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THE SUMERIAN K8538 TABLET. THE GREAT METEOR IMPACT DEVASTATING MESOPOTAMIA - A 2019 TRANSLATION ADDENDUM

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Abstract and Figures

The paper adds new translation knowledge to our 2014 paper: “The Sumerian K8538 tablet, the great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia”. We present an improved, detailed fixing of the meteor impact day and impact hour, according to data provided on the tablet. A sky map for Northern Taurids meteor showers shows the comet flight path in the sky. Other useful information is given concerning climatic change, following the meteor impact, the meteor impact aftermath and new details for the relation of the cosmic impact to the Christian Bible, in particularly to Genesis and Apocalypse. The meteor impact occurred at 10:56 am, on September 22, 2193 BC, after the meteor emerged at 5:34 am at dawn and after a flight time of 5 hours 22 minutes. These numbers can clearly be deduced out of observation data entries in the tablet’s pictographic records and in comparison to LOD (length-of-day tables) for the corresponding Mesopotamian latitude. The K8538 tablet is property of the British Museum. Unfortunately, the museum is staunched in its opinion that this tablet represents the Babylonian sky as a so-called “planisphere”. This opinion is based on an interpretation, which we, for the first time, analyze in comprehensive detail, item by item, in this paper. Result: The planispheric concept of the Babylonian sky on this tablet is a hoax: Not one single correct argument proves alleged recorded planispheric constellations on the tablet, except one, already found by L. W. King, over 100 years ago, back in 1912. As translated in our 2014 K8538 paper, the tablet has never been a planisphere, but is a pictographic “cartoon” story, probably the first recorded cartoon of the world, consisting of a sequence of 8 subsequent pictures, to be turned while reading, to advance the story. All 8 pictures exclusively show observations, recorded measurements and specific details of flight and impact of this disastrous meteor, which destroyed the nearby Akkadian capital in Mesopotamia. Because Southern Iraq in the impact area was swamp and marshland until recently, an exploration of the discovered impact crater, Umm-al-Binni, was impossible. For the first time, it is feasible from 2019 on, and a first crater inspection will soon be conducted. Due to missing explorations of the impact crater, Near-East historians, until now, did not recognize the historical cosmic impact event, but we may expect that this will change in the near future.
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1. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION$
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2. REVISED TRANSLATION OF IMPACT DAY AND
IMPACT MONTH$
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2.1. Starting with the image No. 8
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The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
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Figure 2. %@KBIS$+IJ$-
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
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2.2. Image No. 5 contains all flight time measurement
results
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pZ
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
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p.
Figure 3. %@KBIS$+IJ$.
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
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3. THE K8538 TABLET IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM,
