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... Trusted relationships between professionals and participants of early interventions have been identified as a keystone of effective program delivery, and there is evidence that secure and supportive relationships with trusted professionals can be particularly important for more vulnerable families (Martin et al., 2020;Moore, 2017). Sufficient time and resources for face-to-face contact are essential for building relationships and are therefore highly important in the success of family support programs (Cadima et al., 2017;Cohen et al., 2018;Martin et al., 2020). However, it has also been recognized that constraints on resources as well as logistical and geographical barriers can limit program outreach and the participation of families. ...
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A linguistic and cultural discontinuity between home and school can create tensions, affect family engagement with schools and teachers, and interfere with children's learning. Parent- and family-focused interventions for families with young children can play an important role in positively addressing diversity. This study brings together the work done to develop and test ICT-facilitated interventions for parents and professionals working with families from culturally and linguistically diverse contexts in four European countries: the Czech Republic, UK, Germany, and Italy. Across all contexts, the focus of the interventions lay on families managing and making the best use of the cultural and language resources present in their lives in supporting child development, learning, and transition to school. This paper provides a narrative account of participants' engagement with resources and digital tools, and their reflections on their experiences during implementation and their learning.
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This paper describes a cluster randomized controlled trial of Family SKILLS, an intervention targeted at reception year children and their parents for whom English is an additional language. The trial will commence in the autumn of 2016 and run for one year. 155 primary schools in England will take part in the study. NatCen Social Research has been appointed to conduct the trial by the Education Endowment Foundation, the Bell Foundation and Unbound Philanthropy who are co-funding this research. The Family SKILLS intervention will be delivered by a number of delivery partner organisations coordinated by a consortium comprising Learning Unlimited, the Campaign for Learning and University College London, Institute for Education.
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Zusammenfassung. Kompensatorische (Sprach-)Förderung erfährt in Deutschland seit einigen Jahren verstärkt Interesse. Dies schlägt sich nieder in einer Vielzahl von Initiativen wie Modellprojekten, Forschungsprogrammen und flächendeckenden Interventionen. Häufig werden Programme gezielt für Kinder aus benachteiligten Verhältnissen oder mit bestehenden Sprachproblemen initiiert mit der Intention, kompensatorische Wirkungen zu erzielen. Trotz einer Vielfalt von Maßnahmen ist über explizit kompensatorische Effekte bislang nur wenig bekannt. Vielfach beruft man sich auf erfolgreiche, zum Teil hochspezialisierte Interventionsprogramme für Kinder aus benachteiligten Verhältnissen im US-amerikanischen Raum. Vor dem Hintergrund einer Übersicht und Bewertung älterer und jüngerer Studien in den USA wird reflektiert, ob überhaupt und wenn ja, welche Effekte von kompensatorischen Programmen in Deutschland realistischer Weise zu erwarten sind. Bei allen Schwierigkeiten der Vergleichbarkeit der sehr unterschiedlichen Studien werden Gründe für einen vorsichtigen Optimismus für kleine oder wenig spezifische, mittel- und langfristige Erfolge diskutiert und herausgearbeitet, dass solche Effekte vor allem bei curricular breit angelegten und gleichzeitig intensiven Maßnahmen zu erwarten sind. Die Übertragbarkeit auf die deutsche Situation ist dabei nur bedingt möglich und muss diskutiert werden.
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to review and synthesize research and theory on the definition, antecedents, outcomes, and mechanisms of networking in organizations. Design/methodology/approach – Descriptions of networking are reviewed and an integrated definition of networking in organizations is presented. Approaches for measuring and studying networking are considered and the similarities and differences of networking with related constructs are discussed. A theoretical model of the antecedents and outcomes of networking is presented with the goal of integrating existing networking research. Mechanisms through which networking leads to individual and organizational outcomes are also considered. Findings – Networking is defined as goal-directed behavior which occurs both inside and outside of an organization, focussed on creating, cultivating, and utilizing interpersonal relationships. The current model proposes that networking is influenced by a variety of individual, job, and organizational level factors and leads to increased visibility and power, job performance, organizational access to strategic information, and career success. Access to information and social capital are proposed as mechanisms that facilitate the effects of networking on outcomes. Originality/value – Networking is held to be of great professional value for ambitious individuals and organizations. However, much of the research on networking has been spread across various disciplines. Consequentially, consensus on many important topics regarding networking remains notably elusive. This paper reviews and integrates existing research on networking in organizations and proposes directions for future study. A comprehensive definition and model of networking is presented and suggestions to researchers are provided.
