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AVALÚO DE UNA EDIFICACIÓN HISTÓRICA MEDIANTE LA METODOLOGÍA DEL BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING (BIM). CASO: CATEDRAL DE CRISTO REY EN EL MUNICIPIO DE HUEJUTLA DE REYES, HIDALGO, MÉXICO.

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  • MARO Consulting®

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La industria de la Arquitectura, Ingeniería y Construcción (AEC), pareciera estar muy alejada de los temas valuatorios y, sobre todo, de temas de índole histórico y cultural, pero no es así. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es desarrollar un método que permita conocer el valor de la Catedral De Cristo Rey en la Ciudad De Huejutla De Reyes, Hidalgo, y establecer un precedente para la valuación de otros bienes históricos mediante los enfoques valuatorios actualmente vigentes y la metodología del Building Information Modeling (BIM). Esta investigación permitirá dilucidar y revalorizar la Catedral De Cristo Rey En La Ciudad De Huejutla De Reyes, Hidalgo, México. Diversas instituciones públicas y privadas podrán tomar decisiones de índole mayúsculo sobre la edificación y otros agentes podrán beneficiarse con el resultado que puede ser detonante en el turismo de la región. Algunos de los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación son:  Conocer el valor histórico de la Catedral de Cristo Rey,  Comprobar la relación entre la valuación y la metodología BIM,  Conocer los beneficios que se obtienen mediante la sinergia de la ciencia valuatoria y la metodología BIM,  Identificar los factores (cuantitativos y/o cualitativos) que aportan y/o restan valor a la Catedral. La tesis está compuesta por ocho capítulos:  Capítulo 1: Metodología de la investigación: o En este capítulo se explicó el rumbo que tomó la investigación a través del CIFE Horseshoe research method (CIFE “herradura”) (Kunz & Fischer, 2008).  Se validó mediante CIFE Horseshoe research method.  Capítulo 2: Marco de Referencia: o En este capítulo se revisó la historia de Huejutla de Reyes, Hidalgo, las conquistas que tuvo el municipio, su religión, su clima, su flora y fauna, datos étnicos, tradiciones, gastronomía, política y sociedad.  Se validó mediante revisión bibliográfica acerca del municipio de Huejutla de Reyes, Hidalgo.  Capítulo 3: Marco Religioso: o Se analizó la historia de la Catedral de Cristo Rey. Se realizaron entrevistas con cronistas y especialistas en el tema.  Se validó mediante revisión bibliográfica y entrevistas.  Capítulo 4: Marco Conceptual: o Se revisó bibliografía relacionada a los conceptos valuatorios, sus enfoques y principios. Posteriormente, se adentró a la metodología del Building Information Modeling (BIM). Se finalizó con una revisión bibliográfica relacionada a los monumentos históricos y artísticos.  Se validó mediante una exhausta revisión bibliográfica (journals, papers, libros, documentales), acerca de los temas antes mencionados.  Capítulo 5: Marco Jurídico: o Se estudiaron las leyes relacionadas, directamente, a nuestro estudio: Ley General de Bienes Nacionales, Ley Federal Sobre Monumentos y Zonas Arqueológicos, Artísticos e Históricos, Ley Orgánica De La Administración Pública Federal, Ley de Expropiación, Reglamento del Instituto de Administración y Avalúos De Bienes Nacionales (INDAABIN). Finalizamos explicando el objetivo del Instituto Nacional De Antropología E Historia (INAH) y el Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA), por mencionar algunas.  Se validó mediante la revisión de las leyes, actuales, que rigen los monumentos históricos en México y que dan sustento a la investigación.  Capítulo 6: Estado del Arte: o Este capítulo tuvo como objetivo conocer qué trabajos se han realizado en México o en el mundo acerca de los temas que se estarán tratando. Se hizo una comparativa entre los mismos, con el fin de encontrar brechas en las que nuestra investigación pudiera extenderse y encontrar nuevas rutas de investigación.  Se validó mediante una revisión bibliográfica (journals, papers, libros, documentales), acerca de los temas antes mencionados.  Capítulo 7: Caso: Catedral de Cristo Rey. o En este capítulo se inició a realizar el avalúo de la Catedral de Cristo Rey y se comprobó porqué la metodología BIM es una herramienta clave en el área de valuación inmobiliaria, industrial y de bienes nacionales. Enfocándonos en los bienes históricos.  Se validó la información con archivos proporcionados por el clero, el levantamiento en el área a analizar, información por parte de cronistas y libros clave en la construcción de Catedral.  Capítulo 8: Conclusiones Generales. o En este capítulo se resumieron los resultados de la tesis, sobre la hipótesis y los objetivos generales planteados. Se plantearon nuevas ideas y propuestas a partir de lo que se investigó. Se en listaron las contribuciones teóricas y las implicaciones prácticas de la investigación. Y se trazaron futuras líneas de investigación y recomendaciones.  Se validó a través de toda la investigación.
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