AN UNCORRECTED “PLANISPHERIC CONCEPT”
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pe
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
*Y$ Y@KIQR$ YB@N]$ L@$ BSD@R$ BI$ aB]$ BTSQ$ FQR$ oDHHA@$ YBFS$
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pm
Figure 4. ,DQH$BF\A@B$gA@XBh$^Y$,IKL$BF\A@B$gSDHLBh
Figure 5. ,IKL$BF\A@B$gA@XBh$FQR$0F\cAIQDFQ$KIQYB@AAFBDIQY$gSDHLBh
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
!SDFQHTATE$ DQ$ Y@KBIS$ ;$ FQR$ BL@$ FAA@H@R$ 4A@DFR@Y$ DQ$
Y@KBIS$ /J$ >TSBL@SEIS@]$ 0@B@AH@TY@$ DY$ F$ EFDQ$ YBFS$ IX$
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B@bB$ IX$ Y@KBIS$ Z]$ FQR$ F$ Y@KIQR$ BDE@$ QFE@R$ DQ$ BL@$
NS@^DITY$ DEFH@$ /J$ !L@$ KIQYB@AAFBDIQ$ 3SDIQ$ DY$ IX$ LDHL$
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HSF^@$@SSISJ$
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p-
Figure 6. OSDHDQFA$zDR@QBDa@R$KIQYB@AAFBDIQYz$IX$BL@$,IKL$\IIC$g,IKL]$;<-<]$NJ;;9h
The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
'TY@TE$ NFDR$ BL@$ FTBLIS$ LDY$ NT\ADYLDQH$ KIYBYJ$ !L@c$
S@HFSR@R$ BL@$ ADYB$ IX$ @FH@SAc$ F?FDB@R$ NAFQDYNL@SDK$
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NT\ADYL@R$ \FKC$ DQ$ ;<;9]$ ?FY$ Q@^@S$ BSFQYAFB@R$ XIS$ FAEIYB$
;::$c@FSY]$TQBDA$0IQR$FQR$"@ENY@AAfY$FM@ENB$DQ$9::-J$!L@$
KTQ@DXISE$ ?FY$ FAA$ NSI^DR@R$ \c$ 1J$ `J$ ,DQH$ 8$ \TB$ QI\IRc$
@AY@$FXB@S?FSR$NT\ADYL@R$F$KIENA@B@$IS$NFSBDFA$BSFQYAFBDIQJ$
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IS$ @E\FSSFYYDQHJ$ )B$ ?FY$ #SQYB$ `@DRQ@S$ LDEY@AX]$ ?LI$
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E@B@IS$ dDHLB$ FQR$ DENFKBJ$ !L@c$ YBFSB@R$ BL@DS$ BSFQYAFBDIQ$
Y@MDQH$BL@$BF\A@B$KTQ@DXISE$DQBI$BL@$(cCA@$0ISH@S$QTE\@S$
YcYB@E]$ YI$ @^@ScIQ@$ ?FY$ F\A@$ BI$ KL@KC$ FQR$ XIAAI?$ BL@DS$
BSFQYAFBDIQJ$ !I$ E@QBDIQ$ BLFB$ BLDY$ (cCA@$ 0ISH@S$ YcYB@E$ DY$
LDHLAc$TY@XTA]$R@Y@S^@Y$NSFDY@$FQR$?@$S@HFSR$DB$FY$YTN@SDIS$
BI$@4%6J$$
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Q@@R$ BI$ HD^@$ KS@RDB$ BLFB$ BL@DS$ \IIC$ ETYB$ \@$ KITQB@R$ FY$
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?DBL$BL@$ KISS@KB$ KAT@]$RIQ@$ DQBI$ BL@$SDHLB$ RDS@KBDIQJ$ #SQYB$
`@DRQ@S$ ?ITAR$ LF^@$ \@@Q$ NA@FY@R$ FQR$ ?ITAR$ LF^@$
LFQR@R$ ITB$ LDY$ LIQISYJ$ %Db$ EIS@$ c@FSY$ NFYY@R$ FXB@S$ 9::-$
TQBDA]$aQFAAc]$BL@DS$ \IIC$ XITQR$ BL@$?Fc$DQBI$BL@$ LFQRY$ IX$
N@INA@$?LI$ YN@KDFADi@$ DQ$ KIE@BFSc$ DENFKBY$ IQ$ #FSBL]$ BL@$
S@FA$ BINDK$ S@KISR@R$ IQ$ BL@$ BF\A@BJ$ !L@$ E@B@IS$ dDHLB$ FQR$
DENFKB$ ?FY$ KA@FS$ XSIE$ BL@$ \@HDQQDQH]$ YDQK@$ 0IQR$ FQR$
"@ENY@AAfY$ \IICJ$ 0TB$ EFQc$ R@BFDAY$ S@jTDS@R$ FRRDBDIQFA$
?ISC$FQR$EIS@$BLITHLBJ$+DQ@$EIQBLY$IX$YBTRc$NFYY@R$XIS$
@QBDS@Ac$KIENS@L@QRDQH$BL@$BF\A@B|Y$NDKBIHSFNLDK$E@YYFH@J$$
4. SUMMARY
!L@$ BF\A@B$ S@KISRDQHY$ FS@$ FQ$ @QISEITY$ %TE@SDFQ$
FYBSIQIEDKFA$ FQR$ YKD@QBDaK$ FKLD@^@E@QBJ$ )BY$ BSFQYAFBDIQ$
KFYBY$Q@?$ADHLB$IQ$ BL@$LDYBISc$IX$ BL@$R@YBSTKBDIQ$IX$*CCFR$
FQR$%TE@SJ$
'FQc$ EIS@$ BF\A@BY$ ?DBL$ RDYFYB@S$ @c@?DBQ@YY$ S@NISBY$
YTS^D^@R$Z:::$ c@FSY]$ \TB$ FAA$ IX$ BL@E]$ TQBDA$ BIRFc]$ FS@$ QIB$
BFC@Q$FB$ XFK@$ ^FAT@]$ \TB$ FS@$ RI?QHSFR@R$\c$ LDYBISDFQY$ FY$
BI$ \@$ QIBLDQH$ EIS@$ BLFQ$ BL@FBSDKFA$ NSIY@]$ @QB@SBFDQE@QB$
B@bB]$AIQH$YBISc$B@AADQH$FQR$NTS@$NLFQBFYc]$DQYB@FR$IX$\@DQH$
S@FA$ LDYBISDKFA$ I\Y@S^FBDIQYJ$ !L@$ ^D@?Y$ IX$ NS@Y@QB$
LDYBISDFQY$ ?DAA$ TQRIT\B@RAc$ \@$ KISS@KB@R$ DQ$ BL@$ KIEDQH$
c@FSY]$F$ E@F$ KTANF$ KFQ$ K@SBFDQAc$ QIB$ \@$@bN@KB@R$XIS$BL@DS$
RDYS@HFSR$IX$FQKD@QB$@c@?DBQ@YY@YJ$
*Q$ DQYN@KBDIQ$ IX$ BL@$ E@B@IS$ DENFKB$ KSFB@S$ FQR$ IX$
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REFERENCES
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The Sumerian K8538 tablet. The great meteor impact devastating Mesopotamia - a 2019 translation addendum.
