Five small hoards of bronze coins dating to the fifth century C.E. have been found in the excavations of Sardis, Turkey. These hoards, which close at the end of the fifth century, contain fourth- and early fifth-century coins, which some have thought had been demonetized (and thus should not be legal tender). I had argue that the fifth-century coinage was a creative mix of fourth-century coins, ... [Show full abstract] blanks, and official issues which were all passed as official coinage in that century; hoards of small bronze coins from the eastern Mediterranean are used to confirm the assemblages found in Sardis. The many types of coins used in the fifth century should be a warning to archaeologists to use coins only as a terminus post quem for any stratum.