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L'avaulació del patrimoni paleontològic als instruments d'ordenació territorial. Proposta d'ordenació urbanística de la Serra de la Creu (La Romana, Alacant).

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[ES] La inclusión de los bienes de interés paleontológico dentro de la Ley del Patrimonio Histórico Español de 1985 ha cambiado drásticamente el escenario en el que venía desarrollándose la investigación paleontológica. En este contexto jurídico, es ahora más necesario que nunca, valorar patrimonialmente los yacimientos paleontológicos, como paso previo y decisivo para una gestión correcta y eficaz del patrimonio paleontológico, que satisfaga tanto a los investigadores como a los agentes sociales. En esta línea, se proponen tres tipos de criterios; científicos —relacionados con su importacia como fuente de documentación—, socioculturales —atañen a su potencialidad como recurso didáctico, cultural o turístico— y socioeconóm¡cos —relacionados con su conservación inmediata. [EN] The inclusion of the paleontological heritage in the Spanish Heritage Law of 1985 has changed drastically the scenario in which the paleontological research was evolving. In this legal framework it is of upmost importance to evaluate the heritage of paleontological sites as a preliminary and decisive step to administrate them correctly aíid efficiently so that both, researchers and society, will be satisfied. Three criteria are proposed; —scientific ones related to the importance as a source of fossil record. —socíocultural criteria that have to do with didactic, cultural or turistical aspects, and —socíoeconomical criteria that are related with their immediate preservation. Peer reviewed
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The Lower Jurassic multicostate zeillerids of the Subbetic Domain are described here for the first time. A new species (Fimbriothyris? dubari) is erected, and the affinities of the remaining three species are discussed. These taxa appear as part of an assemblage that includes several other brachiopods belonging to the Terebratulida, Rhynchonellida and Spiriferinida orders, which are specified. The correlation of this assemblage with others from neighbouring basins is attempted, with the aim to precise its chronostratigraphical position. A Sinemurian-Pliensbachian transition age is proposed. The spatial distribution of the Lower Jurassic multicostate zeillerids is analysed, revealing its strictly Mediterranean character, limited to some South-western Tethys areas. This allows discarding the supposed subboreal (northwest European) influences in the Subbetic faunas proposed by several authors. The relationship of this group of brachiopods with the initial stages of break-up and subsequent drowning of the Lower Jurassic carbonate platforms is also confirmed. 2 1 Brachiopods. Sinemurian. Pliensbachian. Systematics. Paleobiogeography. Western Tethys. KEYWORDS