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Article
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We analyze each spike of the temperature evolution within this 2900-1650 BC time frame, using the GISP2 Holocene temperature series. The analysis applies our paMern recognition grid, as explained in the first Holocene paper, commencing 8500 BC. The grid consists of vertical and horizontal lines, placed on this selected Holocene time span. The distances between vertical grid lines, demonstrating Earth orbital periodicity, augment by 6.95 years for each successive periodicity cycle. There are 3 horizontal grid lines, the central line is the Milankovitch line, signifying the GISP2 borehole core temperature, if all other climate drivers were excluded. The two other horizontal lines are the upper and the lower Earth orbital oscillation line, within which the Earth climate varies, if not impacted by large cosmic bolides. As we demonstrate, the Holocene temperature evolution does not remain confined within these upper and lower horizontal lines, because strong cosmic impacts always and necessarily produce a strong temperature down-spin spike, followed by a strong upward temperature rebound spike, regressing thereafter. This is the so-called Z-shaped temperature paMern of each cosmic impact on Earth. The 2900-1650 BC time frame contains two important cosmic impacts, which cause the so-called " Bond-events " or " Millennium cycles ". The very large cosmic Burckle impact into the Indian ocean sent global temperatures steep down, thus one Bond event. A smallish impact, the Sumerian K8538 impact in Iraq, in combination with a down-moving periodicity curve produced the second temperature drop, another Bond event, also called " 4.2 kyr event ". Both, the Burckle event at 4.8 kyr, and the " 4.2 kyr event " caused steeply declining temperatures with a drying atmosphere, resulting in severe and century long drought conditions on Earth. Large agricultural societies, which developed since 3000 BC, such as in Sumer, Egypt, China and India collapsed. The Sumerian-Akkadian culture with its capital city Agade was wiped off the map by a direct bolide hit. Details of bolide impacts, drought and society demise are provided.
Article
We focus on one of the most important events in human history, the 4.2 kiloyear event, when great civilizations around the world collapsed into anarchy and social chaos. From this moment on, climate cooling and widespread aridification began, lowering agricultural food production and human living conditions. Various hypotheses exist about its cause; the most promising approach links the 4.2 kiloyear event to a cosmic asteroid crash into Mesopotamia. The asteroid landed in a densely populated area; we examine at first major translations of preserved Sumerian documents on details and progression of this catastrophic event. We quote major impact features as observed by historical Sumerian eyewitnesses. The impact, as a full strike, eradicated the Imperial city of Akkad. The impact damaged all other Sumerian towns to different degrees. Based on our findings, we identify the location of the missing city of Akkad. We analyze the onset of global cooling and severe aridification in the framework of our cosmic climate footprint analysis for a selected 1,000 year timeframe. This footprint analysis of Holocene climate change affirms the occurrence and date of the impact event. We also identify volcanic mega-eruptions, which are responsible for multi-decadal global temperature dips but which cannot cause centennial-long climate changes. The footprint analysis takes 5 climate macroforcings into account and explains global cooling and aridification based on impact-related causes.
A Sumerian Observation of the Koefels Impact Event
  • A Bond
  • M Hempsell
Bond, A.; Hempsell, M.: A Sumerian Observation of the Koefels Impact Event, 2008, Alcuin Academics, UK, ISBN 1904623646
Planisphere" of Ashurbanipal-a 2019 translation update and addendum Details on the climate change after this meteor impact
  • The
  • Lemke Seifert
The K8538 "Planisphere" of Ashurbanipal-a 2019 translation update and addendum Details on the climate change after this meteor impact: In Seifert, Lemke: "Climate paMern recognition in the mid-to-late Holocene (2900 BC to 1650 BC), part 4, 2016