sale event variable. online at the Pre-Entrepreneurial Center locus, and the determinant coefficient shows a high percentage so that the influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable is very strong. The online Garage sale event has a high magnitude and level of differentiation, is easy to implement, does not require capital, but instead is a new breakthrough solution to raise capital, does not require space, but can create a marketplace. This event has the potential to create new entrepreneurial centers. So that the implications for society will be multi-use and multiplier effect, so that the existence of digital training must be supported by the government, society and the business world, research must be developed to find out other variables that affect online garage sale events.
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Consumers have an increasingly wide variety of options available to entertain themselves. This poses a challenge for content aggregators who want to effectively promote their video content online through original trailers of movies, sitcoms, and video games. Marketers are now trying to produce much shorter video clips to promote their content on a variety of digital channels. This research is the first to propose an approach to produce such clips and to study their effectiveness, focusing on comedy movies as an application. Web-based facial-expression tracking is used to study viewers’ real-time emotional responses when watching comedy movie trailers online. These data are used to predict both viewers’ intentions to watch the movie and the movie’s box office success. The authors then propose an optimization procedure for cutting scenes from trailers to produce clips and test it in an online experiment and in a field experiment. The results provide evidence that the production of short clips using the proposed methodology can be an effective tool to market movies and other online content.
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