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Socioeconomic Status, Parenting, and Child Development presents cutting-edge thinking and research on linkages among socioeconomic status, parenting, and child development. The contributors represent an array of different disciplines, and approach the issues from a variety of perspectives. Accordingly, their “take�? on how SES matters in the lives of children varies. This volume is divided into two parts. Part I concerns the constructs and measurement of SES and Part II discusses the functions and effects of SES. Each part presents four substantive chapters on the topic followed by an interpretive and constructively critical commentary. The chapters--considered as a whole--attest to the value of systematically examining the components of SES and how each flows through an array of specific parenting practices and resources both within and outside the home environment to help shape the course of child development. The result is a more fully delineated picture of how SES impacts the lives of children in the 21st century--a picture that contains a road map for the next generation of studies of SES and its role in the rapidly evolving ecology of family life. © 2003 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Since the introduction of the computer into education in the 1960’s its potential for K-12 education has been widely recognized. The terminology used, at times confusing due to rapid technology change, has continuously evolved. We are in transition to an information society, and the term computer technology has been replaced by information technology (IT) or information and communication technology (ICT). New demands from the information society require education to focus on information management and communication skills, for which IT can be an essential resource. IT offers promising environments and tools to support new approaches to teaching and learning. Despite major investments, the implementation of IT in education has been a persistent problem. And, although it is generally assumed that IT has high potential for improving education, major research findings have only recently confirmed positive results of IT on students’ performance. While there is a vast amount of research on information technology (IT) in K-12 education, most of it is scattered. Until now, a unified presentation of the research from a broad international perspective has not been accomplished. As a ground-breaking publication, the two-volume International Handbook on Information Technology (full title) synthesizes the major issues and directions of research in the field. One major focus of the Handbook is the design and potential of IT-based student learning environments. Offering the latest research in IT and the learning process, distance learning, and emerging technologies for education, these chapters address the critical issue of the potential for IT to improve K-12 education. A second important theme deals with the implementation of IT in educational practice. In these chapters, barriers and opportunities for IT implementation are studied from several perspectives: the teacher, the curriculum, the school organization and educational policy. Curriculum, competencies and attitudes, teacher learning, schools, and international and regional programs and policies are examined, to improve understanding how the implementation of IT in K-12 educational practice can be supported. Additional topics addressed in the Handbook include the role of education in the information society, threats to equity in education and as well various approaches to research in IT in education. The International Handbook on Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education provides researchers, policy makers and practitioners with an integrated and detailed overview of this complex field, making it an essential reference for all libraries and educators.
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Simone Lehrl legt eine umfassende Studie zur Konzeptualisierung und Messung häuslicher Lernumwelten im Vorschulalter vor und zeigt darüber hinaus, welche Aspekte der häuslichen Lernumwelt für die kindliche Kompetenzentwicklung bedeutsam sind. Anhand einer Kombination von quantitativen Befragungs- und Beobachtungsdaten werden unterschiedliche Dimensionen der häuslichen Lernumwelt im Vorschulalter beschrieben und in Beziehung zu Maßen der kindlichen Kompetenzentwicklung gesetzt. Die Befunde machen deutlich, dass die häusliche Lernumwelt ein multidimensionales Konstrukt darstellt, dessen verschiedene Dimensionen unterschiedlich mit Hintergrundmerkmalen der Familie zusammenhängen und ganz spezifisch mit sprachlichen, schriftsprachlichen und numerischen Kompetenzen in Beziehung stehen. Der Inhalt • Theoretische Erklärungsansätze zum Zusammenhang von Familie und kindlicher Kompetenzentwicklung • Theoretische Konzeptualisierungen der Familie als Lernumwelt • Erfassung, Konstrukte und Stabilität der häuslichen Lernumwelt • Die Bedeutung häuslicher Lernumwelten für die kindliche Kompetenzentwicklung Die Zielgruppen • Dozierende und Studierende der Pädagogik, Entwicklungs- und Pädagogischen Psychologie sowie der empirischen Bildungsforschung • Pädagogische Fachkräfte von Kindertageseinrichtungen und Trägern der Kinder- und Jugendhilfe Die Autorin Dr. Simone Lehrl ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl für Elementar- und Familienpädagogik der Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg.
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Drawing on the best scholarship and their own years of professional experience, the authors of this thoroughly updated edition begin by discussing the foundations of family life education and encourage readers to develop their own outreach philosophies. The book then helps readers learn principles and methods for reaching out to the public and how to form and use community collaborations and use principles of social marketing to promote programs. The Second Edition contains five new chapters on education for personal well-being, marriage and relationship education, parenting education, sexuality education, and narratives of family life educators. The authors’ practical, hands-on experience is used to demonstrate how readers can put principles from the latest and best scholarship into action and reinforced with the Interactive Explorations sections throughout.